Selasa, 31 Juli 2012

Norfolk Terrier Dog Breed Information

Norfolk terriers are small, strong dogs belonging to the working terrier family. This breed is energetic and intelligent and makes a good companion dog, as well as a working dog, due to its hardiness, sociability and loyalty. The Norfolk terrier was first recognized as its own breed by the American Kennel Club in 1979.

Appearance

    The American Kennel Club breed standard for the Norfolk terrier requires that the breed be between 9 and 10 inches tall at the withers. The coat of the Norfolk terrier is wiry and straight and lies close to the body, with a ruff of fur around the neck. Norfolk terriers can be red, grizzle (gray), black and tan, or wheaten.

    The body of the Norfolk terrier should be small and stocky, with a level topline and wide chest. The face should be rounded, and the dog's eyes should be clear, dark, black-rimmed and evenly spaced. Norwich terriers have dropped, triangular ears that sit close at the cheek.

History

    Developed originally in England in the 20th century, Norfolk terriers were considered to be the same breed as the Norwich terrier until 1979, when the American Kennel Club recognized these dogs as two separate breeds: Dogs with the distinctive dropped ears became known as Norfolk terriers, while pricked-ear dogs became known as Norwich terriers.

    Norfolk terriers were originally bred to control rats around the farm and to bolt foxes during foxhunts.Their small size made them ideal for getting into fox dens.

Temperament

    The American Kennel Club labels Norfolk terriers as alert, fearless, sociable, friendly and loyal. They should never demonstrate aggression against humans or other dogs. Norfolk terriers are intelligent and easily trained, though they can be possessive of their owners. These dogs are good with families.

    Norfolk terriers are high-energy dogs and fare best when given plenty of opportunities to exercise and play. Norfolk terriers are prone to barking, which may make them a good fit for those seeking a guard dog.

Health Issues

    Norfolk terriers are generally healthy and are known for their hardiness. They do occasionally experience back problems, and some are genetically prone to eye problems. Occasionally Norfolk terriers will also have heart and hip problems, as well as sensitivity to anesthesia.

    Norfolk terriers have an expected lifespan of between 12 and 15 years.

Requirements

    Norfolk terriers typically fare well in apartments and homes with small backyards, though they require daily exercise to remain healthy, both mentally and physically.

    Grooming requirements for Norfolk terriers are moderate: Their mid-length coat needs to be brushed at least once a week and detangled daily; the hair only needs to be clipped occasionally. Norfolk terriers, when groomed regularly, are a low-shedding breed.

Questions I Should Ask the Breeder About Miniature Schnauzers

Questions I Should Ask the Breeder About Miniature Schnauzers

Before committing to buy a Miniature Schnauzer puppy, it is advised to know what questions to ask to determine if a breeder is reputable. These questions cover not only the background of the parent dogs, but also the breeder's knowledge and the health of the puppies. If the answers are not acceptable, seek a puppy elsewhere.

How Long Has She Raised and Bred Miniature Schnauzers?

    If a breeder has recently gotten into breeding, it sometimes indicates a money-making venture or an unplanned litter. Neither of these scenarios indicate the breeder knows much about the dog breed, bloodlines, health issues or training concerns. It is a good idea to go with a breeder who has dealt with Miniature Schnauzers for a long time and knows the breed inside and out.

Why Is He Breeding Miniature Schnauzers?

    Once again, if he is breeding dogs solely for monetary purposes, it probably isn't a good idea to buy a puppy from him. It's possible he is not caring for the dogs properly, over-breeding the dogs or even inbreeding them. Inbreeding often leads to genetic issues. If he is breeding Mini Schnauzers to progress the breed, to develop great show or hunting dogs, or to provide companion animals for other Miniature Schnauzer lovers, there is a better chance he is able to provide a healthy, stable puppy.

What Information Can She Give on the Parents?

    Know the bloodlines of the parents if seeking a show-quality puppy. Ask to see the parents' papers to ensure the puppy is able to be registered and is eligible to compete. Observing the parents is also a good idea to not only get an idea of the puppy's likely conformation and temperament, but to ensure the puppies are not mixed-breed. Seeing the parents also provides clues to any genetic abnormalities or future health issues.

How Often Does He Have Litters of Pups?

    A breeder who over-breeds his dogs by having more than one litter a year is not looking out for the best interests of his animals. Veterinarians recommend only one litter every three years for most small dogs, as breeding has serious consequences on the health of the mother. Miniature Schnauzer breeders who have multiple sets of breeding dogs often have several litters of puppies each year, but ensure he has the proper facilities to care for so many dogs.

How Have the Puppies Been Socialized So Far?

    It is important that puppies are handled on a regular basis in order for them to form bonds with humans. If they don't interact with any dogs except the mother, they may become anxious or frightened around people and other dogs. Breeders who keep their puppies in kennels and never handle them or let them in the house are not socializing them correctly. Avoid buying from such breeders.

Have the Puppies Seen a Veterinarian?

    It is a good idea to ask what shots the puppies have received, if they've been de-wormed and if they have had any checkups with a veterinarian. It is also important to ask if they have had any health problems, and whether they were treated. There are records from the vet's office if they have been in for any reason, so ask to see those. If the breeder has not taken them to a veterinarian at all, have the puppy checked out before purchasing. Be aware this often requires a deposit on the puppy, or the use of a vet specified by the breeder.

What Kind of Guarantee Does She Give?

    Many breeders offer a health guarantee on puppies. If the puppy has serious health issues, the buyer is able to return it to the breeder and all or some of the purchase price is refunded. Some breeders agree to take the puppy back if it turns out to not be a good fit for the home or family situation. It is best to determine this up front before buying a puppy. Get the agreement in writing.

What Information Can He Give on Raising a Miniature Schnauzer?

    Expect the breeder to be an expert on the breed, and to have experience with both puppies and adult dogs. Ensure he is able to provide plenty of basic information on how to housebreak, crate train, lead train and otherwise raise this breed of dog.

Information About Bichon Russell Mixed Puppies

Information About Bichon Russell Mixed Puppies

The demand for hybrid, or "designer," dogs (crosses between two different types of purebred dogs) has led to the introduction of many different types. One of these, the bichon Russell, or Jackie-bichon, is a cross between the purebred bichon frise and the purebred Jack Russell terrier.

The Jackie-Bichon

    Jackie-bichons combine the cheerful, eager-to-please nature of the bichon with the intelligence and loyalty of the Jack Russell terrier. Jackie-bichon puppies are usually born in litters of one to six. They are sometimes the product of multigenerational crossbreeding and may be more bichon then Russell and vice versa.

Physical Characteristics

    Most Jackie-bichons have the curly, layered coat of the bichon and the short, angular body of the Russell. Variations are very common, however, depending on which genetic traits the puppies inherit. Puppies that do inherit the bichon coat will need to be brushed and trimmed often as they grow in order to avoid matting; bichons are one of the few breeds that do not shed. Colors range from pure white to beige, and many Jackie-bichon mixes are multicolored.

Temperament

    As working dogs, Jack Russell terriers are known for their loyal, but stubborn nature and for their intelligence. Bichons are cheerful dogs that are obedient and easy to train. Bichon Russell puppies may be more difficult to train if training does not begin early, but with consistency, usually grow to be obedient and affectionate dogs that get along with people of all ages and other dogs as well.

Excercise

    Jackie-bichon puppies need daily exercise but are usually able to obtain this from daily walks and do not require a yard. For this reason, they are ideal dogs for apartments.

Considerations

    Bichon Russell puppies are sometimes extremely sensitive to flea bites and are also more prone to epilepsy and watery eyes then other breeds.

Different Colors of Boxer Puppies

Different Colors of Boxer Puppies

Everyone loves a cute puppy; some of the cutest puppies are boxer puppies. If you are interested in boxer puppies, you will find that they come in all sorts of colors. You may want to know these colors so when you are looking for your boxer puppy, you know what your options are. There are all kinds of different boxer puppies out there and you will want to be sure that you know what the different colors are so that you can find the one that works the best for you and that you want as your forever doggie.

Brindle

    This is a very popular color for a boxer and something that most people look for. It is also one of the defining markings for a boxer. A brindle boxer is a fawn color with a dark stripe that runs through the fur, giving it a marble effect.

