Jumat, 31 Agustus 2012

How to Match a Dog Breed to Your Family

How to Match a Dog Breed to Your Family

The time has come to welcome a new, tail-wagging friend to the family. Whether you are adopting a puppy, a full-grown dog, a pure bred or a mixed breed, it is important to consider common characteristics of various, possible breeds before making a final choice. Although the choice ultimately comes down to the connection you and your family feels when you meet a dog for the first time, researching common traits of possible dogs increases the likelihood that you bring home a new companion that is compatible with your family's lifestyle.

Instructions

    1

    Take a good look at your living quarters. Do you live in a small apartment in the city or do you live in a farmhouse with lots of wide-open space around. If your space is limited, consider a smaller, non-sporting breed, such as French bulldog, or a toy breed, such as Chihuahua. Don't forget, even small breeds still need walks. Breeds like greyhound and standard schnauzers do well with small to medium-size yards. If you live in the country and want an active dog that will work outside with you, choose from a working breed, such as boxer; a sporting breed, such as Labrador retriever; or a herding breed, such as German shepherd.

    2

    Eliminate breeds that may pose a potential threat to any infants or young children in your family, such as German shepherd, Rottweiler and pit bull. Breeds known as being well-suited for families with young children include standard poodle, cavalier King Charles spaniel and Boston terrier. Some toy breeds tend to bark or nip and are also not suitable when an infant is present, including Maltese and Pomeranian.

    3

    Look outside. How precious is your outdoor environment. If your family spends hours manicuring flower beds or cultivating fruit and vegetable gardens, narrow your choices down to breeds that tend not to dig. You might want to avoid terrier breeds, which are especially known for digging.

    4

    Consider if anyone in your family is highly partial to an environment free of pet hair. If so, choose a light-shedding breed, such as toy poodle, Yorkshire terrier, American water spaniel, Bolognese, or giant schnauzer. Dog breeds that tend to shed more include golden retriever, Labrador retriever, Rottweiler, husky, beagle and Dalmatian.

How to Buy a Healthy English Bulldog Puppy

How to Buy a Healthy English Bulldog Puppy

According to the Bulldog Club of America, bulldogs are among the 25 most popular breeds in the country. English Bulldogs make popular pets because they tend to be loyal and good-natured, making them ideal as family pets. However, they are prone to certain conditions and genetic defects, such as hip dysplasia, as well as the general health problems that can plague any dog. It's important to buy a healthy English Bulldog puppy to help avoid heartbreak.

Instructions

    1

    Do some research to make sure you really want to buy an English Bulldog puppy. You may love the breed, but do you know all about its traits and quirks? Will its personality and temperament fit into your lifestyle? For example, according to the Bulldog Information Library, because of their short snouts, English Bulldogs tend to drool and snore. You must be prepared to deal with these quirks.

    2

    If you decide an English Bulldog is right for you, research private breeders. You may see cute English Bulldog puppies at the local pet store, but they are often overpriced and may come from questionable sources. You will have a better chance at getting a healthy puppy if you buy direct from a reputable dealer. The Bulldog Club of America offers a referral service, and you can also find breeders by visiting dog shows.

    3

    Contact several likely breeders and ask them for references. Contact all of the references and ask about the health of their English Bulldogs, as well as their satisfaction with the breeder and the overall purchase experience. If a breeder is reluctant to give referrals, cross her off the list.

    4

    Narrow down your breeder list based on feedback from the referrals, and make an appointment to see the English Bulldog puppies at the breeders on your short list. As difficult as it may be, resolve not to purchase a puppy on your first visit to any of the breeders. Your first visit will be for research purposes.

    5

    As you visit each breeder, make note of the cleanliness of the facility and the general health of the breeding dogs and puppies. Insist on seeing where the dogs are kept and seeing the parents as well as the puppies. If the breeder refuses, cross him off your list, as he may be trying to hide puppy-mill conditions. You are much more likely to get a healthy English Bulldog from a clean, well-kept facility with healthy, well-cared-for dogs. Make sure all of the puppies have had basic health care, such as their first shots.

    6

    Ask each breeder about her policy for returns and how she handles puppies that turn out to have health problems and genetic defects. English Bulldogs are prone to certain conditions that can range from mild skin conditions to crippling problems like hip dysplasia. If the breeder is evasive or won't stand behind her English Bulldog puppies, cross her off your list. Breeders who sell healthy puppies will be willing to stand behind them with a fair policy.

    7

    When you have narrowed down your list and selected a breeder and puppy, ask the breeder if he will allow you to bring the puppy to your own veterinarian for a health checkup before you purchase it. Make sure you choose the veterinarian rather than using the breeder's doctor, as that can cause a conflict of interest. If the English Bulldog passes the exam, you can have reasonable confidence that it is healthy and safe to purchase.

The Evolution of the Pitbull

The Evolution of the Pitbull

One of the more controversial breed of dogs, the American Pit Bull Terrier has a very prominent place throughout history. From Ancient Greece to the modern age, the Pit Bull has evolved from a dog used purely for warfare to a dog bred exclusively for fighting and finally, to a breed that is now internationally recognized and beloved by many people and families.

Molossi Dog

    The Pit Bull's ancestor is traced back to the Molossians of Ancient Greece. The breed was named after the Molossi tribe. In Ancient Greece, Molossi dogs were used during warfare and were known for fierceness and intimidation.

Britain

    In Britain, the Mastiff breed was already established. When Claudius defeated the Briton Chief Caractacus in 50 A.D., he began exporting Mastiffs back to Rome. The Mastiffs were cross bred with the Molossi breed between 50 A.D. and 410 A.D. The cross breeds were used as fighting dogs. Eventually, the various breeds scattered throughout Europe, including England and Spain. Originating with the Molossi dog, these breeds are considered the predecessor to the modern American Pit Bull Terrier.

Baiting

    In 1066 the Normans invaded England. Once in England, a sport called "baiting" was introduced. Baiting originated with butchers. The premise of the sport was to pit dogs against various animals such as bears. Early incarnations of the Pit Bull were bred specifically for the sport. When the dogs were pitted against the larger animal, the dog would clamp onto the face of the animal and not let go until the animal lost blood and stopped fighting. In 1835, baiting was made illegal.

Ratting and Dog Fighting

    After baiting was made illegal in England, Ratting became a popular sport. The premise of ratting was to place a dog in a literal pit with rats. The more rats the dog killed in the pit, the better the dog ranked in the game. Around this time, early versions of the pit bull were bred with terriers to make the dogs better at ratting. Ratting eventually led to dog on dog fighting. Many people assume that dog on dog fighting was the origination of the American Pit Bull Terrier. However, this is not the case. Pit bulls were often used in dog on dog fighting and were mistreated as a result. Often the dogs were only given a diet of blood and raw meat. The dogs were often kept in complete darkness and handlers were known to kill dogs that seemed hesitant or did not win a fight.

Immigrating to America

    As Englishmen immigrated to America, Pit Bull Terriers followed. Once in America, Pit Bulls became a family dog. The dogs were used as guard dogs, family dogs and herding dogs. In 1884, the AKC refused to recognize the American Pit Bull Terrier as a pure breed due to the breed's violent history. The UKC was started to recognize breeds not recognized by the AKC. The American Pit Bull Terrier was the first breed recognized. In 1936, The AKC finally recognized the breed. The breed is recognized in the association as the Staffordshire Terrier -- an ancestor of the American Pit Bull Terrier.

How to Care for West Highland Terriers

The origin of the West Highland Terrier is the high country of Scotland. Bred to hunt fox, rats and vermin, this hardy, energetic terrier is highly intelligent and active. Its adaptability to small spaces like apartments as well as to large open areas makes this breed a good companion for almost anyone. As with any breed the West Highland Terrier has some special needs but most are easily handled.

Instructions

    1

    Brush a West Highland Terrier about three times a week with a straight bristled brush. Frequent bathing is unnecessary because West Highland Terriers' outer coats are wiry, not oily and don't hold odors easily. For the pet Westie, a general trim with do, but if you are showing your Westie you will need to have him trimmed, plucked and stripped for each show since the Westie show dog has a specific cut and length for his coat.

    2

    Trim often around your dog's eyes and ears with blunt-tipped scissors. Her whole body should be trimmed every 4 to 6 months. Clean eye-matter with a warm, wet cloth.

    3

    Wash a West Highland Terrier with a mild shampoo made especially for dogs with sensitive skin. Many Westies are prone to dry skin or skin allergies. Bathe as needed; rarely does a Westie need more than one bath per month.

    4

    Walk a Westie. Take a West Highland Terrier for several walks a day if you live in an apartment or do not have a fenced yard. He will look forward to romping around the neighborhood and using up some of his energy.

    5

    Careful around the kids. West Highland Terriers are not known to snap or bite, nor are they as fragile as some of the other small breeds, but care still needs to be taken around youngsters. Small dogs are easily mistreated by little ones who don't know better.

The History of Papillon Breed

The History of Papillon Breed

Even though dogs have the same basic origins, each breed of dog has its own story for how it came to be what it is. The Papillon breed is one of the oldest breeds of dogs in recorded history. This small dog, also known as the dwarf or toy Spaniel, carries with it many stories pertaining to its origins.

