Kamis, 31 Januari 2013

How to Get Papers on My Pitbull

How to Get Papers on My Pitbull

Your pit bull may be the light of your life, but if you want others to appreciate his prestigious background you'll need the proper papers. A pit bull's papers trace his lineage and show how good his breeding really is. If the parents of your pit bull weren't registered, then there is no way to get paperwork on him. A pit bull with paperwork and registration may be able to compete in dog shows, and his puppies will command a higher price from potential owners.

Instructions

    1

    Look through the paperwork that you received when you purchased your pit bull. You should have a registration certificate and may have a Dog Registration Application from the American Kennel Club.

    2

    Contact your breeder if you did not receive paperwork at the time of purchase. Ask for a registration certificate. Ask if your dog is eligible for the American Kennel Club based on his pedigree. If he is, request an AKC Dog Registration Application.

    3

    Register your dog with the American Kennel Club using the documents you obtained from your breeder. You can do this online by visiting the AKC website, AKC.org, and clicking on "Registration." Input information about your dog, his parents and yourself to get him registered and obtain paperwork for him. There is a fee for registering your dog with the AKC.

    4

    Register your dog with other groups for additional paperwork. Organizations like the American Pit Bull Registry and the United Kennel Club will register your dog and provide you with paperwork showing that registration.

Where Did Puggles Originate?

Where Did Puggles Originate?

The puggle is a medium-sized dog with a stocky build and short coat. It is not a true breed and is not recognized by the American Kennel Club. It is known as a hybrid, and can be registered with the American Canine Hybrid Club.

Breeding

    The puggle is a hybrid or cross between two existing, recognized breeds: the pug and the beagle. According to Puggle Savvy, puggles may be produced in four ways. These include breeding a purebred pug to a purebred beagle; breeding either purebred to an existing puggle; or breeding two puggles together. Each different combination produces a slightly different dog.

History

    Although the puggle didn't gain widespread popularity until the early 2000s, the hybrid originated in the 1980s. They were initially bred in the United States, but it is unclear exactly where in the U.S. that breeding first began. According to Puggle Savvy, the hybrid was first registered with the American Canine Hybrid Club by a breeder in Wisconsin. Puggles are now being bred across North America.

Characteristics

    As you might expect, puggles possess a combination of characteristics from both parent breeds. They have a stocky body, short legs, wrinkled forehead, smooth coat and a curly tail. Most individuals combine the sweet nature and playfulness of a pug with the energy of a beagle. Their overall size is also between that of the parents, at around 15 to 30 lbs.

The Body Types of the American Pitbull Terrier

The Body Types of the American Pitbull Terrier

There are various types of Pitbulls, one of which is the American Pitbull Terrier. Its physical characteristics are very similar to other Pitbulls, such as short fur and a stocky build. There are no specific types of American Pitbull Terriers, but there are characteristics to look out for, especially if you want to enter dog agility competitions or conformation shows.

Overdone or Exaggerated Breeding

    It is common to see American Pitbull Terriers with large heads and chests. A dog with a large head will suffer from the extra weight, especially since the neck will be underdeveloped and not strong enough to hold the head. A chest that is too wide will limit maneuverability and agility, which is required to change position quickly. If an American Pitbull Terrier has too narrow a chest, the dog will be driven sideways by wrestling at the shoulder, which is not safe or practical. It is also common to see short, thick necks. These necks are not functional or practical. Many pitbulls in general have exaggerated underbites, which means the teeth are not in correct alignment, making chewing difficult.

What Should an American Pitbull Terrier Look Like?

    Their weight should be 35 to 65 pounds, with a short, smooth coat. The head should be proportionate, or at least small. Their necks should be long, slender, and elegant to hold up their proportionately sized heads. The chest of an American Pitbull Terrier should be deep, well-filled and moderately wide, with room for the heart and lungs. The teeth should line up so there is no exaggerated underbite or overbite.

Conformation Faults

    There are many other characteristics that would not win a dog a top prize in a contest. These include: prick, flat or wide ears; long tails, outwardly turned elbows, tied-in elbows, bowed front legs, splayed toes, blue eyes, tails that curve up and over the back or are kinked, and missing teeth.

Other Characteristics

    Pitbulls in general can be many different colors: black, white, red, tan and fawn, for example. Many pitbulls are two or more colors. Their noses can be different colors and normally have wide nostrils. American Pitbull Terrier have medium-sized eyes, and all colors except blue are accepted in conformation shows. The eyes may be rounded or almond-shaped. The tail may curl up and over the back if an American Pitbull Terrier is excited, or it may stand erect with only a slight bend.

English Bulldog Gifts

English Bulldog Gifts

For some English bulldog breeders and owners, their dog is their passion. English bulldog art hangs on their walls. The dog is depicted in figurines that decorate their mantel, and English bulldog clothing has made its way into their wardrobe. Even their holiday decorations are a tribute to the breed. If an English bulldog is an important part of the life of a relative or friend, then a gift showing off their favorite breed will always be appreciated.

Where to Shop

    Many pet supply stores carry breed-specific gifts, clothing and gear. For the widest selection of English bulldog gifts, shop online at sites such as English-Bulldog-Nation.com and the Bulldog Stuff page of BulldogInformation.com, as well as The English Bulldog Shop and English Bulldog Gifts.

Home Dcor

    There are a host of English bulldog items for the home. If youre bulldog lover enjoys things that are kitschy-cute, there are kissing bulldog salt and pepper shakers, a bulldog-in-a-basket planter and a bulldog votive candle holder. If you want something higher-end, purchase English bulldog bookends or a set of cocktail glasses with an ice bucket and ice scoop, all emblazoned with an English bulldog. If you are looking for something modestly priced, there are always English bulldog coffee mugs, mouse pads and picture frames.

Clothing and Gear

    English bulldog clothing includes sweatshirts, T-shirts, tank tops, T-shirt dresses, ties, socks and caps. English bulldog charms are available in 14 kt. gold or sterling silver. There are wristwatches with an English bulldog printed on the face. You can also find bulldog tote bags, umbrellas, checkbook covers and license plate frames.

For the English Bulldog

    You can delight your relative or friend by presenting a gift to the English bulldog. There are outfits available for the dog, from a yellow slicker raincoat to a cable knit varsity sweater to costumes for Halloween and Christmas. Of course, there are many dog toys on the market, but do not give a bulldog a rawhide toy; if he chews off a piece of the rawhide, the dog will choke on it. If you are looking for something distinctive, however, you might consider a CD of relaxation music for dogs.

Rabu, 30 Januari 2013

Dangers of Pitbulls for Children

Dangers of Pitbulls for Children

When it comes to dogs and children, the dangers of pitbulls are no more or less than with many other types of dogs. Because of the image that pitbulls have been given, many people might hesitate in choosing one if they have small children at home. In reality, a well-mannered, properly treated and trained pitbull can be an excellent and loyal companion for family members of all ages.

The Myths

    Popular mythology and urban legends have risen around pitbulls indicating that they are violent dogs that should not only be banned, but are dangerous when it comes to their interaction with children and adults. These stories come from the many situations where the strength and stamina of the pitbull is channeled into dogfighting -- the pitbulls that develop anti-dog and sometimes anti-human aggression have been chronically mistreated and, instead of being groomed and trained into becoming a loving family pet in a safe environment, are taught only violence, hunger and pain. As dogfighting is a part of some cultures, it is an unfortunate side effect that many children are exposed to it as well as adults.

The Reality

    Pitbulls that are not raised in the world of dogfighting have loyal, friendly personalities that make them excellent family pets. At the turn of the 20th century, they were prized as family pets and companions for children because their tough and energetic nature, along with a high tolerance for pain, allowed them to absorb the roughhousing a child might dish out as well as having the endurance to participate in a long day of play. Very athletic dogs, they thrive in families with active children and will do well when included in games from "fetch" to Frisbee. They also make excellent companions for children because they are extremely eager to please and friendly with all types of people. This is valuable in a child's dog that will be counted on to welcome a number of the child's friends into the home. Pitbulls are also known for their sense of humor, which can work well when paired with a child companion.

Potential Dangers

    As with any other dogs, there are potential dangers when it comes to owning a pitbull that hasn't been properly trained to the basic commands or one that hasn't been shown his place in the pack. Because of their size and their enthusiastic nature, they can easily push over a small child, although this is usually accidental. Dogs of any breed that are not properly socialized can become pushy with people, especially those that are smaller than they are.

    Contrary to popular belief, pitbulls don't make good guard dogs -- so if the goal is to get a protector for the child, a pitbull might not be the best choice. While they will protect their family if they feel there is a threat to them, pitbulls that are raised properly tend to have the outlook that all strangers are potential friends.

Proper Training

    Pitbulls can be pushy if not trained from an early age to respect their human companions as pack leaders, and this pushiness can lead to inadvertent harm of a small child simply because of the strength and size of the dog. Proper training includes teaching the dog that his human family outranks him, even the smaller children. Like other breeds, they should not be allowed to jump or be rewarded for pushy, pestering behavior. Children must also be properly trained to respect the dog, not tease, and allow the dog its downtime.

