Selasa, 13 Agustus 2013
Among the common styles of decorating homes is the modern style which entails laminate or wood flooring, tiled bathroom and a kitchen that is fully fitted. This style is best suited for young professionals who like stylish and functional homes. The country cottage style can also be adopted by a person who wants to change the decorations in their home. This style basically entails chintzy curtains and soft big cushions. People with large kitchens and those with families are the ones most likely to prefer this style. This is because one can hung pots and also have plants in them.
There is another home decorating style that many designers prefer and this one entails the use of plush fabrics, mirrors and feature walls. Feature walls in this regard will entail three walls being painted while the fourth wall is done into a feature using some usually expensive wall paper which has the same tones as the paint. Home decorating styles with hippie elements is another way to use for decorating the house. This is usually for artistic home owners and basically entails bright colors, floor cushions and tiffany lamps. Homes with the hippie decorations are usually very welcoming and very warm but there are times when the over bright carpets, fittings and furniture can overwhelm visitors.
When one decides to incorporate a particular style into their home decoration they should start by removing anything that does not significantly contribute to the decoration of the home. Personal things should however be spared in the exercise. Despite the chosen style of decoration, it is important that every item follows a particular color scheme. The color scheme could entail a particular color combined with neutrals or white. Textures are also very important as they give the room contrast and an interesting look. Patterns should be kept at a minimum as well.
When one settles for one of the home decorating styles, it is now time to develops key elements that will provide focal points for the room. This can be mosaic tiles, antique tables, calico fabrics and so on. Finally, accessories are very important to any room and while this is true, some people will be found going overboard and instead antagonize the room. Only the most important accessories should be used and they should be matched with any other elements that could work with them.
Rabu, 26 Juni 2013
Blue nose pit bulls are a specific type of the American Pit Bull Terrier. Different lines and breed types make up the pit bull breed. Blue nose and red nose pit bulls confuse many people, who may think it is a different breed. Although some unscrupulous breeders will advertise blue nosed pit bulls as "rare," they are relatively common. Blue noses can appear on pit bulls of any color.
Go to a pit bull website or the American Kennel Club's website in order to find details about pit bull breed types and colors. Blue nose pit bulls can be in any color, but are often dark blue, silver or black.2
Visit your local library or bookstore. Books written specifically for pit bull lovers provide information on different breed types and colors.3
Find reputable breeders if you want to purchase a blue nose pit bull. You can search online or through classified ads.4
Visit the breeder's kennel before purchasing a blue nose pit bull. Unfortunately, there are many puppy mills selling these dogs online or to pet stores. Puppy mill dogs are often more susceptible to diseases and other deformities because of inbreeding.5
Contact a pit bull rescue group, a local SPCA or the Humane Society in your community. Because of the breed's stigma, many full-blooded pit bulls end up in pounds across the nation. You can find a blue nose pit bull to adopt if you have time and patience.
Follow Manufacturer Instructions
Dog food manufacturers often include a chart on the packaging to indicate how much a dog should eat. Depending on the dog's age, breed and estimated adult weight, this amount can vary greatly among the different dog food brands and products.
Get Veterinarian Advice
A puppy's nutritional needs depend on many different factors, such as its individual growth rate and appetite. A veterinarian can assess all the factors and give you personalized advice regarding the type and amount of food to feed your puppy. Forcing a puppy to eat more or less than it needs will lead to poor health.
Dog food packaging can give you a general idea of how much food your puppy is likely to require, but your specific dog may have different needs. The website Pet Education recommends getting a veterinarian's advice about the best type and amount of food for your puppy.
An automatic dog feeder can be a handy tool to have around if you work long hours or travel a lot, leaving your dog in the care of family, friends or pet sitters. You won't have to worry that your dog is getting fed too much or too little, or is getting fed too early or too late. The automatic feeder will take care of it for you. Choosing the right model for you and your dog can seem like a challenge, given the variety available on the market.
Choosing the Right Model
Consider which materials you would like the feeder to be made of. Many are made of plastic, which may be acceptable, but some dogs can be allergic, so you might choose to go with a stainless steel or other metal model instead. Some materials are also sturdier than others.2
Choose an automatic dog feeder with an appearance you find appealing, if this matters to you. You may want the feeder to fit in with the decor of your home, or you may not care at all. There are a wide variety of colors, styles, shapes and materials that give each feeder its own individual look and style.3
Consider the size feeder that your dog will require. Some feeders allow for a week's worth of small portioned meals for someone with a smaller dog who might just be away for a few days. Others allow for constant feeding, so you only have to maintain the feeder when it is empty. Your dog's size, appetite and particular feeding needs will also help you make this decision. For example, a larger dog has a larger appetite and will need more food; therefore a larger feeder is probably the right fit.4
Think about which options you will need the feeder to have, and which you can do without. Some of them are not electronic but simply dispense food as food is eaten. This will work for a dog that only eats when its hungry, but not all dogs do. So you may choose to use an electronic model that dispenses only a certain amount of food at a certain time of day. This will help keep dogs from overeating.5
Figure out what your budget will be for purchasing an automatic dog feeder. The price can vary a lot, depending on what features it has and what it is made out of. When trying to find the right model for your needs, sticking to a firm budget can help keep you from overspending.
Selasa, 25 Juni 2013
Need a guard, herding or family dog? You may want to consider the German Shepherd Dog. This breed is one of the American Kennel Club's most often registered, and so is considered one of the most popular dogs in the United States. The American Kennel Club recognized the German Shepherd Dog as a breed within the herding group in 1908.
The German Shepherd Dog is quiet but never nervous, anxious or shy around people. Instead, dogs of the breed should be slightly aloof, alert and self-confident enough to allow the approach of strangers without being aggressive.
Male German Shepherds should stand between 24 and 26 inches tall at the top of the shoulders, while female German shepherd dogs are between 22 and 24 inches tall. The dog's height should be less than the dog's length from chest to the back of the dog's hindquarter.
Head and Neck
The head must be proportionate to the rest of the body. A German Shepherd Dog's eyes should be dark, and the nose should be mostly black no matter the body color. The ears stand erect with no folding. The neck should be proportionately long. The head is carried up when excited and level when calm.
A German Shepherd should not have a delicate body structure. The top of the shoulder, the withers, are taller than the area above the hips. The back should not have a dip. The ribcage is very large to allow for larger lung capacity. The German Shepherd Dog should have a bushy tail that is carried low with a slight curve up.
A German Shepherd Dog's natural coat is a double coat with a harsh outer coat that is allowed to have a slight wave. Shorter hair is found on the head, legs and feet, while the neck and backs of the legs and hindquarters may have longer hair.
A German Shepherd may be any color except for white, though all shades of blue and liver are not preferred. Even if the dog is of a preferred color, the dog still may incur faults when showing if the coat color seems pale.
You are looking for a trot in a German Shepherd Dog, which is a gait where the legs hit the ground close together in almost single file. The feet move in diagonal pairs. For example, the front left and right hind will move together. The length of the dog's steps should stretch over a lot of ground.
Anatolian shepherd dogs are a giant breed that have recently become popular as guard dogs and shepherds in the United States. Dogs from this breed are fairly intelligent and loyal, and can reach heights of 28 to 32 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 90 and 145 pounds.
Anatolian shepherd dogs originated in the Anatolian region of Turkey, where they acted as flock guardians. They have been bred in Turkey for thousands of years.
The appearance of the breed can vary slightly, but generally Anatolian shepherd dogs have a sturdy build and a short (1 inch) to rough (4 inch) coat that can vary in color, normally fawn, brindle, red or sable.
Anatolian shepherd dogs are longer lived than other dogs their size. Their average lifespan is between 12 and 15 years.
Anatolian shepherd dogs are independent and protective. This means that they are generally more difficult to train than other dogs, and may be standoffish and reserved around strangers.
Known health issues for the breed include joint problems (particularly hips and elbows), entropion (the turning in of the eyelids), sensitivity to medication and thyroid issues.
In many countries around the world, dogs are seen as great companions and workers. Some dogs stand out above the rest, literally. The top ten largest dog breeds are unanimously considered the biggest around the world. They hail from different countries and have rich backgrounds that make them wonderful companions today.