Fawn

    Another popular boxer color option are the fawn colors. You are going to several colors of red fur in each fawn. The fawn markings are more of the classic boxer look and are definitely a color that you should be taking a look at if you want to have that boxer look that people know about.

White

    There are actually quite a few boxers that have white coats. The original boxer breed actually had a white coat and over time there has been a lot of color bred in. You may find that dogs with white coats, including boxers, tend to have deafness a lot more than dogs of other coats or you may end up with an albino boxer.

Parti-Colored

    There is also what some people call the parti-colored or the mismarked boxers. These are boxers that have color but also have more than one-third of their coat that is white. This is a very interesting mix of color and something that is going to be a little bit rarer than the other coats out there. If you want to find a unique boxer, this is definitely the one that you want to look at.

About the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is one of the rarest dog breeds in the world. One of the four original breeds hailing from small villages in the Swiss Alps, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog has been used as a drover and guardian for decades. This large, gentle breed was nearly extinct at the beginning of the 20th century, although careful breeding has brought its population numbers back.

History

    Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs is the largest of the Sennenhund breeds developed in Switzerland. The Sennenhund breeds, which also includes the Entlebuch cattle dog, Appenzell cattle dog, Entlebuch cattle dog, and Bernese Mountain Dog are thought to be descendants of Roman mossler-type war dogs more than 2,000 years old. The modern Greater Swiss Mountain Dog was discovered at a dog show in 1908. Enthusiasts of the breed came together and bred their dogs to increase the population and save the rare breed from extinction.

Identification

    A large dog with a rich tri-colored coat, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is easy to spot in a crowd. Standing between 25 and 28 inches tall and weighing more than 140 pounds, this breed is noted for having a gentle disposition and strong work ethic. The coat of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is short and soft, with a predominantly black base and white and tan highlights along the face and chest.

Function

    Farmers in the Swiss Alps bred the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog as a drover and draft breed. These intelligent dogs still used to drive cattle and sheep today and a single dog can maintain a whole herd or flock with minimal effort. The sturdy body structure of the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog also makes it an acceptable draft breed, often pulling feed and supplies in small carts through the small Alpine villages of its homeland.

Types

    Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are still a relatively rare breed around the world, although two main types of this dog do exist. The first type of Geater Swiss Mountain Dog is the show-lined dog, which have been slightly refined for the dog show ring. Working-lined Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are normally bred by farmers and have maintained the traditional large, heavy body type necessary in an active working dog.

Warning

    While the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is normally a gentle breed, they are not a breed for novice dog owners. Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs are highly intelligent and can pick up bad habits to amuse themselves if not properly trained. The large size of this breed also makes them prone to health concerns such as dysplasia and bloat, so only tested and cleared stock should be bred to prevent passing on these genetic conditions.

Differences Between a Klee Kai Dog & a Husky Dog

Klee Kai is a class of dogs bred from Alaskan and Siberian Husky dogs. This makes them similar in looks and key characteristics. Huskies and Klee Kai dogs are intelligent, strong in their own size, and full of curiosity. The name Klee Kai is derived from Eskimo words meaning small dog. Klee Kai breeds are rare and not widely found in different parts of the world, as most of the Husky dogs are.

Physical Appearance

    Klee Kai dog are considerably lightweight than Husky dogs as the average weight of Klee Kai dogs range from 10 to 22 pounds, whereas in Husky dogs 35 to 60 pounds. As for height Klee Kai and Husky range between 10 to 17 inches and 20 to 23 inches respectively. The nose of Klee Kai dogs is shorter than Husky dogs, but Husky dogs have larger ears and a higher tail. Apart from these differences both bogs share common features and that is the reason Klee Kai is often called a miniature husky.

Barking

    Husky dogs love to howl specially in the dark, but are not famous for barking. They only bark to get their owner's attention. Due to their high level of energy and barking rate Klee Kai dogs on the other hand love to bark. On rare occasions Klee Kai dogs are also found to howl along with coyotes.

Hairs

    Klee kai dogs do not shed hairs in abundance and spent a lot of time every day grooming their selves but on the other hand husky dogs shed their hairs altogether twice a year.

Obedience

    Klee Kai dogs are generally friendly and show good obedience if they are trained well with consistent rules during early training process, but they are often reserved with strangers. Huskies are also obedient and above all they love to work a lot. They have starred in Disney movies like "Snow Dogs" and "Iron Will." Huskies are very fast runners and should not be left in wide areas without a leash as they love discovering new places and can be lost as humans cannot keep up with their speed.

Norfolk Terrier Information

The perky little Norfolk terrier is one of many dog breeds that originated in England. It is often confused with the Norwich terrier, because both terrier breeds were considered the same until the 1930s, according to "Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds." The Norwich terrier has special needs that potential owners need to be aware of before bringing one home.

History

    Both Norfolk and Norwich terriers were developed in the Norwich and Norfolk counties during the 1880s. Small, scruffy terriers with short legs could be carried in saddlebags by hunters to where prey was hidden in their dens. The terrier could then enter the den, kill or drag out the prey. These terriers became the dog breed of choice at Cambridge, so for a while they were known as CamTabs. A CamTab named "the Jones terrier" is considered the foresire of the breeds. By the 1930s, quarrels by dog breeders as to what the ideal terrier would look like split the breed into the Norwich and Norfolk terriers.

Comparison

    Norfolk and Norwich terriers are similar in size, ear shape, and temperament. The Norfolk is the smaller of the two breeds, averaging about 9.5 inches tall at the shoulder, compared to the Norwich terrier that averages 10 inches in height. Norfolk terriers weigh 10 to 12 pounds while the Norwich weighs 11 to 12 pounds. Norfolk terrier's ears fold down while the Norwich terrier's ears stick up like triangles.

Function

    Norfolk terriers were bred to hunt, dig out and kill vermin. They should not be kept in homes with pet rodents. They may also be inclined to dig. Norfolk terriers were also bred to bark in order for a hunter to find the dog and the prey. Although this makes Norfolk terriers excellent watchdogs, they do need to be trained to stop barking on command.

Colors

    Norfolk terriers mostly are shades of brown. These shades are known as red; a red mixed with white fairs called fawn; a type of soft gold called wheaten; tan with black patches and grizzle, which is a mixture of tan, black, grey and white hairs. Although there are Norwich terriers born with white patches, they are usually disqualified from dog shows, according to the American Kennel Club. No matter what the coat color is, the nose is always black and the eyes are usually brown.

Health Problems

    Norfolk terriers are often healthier than many other types of small purebred terriers, perhaps because the breed was never as popular as the West Highland white terrier or the Yorkshire terrier. But because of their short legs, Norfolk terriers can have knee, leg and heart problems, which can get worse if they are allowed to become overweight, according to the Norfolk Terrier Club of Great Britain.

Coat

    The Norfolk terrier has a body coat from one to two inches in length. The topcoat is harsh in order to help protect the dog from the elements. The undercoat is much softer. The coat is very short on the head and ears, except for the eyebrows, which gives the dog a comical expression, according to the American Kennel Club.

The Difference Between Red & Blue Nose Pit Bulls

The Difference Between Red & Blue Nose Pit Bulls

Although thought of by many as primarily a fighting dog, the pit bull has done much over time to reestablish itself as a very useful, or even "family" dog. Pit bulls have been known not only to make great pets, but have served as therapy dogs, agility dogs, and even law enforcement dogs. Due to intense over-breeding, many of these intelligent and powerful dogs find themselves in shelters, while prospective pet owners search the classifieds looking for pets.

Red Nose Pit

    The red nose pit is regarded by many to be one of the premiere "types" of pit bull. Many consider this pit bull to be less common. This is not necessarily so, although breeders take advantage of this myth by upping the pricing of the red nose pit. The red nose pit is thought to have originated in Ireland from a line called the "Old Family Red Noses" which ultimately became shortened to the red nose pit.

Blue Nose Pit

    The blue nose pit is often even more highly priced than its red nose counterpart. Although the exact origin is again unknown, the blue nose pit's heritage is thought to be traced back to Ireland as well. Its unique color and appearance is credited to continued interbreeding throughout the years, which has resulted in genetic defects. Now, years later, the blue nose pit is considered less of a rarity, although still less common than other types of pit bulls.