About Teacup Chihuahuas

Popularized by Paris Hilton and countless other celebrities, the teacup chihuahua has earned the heart of Hollywood and recently even had its own movie, "Beverly Hills Chihuahua." This dog may seem to have been bred to for a designer bag and endless pampering at a doggy spa, but this spirited, tiny yet vivacious pooch deserves much more consideration.

History

    According to Dogs Central, the chihuahua's ancestor was larger and heavier, and was raised by the Toltec people of Central America as early as the ninth century. This dog likely was crossed with smaller Asian dogs that came across the Bering Strait. Regardless, the chihuahua that is known and loved today hails from its namesake city in Mexico, and was one the first breeds to be registered by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1904.

Features

    There are two types of chihuahuas: smooth coated and long haired. According to the professionals at Dog Breed Info Center, the smooth-coated variety has a straight, soft, shiny coat with a scruff near the neck, while the coat of the long-haired chihuahua is longer, can be curly or flat, and has a feathering of fur at the chest as long as scruff near the neck.
    Colors range from white to red and brown to black, and the coat can be completely solid or patterned.
    Height is not as important for the breed standard, but most chihuahuas are no more than 10 inches to the shoulder. A true teacup chihuahua weighs no more than 6 pounds.
    The lifespan of this little dog is eight to 18 years.

Temperament

    Chihuahuas are very energetic animals by nature, and if they are not bred correctly, can be prone to overly nervous, excited behaviors. Though small, they have big personalities and need a lot of attention. They tend to bond with one person, and they can be unpredictable with small children.

Training

    You must train a chihuahua early in its life. The Chihuahua Guide stresses a positive but assertive approach when training your chihuahua, which is prone to willfulness. Chihuahuas also have short attention spans and need to be constantly challenged. Keep training on a consistent schedule so your dog understands that you want it to learn something--especially crucial advice for housebreaking. For more information, see the link to the Chihuahua Guide under "Additional Resources."

Are Teacup Chihuahuas Right for You?

    Considering that they are easily portable and do not require much space, teacup chihuahuas are a great dog choice for city and apartment dwellers. Although small in stature, they can make excellent watchdogs. Because they are toy dogs, however, they are rather fragile compared to larger dogs. They also can be defensive around strangers and may bark incessantly when they feel unsafe. Known to be difficult to housebreak, the breed also can be possessive and high strung if not bred properly. One vet has gone as far as to blog about why chihuahuas are difficult dogs; find a link to it under "Additional Resources."

Cautions

    Always keep a chihuahua on a harness-type leash when walking it. Chihuahuas typically don't seem to realize their small size and can act aggressively toward much bigger, heavier dogs.
    While training your chihuahua, use a harness--not a choke chain or leash, either of which could injure or even tear your dog's trachea.

How to Make Puppy Mush

How to Make Puppy Mush

Puppy mush is the first solid food for most puppies. It's a gruel of dry dog food, that is easy to eat. This is fed as a supplement to the mother's milk, and gradually fed larger and more frequent meals until the puppies are weaned and no longer nurse.

Instructions

    1
    Puppies begin to eat puppy mush, supplemental to mother's milk, at about 4 weeks old.
    Puppies begin to eat puppy mush, supplemental to mother's milk, at about 4 weeks old.

    Put a cup or two of dry dog food into a mixing bowl or pan. The amount is determined by the number of puppies and their size. This is the first time the puppies are eating solid food, and most of them will end up wearing more than they eat, so you only need enough so they all get a taste. It's best to use the same dry food their mother has been eating, which should be a high-quality puppy food while she's nursing.

    2

    Add an amount of puppy formula to cover the dry food. You can use plain water instead of puppy formula, but if the mother is no longer able to nurse the pups, formula is best.

    3

    Cover the bowl and allow it to stand long enough to get soft, about 15 to 30 minutes, depending on the amount of food.

    4
    Initially, puppy mush should be the consistency of a very thin gruel.
    Initially, puppy mush should be the consistency of a very thin gruel.

    Stir and mash the softened food until it is the consistency of a thin porridge. Add a little more water or formula if needed. As the puppies grow and learn to eat better, you can gradually thicken the mush, but keep it thin at first. You can add canned dog or puppy food at this point, but for the first meals keep the amount very small or the mush will be too thick.

How to Check a Dog's Bloodline

How to Check a Dog's Bloodline

Checking a dog's bloodline is the essential step to ensuring its pedigree. Professional show dogs, for example, are required to demonstrate a pure blood lineage associated with their particular breed. Bloodline documentation officially proves a dog's pedigree. In addition to a professional breeder, a series of institutions are at your service for helping you determine your dog's bloodline. Have your dog's registration papers handy to expedite your search.

Instructions

    1

    Contact the registry associated with your dog's breed. Ask an administrator for a bloodline history for your dog. Many pitbull registries, for example, according to The Daily Puppy, hold at minimum four generations of bloodline records on file.

    2

    Contact the American Kennel Club (AKC). The AKC specializes in compiling thorough pedigree histories for dogs. Specifically, the AKC uses a wide library of stud books and other information to track down and outline a dog's bloodline. Find the AKC online through their official website or by writing or calling using the following information: AKC, 8051 Arco Corporate Drive, Suite 100, Raleigh, NC 27617-3390 or 919-233-9767.

    3

    Speak with an administrator for the American Dog Breeders Association (ABDA). Tell the administrator you are interested in tracking the bloodline of your dog and ask for a list of breeders that may help in your search. The ADBA also has an extensive pedigree search database. Contact the ADBA at PO Box 1771, Salt Lake City, UT 84110 or 801-936-7513.

Selasa, 29 Januari 2013

Teacup Yorkie Facts

Teacup Yorkie Facts

"Teacup Yorkies" belong to the Yorkshire Terrier family. The "teacup" classification is not recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC). "Teacup" is not a breed name -- it is a marketing term coined by breeders to market dogs to consumers.

Problems with "Teacup" Yorkies

    According to the Yorkshire Terrier Club of America, responsible breeders don't specifically set out to breed "teacups." Yorkies that are smaller than four pounds are too small to be healthy. They are susceptible to health problems, including birth defects, chronic diarrhea and vomiting, hypoglycemia, and injury (because they are so small they can be easily kicked, stepped on, or attacked by other animals).

Toy vs. Teacup

    Yorkies are small dogs. The standard size is four to seven pounds, so they are considered a "toy" breed by the AKC. All Yorkies are "toys." Although AKC doesn't recognize "teacups," that's what some people call Yorkies that are smaller than four pounds.

Yorkies and Kids

    There are breeders who don't recommend Yorkies for families with children because they are so small that even well-meaning children can hurt them.

Yorkie Characteristics

    Yorkies are little, but loud. Sometimes they like to pick fights with other animals. They're prone to allergies. They travel well and easily adapt to new situations. Their long coats require frequent brushing.

Bring a Yorkie Home

    If having an AKC registered Yorkie is important to you, locate a Yorkie breeder through the AKC website. If having an AKC registered dog is less important to you, you can also adopt from Yorkie rescue organizations, or from a local animal shelter.

How to Become a Great Dane Foster Home

How to Become a Great Dane Foster Home

Of the four million pets euthanized each year in our nation's shelters, one in four is purebred, according to The Humane Society of the United States. Purebred rescue groups, like many Great Dane rescue groups across the United States, offer a safe alternative for unwanted or neglected purebred dogs. Because Great Danes often do not kennel well, rescue groups depend on foster homes to provide stable and safe temporary homes until they can be placed in permanent homes. In getting to know their charges, foster homes provide essential information to potential adopters, helping to ensure a solid, long-term match.

Instructions

Alabama, Arizona, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Portions of Neighboring States

    1

    Visit the Great Dane Rescue website (greatdanerescueinc.com).

    2

    Click "Help Our Cause" on the top menu bar.

    3

    Click "Become a Foster Home Volunteer" on the left navigator.

    4

    Review details of Great Dane Rescue Incorporated's foster care program. While the rescue covers necessary veterinary expenses, foster parents are responsible for purchasing high quality dog food and toys. Likewise, foster parents are expected to exercise, socialize and groom their charges.

    5

    Complete the volunteer form at the bottom of the page. A volunteer will call you to begin the foster home application process.

California

    6

    Visit the Great Dane Rescue of Northern California website (gdrnc.org).

    7

    Click "Fostering a Dane" on the top menu bar.

    8

    Contact the foster/volunteer coordinator using the email address provided to learn more about Great Dane Rescue of Northern California's program or to begin the application process.

Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Utah and Wyoming

    9

    Visit the Rocky Mountain Great Dane Rescue website (rmgreatdane.org).

    10

    Click "Fostering" on the left navigator.

    11

    Review details of Rocky Mountain Great Dane Rescue's foster care program. The rescue covers necessary veterinary expenses, food distributed monthly and professional training for some dogs. When available, the rescue can provide a crate, gentle leader, or collar and leash, if not already supplied. While foster parents are not required to contribute financially, they are responsible for basic care, showing the dog to prospective adopters and monthly participation in a "Meet and Greet" event.

    12

    Download and complete the foster application. Return by email or postal mail to the address provided at the bottom of the application.

Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania

    13

    Visit the Mid-Atlantic Great Dane Rescue League website (padanerescue.com).