Early Papillons

    The origin of the Papillon varies depending on the source. Some experts think the dog originated in China or Italy, while others believe Spain to the be the origin of the breed. Its popularity, however, began in France. The dog appears in history somewhere between the 13th and 15th centuries. They were popular with the royalty in many European countries. Louis XIV was known to frequently import these dogs from Spain during his reign. It is also rumored that Marie Antoinette owned one as well, and took it with her to the guillotine.

Papillon Ears

    One of the most distinctive features of the Papillon dog is its large ears. Though the dog was known in its early years as a dwarf or toy Spaniel because of its ancestory, the French renamed the breed Papillon due to its ears. The word "papillon" in French means butterfly, which some feel the dog's ears resemble. In its earlier years, the dog's ears remained upright, further resembling butterfly wings. However, over the years, the breed changed where the ears lie flat. Now, Papillon dogs can be found with both upright ears and ones that lie down. However, some organizations, such as the Federation Cynologique Internationale, or FCI, lists the dogs with upright ears as Papillons and those with flat ears as Phalenes.

Art and Papillons

    The Papillon breed is easy for historians to track through its changes because of its depiction in art in European countries. Artists in Italy often included the breed of dog in their paintings and tapestries. The Papillon is a companionable dog and was often found with its owner. Therefore, when an artist painted the owner, the dog became part of the picture. Differences in the breed are noticeable in these pieces of art.

American Papillons

    While the popularity of Papillons flourished in Europe throughout their history, the breed did not appear in America until the 1900s. The American Kennel Club began recognizing the breed in its registry around 1915; however, the breed did not have a champion with the AKC until years later. The first champion Papillon was born in 1922. The Papillon Club of America formed later in 1935, which signified a wider acceptance of the breed. Popularity of the breed grew in the United States because of its ability to remedy rat problems.

How to Feed Chihuahua Dogs

Chihuahuas are officially the smallest breed of dog. Because of this, the responsible chihuahua owner needs to take certain physical factors into consideration when feeding--and these factors can be much different than those that impact the owners of larger breeds such as Labrador retrievers or boxers. In order to keep your tiny canine healthy and on the road to a long, high-quality life, start with good feeding habits. Your chi will love you for it--for a long, long time.

Instructions

    1

    Mini-size the dog food. Most high-quality dog kibble comes in a variety of sizes. Because your chihuahua has a small mouth--and small teeth--choose the smallest size kibble available for ease in chewing.

    2

    Pick the right size bowl. Your chihuahua's dog food bowl should be shallow enough that she can reach over it and comfortably eat her food. If your chi is particularly tiny, consider feeding her on a small, unbreakable plate or saucer rather than a bowl.

    3

    Maintain a strict schedule. Small dogs have corresponding small bladders and digestive tracts. If you want to have some say in when your chihuahua needs to eliminate, make sure you feed him at approximately the same time every day.

    4

    Keep portions proportionate. It's easy to overfeed a chihuahua. Check with your veterinarian to find out what a good, healthy weight is for your dog, and feed him just enough to maintain that weight.

    5

    Give table scraps sparingly. Better yet, don't give them to your chihuahua at all. Your little dog will best be served by filling her tiny stomach with good, nutritious dog food and snacks.

Kamis, 30 Agustus 2012

How to Evaluate the Body of a Maltese Show Dog

How to Evaluate the Body of a Maltese Show Dog

Maltese are toy dogs that usually do not grow to be much over 6 lbs. They are gentle little dogs known for their sweet dispositions and snowy white coats that hang almost to the ground when they are in show mode. While the coat is certainly one of the most striking things about a Maltese, judges also evaluate the body of the dog when they are ranking it for show places.

Instructions

    1

    Place the dog on the table. This will help you get a better look at this tiny animal. A show dog will have been trained to stand on a table or platform, and will be pliant and helpful when you are trying to get a good look at her.

    2

    Compare the distance from the withers to the ground, and from the withers to the root of the tail. The withers of the dog is the area immediately behind the neck and just above the shoulders. The distance between the withers and the ground should be equal to the distance between the withers and the root of the tail.

    3
    The topline is the line from B to C.

    Look at the line of the dog's back. It should be level when the dog is standing with his head up and his rump in its customary position. A dog that tucks his back legs under or whose spine is not correctly aligned will not have a level back.

    4

    Judge how closely the dog's "elbows" hug her body. The dog's elbows are the bends in her legs. They should stay close to the body and not be bowed outward.

    5

    Rate the shoulders. Square shoulders give some dogs a broader, tougher appearance. Maltese are gentle and have sloping shoulders that enable their legs to blend in with their hanging curtain of snowy white fur.

The Top Speeds of the Irish Wolfhound

The Top Speeds of the Irish Wolfhound

Irish wolfhounds are the tallest of dog breeds. They are the giants of the sighthounds, a group of hunting breeds that also includes the greyhound, borzoi (or Russian wolfhound) and saluki. Like its peers, this enormous and calm dog is immensely swift, having been bred as a long-distance hunting hound.

Description

    Irish wolfhounds are impressive animals: A typical male may stand 6 or 7 feet when reared on hind legs and weigh 175 pounds. Like all canids, females are smaller but still amazingly hefty: They often weigh 120 pounds. They sport a rough, ragged coat that is most commonly hued gray but sometimes black, white, brindled or rufous. A prominent ruff marks their muzzle. The American Kennel Club relays an aphorism regarding the wolfhound's generally mild demeanor but ferocious hunting potential: "Gentle when stroked, fierce when provoked."

Speed

    It is not easy to ascertain the top speed of a dog, but Irish wolfhounds are believed to be comparable to other sighthounds, such as greyhounds or borzoi. The breed's long legs and lean, muscular build suggest its running potential. They may course at speeds of between 30 and 40 miles per hour.

History

    Irish wolfhounds were used to hunt gray wolves in Great Britain.
    Irish wolfhounds were used to hunt gray wolves in Great Britain.

    Irish wolfhounds are among the oldest extant dog breeds: They have been recorded in literature and art for more than 2,000 years. Irish wolfhounds were bred to hunt such large, fleet prey as gray wolves and deer. These giant dogs played an important hand in the extermination of the wolf from Ireland, likely realized by the early 1700s. The Celts also employed the Irish wolfhound in warfare; the Romans, suitably impressed, incorporated them into their arena spectacles alongside lions, bears and other exotic fauna. The original breed nearly faded to oblivion with the disappearance of large quarry from Ireland, but a Scot, Captain George Augustus Graham, helped ensure its vitality in the late 1800s by cross-breeding remnant animals with borzoi, mastiffs, Scottish deerhounds and other strains.

Canine Speed

    Wild canids like painted dogs employ a coursing method to dispatch large prey.
    Wild canids like painted dogs employ a coursing method to dispatch large prey.

    While the speed of sighthounds like the Irish wolfhound is a product of selective breeding, it stems from the natural coursing abilities of wild canids like wolves, dholes and African wild dogs (also called painted dogs). These large, pack-hunting carnivores evince the lean, rangy look of the wolfhound, in stark contrast to the muscular, stocky build of the big cats --- the other major guild of big, carnivorous, terrestrial mammals. A lion or jaguar aims to stalk close to a prey animal using camouflage and stealth then dash upon it with formidable acceleration. A wolf or wild dog, by contrast, tends to course its prey: It sparks a herd of hoofed mammals to flight then trails it with dogged endurance. An animal that falters because of illness, physical injury or some other unlucky reason is often the one to be targeted by the pursuing canids.

How to Rescue a Pit Bull in Missouri

How to Rescue a Pit Bull in Missouri

Missouri residents can lighten the load of pit bull rescue centers by adopting a pit bull. However, before you go out on the spur of the moment to rescue a pit bull, there are things to consider and information to research.

Instructions

    1

    Learn about pit bulls. Make sure you take the time to separate the fact from fiction. Sites such as Pitbulllovers.com and Missouri Pit Bull Rescue.com offer tips and advice (see Resources) from which you can gain information about the breed. Do not consider rescuing one until youve done your homework.

    2

    Check with your homeowners insurance policy. Missouri residents must double-check their insurance policies before rescuing a pit bull. Many Missouri insurance companies prefer not to insure the breed and will either deny coverage or add a surcharge. Check with the Missouri Department of Insurance for a listing of companies willing to write policies for owners of pit bulls.

    3

    Review local law. As of this writing, Airport Drive, Berkeley, Butler and quite a few other Missouri cities have a ban on pit bulls. While Missouri cities of Wentzville and Hallsvill require liability insurance, reinforced windows and doors and other precautions of pit bull owners. To see if your city has restrictions, visit the Missouri page at Understand-a-bull.com.

    4

    Find the right pit bull for your lifestyle. Before you rescue a pit bull, make sure the dogs temperament matches with the household. If you have young children in your household, make sure you rescue a pit bull that is good with children.

    5

    Use a reputable pit bull rescue center. The Missouri Pit Bull Rescue Center has a large selection and provides medical attention for each dog that includes spay/neutering, heart worm prevention, vaccination and more. Before you can take your new pit bull home, they perform a home inspection and require references.