Akitas are a Japanese breed of dog. They have small brown eyes and small pointed, triangular ears. The Akitas are typically bred to be black or brown, and Akitas native to Japan are usually orange or white. Male Akitas can weigh 95 to 130 pounds and be 26 to 28 inches high. The females average out to 70 to 110 pounds and stand 24 to 26 inches high.
The Anatolian Shepherd is a Turkish dog and is known by many different names. It can also be called a Kangal Dog, Karabas, Coban Kopengi and Karabash. Males typically stand around 29 inches high and weigh about 125 pounds, and females average 27 inches high and weigh about 100 pounds. These are muscular dogs with large necks. They come in a variety of colors like fawn, pinto, white and brindle.
Great Danes hail from Germany and are often seen as gentle giants. The males usually weigh around 160 pounds and stand 32 inches high, while females average 120 pounds and stand around 30 inches high. They are muscular and lean, and very mild tempered. Great Dane colors are typically brindle, black, harlequin, mantle, blue and fawn.
Originally from Ireland, the Irish Wolfhound stands out with its scruffy coat. The male Wolfhounds typically grow to 32 to 34 inches high, while the females grow to 30 to 32 inches high. The males are usually around 120 pounds, and the females are typically 105 pounds. These strong dogs are most commonly bred to have brindle, black, white, gray or red coats.
The English Mastiff is commonly seen as the largest dog breed in the world. Males can weigh up to 190 pounds and stand at 32 inches high, and the females weigh around 150 pound and stand around 27 inches high. It's a large, protective breed that has short hair, often in fawn, apricot and brindle colors.
You may have seen Saint Bernards in movies as rescue dogs, rescuing people in harsh blizzards. Since the 1600s, Saint Bernards in their home country of Switzerland have been used as rescue dogs, but today they are companions. Saint Bernard males average 28 inches tall and weigh 175 pounds, and females average 36 inches tall and weigh 130 pounds. They have long, smooth hair that is characterized by red or brindle colors with white patches.
The Tibetan Mastiff, known in Tibet as Do-Khyi, was originally used as a guard dog, but is now more of a companion dog. The males weigh between 170 and 190 pounds and average 28 inches tall, and females weigh up to 160 pounds and average 26 inches tall. They can be characterized by their brown eyes and heavy and soft coat that can come in black, blue, blue-gray, sable and brindle.
Swiss Mountain Dog
The Swiss Mountain Dog is a Swedish dog that is also known as the Greater Swiss Cattle Dog. This dog is characterized by its almond-shaped eyes and tri-color coat, which is usually black, brown and white. The males of this breed are usually 28 inches tall and weigh about 140 pounds, and the females stand 26 inches tall and weigh about 110 pounds.
Also known as the Hungarian Kuvasz, this dog is very protective of its home and owners. It has brown eyes and big V-shaped ears. It has a somewhat scruffy-looking coat, but this is due to the rough top coat and its smooth undercoat. The Kuvasz is typically white with gray or black patches on its coat. The males usually stand between 28 and 30 inches high and weigh about 100 to 115 pounds, and the females can be 26 to 28 inches high and weigh around 90 pounds.
Caucasian Mountain Dog
This Russian breed is also call the Caucasian Ovtcharka. The Caucasian Mountain Dog is a cold-weather breed as characterized by its thick coat that usually comes in brindle, tan, pied and fawn. The males of this breed are usually 30 inches tall and weigh about 150 pounds, and the females can stand around 27 inches tall and weigh up to 120 pounds.
There are 161 breeds officially recognized by the American Kennel Club -- and those probably do not cover many of the dogs you see at your local dog park. If you don't know the background of your mixed-breed dog, there are ways to figure out the likely breed of your dog's dam and sire. Identifying dog mixes is not an exact science -- although canine DNA testing is changing that -- and relies largely on the comparison of physical traits.
Purchase a breed book or find a website that has a list of dog breeds with pictures. You will need to visually identify common traits from several animals to get a clue about your dog. The American Kennel Club website has images and descriptions of the breeds it recognizes (see Resources).2
Weigh your dog. One of the most distinct differences between many dog breeds is size, so getting an idea of how big your dog is will help with identification.3
Look at identifiable physical traits such as ear shape and size, tail shape and size, body build, and length/shape of snout. Many dogs have personality or temperament traits that also can be compared.4
Compare your dog's strongest traits to your breed book or the dogs you see online. Use this information to make an educated guess as to what breeds of which your dog is a mix.
The Chinese shar-pei is intelligent, playful and headstrong with a stubborn streak. These dogs are also dominant and will try to run your house if you let them. Early training is essential to establish your position as head of household.
Have your Chinese shar-pei vaccinated when you first get him, and have him get booster vaccinations according to the schedule your veterinarian recommends to maintain the dog's immunity to disease. Consult your veterinarian about flea control products, heartworm preventative treatments and worming your dog.2
Feed your Chinese shar-pei high-grade dog food. The first ingredient should be meat. Crude protein should be 22 to 26 percent and crude fat no less than 20 percent. Also, the fiber content needs to be 4 percent or less.3
Socialize your Chinese shar-pei at a very early age to be with children and other pets and dogs. They're very playful with children but can be aggressive with other dogs.4
Avoid using a sharp voice when training your Chinese shar-pei. This breed does much better with kind words and responds well to positive reinforcement training (usually special treats). However, it's still important to be firm when handling your Chinese shar-pei.5
Exercise your Chinese shar-pei daily, making sure you keep him on a leash at all times to avoid conflicts with other dogs. Consider taking your Chinese shar-pei pup to puppy kindergarten training classes beginning at about 10 weeks of age.6
Keep in mind that the Chinese shar-pei is extremely sensitive to heat and must have plenty of shade and water when exercising in hot weather.7
Brush your dog's coat with a bristle brush at least once a week (he may need to be brushed several times a day while shedding).8
Bathe your dog as needed. Be careful not to shampoo him too frequently (no more than once every two weeks), as the Chinese shar-pei is susceptible to dry skin.9
Check your Chinese shar-pei's nails frequently and trim them every two to four weeks. It's best to start nail trimming when the Chinese shar-pei is still a puppy. Also, check and clean your dog's ears often with a cotton swab.10
Realize that Chinese shar-pei are prone to certain health conditions, such as entropion, familial shar-pei fever, ear problems and allergies. Some Chinese shar-pei with familial shar-pei fever may suffer swollen hock syndrome during fever episodes, and some will go on to develop kidney failure due to anyloidosis.11
Expect your Chinese shar-pei to live about 10 years as long as he's healthy.
The Teacup Maltese is in the toy group. The toy group consists of many dog breeds in which the dogs are small and fragile. Most Maltese make great pets, but need supervision to keep them in good health. The Teacup Maltese would not make a good pet if small children are going to be around.
The Teacup Maltese is one of the smallest of the dog breeds. They are smart and playful, but they are a fragile breed, too. They are good with people and other animals. If you suffer from allergies, this dog is a good choice. They have gorgeous long, white fur that does not shed, but the dog still must be groomed regularly.
The Teacup Maltese is known to suffer from certain behavioral problems, such as separation anxiety, suspiciousness when not socialized, housebreaking problems and frequent barking. These problems most often occur when the dog is left alone too much. Even just leaving the Maltese alone for a few hours could result in destructive chewing around your house. If you work out of the house all day, this dog is not recommended for you.
Good Family Dog?
A Teacup Maltese is typically well mannered and good around people. Small or young children would not be suited well with this breed, however. This breed is fragile and cannot afford to be stepped on. The children may mean well, but cannot help that they are often clumsy and can accidentally step on the dog. Maltese often feel overwhelmed by the quick movements of children and loud noises. They start to become stressed and fearful, which often results in biting to their defense.
Keep Your Maltese Safe
If you accidentally sit on your Maltese or step on them, you could kill them. If you want to keep your Maltese safe, know where your dog is at all times. As with many small dogs, a Maltese does not understand physically how small they are, and they don't know their limitations. They can die by jumping from a countertop or even the back of a sofa. Keeping your Maltese on a leash when you are not around would be in their best interest as well as yours. Children should be kept away from them to ensure safety for your Maltese.