    14

    Click "Volunteer" on the top menu bar.

    15

    Click "Fostering" on the pink sub-menu bar.

    16

    Review the "Frequently Asked Questions" related to Mid-Atlantic Great Dane Rescue's foster care program. While the rescue covers necessary veterinary expenses, foster parents are responsible for costs associated with dog food and toys, transportation and grooming or nail trimming. Likewise, foster parents are responsible for feeding, exercising, socializing, grooming and medicating (if necessary) their charges.

    17

    Call the rescue group at the number provided at the bottom of the page or download and complete the "Volunteer/Foster application." Return the completed application to the appropriate address listed at the top of the application.

Florida (Central)

    18

    Visit the Central Florida Great Dane Rescue website (cfgdr.org).

    19

    Click "Volunteer" on the left navigator.

    20

    Contact the volunteer/foster home coordinator using the email address provided learn more about Central Florida Great Dane Rescue's program or to begin the foster care application process.

Florida (Southwest)

    21

    Visit the Southwest Great Dane Rescue website (swgdr.org).

    22

    Click "Fees & Process" on the left navigator.

    23

    Review the foster requirements. Note that the rescue does provide food and medical care. You are responsible to send monthly updates for their website.

    24

    If you have not previously adopted from Southwest Great Dane Rescue, you must submit an adoption application to be considered for fostering. Click "Application" on the left navigator. Specify "Foster Only" or "Foster with Option to Adopt" at the top of the application. Complete the application and submit.

Washington

    25

    Visit the Dane Outreach website (daneoutreach.org).

    26

    Click "How to Help," followed by "Foster" on the left navigator.

    27

    Review details of Dane Outreach's foster care program. The rescue provides food, veterinary care and a crate. The foster home is only responsible for the intangibles like basic care and affection.

    28

    Contact the foster home coordinator using the email address provided at the bottom of the page.

Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia and West Virginia

    29

    Visit the Mid-Atlantic Great Dane Rescue League website (magdrl.org).

    30

    Click "Volunteering" followed by "Fostering" on the left navigator.

    31

    Review the "Frequently Asked Questions" related to Mid-Atlantic Great Dane Rescue's foster care program. While the rescue covers necessary veterinary expenses, foster parents are responsible for costs associated with dog food and toys, transportation and grooming or nail trimming. Likewise, foster parents are responsible for feeding, exercising, socializing, grooming and medicating (if necessary) their charges.

    32

    Click contact the "local MAGDRL Coordinator" link near the bottom of the page.

    33

    Contact the area coordinator for your jurisdiction. Provide a phone number for a volunteer to contact you to start the application process and phone screen.

How to Tell the Age of Chihuahuas

How to Tell the Age of Chihuahuas

Knowing your chihuahua's age can help you make important decisions on its care, such as when to start feeding adult or senior dog food, when to provide more time to rest and when to increase vet checkup frequency. It is also comforting to have an idea of how much longer your dog might live since these little canines are like part of the family. All chihuahuas are different, so the age you determine won't be 100 percent accurate, but you can make an educated estimate based on physical characteristics and growth measurements.

Instructions

    1

    Ask your veterinarian, dog groomer or a local dog enthusiast. These professionals handle chihuahuas of different ages and can provide insight on your dog's age based on its appearance and energy level.

    2

    Examine the color and shape of your chihuahua's teeth and compare them to the age estimate chart in the Resources section. Age can be estimated based on how yellow or worn down the front and back teeth are.

    3

    Weigh your dog and measure its height and then repeat 2 weeks later. The average chihuahua is full grown by 8 months, so if your dog's measurements are still increasing, it is likely under that age.

    4

    Have the vet check your dog for cataracts, which is cloudiness in the pupil commonly found after the age of 7 years old in chihuahuas. If your dog has cataracts, it is probably at least 7 or older.

    5

    Examine the color of the hair around your chihuahua's eyes and mouth. This hair begins to turn gray or white around 10-11 years old.

Types of Maltese Dogs

Types of Maltese Dogs

There is only one type of Maltese dog, and any variations in the Maltese are related to the size rather than the breed. However, Maltese dogs are a member of the Bichon family, according to the Bichon World website. There are a number of different kinds of dogs within the Bichon breed, and each of these dogs has different characteristics.

Maltese and Frise

    The Maltese breed has long, flowing white hair that can be kept short for easy maintenance but otherwise will need to be brushed every day. These dogs are 8 to 10 inches tall and weigh between 6 and 9 pounds, according to the Dog Breed Info Center. They suffer from occasional digestive problems. The Maltese has a life expectancy of 15 years.

    Bichon Frises are long-haired dogs with solid white coats. They usually weigh between 12 and 18 pounds as adults, and they range between 9 and 12 inches tall. These dogs need to be brushed daily and taken to a groomer at least once every several months. according to the Just Dog Breeds web page. They suffer from dislocated kneecaps, epilepsy and bladder stones. Bichon Frises have a life span of around 14 years.

Havanese and Bolognese

    The Havanese has a thick undercoat and a fluffy, curly outer coat that can be cream, blue, black or white, as well as many other colors. The Havanese weighs around 7 to 13 pounds and is around 7 to 12 inches tall, notes the Just Dog Breeds web page. These dogs have a 12- to 15-year life span, but they can suffer from dislocated kneecaps and thyroid issues.

    The Bichon Bolognese has a long, slightly curly, solid white coat of fur, according to the Dog Breed Info Center. The males are slightly larger than the females and can grow to between 10 and 12 inches tall, while the females usually average between 10 and 11 inches. They usually weigh between 4 1/2 and 9 pounds. These dogs need to be brushed every day and taken to the groomer at least once a month. They shed very little hair, have no serious genetic health issues and live for around 14 years.

Coton de Tulear and Lowchen

    Coton de Tulear dogs are sociable, friendly and devoted to their families. Their full size at adulthood is between 10 and 12 inches tall and 12 to 15 pounds. Cotons have fluffy, cotton-like coats that can be black, white and tricolored. They need to be brushed every day, but they shed very little and only need to be bathed a few times each year, according to the Dog Breed Info Center. These dogs have few genetic health issues and have a life expectancy of 14 to 16 years.

    Lowchens weigh between 12 and 18 pounds and grow to between 12 and 14 inches tall at full size, according to the Just Dog Breeds web page. They are a long-haired breed that shed very little, but their coats need to be brushed at least every other day. Lowchens come in a variety of colors including black, tan, white and gold. They have a 13- to 16-year life span. Although they are a generally healthy breed, Lowchens can suffer from allergies, cataracts and knee problems.

Senin, 28 Januari 2013

How to Care for a Scottie Puppy

How to Care for a Scottie Puppy

Scottish terriers are short-legged and strong-willed. Male Scotties in particular can be stubborn and it is recommended they socialize with other dogs and go through obedience training while they are puppies. This will help keep Scotties from acquiring "small dog syndrome" or assuming leadership of their "pack"--you. Caring for a Scottish terrier puppy will require much of your time and energy.

Instructions

    1

    Take your Scottie puppy to the veterinarian. Keep the puppy updated on vaccinations such as rabies and distemper. Scottie puppies can begin receiving their vaccinations by two months old. Have the pup examined by the veterinarian for skin problems, epilepsy, jawbone disorder, Scottie cramp (which inhibits walking) and von Willibrand's disease, a hereditary blood disorder. Scotties are susceptible to these problems.

    2

    Plan to have your Scottie puppy spayed or neutered when six months old. This will help prevent cancer and prevent genetic disorders such as blood disease. Spaying females will also help eliminate uterine infections that tend to cause female Scotties a problem throughout their life. Neutering males will help control their aggressive attitude.

    3

    Put the Scottie puppy on the right diet. As the puppy gets older, he can become overweight if he eats too much or eats the wrong kinds of foods. Feed your Scottie puppy food that has more protein than any other ingredient, such as grain. If your puppy doesn't eat all of the food in his bowl after 20 minutes, remove the food until the next meal time. Don't leave food out all day.

    4

    Groom the Scottie puppy regularly. This will help prevent skin problems and maintain the texture of the hair. Comb the hair two to three times a week and have the puppy groomed at least two times a year.

    5

    Exercise the Scottie puppy. Walk the Scottie puppy at least three times a day and take him to an area for roaming. To avoid obesity as the puppy becomes an adult, it is best to keep your Scottie puppy active.

About Miniature Labradoodles

About Miniature Labradoodles

The miniature labradoodle is a designer or hybrid dog that is produced by mixing a Labrador and a miniature poodle. Labradoodles were first developed in the 1980s by Wally Conron, who worked for the Royal Guide Dog Association of Australia. He wanted to create a service dog that people with severe allergies could use. He was able to mix the two breeds to develop a hybrid dog that had the benefits of both breeds.

Features

    Miniature labradoodles vary in height from 17 to 22 inches. Miniature labradoodles weigh 30 to 50 lbs. They have a woolly, curly coat that does not shed, which makes them ideal for people with allergies. The miniature labradoodle's colors include black, chocolate brown, white, cream and silver. The have a broad head with large eyes.