Rabu, 29 Agustus 2012

How Often Should You Feed a Medium Size Dog?

How Often Should You Feed a Medium Size Dog?

    Store dry dog food in an airtight container.
    Store dry dog food in an airtight container.

Twice a Day.

    A medium-sized dog weighing between 25 and 50 lb. should be fed twice a day. The Dog Breed Info Center recommends feeding between 2-1/4 and 3-3/4 cups of dry dog food or 1 can of moist food mixed with 1 to 2-1/2 cups of dry food.

Let It Eat When Hungry.

    Many dog owners prefer to let their animals eat "free-choice"--in other words, the owner leaves a full bowl of dry dog food out for the dog so it can eat whenever it feels hungry. This eliminates the need to worry about when and how much the dog should be fed.

Bottom Line

    Free-choice feeding has several disadvantages. First, it is difficult to regulate a dog's elimination schedule. Secondly, dogs that are fed free-choice are prone to obesity. Feeding a dog twice a day will keep it on a regular and healthy schedule.

Pomeranian Training Tips

Pomeranian Training Tips

Pomeranians are very popular dogs due to their cute appearance, intelligence, and small size. They are ideal companions for dog lovers with limited home space. Pomeranians are known for requiring a lot of attention and for being stubborn in their ways. This stubbornness can make training them a chore at times, especially when they're puppies.

Get Them in Pairs

    Pomeranians are very social dogs that require a lot of attention, so getting two of them can curtail some behavior problems because they can keep each other company and this makes general training easier. Since they are intelligent, they can also take behavior cues off of each other by seeing what behavior results in rewards for the other dog. Having two of them can also make training them to not bark excessively easier because they are more likely to bark when they are alone and bored.

Use Regular Schedules

    Keep your Pomeranian on a regular schedule and routine that it can get used to. This will make it much easier for your Pomeranian to be potty trained because it will be eating and going outside at the same times every day. The dog's body will get used to the schedule and mentally it will know when it needs to urinate or defecate. House training requires more regular trips outside in the beginning since Pomeranian puppies have small bladders and are not likely to be able to hold it all night. The outside runs can be scaled back to several regular times each day once the dog has established that urinating in the house is not allowed.

Utilize Treat Training

    Pomeranians respond very well to "treat training," which is when they are given a small treat as a reward for performing a desired task. Yelling and hitting a Pomeranian is not an effective training tool since the dog is more likely to fear you and associate you with negative things, which could result in more disobedience such as failure to follow verbal commands. Using treats for good behavior and a firm "no" for bad behavior establishes strict behavioral guidelines for the Pomeranian. They are traditionally smarter than many other breeds of dogs, so they usually respond to these methods quickly.

How to Stop a Dog From Eating too Fast

How to Stop a Dog From Eating too Fast

Dogs may develop a tendency to eat fast. The reasons behind this behavior may be linked to how dogs cohabitat or other factors in the home. Many times, in multidog households, there is much competition over food, or dogs simply may feel stressed and compelled to eat fast because they are surrounded by people coming and going or children playing. This stress during mealtimes may cause a dog to eat too fast and gulp down a lot of air, which can lead to some flatulence or a full-blown case of bloat, a potentially deadly disease observed mostly in large, deep-chested dog breeds. Preventing your dog from eating quickly can help keep him healthy.

Instructions

    1

    Provide a spot away from the hustle and bustle of your home. It is vital to provide a quiet environment in which the dog can eat peacefully and quietly. A quiet room, a secluded corner or even a crate may help the dog relax and feel less compelled to eat fast.

    2

    Hand-feed your dog one kibble at a time. Some owners have also found it beneficial to spread the food on the floor in a trail so the dog will have to eat a kibble every few steps.

    3

    Add large stones that are too big to be swallowed to the dish. It may help the dog slow down while eating. However, if your dog tends to eat stones, she should be monitored carefully.

    4

    Buy a special food bowl that is made for fast eaters from online retailers or specialty stores. These bowls specifically address the issue of dealing with dogs that gulp down their food. They have special features that force the dog to eat slowly. See References for an example of one type of specialty bowl.

Doberman Pinscher Standards

Doberman pinschers are medium-sized, lean, short-haired domestic dogs. They were bred as guard dogs in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. The breed likely comes from a mix of one or all of the following dog breeds: German pinscher, black and tan terrier, short-haired shepherd and rottweiler. Doberman pinschers have high energy levels, but are obedient to their masters. This makes them a popular choice for working dogs.

Appearance

    Doberman pinschers are muscular and give the impression of constant alertness. They have pointed erect ears, through clipping, and carry themselves in a manner that suggests courage and vigilance. The tail is docked, cut, around the second joint, but is naturally long and slightly tapering from the base. Doberman pinschers' heads are long and taper slightly toward the nose. Their bodies are lean and carried on straight, parallel legs. They should have 22 teeth in the lower jaw and 20 in the upper with a scissor bite. Doberman pinscher height is between 24 and 28 inches from shoulder to floor. Females are typically 2 to 4 inches shorter than males.

Coat and Color

    Doberman pinscher fur is short, thick and stiff. The coat on Doberman pinschers may be red, black, fawn or blue. There are rust red markings above the eyes, on the chest, neck and muzzle, as well as the legs, feet and under the tails. There may also be a small white patch of fur on the chest, but it must not be larger than 1/2-inch square on show dogs. The color of their noses will depend on the color of their fur. Black noses appear on black furred Dobermans, tan noses on fawn, grey noses on blue, and brown noses on red.

Temperament

    The breed standard temperament for Doberman pinschers is high energy, but in control. These dogs are loyal to their owners and should obey commands. Dobermans should also be brave and diligent. Dobermans are loving with their families. They will also defend a household by barking at perceived threats. They may also attack the threat, so they must be trained to prevent unwarranted attacks.

Faults and Disqualifications

    The standard temperament for Doberman pinschers is important for dog shows. Dobermans that show fear and are shy will not be able to complete shows. Aggressiveness towards people or attempted attacks on people is an automatic disqualification. However, it is normal for Dobermans to display aggressive behavior toward other dogs.

    Colors not in keeping with the breed standards are not acceptable. However, deviant markings are only faults and not disqualifications.

    An overshot jaw by 3/16 of an inch or more, or undershot by 1/8 of an inch or more, is a disqualification as is more than four missing teeth.

    All other differences from breed standard are faults rather than disqualifications.

How to Raise a Pure Bred Pug Puppy

How to Raise a Pure Bred Pug Puppy

While pug breeds are cute and cuddly, they are high maintenance. Unless you take good care of your pet, a pug is susceptible to various kinds of infections, especially in their eyes and nose.

Instructions

Spay, Neutering, or Breeding

    1

    If you intend to breed your female pug, make sure she is mature before attempting breeding. Since pugs are a small breed, breeding can be stressful and difficult for females.

    2

    Wait at least 2 years for a female to become mature before trying to breed.

    3

    If you don't breed your dog, neuter or spay your animal. It's not necessary to breed your pet if you do not intend to care for the young or become a pug breeder.

Health Concerns

    4

    Take good care of your pug. If you pay attention to your pug's health needs, you can expect him to live 12 to 14 years. Keep his vaccinations up to date. Pugs need to be indoor dogs, because they cannot stand extreme temperatures for long periods of time. If it's extremely hot outside, keep your pug inside. Pugs cannot regulate their body temperatures, so they can overheat.

    5

    Groom your dog by brushing his coat to minimize shedding. Pugs shed, even though they have short hair, so grooming is an essential aspect of your pug's overall care.

    6

    Clean your pug's eyes when they become dirty. It is important to keep his eyes free of debris and dirt. Because their eyes bulge, the eyes can become susceptible to infections.

    7

    Occasionally use baby wipes to clean your dog's wrinkles. The wrinkles can become a host to all sorts of bacteria, if you do not clean them out. Clean out the wrinkles once a week.

    8

    Feed your pug a healthy diet, not scrap food. If your pug eats the wrong food, he can gain weight quickly, which can often lead to hip dysplasia. Walk your pet, as pugs need exercise to keep them toned.

    9

    Pay attention to your dog's breathing. While pugs snore and sneeze, if her breathing becomes more labored than usual, or if she begins to have a discharge, or sneeze excessively, take her to the vet.

    10

    Brush your pug's teeth. Just like humans, dogs need their teeth brushed. Make a nightly routine of brushing your pug's teeth. To get her used to the sensation of a toothbrush, apply paste to the brush and let her lick the paste before brushing. You can also use finger toothbrushes, since pugs are smaller.

Lists of Dogs for People With Allergies & Asthma

Lists of Dogs for People With Allergies & Asthma

Allergy season lasts all year when you are allergic to dogs. According to Pet Place, no dog is 100 percent allergy-free, but some breeds are less likely to cause an allergic reaction. Each allergy sufferer will react differently to each dog. If possible, spend some time with the various hypoallergenic breeds before committing to owning a particular dog.

Bichon Frise

    Playful and gentle, the bichon is an active, intelligent dog. Its long, silky white coat does not shed but continues to grow, so regular grooming is required to prevent matting. The bichon is an active toy breed dog that needs regular exercise. This is a breed that adores children.