A Teacup Maltese may develop health problems at any age and size. They are more susceptible if they are under the standard weight. Your dog is malnourished when it shows symptoms such as shallow breathing and weaknesses. Malnourishment will cause damage to your dog's organs; call your vet immediately if your dog has these symptoms.
This breed requires daily exercise as many other dogs do. They can be active inside or outside. Daily walks will help them remain calm and less distraught. They may begin to act up if you put off walking them a few days. Housebreaking is often difficult with this breed; daily exercise will help them alleviate undo stress.
Senin, 24 Juni 2013
Purchasing dog food can be a complicated task when you consider how many varieties exist. Dogs require specific proportions of protein, fat and carbohydrates for optimal health. Understanding crude fat's role in your pet's diet will help you choose the best food for your dog.
Good Dog Magazine describes crude fat as the minimum amount of fat in the dog's diet, before he metabolizes the food.
Pet food manufacturer Purina indicates that all animals, including dogs, need a certain amount of fat and fatty acids for optimal health. According to the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), who determines guidelines for animal nutrition, dogs require the linoleic acid, DHA and EPA in chicken and fish ingredients that usually contains crude fat.
Recommended Daily Amount
Although a dog's nutritional requirements depend on the age, size, metabolism and activity level, the AAFCO recommends that his diet consists of at least 16 percent crude fat.
Yorkshire terriers, or "Yorkies," possess strong personalities and an energetic nature. Mixed breed dogs that claim a Yorkie as a parent are likely to possess these traits as well.
The temperament of a mixed-breed dog relies heavily on examining its parentage. Identifying how the parents act gives a great deal of insight into how a Yorkie mix will behave.
Depending on what other breed types your Yorkie is mixed with, he may or may not possess the energy, loyalty and extreme personality that Yorkshire terriers are known for. A Yorkie and collie mix will behave much differently than a Yorkie and spaniel cross.
Examine the health problems that are inherent to each breed your dog claims as heritage. Yorkies are subject to a long list of congenital defects including retinal dysplasias and tracheal collapse, which may or may not be present in a mixed breed dog.
The life span of a Yorkshire terrier mix falls somewhere in between the average Yorkie life span of 10 to 15 years and that of the other breed it is mixed with.
Pasha, a Yorkshire terrier, lived in the White House as a member of Richard Nixon's family.
Making your own dog treats is a great way to reward a pet and show them that you love them. By creating a recipe that is unique to your pet and made from healthy ingredients, you can ensure that your dog will not only love his doggy biscuits, but his body will love them too. Making homemade dog biscuits is an easy task and can be accomplished in less than an hour.
Combine 1 cups of flour, 2 teaspoons toasted wheat germ, cup brown sugar, cup sesame seeds, one lemon rind, 12 teaspoons of butter or margarine, one cup vegetable oil, cup ground walnuts and teaspoon vanilla extract into a large bowl and mix thoroughly. Knead the dough until it reaches a thick and consistent texture.2
Separate the doggy biscuit dough into six even parts and roll each part into a cylindrical "log" shape. Wrap these six pieces in wax paper and place in the freezer. The dough will store in the freezer for approximately two months. Bake each section as needed.3
Remove one roll from the freezer and fully thaw. Cut the dough into half-inch squares. You may choose to simply bake the treats as squares, or you can shape them into doggy bones or holiday specific shapes. Preheat the oven to approximately 375 F. Place the dough on a cookie sheet, evenly spaced between each slice.4
Bake the doggy biscuits for about 12 minutes or until they are fully cooked and slightly browned on the outside. Remove from the oven and let the biscuits fully cool before serving to your dog.
The Bichon Frise is a small white dog that is popular for its gentle nature. Since it does not shed, the Bichon Frise is a good dog for people with allergies. However, the breed has its own allergies owners should be aware of before buying one.
Bichon Frise dogs are allergic to most insect bites. While fleas make them itch, the bite of any insect creates a reaction in the blood that makes them itch until they scratch off tufts of hair.
Making sure your Bichon Frise is protected from fleas is very important to prevent itching. You should also keep them inside during peak mosquito hours.
Bichon Frise skin allergies tend to be the worst in peak insect seasons, spring and summer. The use of all natural pet shampoos can help cut down the itching.
If left untreated, your Bichon Frise will likely keep scratching until the hair is gone and he tears away the skin. It is important to treat these sores as they can become easily infected.
Your Bichon Frise can also be allergic to preservatives in cheap dog foods. If your dog is not getting the proper nutrients, it can worsen his skin condition.
If you are considering adopting a dog, my summary will assist you with the traits of the Maltese Dog breed. These characteristics can assist you to know if this is the pet you desire to take into your home and your heart to love for their lifetime. Please consider adopting your pet from the many rescue sites available to eveyone.
Consider the size of the dog breed, Maltese. This dog is categorized in the toy dog group of Spitz type canines. The weight ranges from 4 to 7.5 pounds with a height of 8 to 11 inches tall. Originating in the country of Italy, the Maltese dog breed has many other endearing names that suggest how valued they were in the early 17th and 18th century.2
Look at the colors of the hair that can be pure white with tints of cream, lemon and slight orange around the ears. The round eyes can be very dark, amber or hazel with a slightly darker rim around them called a halo.3
Grooming for the Maltese includes daily washing around the eyes to prevent tear stains on the face. Professional clipping can result in many varieties of styles of the long, flowing coat to short if you would not be showing your pet.4
Temperament is a bit yappy, so even though the Maltese does well in small dwellings such as apartments, the neighbors might be annoyed with the frequent barking. The very gentle nature of this valued dog likes to be held, put on the lap and carried along with all the attention you would give this tiny dog. Pet owners need to be aware of the fact that this dog sometimes nips as it plays, so small children need to be supervised until the Maltese acquires some social skills to minimize or eliminate that trait. Obedience training can be done early with small children to acclimate your Maltese readily to young children in the home.5
Females generally have an average of 3 puppies in a litter. The lifespan of this dog breed is 12 to 13 years.6
Full of energy, this dog breed remains very active right into adulthood. Maltese dogs are excellent companion canines, however do need daily exercise and play time with pet owners.
Just like cancer in humans, cancer in dogs results from the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells in the body. Cancerous cells develop when the DNA of a dog has been somehow damaged. While the body can often repair damaged DNA on its own, in cancer cells, the damage is not repaired. As with humans, dogs can get many different types of cancers. In white Labradors, as in other light-colored dogs, skin cancer is a major concern.
A dog's chances of getting cancer increase with age, and cancer is the leading cause of death in dogs over the age of 10. In white Labradors, skin cancer is most common. Like humans, dogs with very light-colored coats and skin are more susceptible to skin damage from the sun's rays. Prolonged, unprotected exposure to harmful ultraviolet rays can result in skin cancer. Labradors are active dogs that love to be outdoors. This means that they are likely to receive a lot of sun exposure over the course of their lives.
One key to preventing skin cancer in your white Lab is to make sure he has protection against damage from the sun. When taking your white Lab outside, make sure to use a sunscreen on him. Because dogs can lick themselves and sunscreens for humans contain chemicals that may be harmful to your dog if ingested, it's important to use a sunscreen designed specifically for dogs. Remember that Labradors are water dogs and as such will jump---literally---at the chance to swim. If you think your dog may get wet while outside, use a waterproof sunscreen that will stay on.
Obviously, your white lab's color alone makes him exponentially more likely to get skin cancer than dogs of other colors. However, your dog is much more likely to develop skin cancer if he is middle-aged or older as well, so it's important to remain vigilant if your white Lab is getting up there in years.
Skin cancer often presents as a lump in or underneath the skin or as a sore that refuses to heal. Additionally, your white Labrador may experience discomfort or itching at a specific spot on his body. This may be early-stage skin cancer. Redness of the skin, and a flaky appearance, may also signal that your white Lab has skin cancer.
Diagnosis and Treatment
If your veterinarian suspects cancer, he may order a series of tests, including blood tests and even biopsies. Treatment may include a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and cryosurgery. However, because most Labradors are in their senior years when they develop cancer, your veterinarian may ask you to consider sparing your dog the pain and discomfort of treatment and focus instead of making his last months or years as enjoyable as possible.