Function

    Miniature labradoodles were created in order to mix the temperament of a Labrador with the hypoallergenic nature and size of the miniature poodle. Miniature labradoodles make excellent family pets and companion dogs because of the loyal and happy-go-lucky nature of Labradors. They are commonly used as service dogs for people with disabilities and allergies.

Temperament

    Miniature labradoodles are obedient, loyal and highly intelligent dogs. They are good with children and other dogs, as along as they are properly socialized. They are easily trained and do well in agility sports. They are easily housebroken.

Care

    Miniature labradoodles require regular brushing of their coat. This will prevent tangles and matting. Since they do not shed, the coat requires clipping once a year. They are a medium-sized breed of dog, so they require an adequate yard to play in. They are a very energetic breed, so they need regular exercise and playtime. They enjoy hiking and running, but it is important to provide adequate water to keep cool due to their heavy, insulating coat.

Considerations

    The cross breeding of the two types of a dog leaves miniature labradoodles susceptible to both breeds' health conditions. Labradors are susceptible to hip and elbow dysplasia, as well as hypothyroidism and allergies. Poodles are prone to hypothyroidism, epilepsy, Cushing's disease and Von Willebrand's disease. It is important to purchase miniature labradoodles from a reputable breeder. Miniature labradoodles are designer dogs that are becoming very popular, so they often come with a high price tag.

How Much Does One Feed a New Puppy?

Checking the labels on your puppy's dry or canned food gives you a rough estimate of how much to feed him; however, you will need to adjust this amount depending on your puppy's age, size and energy level. Feed her a high-quality puppy food with 25 to 30 percent protein in order to provide her with the energy intake she needs and make sure she has plenty of fresh water.

Age

    Puppies under 6 months need twice the amount of food as adult dogs. Use portion control feedings to avoid giving your puppy too much food. Break up the total amount of food for the day into smaller portions and feed your puppy two to four times a day until she is 6 months old. Then, reduce the amount of meals to two per day. If your dog is a small or medium breed, gradually change his diet to an adult one by the time he is 12 months old. For large breeds, wait until closer to 14 to 18 months before switching to an adult diet.

Size

    Size helps determine how much food your puppy should get. Smaller breeds, weighing less than 20 lbs. as adults, require less food than medium and large breeds. If your small breed puppy develops good eating habits, you can try a free choice feeding method. Give him his food all at once and let him eat throughout the day as he chooses. Large breeds, weighing more than 50 lbs. as adults, can require up to three times as much food as small breeds. Always use portion control feedings with medium breeds, weighing 20 to 50 lbs. as adults, and large breeds, in order to avoid overfeeding.

Energy

    Puppies with high energy levels burn calories faster, so plan on increasing the amount of food if your pup loves to run. If your puppy is the calmer type, he won't require as many calories to keep him going. Puppies of all energy levels grow at different rates, but feeding them more won't speed up the process and could lead to health problems.

Treats and Supplements

    Reward your puppy for good behavior with treats but use them sparingly. Her nutritional intake should mainly come from puppy food. Treats should make up no more than 10 percent of her diet. Avoid supplements altogether as long as you are feeding your puppy a well-balanced diet. Too much of certain vitamins and minerals, such as calcium, can lead to orthopedic diseases.

Warning

    Do not overfeed your large breed puppy or give him adult dog food in an attempt to help him grow. Genetics determines your dog's adult size, not nutrition. Overfeeding in large breeds leads to bone growth problems, such as hip dysplasia. Giving your puppy adult food could lead to malnutrition. Your large breed puppy's growth rate should be slower than that of small and medium-size breeds.

At What Age Do Poodles Change Color?

At What Age Do Poodles Change Color?

Poodles are a dog breed that come in many shades, shapes and sizes. They are popular house pets due to their intelligence and often showy appearance. One common characteristic of poodles is the fact that the color of the coat they were born with tends to change to another color as they mature. If they are born with a dark coat, they "clear" or "fade" to a lighter color.

Color Process

    The determining factor of the ultimate color of a poodle's coat is the initial color. For example, a "clearing" of the coat could be from a darker color to a lighter one, or the other way around. Some poodles that are born a darker shade may eventually "clear" to an apricot shade by the time they are 2 years old. The coat of black poodle puppies may "clear" to silver or blue by the age of 2. Dark brown poodles may change to a caf au lait shade by the age of 2. Generally, poodles change their coat color by the time they are 2. This initial color may go through another change and stabilize by the time the poodles are 3 years old.

Poodle Care

    Some factors may affect the ultimate color of a poodle and how long it takes for the poodle to achieve that color. One of the factors is the type of care the poodle receives as it matures. Intensive coat-grooming with some specific products, at various stages in the poodle's development, can affect the eventual color of a poodle's coat. Some of these products include whitening shampoos, coat dressings and conditioners.

Holding

    A poodle may keep the color of the coat that it was born with, a factor known as "holding." Even if the poodle does "clear" from a darker color to a lighter one, the "clearing" of the coat is not uniform all over the poodle's fur. For instance, the fur around the ears and the thicker guard hairs tend to "hold" their color throughout the life of the poodle, even when other parts of the coat change to another color.

Other Poodle Colors

    Other varieties of poodle color include white, gray, silver beige, red and silver. The "clearing" process in poodles may go through various stages before the poodles finally achieve their permanent color. For instance, a poodle puppy could start off with a blackish coat that will "clear" to a gray color and eventually a platinum silver color. Some orange-colored poodle puppies change to a darkish peach color and eventually fade to a lighter peach color.

The Best Dog Food for a Puppy

The Best Dog Food for a Puppy

During your puppy's first year, he requires a specialized diet to ensure that he is healthy as he grows into his adult years. Consider several variables when choosing the right food to feed your puppy.

High Fat Content

    During a puppy's first year, it is highly important that her food contains a lot of fat and nutrients. Choose to feed your puppy food that is labeled "Puppy Formula." These foods contain all the important nutrients and fats that your puppy needs.

Quality

    Look for food brands that are of high quality. These are rich in important carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, which many generic brands are lacking.

Choose a Trusted Brand

    By choosing to buy a well-established dog food brand, you ensure that your puppy is eating only the best food available. High-quality dog foods are made using only human-grade ingredients.

Wet Food Vs. Dry Food

    Depending on the size of your puppy's teeth, it is sometimes easier to feed him a moist, semi-wet food. This type of food contains the same important nutrients as the dry foods.

Treats

    Some treats contain extra vitamins and nutrients for your puppy. Treats can also make her teeth and gums healthier and stronger.

How to Identify a Giant Schnauzer

How to Identify a Giant Schnauzer

The robust, strongly built Giant Schnauzer has the same appearance as a Standard Schnauzer. The temperament combines spirited alertness with intelligent reliability, making this breed loyal to its family, playful, courageous and composed. It commands a certain respect when aroused, so the Giant Schnauzer makes a good watchdog.

Instructions

    1

    Look at the rectangular head. It is a long head and narrows slightly from the ears to the eyes. The length of the head is about half the length of the back (measured from the withers to the beginning of the tail). The moderately broad skull is accentuated by the eyebrows. The strong muzzle is parallel to the topskull and is also equal to the length of the topskull. It ends in a blunt wedge at the nose, which is large and black. The ears are cropped, identical in shape and have pointed tips. If they are uncropped, they are v-shaped and carried high. The medium-sized eyes are dark brown and deep set. They are oval and have a keen expression.

    2

    Make sure the substantial body is compact and short-coupled but has strength for power and agility at the same time. The height at the withers is equal to the body length when measured from the breastbone to the point of the rear. Males should be 25 to 27 inches at the withers and females should be 23 to 25 inches at the withers. The straight forelegs are separated by a deep brisket. The elbows are close to the body and they point backwards. The medium-width chest have well sprung ribs and leads to sloping shoulders. The shoulder blades should be strongly muscled and flat. The tail is carried high when the Giant Schnauzer is excited. It is docked to the second or thirdpreferably the secondjoint. The strongly-muscled rear is balance with the forequarters. The feet well-arched feet are compact and catlike. They do not turn in or out and have thick, tough pads. Dewclaws on the front may be removed, but should be removed on the rear.

    3

    Feel the wiry coat. The Giant Schnauzer has a hard coat that is quite dense. It rides over a soft undercoat. The hair on the head, beard and eyebrows is coarseand is the distinctive look of the Schnauzer. The coat may be solid black or salt and pepper. The salt and pepper may be iron gray to a silvery gray. No matter which shade the Giant Schnauzer is, it will have a dark mask.

Minggu, 27 Januari 2013

How to Train Chihuahuas to Love Children

Sometimes, urban legends are formed around certain breeds of dogs and the Chihuahua is no exception.

Many people will tell you that Chihuahuas are "bad with children". The reality is, many children are bad with Chihuahuas and many Chihuahua owners do not take the time to properly train or socialize their dogs.

Chihuahuas as a breed are not naturally antagonistic toward children. With proper socialization and supervision, these bright little dogs can make very good pets in families with well-behaved children.

Instructions

    1

    Start early.

    The best time to socialize and condition a dog is from the moment you bring him home. Puppies are especially trainable because they don't have bad experiences to overcome.

    When you bring home a new Chihuahua, your children will be excited and want to gather around the dog. This is a mistake, especially for a small dog like a Chihuahua. Imagine how you would feel, transported into a world of giant, loud strangers, all wanting to get close to you.

