All dogs require basic care. While many dogs must be kept busy to prevent destructive behavior, some breeds are perfectly happy relaxing. Low-maintenance breeds require minimal grooming and exercise. Plus, the dogs tend to learn basic obedience quickly. Certain breeds are prone to genetic defects leading to expensive veterinary treatments. People looking for pets that require minimal care may be interested in dog breeds that provide companionship without being too demanding.
Dogs need daily trips outdoors to relieve themselves. At most, a puppy can hold its bladder for eight hours. Adult dogs should be taken out after meals and before bed. For many dogs, a walk up the street or around the yard is all the exercise they need. These dogs don't mind chasing a ball, but they're unlikely to want to play for more than a few minutes. If you lack time for a long walk, check out breeds like Boston terriers, bulldogs, dachshunds, fox terriers, Italian greyhounds, toy poodles and Yorkshire terriers.
How much time do you have to groom your dog? Every dog needs the occasional brushing. Dogs with longer fur need daily brushing to prevent mats. If you want to avoid taking your dog to the groomer every few weeks, avoid dogs with hair rather than fur. Hair grows steadily and requires regularly trimming. Look for dog breeds that have short coats that simply need brushing every few days. A few choices for dogs that need little grooming include Airedale terriers, basset hounds, Boston terriers, bulldogs, fox terriers, greyhounds, Italian greyhounds and mastiffs.
An intelligent dog is not always the easiest to train. Many times, highly intelligent dogs have strong stubborn streaks. Every pet owner should be willing to commit at least 10 minutes per day to training. If you lack the time, hire a professional trainer. Poodles are one of the easiest dogs to train. They're incredibly loving and respond well to praise. If you want a dog that is easy to train, also consider Boston terriers, fox terriers, greyhounds and Italian greyhounds. If you adopt a former racing greyhound, expect training to be a little trickier because they have a strong chase instinct.
Every dog needs basic veterinary care. Vaccinations, yearly checkups and heartworm prevention are essential. Some breeds have genetic health issues that can lead to expensive veterinary bills down the road. If you're uncertain you can afford hefty bills for necessary veterinary care, don't overlook mutts. Crossbreeds often have fewer health problems than purebreds. If you want a purebred that's known for its healthy constitution, do your homework. The key to a healthy purebred dog is to purchase it from a reputable breeder who undertakes genetic testing before using a dog for breeding.