Minggu, 23 Juni 2013
The English bulldog is a medium-sized dog and comes in a variety of colors. Originating in the isles of Great Britain, this dog is now a popular family pet. The bulldog is best known for its unique physical stature and calm, lovable nature.
English bulldogs have a lengthy history, gaining their names from the old English sport of bull baiting. Bulldogs were originally fighting dogs, but once the sport was outlawed, conscientious breeders preserved the breed, eliminating the fierce characteristics and creating a family-friendly pet.
English bulldogs are 12 to 16 inches in height at maturity and range from 40 to 50 pounds in weight. A typical bulldog's coat is smooth, short, straight and flat. The dogs are characterized by their squat stature and short, wrinkled faces.
Bulldogs come in a variety of colorations. According to the American Kennel Club specifications, coat colors are preferred in the following order: red brindle; all other brindle; solid white; solid red, fawn or fallow; piebald.
Piebald English Bulldog
Piebald is a non-symmetrical, random white pattern occurring throughout the dog's coat. Bulldogs have several variations of piebald coloring: red piebald, red brindle piebald, fawn brindle piebald, brindle piebald. This means that those colors occur as spots or "saddles" on a white background. It should be noted that a "perfect" piebald is preferable to a muddy brindle or defective solid color.
Due to the English bulldog's facial structure, these dogs are prone to snuffling, snorting and snoring. The shortened nose, standard in bulldogs, elevates the risks of overheating. These dogs should always be kept in shady places, with plenty of air circulation, to avoid respiratory difficulties.
Deafness and Coat Color
The piebald spotting gene creates the piebald pattern and is commonly seen in beagles, bulldogs, cocker spaniels and English setters. This pattern can be related to deafness but is usually only a problem when the inner ear is also lacking in pigment (that is, when the inner ear is white as well).
The Mal-Shi, which originated from Afghanistan, is a mix of the Maltese and Shih tzu dog breeds. A Mal-Shi is a hybrid, which is a mix between two or more purebred dogs. This mix is recognized by the American Canine Hybrid Club.
A Mal-Shi generally weighs 6 to 15 lbs and is 8 to 14 inches in height. They come in a variety of colors. They have a long and silky coat that may be solid or patterned.
A Mal-Shi will adapt to many different living situations. They get along with children and generally get along with other animals. They are known to be happy, alert and playful. According to Next Day Pets, "The ideal Mal-shi is affectionate, loving, and devoted."
A Mal-Shi should be brushed daily because they have a long coat. In addition, they will need to be clipped at least twice a year. They require moderate exercise. Generally, their exercise needs can be met indoors; however, they also enjoy leashed walks and family play time. They may be prone to health issues such as skin problems, or eye and respiratory problems.
The Mal-Shi may be difficult to housebreak, as most small dogs are, due to their opinionated personality. According to Puppy Finder, Mal-Shis need firm, consistent training.
A Mal-Shi may live 14 to 16 years.
Adopting or purchasing a puppy is a big undertaking that comes with big responsibility. New owners should research their breed of interest carefully, paying special attention to known disorders, special needs and overall breed disposition. Chihuahua babies are moderately "special needs," but what you give in extra effort is paid back a thousand fold in love and loyalty.
Chihuahuas are part of the American Kennel Club's Toy Group. The AKC specifies a maximum weight of 6 pounds for an adult show chihuahua, but non-show dogs can be as heavy as 10 pounds. There is no minimum weight standard. Baby chihuahuas are typically less than a pound at birth.
Chihuahuas are fairly hardy and susceptible to no known pathogens, but they can develop patella luxation and eye problems. Patella luxation is a popping in the knees. If it is going to appear in a particular dog, it is usually present from puppyhood. It's not painful, but the knee joints can become arthritic later in life.
Chihuahuas are high-metabolism animals that release a lot of body heat, so they get cold easily. Baby chihuahuas are especially prone to the cold, so keep plenty of soft, warm places available in the early going. Clothes are recommended for adult chihuahuas in temperatures below about 70 degrees F.
Baby chihuahuas bond quickly with their owners, and they often remain specifically loyal to one person. They can be a little skittish around new people or pets, but they are sweet once a relationship is established. Despite their small size, they actually make excellent watch dogs since they are wary of strangers, are territorial and can be a little barky.
Baby chihuahuas are born with a molera, or a soft spot on the crown of the skull. This is partially due to their size, as the incomplete skull makes it easier for the mother to birth them. The spot fills in after about six months, but in their early days, Chihuahuas should not be "wrestled" with or left in areas that could lead to a fall and potential head injury.
Sabtu, 22 Juni 2013
The Yotkshire Terrier Personality
Yorkshire Terriers, more commonly known as "Yorkies", are first and foremost terriers. All terriers were bred to control, hunt and kill vermin, and many retain the feisty nature and high prey drive, meaning they love to chase things and can be aggressive toward other animals. Despite weighing 4 to 7 lbs., a Yorkshire Terrier is scrappy enough to challenge much bigger dogs. Like most terriers, they should be trained and socialized to avoid snappy, yappy behavior. They are very devoted, intelligent and affectionate little dogs. Yorkies can also be stubborn and hard to train (they are notoriously hard to potty-train), but they will learn to behave if you use consistent training methods and have patience.
How Yorkshire Terriers Learn to Behave
Like all dogs, Yorkies learn to behave through operant conditioning. In a nutshell, dogs repeat what works and brings pleasant consequences, and they don't repeat behavior that doesn't get them what they want. For instance, if you pick up a Yorkshire Terrier, give him a treat or otherwise pay attention to him every time he barks, he learns to bark a lot. If you were to leave the room every time he barked, he would learn that his barking makes his owner walk away, and he would eventually become quieter. The bottom line is to reward good behavior and ignore or gently correct unwanted behavior. Be consistent and patient.
Training a Yorkshire Terrier
Although Yorkshire Terriers can be stubborn, training should be fair and consistent. Avoid harsh corrections and never hit your Yorkie. They are playful and inquisitive dogs, so if you make training fun and incorporate play by rewarding them with a thrown toy, a game of tug or a treat, they will learn faster.
Potty-Training Your Yorkie
Potty-training a Yorkshire Terrier can be challenging and may take months. Crate-training may be very helpful. Take your Yorkie out to go potty when he wakes up, after he eats and at regular intervals. Give him praise and treats when he potties outside, and watch him carefully inside. The minute he looks as if he needs to go--as exhibited by circling or sniffing--take him right out and encourage him.
The Bichon Frise is a small and sturdy dog breed that is often compared to a cotton ball because of its curled white coat. It is categorized under the Non-Sporting Group by the American Kennel Club (AKC), and dates back to the 13th century as a descendent of the Water Spaniel.
According to the American Kennel Club, the ideal size of the Bichon Frise is between 9 1/2 and 11 1/2 inches tall at the shoulder. While they are on the small side, they arent as petite as you may think. When a Bichon Frise reaches adulthood, expect them to weigh 11 to 22 pounds.
The undercoat is soft and dense while the outercoat is coarse and curly. It is soft but substantial and feels plush like velvet. When it is patted, it springs back. While the color of the coat is white it may have shadings of buff, cream or apricot around the ears or on the body.
The Bichon Freses hair grows continually and does not shed, so frequent grooming is necessary to prevent matting. Since shedding is not an issue Bichons are usually a good breed for allergy sufferers.
The average lifespan of the Bichon Frise is 15 years. Potential health issues include allergies, skin ailments, early onset cataracts, luxating patellas (bad knees), epilepsy and ear infections. Cushing's Disease/Addison's can be brought on if cortisone is used for allergies.
The Bichon Frise is gentle and playful and needs regular exercise since it loves activity. They make good family pets since they interact well with children. While the prejudice against smaller dogs is that they are yippy, this is not true with the Bichon Frise. They will bark if a stranger is at the door, but they are not aggressive watchdogs.
Bichon Frises are sociable dogs so they require regular company from people. This also means that they are usually good with other pets.
Bichon Frises like to perform tricks and are generally easy to train. However, like many small breeds, they may be difficult to housebreak. Stay true to rules with this breed, otherwise it can lead to behavior problems such as obsessive barking, separation anxiety, snapping and even biting. Understand that these behaviors are not inherent to the breed, but induced by human mistakes.