    Give the dog some space. Confine him to one puppy-proofed room and have everyone sit down and just let him explore and approach people when he's ready.

    2

    Teach your children to be calm and gentle.

    Shouting with excitement, grabbing the dog, and other frantic activity (common to young children) is a sure way to panic the dog and incite a bite.

    Your children don't have to permanently tip-toe around the house and speak in only muted voices, but giving the Chihuahua a few days of calm and gentle behavior will teach him that none of you mean him any harm.

    3

    Treat the Chihuahua like a big dog.

    As the dog gets used to your household and the people in it, make sure you train the Chihuahua to obey the rules of the household - this means he needs housebreaking, needs to be taught what is and isn't okay to chew, needs to be reprimanded for mouthing or nipping anyone, and needs to learn basic obedience commands like stay and coming when called.

    It is tempting to treat the Chihuahua as if he were truly a toy, an inanimate object, instead of a dog. This is always a mistake, and leads to a poorly socialized, untrained pest instead of a happy and mentally healthy member of the family.

    Your children should be involved in the training process - even very young children can help teach a dog to sit for a treat.

What Vegetables Can I Feed My Dog?

What Vegetables Can I Feed My Dog?

Not only are vegetables good for you, but they are good for your dog, too. Humans eat vegetables because of their nutrients and disease-preventing phytochemicals. Dogs can reap the same benefits from eating certain veggies as well. However, unlike humans, dogs cannot properly digest all vegetables and can even be severely allergic to certain ones, so it is important to pay attention to which ones you choose to feed your dog.

Green Vegetables

    You can serve your dog green vegetables such as green beans, broccoli and spinach, according to Dr. Larry McDaniel, D.V.M. Serve the vegetables raw, or, to make them easier for your dog to digest, try steaming them in a steamer or microwave. This will make the vegetables easier to digest while preserving their nutrients.

Gourds

    You can feed your dogs vegetables from the gourd family, such as zucchini and squash. An interesting serving method is to puree certain vegetables and mix the puree in with regular dog food or serve it alone.

Orange Vegetables

    Carrots are good for your dog and fun for them to eat. Sweet potatoes are also good, but make sure to limit how much you serve your pup, because the starch in sweet potatoes can cause weight gain, according to Dr. McDaniel.

Other Vegetables

    Cauliflower, cabbage and peppers are other vegetables that are good for your dog. Just as with all vegetables, Dr. McDaniel suggests limiting the intake of these veggies to "no more than a quarter of your dog's daily food intake," and to serve them with protein.

Information About the Raw, Frozen Diet

Information About the Raw, Frozen Diet

The raw frozen diet is a special diet given to dogs with the idea that processed food is just as harmful for animals as it is for humans, and a raw diet is more natural, healthier and closer to the foods that your dog would eat in the wild, and supports environmental sustainability and local markets.

Foods

    The foods that are recommended for use in the raw food diet are muscle meats, organs, bones, pulverized raw vegetables, yogurt and other cultured foods and vitamin supplements. While many may be alarmed about parasites and bacteria present in raw meats, a dog's system is designed to digest and process most of them quickly--after all, carnivores in the wild survive from raw meat on a daily basis.

Benefits

    Dogs that are fed this type of diet experience several benefits including higher energy, a healthier weight, healthier teeth, fewer allergies, a shinier, healthier coat and more compact feces.

Drawbacks

    Handling raw, frozen foods can be harmful for humans preparing the food, so they should wear rubber gloves and disinfect any utensils used in food preparation. Many raw foods also contain E. coli and salmonella, which can cause intestinal disorders in both humans and dogs.

Sabtu, 26 Januari 2013

Structural Characteristics of a Labrador Retriever

Structural Characteristics of a Labrador Retriever

Bred originally in Newfoundland, Labrador retrievers were the companions of fishermen. The breed would help fishermen reel in nets and snatch fish that wiggled loose from fishing lines. As time went on, fishermen bred the dog with setters, spaniels and other retrievers, and hunters and other outdoorsmen began using the Labrador for game retrieval, especially waterfowl.



Today the breed is generally just called a Lab, and now the dog has become a staple for families with small child because of the dog's good temperament. The Lab possesses a notable structure and build.

Size

    A Lab is a stocky, well-built animal. At the withers -- the ridge at a dog's shoulder blades -- a male Lab should be about 22 1/2 inches to 24 1/2 inches. A female dog should be between 21 1/2 and 23 1/2 inches.. A male weighs between 65 to 80 pounds, and a female ranges from 55 to 70 pounds.

    Labs can gain muscle easily. Breeders do not consider skinny or excessively obese animals to be in prime shape.

Coat

    Thick and water-resistant, a lab's coat is instantly recognizable. The hairs should be short and straight but very dense. The coat should feel hard to the touch.

    The Lab has an undercoat, which gives the dog's coat its water-resistance and makes it ideal for swimming and retrieving waterfowl. The undercoat also traps body heat, protecting the Lab from cold.

Tail

    The tail is a defining feature for the Lab. The dog has well-defined muscles at the base of its tail, and the tail tapers off to a point. The lab's thick coat extends to the tail, and it never feathers out. It's this thickness that leads some breeders to describe it as otter-like.

    When relaxed, the tail hangs down. When at attention or at work, the lab keeps its tail straight or rising slightly above its back. A well-formed tail never curls. Most breeders do not dock a lab's tails, and it's a practice that the American Kennel Club frowns upon docking, too.

Head

    The skull is wide and well-developed. It slopes with the brow protruding slightly, so the skull is not in a straight line to the nose.

    The face is typically terse and muscular, without drooping and fleshly cheeks. The jaw is square and "neither long and narrow nor short and stubby," according to the United Kennel Club. Lips curve toward the throat. The nose is wide and should be black on black and yellow dogs and brown on chocolate labs.

How to Pat a Puppy's Back to Stimulate Burping

How to Pat a Puppy's Back to Stimulate Burping

Small puppies are very similar to children in the fact that they need to be burped during feeding time. As they drink their milk, air can build up inside their tummies, and it is important to dispel this air so that they do not have any discomfort and can eat all of their meal. Generally, according to "Dr. Pitcairn's Complete Guide to Natural Health for Dogs & Cats," only young puppies that are being hand fed and not fed by their own mothers need to be burped during feedings.

Instructions

    1

    Start by picking the puppy up and placing him, as one would a baby, against the shoulder, belly down. Do this action in the middle of the feeding. His head should be over the shoulder and his behind held up with the hand of the arm they are being held with.

    2

    Rub the puppy's back and sides, firmly but gently, in a continuous up and down motion. Continue doing it until a release of air is either felt or heard. If this way does not work, "The Daily Puppy" recommends patting the puppy's back and sides, again firmly but gently, until they burp.

    3

    Continue feeding the puppy once he has been burped until the food is finished. Afterwards, repeat the previous steps to burp him again following the meal. It is important to burp the puppy during and after each meal that is hand-fed.

The Care of English Bulldog Puppies

The Care of English Bulldog Puppies

An English Bulldog is a wonderful family dog. They are a gentle breed that does exceptionally well with children. An English Bulldog puppy should leave its mother between seven and nine weeks. While they are puppies, they are energetic and fun-loving. English Bulldog puppies love to chew and have unique health issues because of their breed. However, they are incredibly smart dogs that will quickly learn what to do. With the proper care and love, English Bulldog puppies can grow up to be sweet and loyal companions.

Instructions

    1

    Purchase all the supplies you need to care for your puppy before you bring the puppy home. For instance, your puppy will need stainless steel bowls for food and water, a crate, puppy food and toys. Try to keep your puppy on the same food she was eating with the breeder. A dog crate makes house training your puppy much easier and your puppy should sleep in her crate overnight. Also, if you live in an apartment, you may want to purchase puppy pads and designate an area of the house for your puppy to use as a restroom if a yard is not readily accessible.

    2

    Feed your puppy three to four times a day. Soften the puppy food with chicken broth, warm water or cottage cheese. Feed your puppy in stainless steel bowls. Stainless steel bowls are durable and you can periodically wash them in the dishwasher to keep them clean and sanitary. A puppy will continue to eat puppy food until she is about a year old, at which time she will transition to adult dog food.

    3

    Schedule an appointment with your veterinarian. Like all puppies, your bulldog will need her puppy shots and must be checked for intestinal worms. In addition, English Bulldogs are a unique breed that has a multitude of health problems. For instance, cherry eye is an eye condition that is common to English Bulldogs. Cherry eye occurs when the gland that resides in the corner of the eye, under the lower eyelid, pops out. Depending on the severity of the case, surgery may be necessary. A bulldog specialist is familiar with the health problems of this breed and it may be beneficial to find a bulldog specialist in your area.

    4

    Brush your English Bulldog at least three times a week. In addition, you need to clean your English Bulldog's folds daily. English Bulldogs have folds on their muzzles that can trap dirt and yeast, making the skin irritated, red and sometimes infected. A bulldog's ears also need to be cleaned regularly. Purchase an ear solution from your veterinarian that will quickly and easily remove ear wax. Also, trim your puppy's nails at least once every two weeks.

