Changing a dog's diet should always be monitored by a veterinarian. Low-protein diets are usually associated with dogs that are above a healthy weight or have problems such as recurring infection in the anal glands. Combined with high fiber and exercise, these problems usually resolve themselves with little veterinary involvement.
Homemade kibble is a good option for dogs with specific nutritional needs, though it may become time-consuming for busy pet owners. Good high-fiber additions to homemade meals are things like tomatoes, apples, oatmeal and pumpkin. Avoid things such as barley and red meats. Protein should come from lentils, beans and lean meats such as fish or poultry. Some dogs are very sensitive to soy products, so test your dog with soy beans first before making them a regular addition to their homemade meal.
To make the kibble, puree your chosen ingredients. Bake the puree in a 350-degree Fahrenheit oven until mostly dry. Let it cool until you are comfortable handling it. Break the baked puree into bite sized chunks, making sure to watch out for sharp edges that may injure your dog's mouth. To assist with cleanup, you may place the baked puree in a cloth sack then break it up. The cloth sack will catch the crumbs and fragments created from breaking up your kibble.
Commercial kibble comes prepackaged in tiny pieces. Avoid commercial kibble that contains mostly fillers such as corn. Look for high-quality kibble that incorporates meat sources that are mostly poultry or seafood. Canned foods will contain more moisture per ounce and may assist in problems that require high-fiber dog foods. Find foods that have high amounts of vegetables, fruits and grains such as oatmeal and ground brown rice. Remember, high-fat and high-calorie foods should be avoided if the dog is switching foods due to its weight.
Raw diets are crafted at home but are not cooked in any way. Raw diets may consist of things like whole carrot chunks, raw chicken or eggs, peas and potatoes. Raw diets vary depending on the age, condition, exercise level and the breed of the dog. If you are worried about salmonella or other issues with raw foods, speak to your veterinarian about the risks involved. A raw diet requires knowledge about a dog's nutritional needs.
Supplements for fiber may be added to any diet you choose for your pet. Plain, canned pumpkin is suggested by several veterinarians and other professionals in the canine world to regulate dog's digestive systems and is a fantastic source of fiber. Metamucil may be used by sprinkling it over the dog's food.