While the Bichon Frise needs regular exercise, it can live in an apartment as long as the owner makes sure to allow for ample activity. They are active inside so a yard is not necessary.
Bulldogs are often pictured as the round, close-to-the-ground dogs with wrinkled faces, and while these certainly are bulldogs, they are only one type of the breed. Even within breeds, dogs have distinct physical and behavioral features, and bulldogs are no exception. English bulldogs and American bulldogs have different looks, and even the various types of American bulldogs have their own differences.
American bulldogs are decedents of the English bulldogs. The American bulldogs are primarily white, although there are some red and tan patches in many of the dogs. The breed requires little grooming thanks in part to the short and wiry coat. On average, American bulldogs live to be about 16 years old and can grow up to an average size of 24 inches and weigh around 100 lbs. They are confident, social and very active dogs that do well with families. The breed can be good with children if the dog understands limits when playing with the child.
Standard American Bulldog
Standard bulldogs are often slightly shorter and stockier than their close relatives, the pit bull, but other than that, the classic and standard American bulldog look very similar. The smaller dogs are bred for work and are considered more athletic. It is worth noting that not all standard American bulldogs are from the original line. There are breeders in the South who are still making changes to the breed.
Classic American Bulldog
While they may look similar, the classic breed and the standard breed have different mouths. Both breeds have that famous square jaw, but the classic breed drools more. Classics are also larger and heavier with shorter coats. American bulldogs in general can be very protective of their owners, especially the classic American bulldogs. These dogs were bred for show and personal protection, not for doing farm work.
Hybrid American Bulldog
The name gives it away. A hybrid American bulldog is a combination of the standard and classic bulldog, all in one pet. The reason for a hybrid is because some people like basic elements of one dog, with the temperament of the other dog, like the smaller size of the standard with the protective nature of the classic.
American Bulldog history
American Bulldogs were brought over to America by working-class immigrants. Farmers used bulldogs as working dogs. By the end of World War II, these working dogs were becoming extinct, but Alan Scott and John Johnson decided to resurrect them. The pair gave the breed the "American" bulldog name and began keeping track of their breeding practices. After a short period of trading ideas and dogs, the two split. Alan preferred a smaller, more athletic dog with a longer muzzle, and John preferred a larger dog with a shorter muzzle. Alan's breed became the standard American and John's became the classic American.
The origin of the poodle breed is not known, with countries such as Germany and France laying claim to the dog's heritage. However, it is certain they originated in western Europe as water retrievers, with their thick waterproof coats making them good swimmers. Four different sizes of poodle exist today that have been selectively bred to meet size requirements.
The standard-sized poodle stands 15 inches or above at the shoulder and weighs between 45 and 70 lbs. Standard poodles are slender with long legs and a thick, curly waterproof coat. They are good-natured dogs that have a graceful gait. High intelligence makes them easy to train, and a calm friendly temperament makes them good with children and strangers. They can be trained as show dogs and as a working dog, which was the breed's original purpose.
The Klein poodle is the next size down from the standard, but is only recognized in Europe. Standing 15 inches or more at the shoulder, they are lighter than standards at between 20 to 30 lbs. The breed's coat is thick and curly, and can have colors including white, black, blue and red. They are energetic and intelligent, making them easy to train. The breed can tend to be high strung if not well-socialized and exercised.
The next size down is the miniature poodle, ranging between 11 and 15 inches at the shoulder and 15 to 17 lbs. in weight. Miniature poodles have a more squared body shape than larger poodles, with shorter legs. The breed's thick, waterproof coat can come in a range of colors including gray, cream and apricot. They are an entertaining breed with a high energy level and a love of playing. Just as smart as the larger breeds, they can easily be trained but can be willful at times.
The toy poodle is the smallest version, standing anywhere from 10 inches or below at the shoulder and weighing between 6 and 9 lbs. With an even more squared body shape than the miniature, they are slightly built with short legs. The thick, waterproof coat comes in a range of colors including brown, cafe-au-lait and red. As a small dog, they can be prone to behavioral issues and willful behavior, but a firm training hand can avoid this. They are quick to learn and loyal to their owners.
The German Shepherd is one of the most popular and recognizable dogs. Its superior intelligence and athleticism makes it a favored working breed. Entire schools of training have been devoted to the German Shepherd; to be happy, this breed requires lots of mental and physical exercise. Follow these steps for making sure your German Shepherd stays happy and healthy.
Decide whether you want to adopt a puppy or an older German Shepherd. Contact breeders or rescue groups in your area. Realize that a young puppy requires more guidance and time than a mature dog, and German Shepherds don't reach social maturity until they're 3 or 4 years old.2
Keep your German Shepherd in excellent health with regular veterinary visits and a high-quality diet. Monitor the dog's growth and adjust diets accordingly.3
Crate-train a young German Shepherd to keep him out of mischief when you're not around and to prevent him from accidentally poisoning or injuring himself when he's unsupervised.4
Take your dog to group obedience classes where she can develop social skills and you can learn to establish leadership and strengthen your bond. Because German Shepherds are so intelligent, it's important to give them a "continuing education." If you don't go on with formal group classes, you must provide your dog some form of mental challenge for her entire life. All dogs, especially smart ones, can develop strange and disturbing behaviors if their minds aren't occupied.5
Exercise your German Shepherd for at least 30 minutes daily to release pent-up energy and curb destructive behaviors. Take a brisk walk around the neighborhood or toss a ball in the back yard every day.6
Brush your German Shepherd once a day; use a metal rake on his undercoat once a week, and bathe him as necessary to freshen his scent and help remove loose hair. Keep his nails trimmed short and wipe his ears out once a week. Consider having his teeth cleaned professionally after the age of 3 or when you notice halitosis or plaque build-up on his molars.
The Toy Dog breed group is made up of small dogs, typically bred for companionship, rather than work. Popular toy dog breeds include the Chihuahua, Yorkshire terrier and Pug. Most toy breed dogs have high energy levels and are constantly on the go, so the food you prepare for your pet should reflect this. It's easy to prepare homemade food for your pooch, provided that you have the right nutritional information, ingredients and tools. Feeding raw meat is an easy and effective way of delivering the right nutrition.
Get the right ingredients. Your dog's breed, lifestyle and age will determine precisely which nutrients are important. Small breed puppies grow faster than large breed puppies (See References 2), so toy dogs will require more fat and protein, especially during their early years. Off cuts and offal from your butcher, such as liver and tripe, are cheap, high in protein and easy to prepare. Chicken and turkey contain lots of protein. For the right fat, oily fish, flax seed oil and even olive oil are excellent.2
Clean your equipment. It's important to ensure that none of the equipment or tools you are using are contaminated with food that is bad for dogs. Thoroughly wash all utensils before preparing your dog's homemade meal. Although dogs have a very robust digestive system, food such as chocolate, grapes and raisins can cause illness, so be careful not to contaminate the food.3
Prepare the meal. Do not cook any of the meat you are serving. In the wild, dogs eat raw meat, so don't worry about your dog eating uncooked meat. If you are feeding poultry or fish, remove any thin bones. Gently boil the vegetables to make them softer and mash them in with the meat. If you wish to, warm up some meat gravy and pour it over the meal. Be very careful not to over or under feed the dog. The recommended amount to feed a dog depends on the calorific content of the food and the breed of the toy dog. Use your dog's weight as an indicator of whether you're feeding the right amounts.4
Serve the food to your dog. Make sure the bowl is clean and not overfilled. Make sure your dog has plenty of water to drink with the meal.5
Monitor your dog's energy levels and weight. If your dog appears to be lacking in energy after a week or so of eating your homemade food, consider adding slightly more protein to its meals. If your dog gains weight, you should consider reducing the portion sizes you are feeding and if it is losing weight, increase portion sizes. If weight loss persists, always consult your vet.
Most people consider their dog a part of the family and want them to be happy and healthy. Some commercial dog biscuits contain ingredients that aren't beneficial to your pet's health. That's why many pet owners have taken on the labor of love of making their favorite canine's treats themselves. But don't worry if you don't have the time to bake all-natural cookies; many pet stores sell these scrumptious biscuits by the pound. Of course, you will save on your pet's grocery bill if you make them yourself.