Difference

    Many believe that red nose and blue nose pit bulls differ in temperament and personality. However, the reality is there has been very little proven difference between the two types. The only proven difference between the two comes down to the colors. Breeders over the years have marketed the two types as being special, when in reality they differ very little from any other type of pit bull. Therefore, for a buyer, it really comes down to which color is preferred.

The Reality

    Both the red nose and the blue nose pit bulls are regarded as the premium picks of their breed. There is very little explanation for this other than breeders perpetuating the myth and creating a higher demand. Both types are generally regarded as good family pets and not predisposed to violence. With the pit bull breed coming in nearly every color imaginable, the blue and red nose pits are just two of the many variations.

How to Stop My Chinese Pug From Shedding

How to Stop My Chinese Pug From Shedding

A short-haired dog like a pug or Chinese pug cannot completely stop shedding, according to Compassionate Pug Rescue. New hairs are constantly growing and replacing dead hairs. Although shedding cannot be completely stopped, it can be greatly reduced in pugs. Baldness is not normal in pugs. If the pug gets bald patches or sheds to the point where the skin is showing, contact a vet. This could be a condition like ringworm, according to "The Doctor's Book of Home Remedies for Dogs and Cats."

Instructions

    1

    Brush the pug every day in the same place to catch all of the loosened hairs. First brush with firm, deep strokes in the direction that the hair is growing. Then brush against the way the hair is growing. Use less pressure when brushing backwards as the sensation may feel peculiar to the pug. Brushing in this way better helps to eliminate dead hair, according to "The Doctor's Book of Home Remedies for Dogs and Cats." If the brush is too awkward to use in this way, try a dog grooming comb. Finally, brush in the direction the hair is growing again.

    2

    Check for bald patches or crusty skin while grooming. Be sure to concentrate on the pug's facial wrinkles because the dog cannot clean them. The brachycephalic or short nose prevents a pug from being able to clean its own face. If the owner does not wipe food or dirt particles from a pug's facial wrinkles every day, the pug will get facial fold dermatitis, which will require veterinary care to cure.

    3

    Turn down the thermostat. Dogs kept in very warm conditions will shed more than ever, because living in excess heat can dry out the pug's skin and cause stress. Stressed dogs shed more than relaxed dogs.

About Dogo Argentinos

About Dogo Argentinos

The Dogo Argentino is a powerful yet graceful mastiff dog, first bred in the province of Cordoba in Argentina. Originally bred to hunt wild game, the all-white Dogo Argentino is a loyal watchdog and loving family companion.

Breed History

    The Dogo Argentino was developed by Dr. Antonio Nores in 1928. Nores wanted to create a breed for hunting boar, puma and other predators in the hills of Argentina.

Other Breed Elements

    In addition to the now-extinct "Dog of Cordoba" mastiff breed, Nores added Great Dane, Boxer, Bulldog, Great Pyrenees, Irish Wolfhound and Dogue de Bordeaux. These breeds combined to make the Dogo Argentino.

Temperment

    The Dogo Argentino is a fearless guardian of the home but, according to Dogbreedinfo.com, it is also "playful and good with children, and loves to cuddle." Nevertheless, this breed requires a dominant owner.

Appearance

    This dog weighs between 80 and 100 pounds and is almost entirely white, although it can have a black spot on the top of its head called a "pirata." The head is "massive" and the "jaws are strong," reports Dogbreedinfo.com.

Training

    The Dogo responds well to obedience training and thrives on positive reinforcement. If subjected to physical "force training," the Dogo may become stubborn and refuse to obey commands.

Senin, 30 Juli 2012

Homecooked Diet

Homecooked Diet

Although millions of dog owners are happy feeding commercially prepared dog food, the option of home cooking is an attractive one for some. Home cooking offers increased confidence in the freshness and provenance of the ingredients.

Considerations

    It must be emphasized that all dogs are different, and one particular recipe might suit one and not another. Puppies, growing and senior dogs have differing requirements, as do pregnant and lactating bitches. The American Veterinary Medical Association does not recommend home cooking, because pet nutrition is complicated and unique to species and individual animals. It is recommended that a veterinarian be consulted prior to switching to a home-cooked diet, and recipes obtained have been evaluated and formulated by a veterinary nutritionist.

Types of Food

    Variety is important to ensure a good range of nutrients is included in the diet. Use different meats such as lamb, chicken and turkey, along with fish and eggs. Vegetables in season can be added in small quantities. Rice, oats, millet, quinoa, bulgur and barley can be used as a source of carbohydrates. Do not neglect to add a source of calcium, which might be a commercial brand or ground eggshell.

Amounts of Food

    The amount of home-cooked food to feed depends on your dog's particular needs, based on levels of activity, age and breed. Writing in the Whole Dog Journal 2007, Mary Straus recommends starting with around 2 lbs. of food a day for a 100-lb. dog and adjusting the amount depending on excessive weight loss or gain.

Supplements

    Supplements to the home-cooked diet are optional, but could include fish oil and vitamin and minerals. Commercial mixes are available and can be added at the end of cooking, although Steve Marsden, DVM, advises that problems can occur if a dog's food contains excess or an insufficiency of certain vitamins and minerals. The most common imbalances in home-cooked diets involve calcium, phosphorus, zinc, magnesium and iron.

Sample Recipe

    Mary Straus in the Whole Dog Journal offers this recipe:
    8 to 12 oz. (225 to 350 g) muscle meat/heart/fish/leftovers (raw or cooked weight);
    1 to 1.5 oz. (30 to 45 g) liver or kidney (raw weight before cooking);
    1 to 2 eggs (daily or every other day);
    1 to 4 oz. (30 to 100 g) yogurt, kefir or cottage cheese;
    2 to 8 oz. (60 to 225 g) grains (cooked weight) or vegetables (no more than half the diet);
    1,000 mg calcium (for example, 1/2 tsp. ground eggshell).

Reasons for Feeding Your Dogs Twice a Day

Reasons for Feeding Your Dogs Twice a Day

When it comes to deciding an optimal feeding schedule for dogs, a variety of opinions abound. Some dog owners prefer leaving food out all day, whereas others abide by the twice-a-day feeding rule or decide to feed their dogs just one big meal a day. While deciding when to feed your dog appears to be a matter of personal choice, most experts agree that feeding dogs twice a day is the most sensible option. A number of supporting facts back this up.

Age Considerations

    Feed your puppy a high quality growth-type diet.
    Feed your puppy a high quality growth-type diet.

    Feeding free-choice during the fast growth stages of puppyhood may predispose your dog to obesity and devastating skeletal and nutritional disorders. Puppies between the ages of 10 and 12 weeks should be fed twice a day, whereas younger puppies should be fed at least three times daily. When you offer your puppy food twice a day, keep the food in its dish available for at least 20 minutes; if your puppy refuses to eat, remove the bowl and offer the food again at the next scheduled mealtime, recommends veterinarian Dawn Ruben.

Size Considerations

    The smaller the dog, the more feedings are required.
    The smaller the dog, the more feedings are required.

    Small dogs may have trouble meeting their metabolic needs in a single large meal. Because of their size, small dogs have considerable difficulty in storing and mobilizing glucose, predisposing them to a condition known as hypoglycemia. In addition, toy breeds are known to need more glucose for proper brain function, explains the Animal Medical Center of Southern California. Feeding dogs smaller, more frequent meals, such as twice or even three times daily, will help keep such conditions at bay.

Breed Considerations

    Bloat is often caused by eating fast and swallowing air.
    Bloat is often caused by eating fast and swallowing air.

    When it comes to scheduling feedings, breed is an important factor to keep in mind. Large, deep-chested dogs are predisposed to bloat, a life-threatening dilatation of the stomach which could lead to gastric torsion and cardiac shock. Feeding your dog two or three meals daily, but never before or after exercise, along with discouraging rapid eating, may significantly reduce the chances for bloat in susceptible breeds, explains veterinarian Kathleen R. Hutton.

Metabolic Considerations

    Twice-a-day feedings alleviate hunger pains and keeps dogs happy.
    Twice-a-day feedings alleviate hunger pains and keeps dogs happy.