Portuguese Water Dog

    An active breed, the Portuguese water dog requires regular vigorous exercise. This breed loves children and was the choice of the first family for President Obama's daughter, who suffers from allergies. The dog is intelligent and trains easily. The Portuguese water dog's thick coat requires frequent grooming. The breed is of medium-large size, weighing 35 to 60 pounds.

Miniature Schnauzer

    All schnauzers have hypoallergenic coats. The miniature adapts particularly well to various living situations and gets along well with kids if the two are raised together. They are excellent watch dogs. The schnauzer sheds minimally but requires regular grooming and professional clipping. The miniature schnauzer stands 12 to 14 inches high at the shoulder.

Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

    The wheaten, true to its terrier name, is a tenacious and active breed. It needs daily exercise. This breed loves children and adapts well to city or country life. The wheaten is a light shedder but needs frequent grooming to keep its coat free of tangles. This breed ideally weighs 30 to 40 pounds.

Poodle

    Poodles come in three varieties: toy, miniature and standard. All varieties are suitable for those suffering from allergies and asthma. The poodle is exceptionally intelligent and trains easily. Poodles love to please. Playful and affectionate, this breed loves children. Poodles are quite active and require regular exercise. The poodle's heavy, hypoallergenic coat requires regular brushing as well as professional grooming about four times a year. Toy poodles are 10 inches or under in height, miniatures between 10 and 15 inches, and standards are over 15 inches.

Kerry Blue Terrier

    The active, fun-loving Kerry blue terrier possesses the typical stubborn terrier personality. This breed needs ample exercise and firm guidance. The Kerry blue enjoys being a family dog and loves playing with the children of the family. Care should be taken if there are cats and other small pets in the family. This dog is a hunter by nature and may see the other pets as prey. Regular grooming is required for its hypoallergenic coat. The Kerry blue weighs 33 to 40 pounds.

About English Coonhounds

English coonhounds are a common hunting and family dog. They have a friendly demeanor that makes them good around other humans and other pets, in addition to the recognizable hound bawl when they bark. The American Kennel Club says they are relatively easy to groom and take care of, making them a good choice for a family pet.

Physical Appearance

    English coonhounds are normally 21 to 27 inches in height and between 40 to 65 lbs. in weight. The coats of these dogs are made from short and hard hairs. There are a few different possible color schemes for this breed, including blue and white-ticked; red and white-ticked; tri-colored with ticking; red and white; and white and black. According to the American Kennel Club, excessive amounts of red and black are considered a negative when showing these dogs in competitions. The tails are medium-length.

Temperament

    English coonhounds are known for being strong hunting dogs because of their sense of smell. Owners often describe them as being intelligent, active and loyal. They are known for trying to please their owners and also get along well with other dogs. English coonhounds are very active, which means they normally do better with older children because they can get rough when playing with younger children.

Proper Living Conditions

    English coonhounds need plenty of room to exercise and play, meaning they are not recommended for apartment living. English coonhounds should live on a farm or acreage to ensure enough outdoor exercise time. If they do live indoors, they need to be taken on brisk jogs daily or they may become destructive and high-strung. English coonhounds have a tendency to chase after new and odd scents, so they need to be leashed if they are in a new area. When proper living conditions are provided, this breed of dog tends to live between 11 and 12 years.

History

    The origins of the English coonhound can be traced back to the English foxhound. The United Kennel Club first recognized this breed in 1905 under the name English fox and coonhound. The name was selected because of the breed's similarities to the American and English foxhound. The breed was commonly used for fox hunting then and still is today. The variation in colors and looks is what separates the English coonhounds from other breeds.

Selasa, 28 Agustus 2012

How to Put Weight on an Underweight Dog

Underweight in dogs has a number of possible causes, such as neglect, intestinal disease and congenital deformities such as underbite preventing the dog from eating. No matter what the cause, being underweight is a life-threatening condition.

By far the most effective method of putting healthy muscle weight onto a dog is to supplement with high-energy human food.

Depending on how severely malnourished your dog is, it may take up to six weeks to get the dog up to its ideal weight. Resist the temptation to overfeed or go too fast with this program, as it will do more harm to the dog than good.

Instructions

    1

    Assess your dog, or get it assessed by a veterinary professional. If the dog is a new member of your family. it may have been abused or neglected by its previous owners. If the dog has been with you for quite a while, its weight loss may be due to an intestinal disease such as worms. If your dog has an intestinal disease, treat the disease before attempting to put weight on it.

    2

    If your dog is severely underweight (weighing half or less of its ideal weight), begin to increase his diet very slowly. Do not feed kibble or commercial canned dog food. Instead, mix 1/4 cup cooked white rice with 1/4 cup cooked cheap hamburger meat (the fattier the better), and feed this very slowly to your dog. Repeat five to six times a day. Remember to go very slowly--too much food at once is bad for starving dogs.

    3

    If your dog weighs less than three-quarters but more than half its ideal weight, try feeding three or four small meals a day. Alternate the rice and hamburger mixture above with plain full-fat yogurt, and macaroni and cheese. Start mixing a little kibble into your dog's food after the first week. Don't feed more than 3/4 cup total of this mixture at one time.

    4

    If your dog is mildly underweight (weighing three-quarters or more of its ideal weight), try feeding commercial canned dog food or puppy kibble mixed with 1/4 cup white rice two to three times daily. Supplement its diet with one or two satin balls (see Resources below) or a thoroughly cooked scrambled egg at each feeding.

    5

    Make sure your dog--no matter how underweight--gets plenty of fluids. An electrolyte drink or diluted powdered bouillon will help.

    6

    Once your dog is at his ideal weight, cut back on the amount of "people food" you give it with each meal. Continue to supplement with one to two satin balls a day. If this causes your dog to lose some of the weight it put on, increase the number of satin balls to three to four a day for two weeks, then try to cut back again. Continue experimenting until you find the ideal amount of food to maintain your dog's weight.

How to Spot a High Quality Pet Food

Pet food ingredients are not all created equal as you can tell by the price differences among pet food! You'll want to know how to spot high quality ingredients, complete nutrition that includes vitamins and minerals pets need and food that does not include harmful chemical additives of any kind.

Instructions

    1

    Look on the ingredients list for all-natural foods that you recognize: beef, chicken, duck, lamb, brown rice, vegetables. These are high-quality ingredients and are readily digestible nutrient sources your pet's body can use.

    2

    Note whether the food includes carbohydrate fillers like cornmeal, wheat, soy and white rice. Stay away from foods loaded with these fillers because they are indigestible to your pet and provide no nutrients whatsoever. Wheat and soy are even known allergens.

    3

    Learn about animal by-product meal. It's a common pet food filler made from the feet, feathers, hooves, beaks and hair of other animals. Animal by-product meal is commonly used to boost the protein content on the guaranteed analysis, but it is indigestible to your pet and they cannot absorb any protein from these materials.

    4

    Invest in foods that use meat meal, which is meat without its water content. Meat meal is a highly concentrated protein source that pet's bodies can absorb readily.

    5

    Identify chemical additives and steer clear of foods that contain them. Any artificial food colorings and preservatives like BHA, BHT and other long chemical words you cannot pronounce have been known to cause harmful effects on pets--even though they are generally recognized as safe. Instead, look for natural sources of preservatives like antioxidant vitamins A, C and E, and no colorings at all.

    6

    Check the guaranteed analysis chart to make sure certain minerals have been included in the food. Dogs need a daily supply of calcium, magnesium, sodium and phosphorous, and cats need taurine and magnesium for optimal health. You can find this information in the ingredients list as well as the guaranteed analysis chart.

    7

    Look for an indication of how the food is made. High-quality foods are always proud of their nutrient-preserving processing methods and will usually state that somewhere on the bag.

How to Identify a Chinese Crested Dog

How to Identify a Chinese Crested Dog

A Chinese Crested Dog belongs to the toy group. The breed is lively and agile, but is not stilted or hackneyed. As it trots, it moves in a straight line. The Chinese Crested is a happy and alert dog and can be any color or combination of colors. There are two types of Chinese Crestedshairless and powderpuff.

Instructions

    1

    Look at the Chinese Cresteds appearance and size. This toy dog is fine-boned and graceful. The hairless will only have hair on the head, tail and feet, while the powderpuff is completely covered with hair. The Chinese Crested is only about 11 to 13 inches in height. The body length is slightly longer than the height. While it is a fine-boned breed, it does not appear breakable.

    2

    Make sure the dogs expression is alert and intense. The breed should have almond shaped eyes that are set wide apart. Dark color dogs will have dark eyes and light colored dogs will have a lighter eye. The rims will match the coloring of the dog. The ears are uncropped and stand large and erect. They are placed so that the base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye. There should be a noticeable arch to the skull between the ears. When viewed from the top and side, the head should have a wedge-shape. The cheeks should taper into the muzzle and the nose should be dark in the dark dogs, but lighter in the lighter-colored dogs. The hairless version of the breed may have missing teeth, but the powderpuff should not be missing any teeth.