Not all food fit for human consumption is good for your dog. In fact, some food will make your pet very sick. Most people know chocolate can kill an animal, but you can safely substitute carob and your dog will never know the difference. Another food that most humans eat in one form or another that will harm your dog is onions. They can cause anemia in any form if used in their food.
Grapes and raisins can cause your dog to get very sick and can even lead to kidney failure. Although most nuts are okay for dogs, macadamia nuts can lead to muscle weakness, fever, vomiting and cause temporary paralyzing effects to back legs. These foods should always be avoided whether making dog biscuits or giving your dog human leftovers.
Dog Biscuit Recipe
Hundreds of dog biscuit recipes exist in books and online. Some use a lot of ingredients you may not have around the house and others are quite simple. This recipe is one anyone can make and it's cooked in the microwave so your dog doesn't have to wait long.
Mix 2-1/2 cups of wholewheat flour in a bowl with 4 tbsp. of rolled oats, 1/2 tsp. of garlic powder and 1 tsp. of brewer's yeast. To the dry mixture add a beaten egg and 2/3 cup of beef broth. Mix together well and form it into a ball. Refrigerate the dough for about 30 minutes. Roll the dough on a lightly floured board and cut out shapes using a cookie cutter. Place on parchment paper and microwave at 50 percent power for six to 10 minutes, depending on the power of your microwave. When they are done, place them on a rack to cool and store in the refrigerator.
Some dog biscuit recipes call for meat. Substitute baby food for the meat and cut back on the liquid just a bit. Another option is to use leftover meat from your dinner.
Anything containing brewer's yeast will help to keep fleas away, and using a tablespoon of activated charcoal (available at drug stores) is good for making bad breath go away. You can also use a drop or two of mint extract in the recipe.
Another consideration is the weight of your dog. If your dog is overweight, you may want to stick to vegetarian treats or use low-fat ingredients.
Dachshunds (also called "doxies" or "wiener dogs") are one of the most recognizable dog breeds in the world. Their short legs are caused by a genetic mutation, according to the National Human Genome Research Institute. They were bred in Germany in the 1600s to go into animal burrows and kill and drag out the prey, according to "The Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds."
There are two officially recognized sizes of dachshunds--standard and miniature. The standard averages 12 to 32 pounds while the miniature is any dog under 11 pounds. Both standards and miniatures come in three types of coats--smooth, long-haired and wire-haired. All types come in a wide variety of colors and patterns. There is no such breed as a teacup or micro-mini dachshund.
Male dachshund puppies are often easier to find for sale or are more available to adopt from shelters and dachshund rescues than females. This is because breeders and "puppy mills" tend to hold onto the females in order to produce more puppies, according to Dog Owner's Guide.
Dachshund puppies have a reputation as being hard to house-train, but this depends on the individual puppy. Puppies with health problems may take longer to learn or be prone to accidents due to their ailments. When frightened, dachshund puppies will dribble urine in an appeasement gesture. This behavior usually disappears by itself when the puppy is 18 months old.
Because dachshunds were bred to dig out and hunt fierce prey like badgers, dachshund puppies can be prone to destructive digging and to being very territorial, according to Dog Breed Info Center. They also may not get along well with strange dogs. Doxie puppies need to be introduced to calm adult dogs that can help the puppy become familiar with other dogs and dog body language. This is especially important if the dachshund puppy was the only puppy in the litter and could not learn canine body language from playing with litter mates.
Due to inbreeding and their short legs, dachshunds are prone to many medical conditions, according to "The Veterinarians' Guide to Your Dog's Symptoms." These conditions may not appear until the puppy is a year or more old. They include deafness, diabetes, a cleft palate, one or both eyes not growing large enough to fit the eye socket (microphthalmos), liver shunts and degenerative disc disease that can cause paralysis of the hind legs.
Border collies originally came from the border of England and Scotland, as early as the 16th century. Other names for the border collie are the working collie, the farm collie, the English collie and the old-fashioned collie. Collies are typically black and white, very intelligent and full of energy. Because of their high level of activity, border collies aren't for everyone. They require much more time and patience than other breeds when training.
Consider a border collie if you are looking for an active dog, and you know you will have the time to exercise and train it. Border collies make excellent companions for runners and hikers, as they rarely tire.2
Take into consideration a border collie's features. A well-bred border collie will have oval, dark brown eyes, a slightly raised tail, ears that are slightly perked, a coat that does not have white as its main color, and short hair around its face, ears and front legs.3
Reconsider getting a border collie if you have children in the house. Because they were bred to herd livestock, these dogs have a tendency to nip at the heels of people and other animals. However, if a dog is socialized early on, there shouldn't be a problem.4
Note that you will have to give your border collie obedience training very early on. Because of their high level of intelligence, these dogs can get into a lot of trouble if they are bored and untrained.5
Keep in mind that border collies are not watchdogs. They are herders. But they will usually bark when they hear noises, and they are protective.6
Think about purchasing a border collie from a pet rescue organization only after you have thoroughly checked the dog for behavioral problems. Most collies from pet shelters have only been partially trained and require diligent training.7
Expect a full-grown border collie to weigh between 30 and 50 pounds. Border collies mature rather slowly, taking two to three years to reach full maturity. Their life expectancy is 12 to 13 years.8
Understand the health problems common to the border collie before your purchase. They are prone to hip dysplasia (a malformed ball and socket in the hip joint); progressive retinal atrophy (progressive damage to the retina); collie eye anomaly, which can cause blindness; osteochondritis desicans, which can cause lameness; and other diseases. Be sure to check whether potential breeders screen for these health problems before they breed.9
Know that you will probably pay between $300 and $1,500 for a purebred puppy.
A pork shoulder roast comes with the shoulder blade and socket bone intact. This bone, buried deep within the meat, is not only delicious for your dog, but is good for its chewing teeth. Knowing how to prepare a pork shoulder bone for your dog lets you make use of every part of the meat while spoiling your furry loved one.
Preheat your oven to 450 degrees.2
Brush or spoon about 4 tbsp. of beef gravy (canned gravy is fine) on the surface of the bone. Place the bone in the oven on the bottom rack nearest the heat source.3
Roast the pork shoulder bone for 10 minutes. Brush or spoon the rest of the gravy on the bone as you turn it over.4
Roast the pork shoulder bone for an additional 15 minutes. Turn off the oven and allow the bone to cool to room temperature. The end result is a delicious, meaty bone for your dog. It will be slightly uncooked in the center, leaving rich marrow to enjoy.
A goldendoodle is a dog that results when a golden retriever is crossed with a poodle. This mixed dog is popular because its tendency to shed less makes it a potential choice for people with allergies. Other attractive traits are its sociability and friendliness. If you are a resident of Massachusetts and are looking for a goldendoodle puppy, there are plenty of resources and breeders available.
Start by calling shelters and rescue groups in Massachusetts to see whether they have a goldendoodle. Shelters and rescue groups are filled with dogs, many of them mixed breeds. If you find a goldendoodle in a shelter, you will have found a great companion dog and will have helped a homeless pet for a fraction of the cost of buying a dog from a breeder.2
Call veterinarians in Massachusetts and ask for referrals to goldendoodle breeders. Some veterinarians may recommend particular breeders because they know they are diligent about their puppies. When crossing a poodle and a golden retriever, there is a risk of producing puppies with inherited problems from both breeds.3
Contact the Universal Kennel Club International (see Resources) for information about goldendoodle breeders in Massachusetts. Because the goldendoodle is not a purebred dog, it is not registered by the American Kennel Club or United Kennel Club. However, clubs such as the Universal Kennel Club International will register dogs with no pedigrees, regardless of their parentage.4
Check the Goldendoodle Association of North America (see Resources) for a list of breeders in the state of Massachusetts. This is a nonprofit organization founded for the purpose of guiding breeders in establishing reliability in coat, type, health and temperament of goldendoodles. Its registry contains a database of goldendoodles, golden retrievers and poodles approved for registration. Breeders who are members of GANA have agreed to provide proof of health clearances and to abide by a code of ethics.