    Twice-a-day feedings, rather than one single large feeding, also aids dogs in aligning their caloric intake with their energy requirements throughout the day. This means your dog will have a more consistent flow of energy and better balanced behavior throughout the day, rather than going through a long cycle of digestion and energy conversion, points out the Animal Medical Center of Southern California.

Health Considerations

    Veterinarians recommend twice-a-day feedings for several health ailments.
    Veterinarians recommend twice-a-day feedings for several health ailments.

    There are several health conditions affecting dogs in which twice-a-day feedings prove beneficial. For instance, the best way to feed a diabetic pet is twice a day, as this helps prevent blood glucose levels from falling below normal. Twice-a-day feedings also benefit dogs affected by gastric disorders in which excessive stomach acids are produced as a result of being on an empty stomach for too long. Feeding these dogs less food but more frequently, twice or three times daily, may be helpful in these cases, suggests veterinarian M. Christine Zink.

Feeding Your Dog Healthy Homemade Food

Feeding Your Dog Healthy Homemade Food

Many veterinarians recommend feeding your dog chicken and rice or hamburger and rice to help with digestive problems. Feeding your dog carrot sticks for treats is a healthy low fat way to treat your dog with something sweet. Chicken is cheaper by the pound than commercial dog food. You can easily make homemade dog food with a crock pot and blender.

Instructions

    1

    Place a small whole chicken in a crock pot over night until the chicken is falling off the bone. Remove the meat and discard the large leg bones as they can splinter and be dangerous for a dog to eat.

    2

    Place half of the meat, bones and juice into a blender or food processor. Add two cut up carrots and one cup cooked rice. Saved vegetable cuttings can also be added to the chicken and rice. Blend until bones, meat, vegetables and rice are a smooth paste.

    3

    Repeat the process with the other half of the chicken, carrots and rice.

    4

    You can serve the chicken mixture to dogs as is or mix with dog kibble.

What Are Pointers?

What Are Pointers?

The pointer is a breed of dog that was developed for finding hares in Great Britain. The dog gets its name from the pointed stance it takes when it has found its target. Individuals who are interested in purchasing a pointer should research the breed beforehand to ensure that it is a suitable choice.

History

    The pointer was developed in the 1650s by cross breeding a number of dog breeds, including the fox hound, greyhound, blood hound and bulldog, according to DogBreedInfo.com. The result was a dog that was talented at tracking and finding game, such as hares. Pointers were used to find game before greyhounds were released to capture it. The breed grew in popularity during the 1700s and became a recognized breed of the American Kennel Club in 1884. The breed is still used as a tracking dog, although it is also kept as a pet.

Physical Characteristics

    The adult pointer stands at between 23 and 28 inches in height and can weight between 44 and 75 pounds. The breed can be identified by its hanging ears, which are somewhat pointed in shape, deep muzzle, long neck, straight front legs, long tail and short-haired coat. The pointer should also have round eyes that differ in color from the coloration of its coat. The pointer can be seen sporting a variety of color types, such as black, lemon, liver or orange. The pointer's coat can either be a single block color or have markings that are combined with white. The dog's nose is dark in color if the coat is also dark, although the nose is lighter in lighter-colored dogs.

Temperament

    The American Kennel Club describes this breed of dog as even-tempered, courageous and hard-working. The dog is also known to be extremely energetic and requires a high amount of mental and physical stimulation to be content and to prevent behavioral problems from developing, such as chewing and destroying furniture in the home. The pointer is ideal for active families, and the breed is also known to be gentle and patient with children as well as other dogs. The pointer is easy to train, although it can be distracted by small animals.

Health

    According to DogBreedInfo.com, the pointer can be prone to a number of health problems including hip dysplasia, in which the dog experiences walking difficulties because of abnormal hip formation. The pointer can also suffer from an under-active thyroid gland that can be caused by allergies as well as skin problems. The pointer has a life expectancy of between 13 and 14 years.

How to Make Pooch Pizza for a Dog

When you're enjoying that slice of hot, cheesy pizza and your best canine friend is looking up at you with those sad eyes, give him his very own special pooch pizza. Pooch pizza biscuits are full of nourishing and delicious ingredients that your dog will love.

Instructions

    1

    Combine the uncooked oatmeal, whole wheat flour and grated cheese of your choice. Cut shortening or margarine into the flour mixture with a fork or pastry cutter.

    2

    Mix in the beaten egg, water and canned tomato sauce, stirring until the mixture is well blended.

    3

    Knead the dough lightly on a floured surface, and then chill it in the refrigerator for 1 hour.

    4

    Preheat the oven to 375 degrees.

    5

    Divide the pizza dough into two equal parts, and roll each one to a 1-inch thickness. Cut the rolled dough into round shapes or use a cookie cutter to cut the shape you like.

    6

    Put the pooch pizza biscuits on an ungreased baking sheet, and prick each one with a fork. Brush the biscuits with the olive oil, sprinkle them with garlic powder, and bake them until they're lightly browned,10 to 12 minutes.

    7

    Let the pooch pizza biscuits cool, then store them in the refrigerator.

Minggu, 29 Juli 2012

Rare Breed Dog Shows in New Jersey and New York

Rare Breed Dog Shows in New Jersey and New York

Although rare breed dog shows in New Jersey and New York are not numerous, there are a few recurring events. Showing your rare breed dog builds prestige and knowledge about the breed, in addition to furthering any in-house breeding programs. Your rare breed dog will need to registered with a rare breed registry.

New Jersey Classic

    Every year, the American Rare Breed Association (ARBA) holds a show called the New Jersey Classic. There are sections for members and nonmembers of ARBA, and there is a puppy show as well. The ARBA registers breeds that are not recognized by the American Kennel Club and provides standards and outlets for their handlers.

Battlefield Classic

    The North American Kennel Club (NAKC) hosts a show in Freehold, New Jersey, called the Battlefield Classic. NAKC registers breeds recognized by both the American and United Kennel Clubs along with ancient and rare breeds.

RARITIES Dog Show

    In Pennville, New Jersey, the NAKC hosts a show called the RARITIES for rare breeds only. Dogs must be registered with NAKC to compete.

Westminster Dog Show

    Held every year in New York by the Westminster Kennel Club, the Westminster dog show is the king of shows. Although it is not solely a rare breed show, numerous breeds are added to the roster every year. This show is the most prestigious in America.

American Rare Breed Association Shows

    ARBA hosts more than 30 shows a year in New York alone. Some of these shows are breed specific, some are youth specific, and others are open shows.

How to Identify a Chow Chow

The Chow Chow breed is lost in Chinese antiquity as to the origins. Some believe that they may have come from the Arctic and migrated down to the Mongolian regions. But they are regal in nature and have the appearance of being a cross between a lion and a bear. Their history was as hunters, herding, draft and protection dogs. Read on to learn more.

Instructions

    1

    Examine the head of the dog. It should be larger than the rest of the body and the facial expression appears as if it looks down on the rest of the world with a scowl. They possess a distinct furrow that begins at the base of the muzzle and extends up into the forehead.

    2

    Look at the face of the Chow. They have deep-set eyes and are dark brown with black rims. Their eyes are set wide apart.

    3

    Feel the ears and note that they have small, thick ears that are rounded at the tip. When they run, their ears appear to be floppy.

    4

    Examine the mouth of the dog. They have pronounced black lips and a remarkable blue-black tongue.

    5

    Observe that the Chow is between 17 to 20 inches in height at the shoulder and will weigh between 40 to 70 lbs. The Chow comes in five distinct colors, which are red, cinnamon, black, blue and cream.

    6

    Feel the fur of the Chow. They have a double coat that can feel either coarse or smooth. It is a dense coat and composed of straight hair. The tail is feathered.

Dachshunds' Anxiety & Restlessness

Dachshunds' Anxiety & Restlessness

How Much Water Does a Bassett Drink?

How Much Water Does a Bassett Drink?

The basset hound is a low-energy dog that is often hard-pressed to fetch or go jogging, but bassets do enjoy following a scent or running around the backyard. They will go on a hunt with other hounds if trained well. The basset hound's water drinking will be affected by a few critical factors. Incidentally, Peter Falk played the legendary sleuth "Columbo" who was frequently accompanied by a basset hound named Dog.