    3

    Take note of the tail. The tail is slender and should taper to a curve. It should be long enough to reach the hock. It may be carried over the back (slightly) when the dog is moving. At rest, the tail should be down with a curve toward the end, making it look like a sickle. The hairless will have two-thirds of the tail covered with long flowing feathers. The powderpuffs tail is completely covered with hair.

    4

    Check the fore- and hindquarters. The shoulders should lay back about 45 degrees and allow for a good reach. The shoulders are narrow. The elbows are close to the body. Dewclaws may be removed. The feet are hare-feet and are narrow with elongated toes. The rear feet are the same as the front feet, and the stifle is moderately angulated. Dewclaws may be removed.

    5

    Make sure the hairless has hair on the head, the tail and feet from the toes to the front pasterns and rear hock. The texture of the hair should be softto the point of being silky. It can be any length. The skin should be soft and smooth where there is no hair. The powderpuff is completely covered with a soft coat that is silky. It is a double coat. The outside hairs are long and thin, and the undercoat is short and silky. The coat should be straight and have moderate density and length.

How to Build Your Pitbull's Muscle Mass

There is no denying the strength of a pit bull. Many owners showcase the strength of their pets by participating in weight pulling. Weight-pulling competition allows owners and their dogs to compete in a sport that is worthy of the pit bull. It also gives pit bull owners a chance to socialize with like-minded pit bull owners. To compete in weight pulling, your dog must have good muscle mass. Helping your dog build muscle mass is relatively simple and will keep it healthy.

Instructions

    1

    Buy high-quality dog food. Diet is essential to building muscle mass in your pit bull. A high-quality organic dog food rich in amino acids is a good choice. Beware of foods that contain bone meal and ash.

    2

    Add protein. Your pit bull needs protein to develop muscle mass. Lean meats such as chicken and raw eggs are high in protein. Slowly add small pieces of chicken to your pit bull's food to help promote muscle building.

    3

    Exercise your pit bull. The best results come from exercise. Make sure to run and play with your pit bull every day. Not only will this build up muscle mass, but it will make your dog happy and healthy.

    4

    Keep your dog hydrated. Give your pit bull fresh cold water every day. Keeping the dog's muscles hydrated will promote muscle growth.

Facts on Schnoodle Dogs

Facts on Schnoodle Dogs

You used to call them crossbreeds or mutts, but dogs of mixed parentage are now referred to as hybrids or designer dogs. Dog owners have discovered that selective cross breeding can produce intelligent, healthy and desirable companions. The schnoodle is a cross between a poodle and a schnauzer. The result is a delightful dog that is intelligent and loving, making it a good choice for a family dog.

Appearance

    Schnauzers bred with poodles will have cheerful, active puppies.
    Schnauzers bred with poodles will have cheerful, active puppies.

    When a puppy has parents of different breeds, your puppy will look more like one parent than the other. It is impossible to predict which parent the puppies will favor. They may have a long narrow muzzle like the poodle or an angular, heavier muzzle like the schnauzer. The legs will be long and the ears will be floppy, as these are two common characteristics of both poodles and schnauzers.

Size

    There are three sizes of poodles; toy, miniature and standard. There are also three sizes of schnauzers; miniature, standard and giant. Your schnoodle's size at maturity will depend on the size of the parents that were bred to produce your puppy. The most common breeding is done between two miniatures, which will produce puppies ranging from 10 to 16 lbs. If the standard poodle is bred with a giant schnauzer, your puppy can grow to 80 lbs. It is important when you purchase your puppy to know the size of both parents.

Temperament

    Schoodles are active and athletic dogs. You will need to take your dog on long walks and involve them in outdoor games to keep them healthy and happy. They are intelligent, easily trained and eager to please you. They are good with children, but can be aggressive towards other dogs and animals. If you socialize your puppy early, you should be able to overcome this problem.

The Coat

    A schnauzer's coat is wiry in contrast to the poodle's soft, curly coat. Your puppy could inherit either coat or a combination of both. Your puppy will be non-shedding, or shed very little, and is a good choice if you have allergies. You will need to have your dog clipped and groomed by a professional periodically. The schnoodle's coat can be white, black, brown, grey, apricot or have colored markings.

Miniature Dogs for Kids

Miniature Dogs for Kids

Miniature dogs are popular companion pets because their small size makes them appropriate for apartment living. If you have children in the home, you may also want a small dog so the kids don't get knocked down or pushed around. Not all small dogs are good with kids and knowing the breeds that are kid-friendly will help you make the right choice for your family.

Pomeranian

    The Pomeranian has lots of energy.
    The Pomeranian has lots of energy.

    Pomeranians generally weigh around 3 to 7 lbs. and stand around 8 to 11 inches tall at the shoulder. Originally bred in Germany to be lapdogs, these dogs love to be around humans and are eager to please. Pomeranians are high energy and like to move. According to Pet Place, the Pomeranian does best in families with older children.

Yorkies

    Yorkies were used to hunt rodents.
    Yorkies were used to hunt rodents.

    Yorkshire terriers, often called yorkies, weigh around 4 to 7 lbs. and usually stand around 8 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder. The English bred this breed to be rodent hunters, so they have a lot of energy. According to Pet People's Place, yorkies are loving and high-spirited. They do moderately well with children.

English Toy Spaniel

    English toy spaniels are smaller spaniels that weigh between 8 to 14 lbs. and stand between 9 to 11 inches at the shoulder. These dogs were originally lapdogs to the royalty in England and are less active. According to Pet People Place, they are quiet and very small. Like all spaniel breeds, they do well with children.

Pug

    Pugs love to play with children.
    Pugs love to play with children.

    One of the larger breeds of miniature dogs, the pug usually weighs around 14 to 18 lbs. and stands 10 to 12 inches at the shoulder. These dogs are brachycephalic, or flat faced. The Chinese originally bred pugs to be lapdogs. According to Pet Place, this breed is great with children and happily play with them.

Shih Tzu

    Shih Tzus love to please.
    Shih Tzus love to please.

    The Shih Tzu, sometimes called the Chrysanthemum dog because its face resemble the petals of a mum, weighs around 9 to 16 lbs. and stands between 8 to 11 inches tall at the shoulder. Also bred as Chinese lapdogs, the Shih Tzu is a low-energy breed. According to Pet Place, these dogs love to please, are happy to live the life of luxury and play with children.

How to Identify a Norfolk Terrier

How to Identify a Norfolk Terrier

The fearless Norfolk Terrier has a big dog attitude in a little dog body. Despite the dog's fearlessness, the breed should not be aggressive. Norfolk Terriers have one of the best temperaments of all the terriers. They are great family dogs and are good with children. If the pup is left outside alone for too long a period, it may dig. This breed likes to be around family. If socialized at an early age, the Norfolk Terrier tends to get along with most other pets.

Instructions

    1

    Look at the general appearance of the Norfolk Terrier. Its dropped ears show a lot of expression, and coupled with its free moving, compact body, shows the versatility of this breed. It works well in the field and plays well inside the home. The males are 9 to 10 inches at the withers and weighing 11 to 12 pounds. Females are a bit smaller at 8 to 9 inches at the withers and weighing 9 to 11 pounds. Since the measurement from the point of the withers to the rump is a bit longer than the height of the dog, it has a slight rectangular shape.

    2

    Check the head and skull. The wide skull is slightly rounded and is rather wide between the ears. The ears are held close to the cheek and are v-shaped with a bit of a rounded tip. The small, dark eyes are oval and are spaced wide apart. Along with its expressive ears, the Norfolk Terriers eyes help give it an intelligent expression.

    3

    Make sure the neck and body is proportionate with the rest of the dog. The medium length neck is strong and leads into angulated shoulders and a moderately deep chest. The elbows are kept close to the ribs. The front feet are round and have thick pads. The rear thighs are muscular. The rear feet are also round and have thick pads. The tail is docked, but not too close to the body. It is straight and sits high on the rump.

    4

    Pet the protective coat. It should feel hard and wiry. It is straight and 1 to 2 inches long, and covers an undercoat. The Norfolk Terrier has a mane on the neck and shoulders. This hair is longer than the body hair. The coat can be any shade of red, wheat, grizzle or black and tan. There should be no white markings on the Norfolk Terrier.

How to Care for a Cairn Terrier

How to Care for a Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier is a feisty little dog that was originally bred to hunt prey burrowing in cairns (piles of stone) in the Scottish Highlands. They are known for being smart, sort of bossy, and independent with a "mind of their own," but they're also good with children and make loving, loyal family pets. A Cairn Terrier might live till 15 or more, and the following steps will help keep them healthy.

Instructions

    1

    Take your Cairn Terrier for regular medical checkups and include eye exams, because the breed is prone to eye disorders such as cataracts. You can also do a monthly home exam of the skin, eyes, ears, nose, teeth and gums. Stay current on vaccinations, flea and heartworm preventative.

    2

    Clean your Cairn's teeth regularly and include professional scalings. Consult with your vet for a recommended schedule.

    3

    Spay or neuter your Cairn Terrier. Spaying females before the first heat prevents breast cancer and decreases the likelihood of uterine infections. Neutering males before the age of four prevents testicular cancer, helps maintain a healthy prostate and curbs aggression.