Jumat, 21 Juni 2013
Few people really know what is in that dried dog food that we give our pets. The package says it contains all the required nutrients, but we may be overlooking the quality of foods used in dried dog food. Sometimes the meat that's in the dry food, if it's not just protein supplement, isn't fit for human consumption. Just like people, implementing a raw or natural foods diet will help to increase the health of our animals. Once you've decided to use a natural food diet for your pet, do research first and then introduce the diet gradually so as not to overwhelm the animal.
Benefits and Theories
Jane Anderson of the Raw Learning website says a dog's food should never be cooked, but raw, as nature intended. Cooking food reduces its nutritional content. When dogs chew on meaty bones, it aids in dental hygiene by naturally cleaning their teeth, and dogs should have access to raw bones. Many commercial brands of dry dog food contain mostly corn and grains. Dogs need a lot of protein in their diet and should have less carbohydrates. A natural-food diet for your pet can increase energy, reduce overeating, mirror a natural diet and even reduce money spent on veterinary bills.
Dogs need meat. They are carnivorous animals and should have plenty of varieties of protein. Raw and cooked meats are healthy for dogs, and you don't have to worry about bacteria. Dogs' and cats' stomachs are designed for digesting raw meats; this is why they can live through eating a rotten fish or chicken. A variety of meats should be part of the diet, since certain proteins are high in different vitamins. A good balance of turkey, beef, chicken, rabbit and fish, among just about any variety of meat out there, is recommended by The Dog Guide.
Grains are a controversial subject. Most commercial dry dog foods contain mostly grains or cereals. Grains are high in carbohydrates and do little for the nutrition of your dog; they are added as fillers. They can be harmful and cause dogs to overeat, just as they do for people. They are also attributed to allergies in pets. However, some natural feeders, such as PetSynergy, suggest a diet with grains, and even up to half grains. Oats and rice are commonly used grains in homemade dog food and are softened to make them easier to chew.
Some vegetables are important in a dog's diet. In the wild, dogs would get vegetables and other nutrients from ingesting the partially digested stomach contents of their prey. This can be imitated by juicing fruits and vegetables before adding them to your pet food. The PetSynergy website states that 25 percent of a dog's diet should be vegetables, including carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, yellow squash, zucchini and Brussels sprouts, among many others. Other natural additions are eggs, cooked or raw, which dogs often would have eaten in the wild.
Because it is impossible to completely imitate the diet of a wild dog, it is important to keep a well maintained balance of nutrients. Sometimes there is no better way of doing this than adding supplements. PetSynergy recommends natural supplements such as ground bone meal, kelp powder, nutritional yeast, flaxseed oil and vitamin E oil.
Every breed of dog is different; they each have their own personality traits, breed history and different exercise and grooming requirements. The Blue Heeler, also known as the Australian Heeler or the Australian Cattle Dog, is no exception.
Exercise and Training
The Blue Heeler is a herding breed; they are naturally hard working and active. According to the American Kennel Club, Blue Heeler puppies are prized for their intelligence and drive. Because of their energy level they need activities and lots of room to run and play. They will constantly urge you to take them outside and play with them. When your puppy does this, it is an opportune time to train her and turn backyard fun into a lesson on sit, stay and come. It is important to begin training at a young age; Blue Heelers are a strong and independent breed and become more difficult to train once they have reached adulthood.
The Blue Heeler is traditionally bred to herd cattle and might occasionally try to "herd" members of the household including small children. This may lead to light nipping, which is instinctual in a herding breed and should not be taken as aggression. Avoid herding behavior by exercising your puppy regularly and keeping a variety of toys around the house. Each puppy's toy preference may vary but most Blue Heelers enjoy bones and chew toys. Be sure to avoid rawhide chew toys as your puppy can swallow large chunks of them which can cause serious intestinal problems.
A good grooming regimen will form a stronger bond between you and your Blue Heeler puppy. The Blue Heeler requires weekly brushing to keep a coat healthy; this is best done with a firm bristle brush. The coat will need extra attention during their seasonal shedding, which varies by region. Introduce bathing at a young age and be sure to bathe your puppy monthly. Bath time should be special for your puppy to avoid fear of water later on in life; you can involve treats and toys to provide positive reinforcement. Your puppy's nails will need care as well, so ask your vet to show you how to clip them appropriately.
When a canine suffers from cancer, it may need to undergo chemotherapy treatment. These treatments can change a dog's eating habits. Chemotherapy can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and loss of appetite. However, good nutrition is vital if your dog is to recover. It is important to check with your veterinarian before changing your dog's diet or giving it supplements.
Grains and Carbohydrates
A study by Dr. Ogilve of Colorodo State University found that certain types of canine cancer thrive on simple carbohydrates. Therefore, he advises dog owners to limit their dog's consumption of simple carbohydrates when they have cancer.
In addition, because dogs are naturally carnivores, care should be taken so they do not eat a lot of grains; this is especially true of dogs suffering from cancer and undergoing chemotherapy. Since your dog may not want to eat very much, the food that it does eat should be high-quality. Look for foods which feature protein as the first listed ingredient; grains should be much farther down the list. Feed your dog a high-quality, high-protein dog food.
Protein is an essential part of a dog's healthy diet, and when it has cancer and is undergoing treatments, a dry food may not be enough to give your dog the nutrients its body needs. Add healthy sources of protein to give your dog energy and help it heal.
Many veterinarians suggest giving dogs a raw food diet, which consists of raw meat, fruits and vegetables. If you do decide to feed meat with bones to your pet, make sure that it has not been cooked. Dogs can digest raw bones, while cooked bones may splinter. Whether you decide to give your dog raw or cooked meat, you should be giving it a variety of protein sources.
Try raw or cooked ground beef, pork, or lamb. Meats with a high fat content are good for your dog, especially when it is sick. Cottage cheese and eggs are also excellent sources of protein. Canned sardines are also a good choice.
Fruits and Vegetables
You can also give your dog fruits and vegetables to help keep it healthy and energized. Try feeding your dog apples, oranges or pears. Grapefruit is also a good choice.
Vegetables are also good for your dog. Try spinach, kale and carrots.
These fruits and vegetables can be mixed with meat or cottage cheese. Your dog may not wish to eat, so it is important to try a variety of foods in order to find some that will interest your pet.
Many veterinarians also advocate the use of supplements to help your dog feel energized and recover from cancer. It is important to note, however, that some supplements should not be used with certain cancer drugs and treatments. Before giving your dog any supplement, check with your veterinarian to make sure that it is safe. Fish oil, grapeseed oil and selenium may all be useful to your dog if it is suffering from cancer or undergoing chemotherapy. Garlic is another popular choice.
Kamis, 20 Juni 2013
Malawa, when used in reference to the Belgian shepherd, is an incorrect spelling of the breed's actual name, Malinois. Malinois are one of three Belgian shepherd varieties recognized by the American Kennel Club--Groenendael and Tervuren being the other two. They are often trained for police work or as other service dogs because of their intelligence and energy. Malinois are similar in stature and size to the more well-known German shepherds.
History of the Breed
The Belgian Malinois was, first normalized in the Belgian city of Malines in the 1890s. The quality of their coat made them ideal working dogs for the Northern European climate. They were first utilized as service dogs in North America after World War I and the American Kennel Club began to recognize them as a separate breed in 1959. By the 1970s, the Secret Service began using Malinois and as of 2010 use the breed exclusively over German Shepherds.
Malinois are very intelligent, energetic and protective, and therefore must be well-socialized and are best taken care of by confident and experienced handlers who can establish dominance. Malinois that are not properly socialized may have a tendency to become apprehensive or aggressive and difficult to handle. They require firm and consistent discipline and frequent exercise and are at their best when they are active and have something to do.
Malinois are often confused with German Shepherds, with whom they share a similar appearance. However, Malinois are generally smaller, standing anywhere from 22 to 26 inches tall, depending on gender. Square in shape, Malinois have elegant, muscular frames that are solid without being bulky. Malinois' coats are course and short with a dense undercoat. They are typically fawn in color, with a black overlay and some dogs may have black snouts and ears.
Malinois as Work Dogs
Because of their intelligence and innate ability to learn and be trained, Malinois are ideal working dogs. Originally bred to herd and protect flocks of sheep, Malinois are most commonly used as security dogs and K-9 unit dogs. Trained to seek out drugs, guns and other contraband, these dogs are essential members of their respective police or secret service details. Two police-trained Malinois, Rocky and Barco, were so effective in sniffing out drugs that Mexican drug smugglers put out a bounty on the dogs for upward of $70,000.