How to Choose a Newfoundland Puppy

Once a reputable Newfoundland dog breeder has been found, choosing the right puppy for you and your family situation is the next step. As with people, every puppy has its own personality and characteristics that will follow it through life. Even puppies from the same litter can have remarkably different traits. When it's time to choose a Newfoundland puppy, keep the steps below in mind for a less stressful experience.

Instructions

    1

    Find a reputable breeder of large or giant breed puppies. It is not as important that they only breed Newfoundland dogs as it is that they have a flawless reputation. Check for a local breeder to make touring the facility easier. A reputable breeder will want their animals to go to a happy loving home, so be prepared to answer some questions too.If you don't feel comfortable with the breeding facility, do not adopt a pet from them. Don't make a big deal of any issues, even if there are atrocious living conditions for the animals. Make a quick get-away and call the proper authorities if necessary.

    2

    Have the breeder bring several Newfoundland puppies to a neutral area for playing. Look at as many puppies as are available. The more puppies there are, the less fearful they will be in playing. Pay no attention to gender at this time, if the dog is for pet purposes it will be spayed or neutered so this wont matter. Almost all training issues between the sexes are wives-tales or have been domesticated out of the species.

    3

    Look at each Newfoundland puppys personality individually as it plays with the other puppies. Is it aggressive or submissive? Is it comfortable off playing by itself or is it an instigator for attention? Decide which personality fits best with your family situation. If you have a lot going on, a puppy that can play calmly with a toy might be best. If you have a quiet only child who needs a constant buddy, a trouble maker might be just the ticket.

    4

    Look at the body differences of the puppies. Age could factor in as Newfoundland puppies grow extremely fast in the first six months. Females tend to be smaller, but a small Newfoundland is usually about 100 pounds when full grown. Depending on whether the dog will be used for pet or for show, the size may matter so check the current breed standards on the internet.

    5

    Narrow down the puppies you are interested in bringing home by handling them individually. Calm the puppy down in your arms, then feel all over its body for any lumps or bumps. Rub the hair backwards to check for dandruff or bald spots. Ask the breeder for any problems that the puppy or litter may have had--it is in their best interest to be honest in all of their answers.

    6

    Look in the puppys mouth for proper tooth growth and whiteness, the teeth should look perfectly straight and white. While you are looking at the mouth, check for a severe overbite or underbite.

    7

    Check the Newfoundland puppys nose for any drainage. If its cold outside or the puppies have been playing hard, there may be clear drainage, but if green mucous or crust appears do not buy any of the puppies on that day. Inform the dog breeder if any congestion is found.

    8

    Check the rear hip area thoroughly. The puppy should allow you to handle this area rather firmly without wincing in any way. If the Newfoundland puppy shows any hip pain, tell the breeder and do not purchase that puppy.

    9

    Get a full health guarantee from the breeder. Know the laws in the state you are purchasing the pet--they are all available free on the internet.

Jumat, 25 Januari 2013

Which Food Makes Dog Fur Shiny?

Which Food Makes Dog Fur Shiny?

Dogs with shiny coats look healthy, happy and beautiful. It is important to provide your dog with proper nutrition to give it a long and happy life and a shiny coat. In addition to a proper diet, coat health is improved with regular grooming.

Omega 3 Fatty Acids

    Omega 3 fatty acids are an essential part of a healthy human diet, but they are also an important part of your dog's diet. Foods rich in omega 3s will help your dog maintain a shiny, healthy coat.

Avoid Foods Containing Corn

    Allergies are a common cause of dull, unhealthy coats in dogs. Foods including corn are most likely to trigger an allergic reaction in your dog. Avoiding corn can cause your dog's coat to become more healthy, thicker and shinier. Your veterinarian can test for allergies but because corn has little nutritional value for dogs, it is safe to just eliminate it from their diet to avoid the expense and inconvenience of testing for the allergy.

Olive Oil

    You can also add a teaspoon of olive oil to your dog's food to improve your dog's coat. Olive oil increases the health and shine of the dog's fur and may improve the taste of its food. Olive oil is safe for most dogs, but you may want to consult with your veterinarian before adding it to your dog's diet.

Protein

    You should also make sure that you feed your dog a food high in protein. A healthy canine diet is high in protein, and a healthy diet will increase the shine and health of your dog's coat. All dog food labels contain nutritional information; choosing a dog food that is high in protein will add to the health and shine of your dog's coat.

Balanced Diet

    The most important component to a shiny coat is a balanced diet. You should consult with your veterinarian to determine the correct balance of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and protein for your dog's diet. Once you know what you should be feeding your dog, carefully examine the dog food labels so that you can choose the best food for your dog.

Patience

    Any change in your dog's diet will not immediately improve the coat. It will take up to three months to notice the effects of the change in diet. While it takes a long time to see improvements in its coat, you may notice that your dog has more energy, has more regular bowel movements, and is generally happier than it was before careful attention was paid to its nutritional requirements. While a healthy diet will help your dog develop shiny, healthy fur, it will also keep it healthier and happier, and enable it to be an active member of your family for as long as possible.

Grooming

    Finally, while diet will help improve your dog's coat, proper grooming is also essential to the health of your dog's fur. Grooming does not have to be done professionally and does not have to be expensive. Cleaning your dog on a regular basis with a gentle shampoo and brushing your dog's fur frequently will help to keep the fur healthy and improve its shine.

How Much to Feed a Cockapoo?

How Much to Feed a Cockapoo?

A cockapoo is a breed of dog - actually two breeds mixed together, into what is known as a designer breed. The two parent breeds are the poodle and the cocker spaniel. Cocker spaniels are small to medium dogs, but poodles vary in size. Cockapoos thusly come in four sizes: Teacup Toy (under 6 lbs.), Toy (under 12 lbs.), Mini (13 to 18 lbs.), and Maxi (over 19 lbs.). How much you need to feed your cockapoo depends on its size and other factors.

Teacup and Toy Cockapoos

    Teacup and toy cockapoos weigh less than 12 lbs. If your toy cockapoo weighs 11 or 12 lbs., you should consider it a mini cockapoo for the purpose of calculating amount of food to feed it every day. Dogs that weigh 10 lbs. or less require approximately 1 cup of food a day, which you can feed it all at once, in two to four separate meals, or you can leave it out in a dog bowl all day long.

Mini and Maxi Cockapoos

    Mini and maxi cockapoos weigh at least 12 lbs., and usually less than 25 lbs. If your maxi cockapoo weighs more than 25 lbs., please consult your breeder or veterinarian. Dogs that weigh between 11 and 25 lbs. should be fed 1.5 to 2.25 cups of dog food per day. This amount can be divided up into several meals throughout the day, or fed all at once.

Age Concerns

    Puppies are smaller than their full-grown counterparts. If you have a puppy that weighs 8 lbs., for example, feed it as if it were a toy cockapoo, even though it may actually be a growing maxi cockapoo. In general, puppies (less than two years old) and senior dogs (seven years or older) need less food than adult dogs. Always monitor your dog's bowel habits and weight to make sure you are not feeding it too little or too much.

Activity Level Concerns

    Active cockapoos need more food than cockapoos that do not have much opportunity to run and play. A free-roaming farm dog, for example, might eat more than an identical dog living in a small apartment in a city whose owner is at work most of the day. While it is important to adjust the amount of food you feed your cockapoo based on factors such as weight, age, and activity level, only very small adjustments are required.

How to Find the Best Dog Food for My Siberian Husky

How to Find the Best Dog Food for My Siberian Husky

All dog foods are not created equal. Choosing the best pet food for your Siberian husky can improve her health, enrich her lifestyle and advance her performance as a working or show dog. The Siberian husky is a compact, working breed dog with high energy. Ingredients, preparation, feeding habits, and the dog's initial health can all affect the effectiveness of the best food for your Siberian husky.

Instructions

Ensure Your Pet is Healthy

    1

    Identify any health concerns with a thorough veterinary inspection. The best dog food for a healthy dog may not be the best dog food for a dog with vitamin deficiencies or genetic health disorders.

    2

    Watch for signs of hip dysplasia in the Siberian husky. Visit the veterinarian if the dog is having trouble walking or showing signs of discomfort. Hips are fully developed by the age of 2 in large breed dogs. Have the veterinarian take X-rays if they suspect dysplasia.

    3

    Learn about the dog's allergies or reactions to specific ingredients. Buy food that does not contain these ingredients. Take food up immediately if the dog begins to vomit or experiences diarrhea. Check with a veterinarian about the symptoms.

Dog Food Ingredients

    4

    Look for meat first on the Siberian husky dog food ingredient list. Dogs are omnivores and, genetically, predators. Dry kibble will contain some vegetables, but should have meat or meat meal high on the ingredient list.

    5

    Look for whole vegetables; these are healthy for dogs, especially when they replace grain particles in dog foods.

    6

    Locate supplements added to the food by manufacturers. Omega-3 fatty acids and fish oil can be beneficial to joint health in working dogs like the Siberian husky.

    7

    Ascertain if your dog reacts to grains by speaking with a veterinarian. Choose foods with whole grains as opposed to grain particles when possible. Grain-free dog food now is available from most major pet supply stores.