Standard Water Amounts

    The basset hound is a medium-sized dog weighing between 45 lb. and 65 lb., depending on the dog's activity level, age and sex. To determine the correct water amount, take the weight of your basset, and multiply it by 1 oz. For example, a 55 lb. hound will drink approximately 55 oz. of water a day.

Age

    Puppies require much less water than adult hounds. They will drink more if it is in front of them and have a difficult time holding in anything for long periods. Supervise their water intake, and take them outside immediately to prevent accidents. As bassets age, they will drink more water. Watch your older dog's drinking habits to make sure you fill the dog's water bowl enough times a day.

Activity

    An active basset will drink much more water than a sedentary dog. If it is outside and active often, leave a large bowl outside in a place the hound can access easily. Replace the water daily to keep it from growing bacteria.

Weather

    The summer months can lead a basset to drink more water. The warmer weather and even the dry feeling of the air conditioning inside the home are usually to blame. In the summer, consider using a refilling water bowl with a water bottle that attaches to the bowl if you have to leave your hound for long periods.

Health Note

    Don't limit your hound's intake of water, as it usually has a good sense of how much it needs to drink to maintain health. If your dog is having accidents in the house, the accidents probably have causes other than too much water intake. If the hound suddenly starts drinking much more water, then take it to the veterinarian to ensure nothing health related is causing the increased water intake.

Dehydration

    Watch your hound for signs of dehydration, especially in the warm summer months and when it has been active or outside for long periods of time. Feel the nose for wetness, and look into the mouth for moisture. If both are dry, then lightly pinch the skin on the back of the neck. If it returns to normal, then your pet is fine, but if the skin stays pinched and slowly returns to normal, then call your vet.

What to Look for in a Good Lab Puppy

What to Look for in a Good Lab Puppy

Purchasing a puppy is a big decision. If you have a family, look for a family friendly pet. The Labrador retriever, colloquially called a "Lab" is a kind, smart, genial dog perfect for a family (see References 1). These dogs come in three different colors: yellow, black, and chocolate (see References 1). Labradors are active dogs, so be prepared to give the dog plenty of room to exercise (see References 1). Labs make great pets; millions of Americans own a Labrador (see References 1).

Examine Your Prospective Lab's Head

    When selecting a Labrador puppy, look for what the American Kennel Club calls the "Breed Standard" (see References 1). First, examine the heads of the prospective pups: healthy Labrador puppies have large heads with a brow that "is slightly pronounced so that the skull is not absolutely in a straight line with the nose" (see References 1). Next, take a look at your puppy's ears. Labrador puppy ears should rest close to the head, but away from the face (see References 2). Check the ears for light pink skin on the inside; further check for signs of injury (scabbing) or disease (foul odor or spots) (see References 2). Look at your Lab's nose; it should be free of mucous and the nostrils should be easily set apart (see References 2).

    Next, take a look at the mouth of the puppy. Labrador jaws are strong and their teeth should be white and form a "perfect scissor bite" (see References 2). The scissor bite means that the lower teeth fall just behind the upper teach and touch the inner side of the upper incisors (see References 1).

Examining the Lab's Body

    Labrador's have a well-developed, strong chest (see References 2). When examining your puppy, look for a neck that rises from the shoulders with a slight arch (see References 1). The overall look of your puppy should be proportionate and balanced (see References 2). When the puppy walks, it will probably be awkward; this is natural (see References 2). What you want to look for is whether the puppy is favoring one leg over the other; this could be a sign of defect (see References 2). Instead, the puppy should be carefree as it walks (see References 2).

    Next, look at the puppy's coat. Make sure there are no bald patches and that the coat does not wave, curl, or feel overly soft when you touch it (the topcoat of Labradors is slightly rough) (see References 2).

    If possible, take a look at the puppy's parents. Submit the parents to the same examinations set forth above and you will have a good idea about whether or not the puppy is a "good" lab puppy. Aside from that, follow your heart; just because a dog does not match up to the "breed standard" does not mean it will make a bad pet. Look to see how the puppy interacts with you and the other dogs. Get a feel for its character and personality. Go with the puppy that just "feels" right.

Schnauzer Behavior

Schnauzer Behavior

The schnauzer makes a friendly family pet, as it does well with children and usually has an overall pleasant personality. Schnauzer behavior and temperament is often extremely variable from animal to animal, so much so that it may feel as though you are dealing with different breeds entirely. However, all schnauzers have a number of standard behavioral traits, both good and bad, that you should be prepared for before adopting one.

Playful

    Schnauzers are generally a very playful breed. Even the most docile schnauzer enjoys playtime, and will fetch, frolic or play tug-of-war for hours on end without ever losing interest. They love walks and can take several a day without becoming tired. As such, they are ideal for a family with a high-energy lifestyle.

Easily Bored

    The downside of the schnauzers innately playful personality is that they become easily bored. When they lack mental or physical stimulation, it is not unusual for the schnauzer to become destructive. Chewing, digging and creating general mayhem are all standard behaviors for a bored schnauzer.

Stubborn

    Schnauzers, like many terriers, are renown for their stubbornness. They desire to have things their way and will end up ruling the house if left unchecked. Even with well disciplined schnauzers, owners often report difficulty with leash training. It is not uncommon for schnauzers to pull on their leash or even refuse to walk when wearing one.

Smart and Trainable

    When provided with firm and consistent discipline, the schnauzer is very trainable. Its high intelligence makes it possible to quickly teach it complicated commands. Good training often trumps the schnauzer's innate stubbornness, making them obedient and faithful companions.

Chasing

    Schnauzers have a natural tendency to chase things, especially other animals. This is a trait common to many terriers. When the schnauzer is the only pet in the home, this behavioral trait may go unnoticed. However, it can make it difficult for them to socialize with other animals, and extra care must be taken when introducing a schnauzer to a new furry friend.

Barking

    Schnauzers are naturally very vocal and may bark frequently, which can be irritating for their owners as well as everyone in the neighborhood. Fortunately, the schnauzer does not have the high-pitched "yip" common to most terriers. Their bark is low and sounds almost like a short howl. Frequent barking is usually a symptom of a poorly trained schnauzer, and with proper training, this undesirable trait can be curbed.

Guarding

    In addition to their natural inclination toward chasing and barking, schnauzers will often engage in guarding behavior. As such, they make excellent guard-dogs. However, when there is not an intruder present, guarding behavior can be annoying. Schnauzers may choose an object or person and guard it fiercely, barking at anyone who tries to get close. This tendency should be controlled with proper discipline and training, or the schnauzer will quickly claim ownership of the whole house.

Social Skills

    The schnauzer is an affectionate, patient breed. However, they also have a tendency toward suspicion and mistrust. As a result, they may bark at or shy away from new people or animals. To prevent a schnauzer from being either too shy or too aggressive, owners must make a concentrated effort to socialize their pet early on. A well socialized schnauzer is friendly and interacts well with others.

How to Raise a Labrador Puppy

How to Raise a Labrador Puppy

Labrador puppies are high-energy dogs that need plenty of companionship and exercise. They also require plenty of room to run and play, and they don't like being left along too often. A Labrador puppy has a need to chew like other puppies, but his strong jaws can mean trouble if he doesn't have the right things to chew on. Providing the right supplies is an important part of raising a Labrador puppy.

Instructions

    1

    Give your Labrador puppy a tough collar and leash. Metal or leather are best for Labradors because of their surprising strength, even at a young age. They will be able to chew through nylon easily and may pull apart other flimsy materials. Labrador puppies will need plenty of time outdoors, so investing in a good strong leash is a must.

    2

    Provide a safe place where your puppy can run and play. If you have a yard, put up a 6-foot fence to keep a Labrador from jumping over it. If you don't have a yard, find a nearby dog park where your puppy can run or a lake where he can swim. Labs need frequent exercise and quickly become too large to run in the house without causing damage.

    3

    Brush your puppy often to get him used to being groomed. Labs shed heavily, and it will cause problems later if he is afraid of the grooming brush or tries to fight you when you brush him. Start early and talk to him as you brush him to keep him calm.

    4

    Take your puppy out to meet other people and other dogs often. The puppy may grow to weigh more than 100 lbs. and can seriously injure visitors and other pets. Teach him never to jump on people and not to chase after other dogs.