    4

    Feed your Cairn a quality dog food with meat as the first ingredient. Whether feeding store-bought dog food or a homemade diet, make sure it's the proper balance of protein, carbs, fats, fiber, vitamins and minerals. Do not overfeed, since Cairns tend to gain weight easily. Try to limit treats, as much as they love them.

    5

    Make sure your Cairn gets regular exercise. They can live in an apartment, but are high energy and need regular walks or romps in the park. A yard to play in is ideal for the Cairn, however, they don't do well as outdoor dogs, as they thrive on being with humans.

    6

    Brush and comb your Cairn at least once a week and there will be little to no shedding and a coat free of mats. The Cairn is double coated with a coarse outer coat and a soft, short undercoat. The coat has a shaggy appearance and doesn't require trimming. It is also weather resistant.

    7

    Bathe your Cairn about once a month or every other month. Clean the ears with an ear cleaning solution for dogs or baby oil. You can wipe the eyes with a damp cotton ball. Trim around the eyes and ears with blunt-nosed scissors and clip the nails regularly.

Senin, 27 Agustus 2012

Shih Tzu vs. Poodle

Shih Tzu vs. Poodle

The American Kennel Club recognizes more than 160 breeds of dogs, including the Shih Tzu and poodle. According to the AKC, both breeds are highly popular with U.S. dog owners. The Shih Tzu is believed to be a descendant from Lhasa apso and Pekingese crossbreeding. Chinese royalty from the Ming dynasty cherished the Shih Tzu as house pets. The poodle, originally bred in Germany as a hunting dog, offers varieties in three sizes.

Size

    The toy poodle grows up to 10 inches in height. The maximum height for a miniature poodle is just under 15 inches. The standard poodle, the oldest variety of the three, stands over 15 inches tall. Adult Shih Tzus stand 9 to 12 inches tall and weigh 9 to 16 pounds. Consider the size of your living quarters. Both breeds are well suited to small spaces. Determine pet regulations if you are an apartment dweller.

Personality

    The translation for Shih Tzu is lion. This breed is fearless, but sweet. Shih Tzus are alert companions and friendly toward strangers. Poodles are smart and do well in obedience class. They are active pets and project an air of dignity. There is no obvious difference in disposition between females and males in these two breeds. If you have no plans to breed your dog, any minor differences are alleviated when your pet is spayed or neutered.

Care

    Consider professional grooming for both breeds. The original poodle hairstyle, known as the poodle clip, allowed the breed speedy movement through water during hunting expeditions. Several poodle clip styles are available today. All sport the traditional knot of hair on top of the poodles head. The Shih Tzus long, double coat requires extensive maintenance. In addition to regular professional grooming, the flowing coat should be brushed daily. Tie hair on top with a bow.

Health

    The Shih Tzu requires less exercise than the poodle, but avoid swimming and excessive heat. In rare cases, Shih Tzus suffer from abnormal kidney development. Watch for excessive thirst. Poodles have high energy and benefit from frequent exercise. The remaining body hair after a poodle clip protects the poodle from cold temperatures. Miniature and toy poodles are more prone to orthopedic issues than the standard poodle variety. To ensure optimal health, purchase either breed from a reputable breeder.

What Breed of Dog Should I Get?

Take a walk through most any neighborhood and the obvious soon becomes apparent: dogs come in all shapes, sizes and colors. Some bark furiously as you walk by, others stare condescendingly at your choice of wardrobe, and still others nearly turn themselves inside out just to say "hello" with their wagging tails and huge grins. Each dog is an individual, but within each breed are certain characteristics you can use to determine which dog is right for you.

Know the Breed

    The American Kennel Club (AKC), founded in the late 1800s, focuses on the purebred. The organization categorizes dogs into eight groups: sporting, hound, working, terrier, toy, non-sporting, herding and "miscellaneous." Within each of these groups is a myriad of breeds to choose from. The AKC website (see Reference) provides information on the standards, temperaments, origins and traits of well over 1,000 breeds. Their site also supplies names of reputable breeders, training resources and information regarding dog clubs in the United States.

    Also check with The American Veterinary Medical Association (see Resource), local veterinarians, friends, reputable breeders and area kennel clubs for more information about the breed you are contemplating. Along with the basics of care and nutrition, a veterinarian can provide information regarding health problems a particular breed might be susceptible to. Some breeds, like the Boxer, are more prone to certain cancers, and Golden Retrievers have a higher incidence of hip problems than many other breeds. These potential ailments can greatly affect the overall cost of caring for your dog and should be considered when determining which breed is right for you.

Find a Breed That Suits Your Lifestyle

    There are specific characteristics breeders purposely promote within bloodlines of the purebreds, including temperament. According to AKC standards, the Golden Retriever should exhibit friendliness, reliability and trustworthiness. The Chow Chow is known for its independence and aloofness. The Beagle is expected to be cheerful and curious, while the Basenji is affectionate but can be aloof with strangers. Be sure the expected or desired temperament of a breed meshes with your household.

    The amount of time you are willing to devote to incidentals like grooming and exercise is important. The Afghan Hound and Irish Setter require extensive grooming and, according to the AKC, both are high-energy dogs that need regular exercise. On the other hand, the Rough Collie has a heavy coat but can get by with weekly brushing and, for exercise, will make do with a daily walk. The Beagle requires very little grooming in comparison but scores high on energy.

    Also calculate size and your grocery budget when choosing a breed. Along with the physical space your dog will require, remember that the larger the dog the more he eats. The AKC gives specifics regarding the average height and weight for males and females of each breed. Your veterinarian can tell you which brand of dog food she prefers you use and how much to feed.

How to Find Lost AKC Dog Papers

How to Find Lost AKC Dog Papers

The American Kennel Club, or AKC, is an organization that started in 1884, according to its website. Its services include keeping dog registration papers. The AKC is a source for keeping papers as it is a trusted, longstanding organization among dog owners. The AKC has made finding paperwork details and ordering new paperwork possible. Keeping and maintaining paperwork is an essential part of keeping track of the lineage and details of purebred dogs.

Instructions

    1

    Locate the AKC registration number (consisting of two letters and eight numbers) assigned to your dog by the AKC. The AKC official website says you can also e-mail the organization if you do not have this information.

    2

    Request duplicate paperwork through the AKC by downloading an application and filling in the AKC registration number, AKC registered name, sex and breed of the dog, along with owner information. You can also obtain the form by sending in your name and mailing address if you do not have access to the program Adobe Acrobat Reader, as the application is in PDF form. If you cannot complete the form in its entirety, call 919-233-9767 for a customer service representative, although you must be the recorded dog owner according to their files to get the information.

    3

    Pay a $20 processing fee. The organization accepts Visa, American Express, Mastercard and Discover credit cards. Another option is to send with the paperwork a check or money order and send the application and included fee through the mail. Checks and money orders are payable to the American Kennel Club.

How to Locate a Keeshond Puppy

Keeshonds are a medium-sized breed related to the Samoyed and the Pomeranian, according to the American Kennel Club. They are intelligent, active and friendly dogs--and may be hard to locate in your area. These dogs are not as popular as Labrador retrievers or German shepherds, but finding one can be a worthwhile endeavor because they make a wonderful family pet and childhood companion.

Instructions

    1

    The first step in locating a keeshond puppy is to call or visit local veterinarians. Veterinarians and their office staff usually are aware of breeders in the area, and will know if keeshonds are bred nearby. This is an ideal means of gathering additional information about the reputation of a local breeder. A local vet also may know if there is a breed club in the area. If there is, members may be able to help you find a puppy.

    2

    Use the American Kennel Club as a resource. The club's website has a puppy search function that allows you to locate dogs by breed within a 200-mile vicinity of a given ZIP code. The website also has links to Keeshond rescue groups and local breeder associations.

    3

    Seek out websites that list breeders. The NextDay Pets, Breeders Club and Puppyfind websites list puppies by breed and some list them by city and state. Contact information and prices are listed along with pictures of the puppies. Breeder information also is listed.

    4

    Lastly, do not forget to check out local humane societies. Contact the local human society and area shelters to see if any keeshond puppies are available or if the staff knows anyone locally who raises keeshonds. The local human society also can assist in determining whether a local breeder is reputable.

How Long Does it Take for German Shepherds to Hold Up Their Ears?

How Long Does it Take for German Shepherds to Hold Up Their Ears?

The ears of German shepherds generally prick up on their own. Unlike a doberman pinscher, German shepherds need not undergo cropping surgery to prick up their ears. The ears hold themselves up automatically when they are typically between 6 and 8 weeks old. This is also the teething stage of the pet. However, in some puppies, the process may not start until they are 12 to 14 weeks old, but this is not a reason to worry, though it is advisable to monitor the development of the ears regularly.

Soft Ears

    Some German shepherd puppies are born with genetically weak ears, wherein the ears rise up just halfway and then flop down the sides. Though there are chances that they may naturally rise up over time, you cannot eliminate the possibility of them remaining this way for their lifetime.