Feeding the Siberian Husky

    8

    Follow instructions located on the back of the food the Siberian husky eats. Locate the dog's weight and the corresponding cup amount.

    9

    Break up the total cup amount of food into at least two feedings spread out over the day.

    10

    Feed the Siberian husky in a calm setting to avoid over excitement and bloat, a digestive disorder common among deep chested dogs. Allow at least 45 minutes after feeding before engaging in vigorous physical activity.

Male Vs. Female German Shepherd Dogs

Male Vs. Female German Shepherd Dogs

Versatile dogs, German Shepherds are suitable for many specialized fields. They can be service dogs working for the handicapped or blind, police dogs, or show dogs. Their natural protective instincts also make them excellent family pets, no matter the gender. There are, however, several distinct differences.

Height

    Females are approximately 22 to 24 inches in height. Males range from 24 to 26 inches.

Weight

    Weight ranges between 65 to 95 pounds. Males tend to be on the larger end of the scale, and thus look more intimidating, while females are more refined in their looks.

Temperament

    Loyal and intelligent, this breed is fiercely protective. As "The Everything German Shepher Book" points out, females are generally more protective of people, and males can be territorial over objects, such as the home.

Altering

    Neutered males will likely be less aggressive and it decreases incidences of roaming. Spaying the female before her first heat cycle will reduce her chances of ovarian and mammary tumors.

Working Dogs

    Known for their police work, originally only male German Shepherds were allowed to be in K9 units. Now you will also see females on the force, though more often in narcotics or bomb squads.

The Temperament of English Bull Dogs

The Temperament of English Bull Dogs

In the past, English bulldogs were known for their persistence and ferocity. They were primarily used in a sport known as bull baiting, but when bull baiting became illegal in England in 1835, bulldog lovers began breeding the dogs for friendlier, more docile traits. According to D. Caroline Coile in Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds, this practice led to the English bulldogs transformation into a house pet and companion animal.

Bulldog Personality

    Despite their brutal history, English bulldogs have calm, affectionate and gentle personalities. They have a sense of humor (as humans would say) and they often behave in comical ways.

Bravery

    Bulldogs are known for their bravery and are protective of their families and their territory. Bulldogs are also stubborn dogs, which sometimes makes them difficult to train.

Bulldogs and Children

    The English bulldog's calm temperament gives her incredible patience with children. Bulldogs are very protective of children. They have even been known to interfere when a parent scolds a child.

Bulldogs and Strangers

    English bulldogs are friendly dogs and do well when they meet strangers.

Dog Aggression

    Not all English bulldogs are aggressive toward other dogs. This is a common problem, however, so its important to socialize bulldogs and watch for signs of dog aggression.

Bulldogs and Pets

    Despite a tendency to show aggression toward strange dogs, bulldogs are patient with other household pets. Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds awards English bulldogs four out of five points for friendliness toward other pets.

Kamis, 24 Januari 2013

What Is the Difference Between Mastiff Dogs & Bullmastiffs?

What Is the Difference Between Mastiff Dogs & Bullmastiffs?

The mastiff and the bullmastiff are two dog breeds that look similar in appearance. This is not surprising, as the two breeds are closely related and therefore share many common traits. They are still recognized as different breeds, however, and as such have a number of differences both physically and behaviorally.

Origins

    Bullmastiffs descend from the original bulldogs and mastiffs.
    Bullmastiffs descend from the original bulldogs and mastiffs.

    The mastiff is by far the oldest of the two breeds, dating back to before 55 B.C. Julius Caesar himself, during the Roman invasions of Britain, made mention of the dog. The mastiff was noted as fighting alongside the British defenders and its power and courage stood out, impressing the emperor. The bullmastiff has only been around since about 1860 and is descended from the mastiff. Game keepers needed a dog that would ideally have size, power and could attack on demand to help them against poachers . The mastiff was crossed with the bulldog and the result was the bullmastiff.

Description

    The mastiff and bullmastiff are both large, heavily-muscled breeds with a similar physical appearance. The mastiff is larger, growing to 30 inches at the shoulder and up to 160 lbs. The bullmastiff grows to 27 inches at the shoulder and around 133 lbs. In general, the mastiff is broader than the bullmastiff, which has a more slender frame. Like its bulldog ancestors, the bullmastiff was designed for more speed and agility.

Coat and Color

    Both breeds have short coats, but the mastiff's is slightly longer and more coarse in texture. The coats are dense to offer protection from cold. Mastiffs come in three main colors: apricot, fawn or brindle. Early in its development the bullmastiff was bred to be dark brindle so it was less visible at night. Today its main coat colors are red, fawn or brindle. For competition purposes both breeds are allowed to have a small chest patch of white.

Temperament

    The temperament of the mastiff is affected by its size. Being so large, it is confident and does not feel the need to show aggression. The breed is generally docile unless it needs to protect its family. It is a calm, dignified breed that is not overly playful, but is good with families due to a gentle nature. The bullmastiff is similar in temperament but is more active, requiring more exercise. Neither breed is generally aggressive, but the bullmastiff is more forceful in defense, knocking down intruders, while mastiffs will tend to corner them.

How to Raise a Blue Pitbull

How to Raise a Blue Pitbull

One of several color variations appearing in the American pit bull terrier and other breeds is called "blue." It's not quite an actual blue color, but a kind of steel gray that has a blue-gray appearance. This coloring is caused by a dilution gene, which is recessive; a dog has to have two dilution genes in order to have the blue appearance, but a dog that does not look blue can pass the gene to its offspring. There is some association with the blue coat color and skin problems, as well as loss of hair (alopecia). The connections are not well understood, and the health problems are not documented in every breed. Some breeders of blue pit bulls do claim skin and health problems exist in poorly bred blues.

Instructions

    1
    See the veterinarian as soon as possible after adopting your pit bull.
    See the veterinarian as soon as possible after adopting your pit bull.

    Take your blue pit bull pup to the veterinarian within the first 24 to 72 hours after you adopt it. Pit bulls are particularly susceptible to parvo and demodex. Parvo is a highly contagious disease of young puppies. A high percentage of puppies that contract parvo die, but it can usually be prevented with properly timed vaccinations and by minimizing potential exposure. Demodex is a type of mange caused by an overgrowth of mites that are typically found on the skin of all dogs. Demodex is not contagious, but, left untreated, it can cause severe systemic problems and, in extreme cases, death. According to the Shelter Medicine Program at University of California Davis, shelter puppies should be vaccinated every two weeks up to the age of 18 weeks because of the higher exposure and stress involved in shelter living. It's a good idea to follow the shelter protocol for pit bull puppies because of their higher risk.

    2

    Spay or neuter your puppy as early as your veterinarian allows. Neutering or spaying protects your pup's health and behavior by eliminating or lessening the chances of many hormonally-triggered cancers and behaviors as the pup matures. The longer you wait to alter your pit bull puppy, the less it helps the pup's health and behavior.

    3
    Uniforms and hats are among many things that puppies must learn about.
    Uniforms and hats are among many things that puppies must learn about.

    Socialize your blue pit bull puppy well. Positive exposure to as many different situations, noises, people, animals and places is necessary for the puppy to be stable and calm. Sometimes people think that isolating their pit bull puppy will make it more protective of the family. This is completely untrue. For any puppy, the more experiences it has with people and places of all types, the better it will be as a companion and home protector because it will have strong bonds to the family, no fear of friendly people and a clear idea of acceptable human behavior. A bad experience between the ages of 3 and 12 weeks can cause the pup to be scared of situations, people or animals that are similar.

    4

    Enroll your blue pit bull pup in puppy kindergarten and obedience classes. Pit bulls are very strong and active dogs that, as terriers, can be a bit headstrong, so your dog must be well-behaved and under control at all times. Puppy kindergarten and obedience classes also provide safe and supervised socialization with other dogs, which may help curb the dog-aggressive tendencies pit bulls can have when mature.

    5

    Crate train your pit bull puppy for the best results in teaching house training and good manners. Don't let the crate become a prison; it is intended to be a comfortable den where the puppy feels secure and cannot get hurt or make mischief while you are otherwise occupied. Wire crates are better, providing good visibility for the dog and good ventilation.

    6
    Not every pit bull is aggressive toward other dogs.
    Not every pit bull is aggressive toward other dogs.

    Exercise your pit bull daily. There is no getting around this task. Your dog must be exercised daily even in rain, snow or hail. This includes both leash-walking and off-leash running and playing. Use your fenced yard to play off leash with your dog, or find a park or tennis court that is empty and enclosed. Avoid large dog parks and doggy day care if your puppy shows signs of dominance to other dogs. Some pit bulls that are socialized with other animals at an early age can play in small groups for their whole lives, but not all can. Some can do well one-on-one but not in a group. The breed is wonderful and loving, but the dog aggression in its history cannot be completely ignored.

    7

    Devise interesting games for your pit bull terrier. Teach the dog to play hide and seek with toys, treats and people. Teach it the names of all its toys and every person in the house. This will keep its mind sharp and alleviate boredom.

    8

    Start weight pulling or other vigorous sports only when your veterinarian has given approval. Puppies have soft, flexible joints even after their bodies look full grown. Jogging, weight pulling, weight bearing and other strenuous sports are fun for dogs and owners alike, but you can seriously injure your puppy if you begin such sports too soon.