    5

    Teach him the commands "stay" and "down" to curb any jumping and chasing. Starting as a young puppy, physically move the puppy to accommodate your command as you say it. Soon, he will recognize the connection between the word and the action.

    6

    Bring treats with you when you take your Labrador puppy outside. Whenever the puppy relieves himself, feed him one of the treats and pet him. This will give him the positive reinforcement he needs to learn to relieve himself outdoors.

    7

    Give your puppy a crate for when you are away for any length of time. Labrador puppies dislike being alone and they may become destructive if left alone. A crate will keep them safe and secure until you return. It can also teach them to hold their urine until you come back and can take them out. Puppies try never to soil their own bedding area, so a crate is an ideal potty-training tool.

Sabtu, 28 Juli 2012

What Dog Breeds Weigh 25 to 40 Pounds?

What Dog Breeds Weigh 25 to 40 Pounds?

If you are looking for a breed of dog that is neither to small nor too big, there are many breeds that fall in the mid-range. These breeds weigh, at maturity, between 25 and 40 pounds. They are easy to manage, yet strong and active. They tend to be playful and are good companions.

Pembroke Welsch Corgi

    Pembroke Welsch Corgis are intelligent, loyal and eager to please. They are never vicious and are good with children. They tend to make good guard dogs. Adult Pembroke Welsch Corgis weigh in at 25 to 30 pounds, and stand 10 to 12 inches high. They tend to be long and low to the ground, with oval eyes, erect ears and a wide skull. Their coat is short, thick and coarse, with a red, sable, fawn, black or tan color. There may be white markings on the legs, chest or muzzle. Pembroke Welsch Corgis have a life expectancy of 12 to 15 years.

Miniature Bull Terrier

    Miniature Bull Terriers tend to be courageous, fearless and loving. They are loyal to their owners and become very attached. They need companionship and company and do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. Adult miniature bull terriers weigh between 24 to 33 pounds, and stand 10 to 14 inches high. They are a strong, muscular and stocky dog. The skull of this breed is almost oval in shape, and their eyes are almond-shaped and dark. Their ears are small and erect. The coat of the miniature bull terrier is dense and short and is all white or colored with black, brown, red or fawn. Miniature bull terriers have an average lifespan of 10 to 12 years.

German Pinscher

    German pinschers are considered to be ideal companions. Brave, lively, vocal and alert, this breed exhibits much courage. Although not an excessive barker, the German pinscher is watchful. Adult German pinschers weigh between 25 and 35 pounds and stand 16 to 19 inches tall. They have a blunt, wedge-shaped skull and eyes that are oval in shape. Ears are symmetrical and are cropped or kept natural. German pinschers have smooth, glossy coats that are red, black and tan or dark brown with yellow markings, with the latter being the most common. They live to be 12 to 14.

Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen

    Petit Basset Griffon Vendeens are cheerful, independent and self-assured dogs and provide much amusement to their owners. They are good with children and with strangers. Adult Petit Basset Griffin Vendeens weigh in at 31 to 40 pounds and stand 13 to 15 inches in height. They are small and close to the ground, with a domed skull that is oval in shape. Their eyes are large and dark and their ears are oval, covered with long hair and fold inward. The coat of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is rough, harsh to the touch and colored white, lemon, orange, black, sable or any combination of these. This breed lives to be 14 years of age or more.

American Labrador Retriever vs. English Labrador Retriever

American Labrador Retriever vs. English Labrador Retriever

Although you may hear the terms "American" and "English" used to describe the types of Labrador Retriever, the American Kennel Club does not differentiate between the two. American and English Labrador Retrievers are the same breed for judging purposes, although breeding for certain characteristics has produced differences in body types that have become synonymous with either the American Labrador Retriever and the English Labrador Retriever.

Similarities

    The most popular breed dog in the United States, according to the American Kennel Club, the Labrador Retriever comes in three colors: black, yellow, and brown, with black and yellow more common than brown. All have a short, dense, relatively hard coat with a water-resistant undercoat, an "otter" tail, a powerful chest, short legs, and a broad back skull. Ears hang down, ending slightly above the eye level. The nose is black on the black or yellow dogs, and brown on chocolate labs. Temperamentally, Labrador Retrievers are kind, gentle, non-aggressive, eager-to-please, intelligent and tractable.

American Labrador Characteristics

    The American Labrador Retriever is sometimes referred to as the "field" or "working" breed. It has a lighter body build, longer legs, a less dense coat, longer muzzle, and narrower head than the breed standard. The breed standard describes the characteristics used to judge the breed in the show ring.

English Labrador Characteristics

    The English Labrador Retriever conforms more closely to the breed standard. For this reason, the terms "show" or "conformation" may be used to describe the characteristics of the English Labrador Retriever. This dog's characteristics include a stockier dog with shorter legs, a denser coat, and a more square or blocky head than the American counterparts.

Considerations

    Most Labrador Retrievers fall somewhere between the two type extremes. Within the same litter, litter mates may have body types that appear to lean more toward one type of the other, the Labrador Retriever Club explains. The country of origin has nothing to do with which "type" a dog resembles; dogs bred in either country can fall into either classification.

Difference Between Labradoodles & Golden Doodles

Difference Between Labradoodles & Golden Doodles

Doodle dogs are all the rage. The Labradoodle and the Goldendoodle are two of the most popular. But it can be hard to tell the difference between these adorable, fun-loving and sweet dogs.

Labradoodles

    The Labradoodle is a cross between a poodle and a Labrador retriever. Labradoodles were first bred in Australia in the late 1980s as a low-shedding guide dog alternative.

Goldendoodles

    A Goldendoodle is a cross between a golden retriever and a poodle. Goldendoodles were first bred in the mid-1990s as a low-shedding family dog.

Similarities

    For most people, it is hard to tell the difference between a Labradoodle and a Goldendoodle. Both are friendly, good with families and easy to train. Additionally, because both dogs were bred with poodles, their coats are low to non-shedding, therefore making them a good option for people with allergies.

Major Difference

    One of the biggest differences in these dogs is their coats. Some of the Labradoodles can have a more curly, wiry, or Labrador-type coat that is a bit shorter. The Goldendoodle coats can be a little longer and wavy.

Additional Difference

    Goldendoodles can be a bit mouthier than Labradoodles and they may need some additional training. Regardless of these differences, both doodles make wonderful pets.

Types of Doberman Pinschers

Types of Doberman Pinschers

In the 1880's, German tax collector and dog breeder Louis Dobermann developed a breed of dog that looked fierce and fearlessly protected its master yet provided loyal companionship as well. The Dobermannpinscher, later known outside of Germany as the Doberman Pinscher, was officially recognized by the German Kennel Club in 1900 and had become a very popular breed of guard dog in Europe, Russia and the United States by the 1920's. A highly intelligent, alert and aggressive dog, Doberman Pinschers, known affectionately as "Dobies," have proved themselves to be the ideal dog for guarding personal property, police work, army patrol duties, and search and rescue. While there are several variations on the general Doberman Pinscher appearance, the American Kennel Club only recognizes those dogs bred to AKC standards as true Dobies.

American Kennel Club Doberman Pinscher Breed Standard

    Originally bred to serve as guard dogs, Dobies have a reputation for ferocity when it comes to protecting their master.
    Originally bred to serve as guard dogs, Dobies have a reputation for ferocity when it comes to protecting their master.

    Easily recognized by its square, compact, and highly muscled body and the short haired, shining coat, the ideal Doberman Pinscher carries himself with an elegant and proud bearing. Recognized coat colors include black, red, blue and fawn colors. Dobies traditionally have cropped ears which have had the outer membrane removed so that the remaining ear can stand upright, giving the dog an alert appearance. Furthermore, Dobies have their tails docked as puppies. In temperament, Doberman Pinschers are alert, energetic, intelligent, lively, courageous and aggressive. Despite their fierce reputation, Dobies are also remarkably obedient and loyal and are a good family dog for owners willing to provide firm and consistent training and plenty of exercise.