    The latest the puppy's ears hold up is usually 7 months. Rarely does it happen when they are more than a year old. In this case, you would use taping to correct the abnormality. The chances of holding up the ears through taping are higher. However, be prepared that your attempt may or may not be successful.

Taping the Ears

    Dog owners are often not sure when to start the taping process. The only way to arrive at this decision is to observe your pet's ears closely until it is about 5 months old. If your puppy is still in the teething stage, you can continue waiting for some more time, as ears do not prick during this period.

Applying the Glue

    Shake the glue well and dab a few drops of glue on a piece of paper. Do not pour the glue directly onto the ears of your puppy, as it may enter the inside of the ear or you may put too much. Apply the glue on the outside edge of the ears, from the base to the tip. Press both the ears together over the head for about 30 seconds or until the glue is set. Use a skin bond adhesive for this purpose. You can even use eyelash glue.

Regluing

    You can try as long as you want to try and hold up the ears. In some cases, it has taken nearly three and a half months or even longer to prick the ears up.

    Do not pull a glued ear until they naturally come off. The glue generally lasts for a month. If the ears come apart frequently, reapply the glue. It may be necessary to trim the hair on the ears before reapplying the glue. After a month, observe the ears for about two to three days. If they stand erect on their own, there is no need to glue back the ears. However, if the ears start flopping, apply the glue for another month.

Results

    Usually after a month or two of gluing the ears will stand up. However, if there is still a problem, it is best to consult the breeder immediately, but continue taping the ears. Also, speak to your vet. If the ears do not stand up at all, it is not the end of the world. Accept it and move on.

Dog Shows in South Carolina

Dog Shows in South Carolina

Purebred dogs and their owners have several options for showing their dogs in the state of South Carolina. Dog shows are often run by local kennel clubs, and can be supported or approved by the American Kennel Club, one of the top purebred dog organizations in the world. Dog shows can be specific to certain breeds or certain events.

The Columbia Kennel Club Dog Show

    The Columbia Kennel Club began in 1935 and is a member of the American Kennel Club (AKC). Since then, it has hosted more than 100 AKC-sponsored shows in South Carolina, and each show brings in more than 1,000 entries. Points earned at the Columbia Kennel Club shows can be awarded toward an AKC championship. Each year the club hosts two shows, one in April and another in September.

The Greenville Kennel Club

    The Greenville Kennel Club hosts two dog shows a year, one in February and another in July. Its shows are sanctioned by the American Kennel Club and are all-breed shows for purebred dogs. The show consists of six specialties, three obedience trials and three rally trials. The show has free admission, and children and families are welcome. This show is unique because it gives visitors an opportunity to meet with breeders and learn about the breeds before adopting a new puppy.

Tokeena Beagle Club

    This small club dedicated to the Beagle breed hosts one show a year in October. This show is for Beagles only and is an AKC-sanctioned event. It will consist of several Field Trials before the awards are given out. The show takes place in Seneca, South Carolina.

What Are Cavalier Puppies?

What Are Cavalier Puppies?

Cavalier puppies are Cavalier King Charles spaniel puppies. The Cavalier King Charles spaniel breed is named for King Charles II but is a distinct breed from the King Charles spaniel. Cavalier King Charles spaniels are happy dogs that are eager to please and love to be around people. They are also called Ruby spaniels or Blenheim spaniels, due their distinctive coloring. Ruby spaniels are red. Blenheim spaniels are white with chestnut markings, with a white blaze between the eyes and ears. There may be a chestnut mark, called the blenheim spot, in the center of the white blaze.

Characteristics

    Cavalier King Charles spaniels have a slightly rounded head, long ears and full muzzle. They have a silky coat that may be ruby, black and tan, chestnut and white, or tricolored. Tricolored are black, white and tan. They weigh between 10 and 18 pounds, and are about 12 inches high. They usually live nine to 14 years. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have large, round, dark brown eyes with dark rims that give them a soft expression.

Temperament

    King Charles spaniels are affectionate, energetic and intelligent. They require daily walks, exercise and companionship. They get along well with people, other dogs and other pets. They are descended from hunting breeds so they have a strong sense of smell, good eyesight and an instinct to chase. They are fearless and do well with obedience training.

Puppies

    Cavalier King Charles spaniel puppies are relatively easy to housebreak and train. As with any breed, take the puppy outside soon after eating and when he wakes up. Cavalier King Charles spaniel puppies do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. They are a toy breed and should be kept indoors with their human families. Temperature extremes can cause severe health problems or even death. Puppies should be examined for hereditary eye defects and cardiac mitral valve disease.

Breeding History

    The original King Charles spaniel had a longer nose than the current breed. In the late 1600s, the King Charles spaniel was interbred with pugs, resulting in a smaller dog with a flatter nose and upturned face. In the 1920s, an American named Roswell Eldridge revived interest in the longer-nosed dog depicted in paintings of King Charles II with his dogs. British and American breeders revived the longer-nosed breed. In the 1940s, the longer-nosed dog was classified as a separate breed called the Cavalier King Charles spaniel. It achieved full recognition by the American Kennel Association in 1996 and is classified in the toy group.

How to Find the Right Dog Breed for You

How to Find the Right Dog Breed for You

If you are interested in becoming the master of a dog, it is a good idea to do ample research to make sure you find the perfect fit for your home. While saving a pet's life at a shelter is always encouraged, it is good to go into it knowing what breeds will make a good fit for your family or living situation and which breeds will not match your lifestyle.

Instructions

    1

    Think about your daily lifestyle. Consider the amount of time you spend working away from the home, the amount of time your dog will be left alone, the amount of time you can realistically exercise your dog, what you expect to spend per month on grooming, the ages of your children, your house size, your yard size, the general climate where you live, any allergies you may suffer, the size dog you want and if you'll accept a dog who sheds. Make a list and answer these questions, honestly.

    2

    Research your breed of choice online or at the library. Take your list with you or keep it close at hand. Be honest with yourself about whether this dog will match your lifestyle. It is not fair to purchase a dog just because he's cute if you won't be able to give him the attention or exercise his breed needs. If you have children, you will also need to consider the breed's general ability to get along with them. Although each dog is different, their personalities are generally characterized by their breed.

    3

    Be flexible. Consider two or three breeds you feel might meet your family's lifestyle. Don't get your heart set on a particular breed.

    4

    Take a short quiz at the Animal Planet, Dog Breed Info or Iams Dog Food websites. These mini quizzes will ask you about your lifestyle and tell you the breeds you will be most compatible with. Take just one quiz or take all three and see how the results compare. They may surprise you.

    5

    Go down to your local shelter or rescue group(s) for your particular breed. Adopt your new best friend and enjoy.

Genetic Weakness in Collies

Genetic Weakness in Collies

The collie is from the herding group of dogs and is strong, active, loyal and agile, according to the American Kennel Club. Collies can suffer from genetic weaknesses, the most common being eye disease. The eye diseases that affect collies are collie eye anomaly and progressive retinal atrophy. Another genetic disease in collies is canine cyclic neutropenia, according to the Collie Health Foundation.

Collie Eye Anomaly

    Collie eye anomaly is a series of genetic eye weaknesses in collies. It presents itself before the birth of the puppies. The eye anomalies include choroidal hypoplasia, which is an abnormality of the color pigments in the lining of the eye. This condition is the least harmful genetic eye weakness in collies and usually does not affect vision, according to the Collie Health Foundation.

    Another eye anomaly referred to as staphyloma, ectasia or coloboma causes bulging in the collies optic disc. Vascular disease, also known as tortuous blood vessels, is another genetic eye weakness causing less blood to flow to the eye or hemorrhaging.

    If collies do not exhibit these genetic weaknesses at birth, they will not develop the conditions later in life. Collies that test positive for these anomalies are at risk for blindness or hemorrhaging as they age.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

    Progressive retinal atrophy is a genetic disease that can affect collies as they age. The disease causes the breakdown of the dogs retina, resulting in total blindness. One or both eyes can become diseased. An early symptom of this disease is night blindness, which causes the dog to walk into objects in low lighting. Responsible breeders have greatly lessened the existence of PRA in collies because they eliminate breeding collies with this gene, says the Collie Health Foundation.

Canine Cyclic Neutropenia

    Canine cyclic neutropenia, also known as the grey collie syndrome, is a genetic blood disorder, which both parents pass on to offspring. Puppies suffering from this genetic disorder are small and weak with light gray or beige skin. Canine cyclic neutropenia prevents the puppy from producing red and white blood cells on a cycle of every 10 to 12 days. Most puppies with this genetic disease die within two years, according to the Collie Health Foundation.

Precautions

    Testing collie puppies for the collie eye anomaly at 5 or 6 weeks old is standard practice among collie breeders. An ophthalmologist dilates the eye and examines the eyes interior. Both of the parents must carry the gene for CEA for the puppy to exhibit symptoms. Most collie breeders avoid breeding dogs that carry the CEA gene to minimize weakening the collie breed, says the Collie Health Foundation.

    If you are considering a collie as a pet, make sure the breeder gives you the results of the puppy's eye exam, especially if you plan on breeding collies.