Health Problems in Malinois
While Malinois usually live healthy lives of 12 years or more, they are occasionally beset with health problems, most typically hip dysplasia and juvenile cataracts, both of which are hereditary diseases. However, tests are available for both of these problems and are advised before purchase or adoption of a Malinois.
Border collies are thought to be the most intelligent breed of dog in the world. Unfortunately, this intelligence can get them into a lot of trouble. This dog needs to be kept busy or he will develop a lot of bad habits. This is not a dog that can do well living in an apartment or other small home. Because of the breed's popularity, many mongrels have border collie in their genetic makeup.
Border collies get their names from being bred along the border of Scotland and England in the 1800s, not for being "borderline insane" (as some Internet myths say). This breed has been known by many names, including working collie and just colley. They are thought to descend from the Scottish shepherd, the Cumberland sheepdog and the borzoi. The first foresire was Old Hemp, whelped in 1893. The name was cemented in 1915. They did not become an American Kennel Club-recognized breed until 1980.
Border collies were bred to herd sheep or other livestock outside in a rugged, wet landscape. They were meant not only to drive the herds, but also to protect them when people weren't there. This resulted in a dog able to solve problems, with a huge need to always be doing something. Many border collies still work on farms and ranches, but they also work as rescue dogs and bomb or drug detection dogs and participate in dog sports.
Border collies are medium-size. Because they were bred for function and not for looks, their size and weight can vary considerably. The average dog is 21 inches tall from the ground to the highest point of the shoulder. The average weight is 40 to 50 pounds.
There is a wide variety of physical traits in border collies. Some have floppy ears; some have straight triangle ears. Most have very long, thick coats, but short-haired purebred border collies are often born in Australia and the United States. Black and white are the usual colors, but they also come in brown and white, tricolored (black, brown and white) and blue merle. Their eyes can be brown, blue or both.
Please don't buy a border collie puppy from a pet store, as this supports the cruel puppy mill industry. Border collies are prone to several health problems, including hip dysplasia, epilepsy and thyroid problems. They also have two unique diseases: neurononal ceroid lipofuscinosis and collie eye anomaly.
This is a dog that needs to be with you constantly. Otherwise boredom will drive him to incredibly destructive and annoying behaviors. Many border collies are abandoned because they are too smart for their owners. This breed is one of the more nervous, and they require very patient and calm handling.
Much like their human friends, dogs often suffer from the food they eat. Frequent gas, diarrhea, chronic ear infections, bald spots, foot chewing and scratching are some of the symptoms of dog food allergies. Hypoallergenic dog food diets--special diets free from substances likely to trigger canine allergies--can relieve your pet's allergy symptoms. These diets are available through veterinary clinics, stores or homemade in your own kitchen.
Eliminate Other Causes
Symptoms of food allergies can sometimes be linked to other health conditions. Like humans, dogs react to allergens in the air. Allergic symptoms include bad coat texture, itching, chewing and ear infections. Many of these are also symptoms of thyroid disease. A visit with your vet for blood and skin tests is a sound first step.
After determining your dog has some kind of food allergy, finding a diet he can safely eat becomes a challenge. Our canine companions can be allergic to many food ingredients used to make popular dog foods. The most common food ingredients that cause allergies in dogs include corn, beef, chicken, dairy products, eggs, soy wheat and yeast.
Process of Elimination
Feeding your pet an elimination diet offers new sources of protein and carbohydrates that he has never eaten before. Through trial and error, you may be able to figure out which ingredients set off allergic reactions. Ask your vet to recommend brands of hypoallergenic dog food to try. Start out by trying types without beef and corn and check for signs of improvement. After a month or so--if that does not work--choose another food absent other common allergens until the symptoms cease. Keep your pet off any food scraps or treats while going through this testing process.
Homemade and Raw Diets
If you have the time and passion, try mixing up your own home-cooked rations for your allergic dog. A typical mix contains hypoallergenic protein and carbohydrate sources, with vegetables, vitamins and minerals. Some dog owners find a raw diet of raw meat, organs and bones solves the pet's problems. Work with your vet to ensure that your home mix or raw diet is correct and balanced for your dog.
Some available hypoallergenic products.
Some examples of hypoallergenic dog foods mentioned on the Love To Know Dogs website include Addiction Pet Food, Health Pro, Hills Prescription Diet, Holistic Blend, Nutro Ultra Holistic and The Honest Kitchen.
Rabu, 19 Juni 2013
Dogs that have sensitive stomachs may require a special type of food. Oatmeal rice dog food is a high-quality meal that is easy to digest. This type of dog food takes minutes to prepare.
Assemble the ingredients. Use organic ingredients when possible. If you do not have honey-sweetened peanut butter, substitute 2 tbsp. peanut butter and 1/4 tsp. honey.2
Place the oatmeal in a medium bowl. Add 1 cup of hot water and let it sit for five minutes. While the mixture is standing, mash the pinto beans in a small bowl. Add the pinto beans and peanut butter to the oatmeal and rice mixture and stir well.3
Grind the sunflower and flax seeds in a grinder. Add to the mixture along with the canola oil and stir.4
Microwave for one minute just before serving.5
Serve. This recipe feeds one small dog for a day. For larger breeds, double or triple the recipe.
The boxer is a popular family dog that is highly intelligent, obedient and loyal to its family. When cared for properly, boxers are relatively healthy dogs, though there are some health concerns that boxer owners need to be aware of to help ensure their pet stays healthy.
The most common heart condition that plagues boxer dogs is cardiomyopathy, a condition that causes the dog's heart to beat irregularly. Boxers can also experience other heart conditions such as subaortic stenosis and pulmonic stenosis, disorders that affect the flow of blood through the heart.
Other Health Concerns
Other health conditions that are sometimes seen in the boxer breed are cases of epilepsy, cancerous and non-cancerous tumors, thyroid conditions and hip dysplasia. Boxer dogs also tend to be more prone to develop allergies that can cause skin problems such as excessive itching and hair loss.
Boxers have a short muzzle or "snub" nose. Short-muzzled dog breeds tend to have more respiratory issues than dogs with a longer snout. Boxer dogs should be monitored continuously for signs of respiratory concern like coughing, gasping or excessive sneezing.
Regular examinations by a certified veterinarian will help to prevent many health conditions your boxer can suffer from. Boxer dogs should be screened annually to detect any heart conditions that may be present so that proper treatment can be administered.
White boxers have a higher tendency to experience deafness. This is due to the lack of pigment cells that are located in the inner ear canal, which can cause the sensory hair cells to debilitate, resulting in partial or total deafness.
Ants have a very sophisticated tracking system. Once one ant discovers a food source, it will lay down a trail of pheromones for other ants to follow. If you feed your dog outdoors, you have probably seen firsthand how quickly ants can be drawn to your pet's food dish. This can be not only frustrating to you, but frustrating to your dog as well--especially if he prefers to eat only a portion of his meal and come back for the rest later. Luckily, there are steps that you can take to keep ants out of your dog's bowl for good.
Dig up any ant beds you find in your yard with a shovel. Place the ants in a large bucket of soapy water. The soap will prevent the ants from being able to attach to the sides of the bucket and climb out.2
Place the bucket in an area that your dog does not have access to. This will prevent him from being tempted to drink from the bucket. Leave the bucket alone for three to seven days to give the ants time to drown.3
Wash the area where you normally feed your dog thoroughly with soap and water. This will clear away any existing ant pheromone trails.4
Create a ring of mint oil on the ground in a wide circle surrounding the area where you intend to feed your dog. Ants do not like mint and will not cross mint oil. In addition, the oil is non-toxic to your pets.5
Fill a shallow pan with water. Place it within the circle of mint oil.6
Place your dog's food dish in the shallow pan of water. Any ants that do cross the mint oil trail will get caught in the water before they can make it to your dog's bowl. In the unlikely event that an ant does manage to reach the dog bowl, the surrounding water will prevent it from laying a pheromone trail for other ants to follow.7
Remove the dog's food dish whenever it is empty.