'White' Doberman Pinschers

    'White' Doberman Pinschers suffer from albinism, a genetic disorder in which the body does not produce enough melanin, the pigment which gives animal tissue its normal coloring. White Dobies have coats that range from pure white to pearl gray, light blue eyes, and pink skin seen primarily in the rims of the eyes, the nose and the pads of the paws. While some breeders specialize in white Dobies, there is a great deal of controversy surrounding the practice. Albinism causes the dogs to suffer from photosensitivity, or the extreme sensitivity to direct sunlight, which in turn causes them to squint or shut their eyes and which can cause skin damage. This negatively effects their traditional usefulness as working dogs. The Doberman Pinscher Club of America sponsors Operation: White-Out which seeks to discourage breeders from breeding dogs with the albinism trait and discourages dog buyers from creating a market for them.

Giant Doberman Pinschers

    As Doberman Pinschers became increasingly popular with middle-class American families seeking both a guard dog and a loyal companion, many buyers began to seek larger, more imposing-looking specimens. Some breeders decided to cross the medium-large size Dobies with larger breeds such as Great Danes and Rottweilers in order to create an oversized or "Giant" Doberman. Nearly all breeders, to uphold the AKC standards for the breed, discourage buyers from seeking out "Giant" Dobies for several reasons. First, AKC standards specify a height range of 26 inches-28 inches for males and 24 inches-26 inches for females. Anything larger than these parameters does not conform to the breed standard and should not be bred or promoted. Second, crossing Dobies with other breeds dilutes purebred Doberman Pinscher pedigrees. Finally, creating larger Dobies subjects the dogs to medical problems more common to larger breeds such as heart conditions and hip dysplasia.

Miniature Doberman Pinschers

    A Miniature Pinscher posing in front of a standard Doberman Pinscher. Despite their close resemblance, these are two separate breeds.
    A Miniature Pinscher posing in front of a standard Doberman Pinscher. Despite their close resemblance, these are two separate breeds.

    The dog commonly mistaken for a miniature Doberman Pinscher is actually an entirely separate breed known in America as the Miniature Pinscher and in Germany, where the breed originated, as Zwergpinschers or "dwarf pinschers." Mini Pinschers, according to the AKC standard for the breed, closely resemble true Doberman Pinschers in color, coat, and bearing. However, they are about half the size of Doberman Pinschers and are a much older breed, having been developed nearly 200 years before the Doberman. While Dobies were bred to act as guard dogs and companions, Mini Pinschers originally served on farms where they proved adept rat catchers. This solitary life keeping barns and farmyard free from vermin resulted in an extremely independent and active streak in the typical Mini Pinscher personality.

Natural Health Food for Dogs

Natural Health Food for Dogs

Meat byproducts, animal meal, sugar, corn and wheat glutens, additives and artificial colors offer little or no nutritional value for dogs, yet these dominate the ingredient list of many cheaper brands of dog food. Natural health food for dogs offers human-grade meat and other ingredients to provide balanced nutrition. In addition, natural food does not use preservatives that can upset canine digestion, nor does it add ingredients that can trigger dog allergies.

Significance

    When using the term human grade, makers of natural dog food refer to meat that has not been rejected for consumption by humans, according to Dog Aware. The pet-food industry is allowed to use animal parts from sick or dying animals that cannot be sold to people, provided that meat is processed in a way that destroys microorganisms, according to the American Association of Feed Control Officials. The makers of natural dog food say they offer products that humans could eat, because they include meat and other ingredients, such as whole grains, of a higher quality.

Ingredients

    Natural dog food brands share several key characteristics. They list meat as the first ingredient, as opposed to meat byproducts or meat meal, according to TruthAboutPetFood.com. After real meat--beef, chicken, turkey or lamb, for example--ingredient lists typically include vegetables such as carrots or celery, eggs, brown rice, flax or fish oil, and vitamins and minerals. Some brands add probiotics to support healthy dog digestion. Natural dog food never uses wheat, corn or soy glutens, which are used in cheaper brands to increase the protein content when there is not enough protein from real meat.

No Preservatives

    Makers of natural dog food never use preservatives such as BHA, BHT and ethoxyquin, which have been linked to cancer and immune deficiencies in animals, according to Purely Pets. Natural food also does not contain propylene glycol, which is added to maintain moisture but also inhibits the growth of natural intestinal bacteria that is needed to aid digestion.

Purchasing

    Start by shopping online. Compare various brands of natural dog food, their pricing and customer recommendations. You may also want to consult your vet on how your feedings should change. Dogs eating purer food with no fillers need smaller portions, according to Vet Info, as they will be getting the proper nutrients with less food. Feeding the right amount of higher quality food also helps maintain proper weight.

Homemade Food

    If youre interested in the most natural dog food available, consider a homemade diet for your dog. This type of feeding requires time and planning, as you must be sure your dog receives the proper amount of nutrients, including calcium. Pet owners who use this approach start with ground chicken or beef, add vegetables such as corn or peas, and include grains such as rolled oats, corn meal or brown rice, according to Vet Info. Consult a veterinarian for tips on how to feed your dog with homemade food based on its size and breed.

Female Boxer's Diet

Female Boxer's Diet

Boxers are large, sturdy dogs that were originally bred in Germany as hunting companions. They can stand as tall as 25 inches at the shoulder and weigh as much as 70 pounds. Boxers require diets that are designed for large, active dogs. Feeding a boxer an inadequate diet can affect its physical health.

The Facts

    Dog Breed Info Center states that boxers are, "happy, high-spirited, playful, curious and intelligent." Boxers got their name because of their active front paws---the dogs run and pounce on things like a cat does. Their high activity levels and large bodies require nutritional diets to maintain their active lifestyle.

Dog Food

    Boxers should eat high-quality, large breed dog food to get their required level of nutrition. YourPureBredPuppy.com recommends that owners look for USDA-approved foods: foods that have been carefully checked and tested for the quality of their ingredients. Quality foods contain meats as the first two ingredients. Avoid food with soy beans, preservatives or additives and do not use "fillers" like rice or grain. Fillers like these are unnatural additions to a boxer's diet. Boxers wouldn't eat these these substances in nature and can develop life-long allergies from them.

Fresh Foods

    Dog owners are encouraged to supplement any boxer's standard diet with a regular selection of fresh meats and vegetables. Meat and vegetables are foods that a boxer would have eaten in the wild and are foods that are natural and healthy for the dog's body. Appropriate fresh additions for a large breed like boxers are turkey, chicken, fish, venison, celery, carrots, lettuce and apples. According to YourPureBredPuppy.com, a boxer can also eat rice, oatmeal and cottage cheese as dietary supplements. Feed meat raw or cooked and feed the dog raw fruits and vegetables.

Pregnancy

    Any female dog needs additional nutrition during pregnancy. This is especially true of large, active breeds like boxers. If a female boxer becomes pregnant, it's important that the owner change her diet to include a type of dog food that contains more fat and protein than standard food. Many dogs are immediately switched to puppy food, which has a higher caloric content. A pregnant boxer generally eats 1 1/2 times as much as she did before she was pregnant in order to support the puppies in the womb.

Considerations

    Boxers go through large growth spurts as puppies. If they don't receive adequate nutrition as puppies and throughout their lifetime, they may have weakened bone and muscular systems. Boxers are prone to issues like Cushing's disease (a hormone imbalance), epilepsy (neurological disorder) and hip dysplasia (joint weakness), according to Dog Breed Info Center. Though not directly affected by nutrition, these disorders are often managed through diet. Female boxers who are affected by any of these symptoms need to follow a vet-prescribed diet to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

How to Care for a Hairless Toy Chihuahua

How to Care for a Hairless Toy Chihuahua

Chihuahuas are one of the most loyal and trustworthy dog breeds. They are easy to maintain, and with their small size and their rather long lifespan, toy hairless Chihuahuas can easily adapt to just about any situation, provided the right environment and training have come into play.

Instructions

    1

    Have your Chihuahua vaccinated with a series of puppy vaccinations (if it is under one year old) or with an annual booster shot. These shots should include the rabies vaccination, even if your toy hairless Chihuahua is going to be an "inside only" dog.

    2

    Bathe your toy hairless Chihuahua on a regular basis. Make sure that immediately after bathing, you thoroughly dry your dog, as hairless breeds tend to chill easily. At least once a week, you should trim your Chihuahua's nails.

    3

    Keep your toy hairless Chihuahua warm. By their very nature, Chihuahuas tend to gravitate to where there is warmth, such as under the blankets on a winter day. If you put your Chihuahua out when it's cold, make sure your dog is wearing something warm and does not stay outside too long.