What Is the Lifespan of a Shih Tzu Dog?

What Is the Lifespan of a Shih Tzu Dog?

Originating in Tibet and once thought sacred, the Shih Tzu is an affectionate and outgoing little dog that will thrive in both country and town. It will give years of companionship to a loving owner.

History

    The Shih Tzu, or "lion dog," was once worshipped as sacred in Tibet. They were highly regarded in that country and given as a sign of honor to Chinese emperors. Although the history of the pure breed is unclear, some experts believe it to be a cross between a Pekingese and a Lhaso Apso. The Shih Tzu was recognised by the U.K. Kennel Club in 1938.

Appearance

    Classed as a toy breed at 9 to 10 1/2 inches tall from the shoulders, the ideal Shih Tzu weighs 9 to 16 pounds. They are compact and solid, with a long, flowing double coat. When walking, they have what has been described by the U.S. Shih Tzu Club as "a distinctively arrogant carriage." Befitting their status as companion dogs, they are outgoing, happy and thrive in the company of humans.

Life Span

    Like all dog breeds, a long and happy life is dependent upon home life, good care and nutrition. In a caring environment you can expect a Shih Tzu to live up to 15 years.

Care

    A Shih Tzu has long hair and a woolly undercoat. The SPCA recommends daily grooming to avoid fur matting and causing discomfort. The alternative for a lower maintenance pet is to keep the dog regularly trimmed.
    Shih Tzu have relatively large eyes, and these need regular care with a daily wipe to keep them clean. Make sure the hair is not growing into the eye area.

Considerations

    The Shih Tzu as a breed has very few serious health problems, other than kidney disease (renal dysplasia). The shape of the muzzle can lead to wheezing or snorting. This also makes dental care important, and it is good to brush their teeth at least twice a week.

How to Make Puppies Eat

How to Make Puppies Eat

Puppies are playful and full of energy, so it may take some trial and error in getting your puppy to eat properly. When getting your puppy to eat, youll need to know how to wean the puppy, what type of food to provide and how to schedule feedings. Within 10 days of starting the weaning process, your puppy should be eating his first completely solid meal.

Weaning

    Before 4 weeks of age, your puppy should receive the nutrients of its mother's milk and shouldn't be weaned until after this age. If for some reason a newborn puppy does not have access to its mother's milk, check with a veterinarian to learn the proper way to offer an alternative. Once your puppy reaches the age of weaning, get it used to chewing on something solid by giving it a chew toy. Begin introducing solid food little by little.The Pet Education website states that you should transition a puppy to solid food in a span of 7 to 10 days, with the 10th day being the first day the puppy's diet is 100 percent solid food.

Choosing Puppy Food

    Give your puppy kibble food rather than moist or semi-moist puppy foods, which contain high amounts of salt, sugar and water. Kibble food contains only 9 to 11 percent water. Go for the best brands and avoid economy brands made from cheap ingredients and poorer proteins. A high-quality brand will contain natural ingredients and a high amount of protein, calcium, phosphorous and omega-3 fatty acids. While training your puppy to eat, do not continually offer it treats. The Pet Education site recommends giving a puppy no more than 10 percent of its caloric intake in treats. Also avoid table scraps, which do not contain the balanced nutrition that puppies need.

Scheduling

    Your puppy's feeding times will likely be dictated by your own schedule. If you are going to be away from home during the day, do not simply leave food out for your puppy; feed it when you can be there to monitor. Feed your puppy at the same times every day to get it used to a schedule. If you purchased or adopted your puppy from a pet store or home, find out what foods were being fed to it and at what times so that you can continue on the same schedule. Puppies younger than six months should eat three times a day, and puppies over this age should eat twice a day. Allow your puppy 60 to 90 minutes of down time after eating instead of playing with it right away, which could cause digestive upset.

Feeding Methods

    Allow your puppy to eat on its own. Simply guide it to the bowl or plate and allow it to smell the food. The puppy will instinctively taste the food. You can hold a piece of the kibble to the puppy's mouth to encourage tasting. However, do not do this too often or your puppy will get used to hand feeding. Measure out your puppys food, giving it less than whats recommended on the back of the dog food bag. Start with half the recommended amount; if your puppy is still hungry, increase the amount of food little by little. But never exceed what is recommended on the bag. Contact your veterinarian to find out exactly how much food your puppys breed should eat.

Rabu, 23 Januari 2013

How to Feed a Pitbull

How to Feed a Pitbull

When you are raising a dog, one of the most important aspect is its food. Pitbulls are large, active, muscular dogs. They need proper nutrition so that they have plenty of energy. Research different types of dog food and select one that is balanced. When you have chosen the dog food, feed your dog enough, but not too much, so that it does not gain weight.

Instructions

    1

    Choose a packaged dog food that is completely balanced. Many pre-made dog foods are filled with carbohydrates and other ingredients that will be filling for the dog, but are not nutritional. Instead, check the food's label to make sure that the dog food is made with real meat, vegetables, vitamins and minerals. These dog foods will likely say "completely balanced" on the label.

    2

    Speak with your veterinarian to find out how much food per day you should feed your pitbull. The amount you should feed will depend on your dog's stage of life, activity level and weight. If it is overweight, the veterinarian might instruct you to feed less. However much you are instructed to feed the dog, divide the food into two or three small meals a day. This will help the dog keep its energy up all day long and can help with digestion.

    3

    Include some different flavors and textures in your dog's dry food from time to time. Pitbulls can become bored by eating the same food all of the time, so add a gravy to his food from time to time. You can also add chunks of unseasoned, cooked meat. Make sure the meat does not have bones. Dogs also enjoy vegetables, so mix in some carrots, broccoli or greens with its food.

    4

    Feed your pitbull on a schedule so that the eating time becomes routine. Do not feed it from your plate or while you are cooking. Doing that can result in the dog begging for food every time you and your family eat.

How to Start Frisbee Training Your Puppy

How to Start Frisbee Training Your Puppy

A well-trained Frisbee dog is truly a sight to behold. The way they sail through the air with pure determination to catch that disc. It is great exercise for your beloved pet and yourself. Training your dog to play Frisbee is not as difficult as you may think.

Instructions

    1

    Get a Frisbee made especially for dogs. These are softer and easier on the dog's mouth. While you can use any disc, it is better for your puppy when you start Frisbee training if you use one that is designed for pets.

    2

    Use the disc as a food or water dish. This helps your dog get used to the disc and associate it with things he loves.

    3

    Once your puppy is accustomed to the Frisbee, start playing little games of tug-o-war with him. Always let your dog win the game, and reward him with lots of praise. This is an important step in Frisbee training as it teaches your pet that the disc is fun.

    4

    Once your puppy is used to playing tug-o-war with the Frisbee, start holding it out at arm level and encouraging him to jump up and grab it. If he grabs hold of it from your hand, let him have it. Reward him with lots of praise when he successfully jumps up and grabs the disc.

    5

    Start tossing the Frisbee short distances. When your pet successfully grabs the disc before it hits the ground, shower him with love and praise. As your dog progresses with his Frisbee training, start throwing the disc further and higher.

The Safest Heartworm Medicine for Collies

The Safest Heartworm Medicine for Collies

The rough-coated collie, the smooth-coated collie and the Shetland sheepdog all originated in the UK, where heartworm is rare. But heartworm is present in most of the rest of the world, so any dogs of these breeds are susceptible to infection. According to the "Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds," however, these three breeds can be allergic to the preventive once-a-month medication ivermectin.

Testing

    Before giving any preventive medications, test the collie to see if it is already infected with heartworms. If already infected, the collie will need other medications to kill the heartworms before it can be put on a preventive medication. Ivermectin sensitivity is caused by a recessive gene mutation known as "mdr1-1 delta." According to Cindi Bosshart, DVM, and Director of the Collie Health Foundation, only 35 to 45 percent of collies carry this gene. There is a test available to determine whether or not they have this gene. If they don't, then it should be safe to use ivermectin, which is considered to be the best heartworm preventive available, with fewer side effects in collies than other heartworm preventives.

Injection

    Collies can receive a twice-a-year injection called ProHeart 6 that uses moxydectin as the active ingredient. However, the American Working Collie Club reports that some collies show an allergy to ProHeart 6. Stay in the vet's office for a half-hour after receiving a ProHeart 6 injection to be sure the collie isn't allergic. Symptoms include problems breathing, coordination problems, vomiting, sudden itchiness and seizures. Be sure the collie has been off any other kind of heartworm preventive medication for 30 days before getting a ProHeart 6 injection.

Daily Pills

    If ivermectin or moxydectin are not viable options, then daily pills can be given. The active ingredient in these is called diethlycarbamazine citrate, better known as DEC. Brand names include Filaribits, Carbam, Carcide, Difil, Dirocide, Hetrazan and PET-DEC. These come in chewable pills and oral tablets. The chewable type is best, since the collie may spit out non-chewable pills. DEC also prevents against roundworms as well as heartworms. DEC should be given with food in order to prevent nausea. It is important the pills are given every day, because even one missed dose can leave the collie open to infection.