How to Become a Breeder of Cockapoo Dogs

How to Become a Breeder of Cockapoo Dogs

The practice of "designer" breeding means the mixing of two complementary dog breeds. Breeders do this to achieve a combination of desired physical characteristics and personality traits. The cocker spaniel and poodle hybrid has been bred since the 1950s, and although not recognized by the American Kennel Club, breeders of these dogs may register with the North American Cockapoo Registry (NACR), which was founded in 1999. The NACR now documents first through sixth generation cockapoos, building a solid record and a healthy gene pool.

Instructions

    1

    Purchase a female cockapoo from a reputable breeder. Check that the breeder is a member of the NACR and that the dog is registered with the organization. Trace the dog's background to ensure that its ancestors were sound specimens of either the hybrid or their original breeds.

    2

    Examine the genetic strengths and weaknesses of the hybrid and have your veterinarian check out the dog you bought to see if any of these are present. Contact other cockapoo breeders to find out what the traditional problem areas of the breed are.

    3

    Join the NACR and study its breed standard, which provides guidance on the body type, colors, size, markings, carriage and general appearance of the breed. Hybrid dogs have the potential to produce a wide range of colors and sizes, and dominant and recessive color genes may be difficult to anticipate.

    4

    Find a male cockapoo whose attributes complement those of your female. Male dogs can breed from the age of about nine months, while females should not breed until after the second heat, which occurs at the age of about one year. Arrange with the owners of the male dog to use the dog for stud when the time comes, negotiate the fee and draw up an agreement that summarizes the contract.

    5

    Evaluate the breeding pair. If they are second or third generation cockapoos, they should both exhibit some of the ideal characteristics as defined by the NACR breed standard. Look for balance; for example, if your female is large compared with the ideal, look for a smaller male whose size will help counter hers to produce smaller offspring.

    6

    Take both dogs to your veterinarian for a check-up, to ensure that they are healthy and fit for breeding. Mate them and prepare for the female to give birth. When the puppies are born, register them with the NACR and other registries of hybrid dogs, such as the International Designer Canine Registry.

How to Rescue a French Bulldog

How to Rescue a French Bulldog

If you're thinking of purchasing a French Bulldog, consider rescuing one instead. These stocky-bodied, tough-looking dogs are much more lovable than they appear. Also called "Frenchies," these friendly, companion dogs make great pets but should live indoors due to their inability to regulate their body temperature well.

Instructions

    1

    Locate a French Bulldog rescue organization. One national organization is the French Bulldog Rescue Network. It aims to adopt rescued French Bulldogs locally. Check the French Bulldog Rescue Network's website to see if there are available dogs in your area. Ask the Humane Society about local French Bulldog rescue organizations. The Humane Society will be able to connect you with them.

    2

    Fill out an adoption application. Most French Bulldog rescue organizations require you to fill out an extensive questionnaire. Be prepared to answer questions about your home, family, other pets, lifestyle, past experience with dogs and your reasons for adopting a rescue dog. Have a list of personal references as well as veterinary and dog groomer references. Most rescue organizations require them.

    3

    Pay the required adoption fee. Although most French Bulldog rescue organizations are non-profit, there are many costs that they incur while caring for the rescue dogs. These include the cost of dog food, relevant supplies, veterinary care, spaying or neutering and micro-chipping. Make an additional donation if you wish to support the work of the rescue organization.

    4

    Prepare your house for your new dog. Puppy-proof your house even though you may be adopting a full-grown adult. You do not know the French Bulldog's history and want to provide him with a safe environment. Move any poisonous plants, medicines, cleaning products and insecticides out of the dog's reach. Cover your electrical cords with flexible tubing to protect him from accidental electrocution if he chews. Make sure your outside fence is secure so that you can safely let your dog out to use the restroom.

    5

    Know what it takes to care for a French Bulldog. Read books about the breed, talk to a veterinarian and look over online resources. Locate books about the French Bulldog Breed online at Well Bred Pets. Read about French Bulldog care at French Bulldog Club of America.

Minggu, 26 Agustus 2012

DIY Dog Feeder

DIY Dog Feeder

Dogs need to be fed every day. If you are going out of town or have a long day at work, you may need a way to feed your dog automatically. By rigging up an old plastic bottle to its feeding tray, gravity will feed your dog without fail--or at least until he eats it all.

Instructions

    1

    Cut a rectangular slit near the base of a milk jug or water jug. Set the jug on its base. Cut the hole so it is long enough to span the width of the bottle and about one inch high. The slit should be as close to the bottom of the jug as possible so the food will fall out when it is needed.

    2

    Set the jug onto the cooking tray. Leave enough space on the tray in front of the slit so your dog will have access to the fallen food. It is best to use a cooking tray that has raised edges so the food will not fall onto the floor.

    3

    Remove the cap of the jug and fill the jug with food. Replace the cap securely. Some food will fall onto the tray when it is full. When the dog eats some food from the tray, gravity will pull food down through the slit to replace it.

How Do I Get My Rottweiler to Eat More?

How Do I Get My Rottweiler to Eat More?

The most important feeding factors for your Rottweiler include a balanced diet, high-quality food and maintaining a healthy weight depending on your dogs health and age. Rottweilers often inherit or develop conditions that affect their weight or change ideal weight goals. Thyroid disorders cause a variety of problems, including either obesity or difficulty gaining weight. Understanding the health factors for your dog and the Rottweiler breed help determine the goal weight and food needs.

Instructions

    1
    Add a jar of beef or chicken baby food to your dog's food to get him to eat.
    Add a jar of beef or chicken baby food to your dog's food to get him to eat.

    Examine your dog to determine weight-gain needs. Ability to see the ribs easily or the backbone and hip bones indicate a need for weight gain and more or higher-calorie food.

    2
    The intelligence and stamina of a Rottweiler makes this an ideal breed for police work.
    The intelligence and stamina of a Rottweiler makes this an ideal breed for police work.

    Take your Rottweiler to the veterinarian for a check up to determine if its appetite issues come from any health factors, such as parasites, thyroid, gastrointestinal, medications or supplements. Ask your veterinarian how much weight she thinks your dog should gain.

    3
    Always feed a high-quality, name brand dog food.
    Always feed a high-quality, name brand dog food.

    Select high-quality dog food that meets the Association of American feed Control Officials and which lists meat as the first ingredient, advises Julio E. Correa, associate professor at Alabama A&M University. Choosing a dog food with higher fat and calories permits you to feed your dog about the same quantity of food while increasing overall calories. Slowly mix approximately one part new food with three parts regular food for three days, and then slowly increase the new food percentage until the dog adjusts to avoid diarrhea or stomach problems.

    4
    Cooked hamburger meat, added to your dog's food, may whet his appetite.
    Cooked hamburger meat, added to your dog's food, may whet his appetite.

    Add small amounts of cooked, drained hamburger meat, boiled chopped chicken or cottage cheese to the dog food to encourage eating. Try sprinkling parmesan cheese on the food to encourage the dog to eat.

    5
    A few teaspoons of olive oil will add healthy fat to your dog's diet.
    A few teaspoons of olive oil will add healthy fat to your dog's diet.

    Add one teaspoon of olive oil to the food. Gradually increase the amount of olive oil each day until you are adding 1 tablespoon at each feeding. Olive oil adds healthy calories to the dog's diet.

    6
    Cooked eggs can also be added to your dog's food to get him to eat.
    Cooked eggs can also be added to your dog's food to get him to eat.

    Add one scrambled or boiled egg to one meal each day.

    7
    Your vet may be able to prescribe an appetite booster.
    Your vet may be able to prescribe an appetite booster.

    Consult with your veterinarian about giving your medications to help increase appetite. Cyproheptadine, an antihistamine, works to increase appetite, according to PetsMD.

Sabtu, 25 Agustus 2012

Coon Hound Dog Breed Information

Best known for their hunting instincts and loud baying bark, coon hounds are often the preferred dog for hunters and outdoor enthusiasts. As with any breed of dog, coon hounds are not for everyone, but for those with the time and energy to devote to them they can make loving, energetic, affectionate and devoted companions.

History

    All six distinct breeds of coon hound have a common ancestor in the English-bred coon hound, first introduced in the 11th century and used for treeing and trailing raccoons and other small animals. Coon hounds were also used to hunt deer, bears and larger animals as well.

Types

    The six breeds of coon hound are: bluetick, redbone, English, treeing walker, Plott hound, and black and tan. Identification is usually made based on color and other slight physical differences.

Physical Characteristics

    Coon hounds vary in color, and can be bluish-gray, dark red, solid brown, or black and white, just to name a few. Coon hounds are medium to large sized when full grown, weighing between 40 and 60 lbs., and have elongated noses, wide muzzles and floppy ears.

Temperament

    All coon hounds are affectionate and gentle but prone to hyperactivity and destructive behavior if not given enough exercise or left alone for long periods of time. A common misconception is that these dogs are unintelligent and difficult to train. In actuality, they are very intelligent but also stubborn and willful. Consistent training and reinforcement is needed.

Considerations

    Coon hounds are not recommended for apartments or houses in the city with small yards and close proximity to neighbors. Coon hounds like to run, chase and hunt small animals, and their loud baying bark can be irritating to others.