    4

    Feed your toy hairless Chihuahua a quality food. Look at the ingredients and make sure the first ingredient is meat based. Many of the more inexpensive dog foods on the market have grains in large quantity, and these really aren't good for your toy hairless Chihuahua. Also, because you've got a smaller dog, make sure the kibble you feed is small enough for your dog to comfortably eat.

    5

    Socialize your toy hairless Chihuahua as soon as possible. Because of their small size, the world is an intimidating place, and they need to understand that they are going to be kept safe. If you keep your toy hairless Chihuahua bonding only to you, it's going to be one of those "yappy" dogs that many people dislike.

    6

    Place your toy hairless Chihuahua in a crate when you are not home or cannot keep an eye on it. By their very nature, dogs are den animals, and being in an enclosed environment makes them feel more secure. Housebreaking a toy hairless Chihuahua without crate training can be very, very challenging.

    7

    Give your toy hairless Chihuahua appropriate treats. Since they are small dogs that tend to look very cute when they are begging, they can quickly become overweight. Refrain from giving them table scraps, since they might have problems with digesting human food.

    8

    Exercise your dog on a daily basis. This can be as simple as throwing a ball for a few minutes a day, to taking a walk around the block. The important thing is that by keeping your toy hairless Chihuahua at a healthy weight and in good shape, you'll have a companion that can be with you for as long as 18 years.

How to Identify a Black Russian Terrier

How to Identify a Black Russian Terrier

The Black Russian Terrier or BRT is the result of a Soviet breeding program begun in the 40s. It included Giant Schnauzers, Rottweilers and Airedale breeds, and the Russian Water Dog. Almost 20 other species were melded to create a massive, robust breed that was intelligent, tireless, loyal, and able to withstand the climate extremes of Russia. The breed wasnt finished and standardized until 1984. At that point it was used as a military animal, a watchdog and police animal that could do all the same things a German Shepherd could do with none of the unwanted aggression. Over time the breed became popular as a household protector and, though common enough in Russia, is still particularly rare in the rest of the world. For that reason it is often miss-identified. Here is guide on how to identify a Black Russian Terrier.

Instructions

Identifying A Black Russian Terrier

    1

    Begin by looking at the dogs shape and size. It should be large, between 25 and 30 inches high at the shoulder and weighing between 80 and 150 pounds. The males are much higher up on this scale than the females. The dog should be very square and heavyset in build, with a short stump of a tail, deep chest, straight back, and thick limbs.

    2

    Examine the dogs coat. It should be made up of uniformly black, curly, wiry, weatherproof hairs between 1.5 and 4 inches in length depending on where they are on the body. The sides of the dog are reminiscent of a sheeps fur in texture.

    3

    Look at the dogs head. It should seem a little too small compared to the rest of the body and be rectangular and blocky in shape. Their fur covers the head as thoroughly as it does the body, making the eyes often hard to see. The ears are short, rounded, and flopped over. The jaw should be thick and strong. The most defining part of the species are the eyebrows framing the top of the skull and the long black beard growing down from the lower jaw. If the dog matches this description then its a Black Russian Terrier.

Information on a German Shepherd Puppy

Information on a German Shepherd Puppy

A German Shepherd dog is courageous and will happily risk life and limb to protect his family and then curl up on the couch to watch TV with his master at the end of the day. When you look for a German Shepherd puppy to share your life, you have a better chance of success if you know what to look for and what to guard against.

History

    The German Shepherd dog (GSD) is a rugged herding breed that far exceeds its farm-life roots. The breed was developed by 1899 in Germany to protect the flocks in the field and the shepherd that accompanied them; the GSD emerged as an intelligent, agile and swift all-around protector: GSDs were first brought to the U.S. in 1908 but surged in popularity after WWI, when returning vets brought home their military dogs. The GSD had been used by the Red Cross, at the front, for police work and for guard duty. Movies boosted the public image of the versatile and intelligent GSD with such canine heroes as Rin-Tin-Tin and exposure from new-found police work added focus to their protective natures. They excelled in service fields for Seeing Eye dogs, search and rescue and, in show ring competitions, their numbers soared.

Temperament

    GSD puppies are cute and playful and grow to adore their families and protect them vigorously. A well-bred German Shepherd dog is a stable family member. A GSD with the proper temperament must have a fearless but not vicious personality. They are loyal to a fault but accepting of strangers once their master indicates approval. When you look at GSD puppies, never pick the shy puppy who runs to the corner of a room, avoids your gaze, shakes or otherwise appears apprehensive. Look for the bold puppy that comes up and wants attention.

Appearance

    The distinctive outline of a GSD is hard to mistake.
    The distinctive outline of a GSD is hard to mistake.

    Upright, pricked ears are a familiar sight with GSDs. The ears stand erect but puppy ears often flop a bit until they gain strength. A puppy's body can look too large when compared to his head size at first but he will soon grow proportionately. GSDs have square, long bodies with large, strong bones. As adults, they will grow to be from 22 to 24 inches at the shoulder.

Colors

    German Shepherd puppies come in a wide variety of colors. All are permissible with the AKC and other registering bodies, except white. The most common colors for GSDs are sable (brown) with a black "blanket" or "saddle" marking and with or without a "face mask" (coloring on the face); all black; and red with a black blanket or saddle and face mask.

Hereditary Disease

    Two of the most serious hereditary diseases that strike German Shepherd puppies are Von Willibrand's disease (VWD) and hip dysplasia. VWD is a lack of clotting ability in the blood. Dogs affected with VWD can bleed to death from a superficial wound. Hip dysplasia is a malformation, usually in the hip joint, although elbows and knees may also have problems. Always ask to see the parents' hip certification from OFA, OVC or Penn Hip to ensure that the puppy's sire and dam have been tested and cleared. Hip dysplasia shows up as a puppy ages and youngsters will not show symptoms. Other health concerns from eczema to cherry eye, bloat and dwarfism may arise in German Shepherd puppies. The more you know about a puppy's ancestry, the more likely you can be sure he is healthy and will stay that way.

Living Conditions

    A German Shepherd puppy will be happy anywhere you live. They are very social dogs that do much better in a family home than a kennel environment. It doesn't matter if your home is a tiny one-bedroom apartment or a palatial estate; as long as you spend quality time with your puppy and make sure he gets enough exercise and attention, he will be happy.

Jumat, 27 Juli 2012

Strongest Dog Bites

Strongest Dog Bites

Canned Food Puppy Diet

Dogs are omnivores. Once weaned, a puppy's diet should include proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water in correct proportions. A puppy food that meets these requirements is called a "complete" or "balanced" diet. These requirements can be met by canned food, dry food, balanced home-prepared meals, or a combination of these diets.

Research

    A puppy's diet should be balanced to include proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water. Commercial puppy foods offer a convenient way to provide proper nutrition, but it is important to do research before deciding what food to give your young dog.

    Choose the most natural and healthy puppy food you can afford. The best natural dog foods are high in protein obtained from all natural, human-grade sources. Avoid pesticides, grain gluten, artificial colors, flavorings, and high sugar and fat content. Although not everyone agrees that pet food ingredients such as BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) and ethoxyquin may be carcinogenic, these synthetic preservatives are, according to Born Free USA and the Animal Protection Institute, "permitted in pet foods at relatively low levels. The use of these chemicals in pet foods has not been thoroughly studied, and long term build-up of these agents may ultimately be harmful."

    Although dogs can't live on human food, the food they eat should be made up of human-grade ingredients, or foods that are approved for human consumption, not labeled 'pet food only.' Always choose foods that use fresh meat or meat meal and make sure the meat is from a named species.

    If the canned food contains grains, look for high quality grains such as brown rice, oatmeal or barley, instead of wheat and corn. Many puppies and dogs do not digest grains well and some grains may cause allergies.

    Pet food manufacturers have developed foods they claim will suffice without supplementation as a puppy's complete diet. The best way to evaluate a food is by observing your puppy to see if she looks healthy, is alert, active and thriving, is eating and drinking water, and has small, formed brown stool.

Feed the right amount

    The amount of food your puppy needs depends on age, breed, gender, activity, temperament, environment and metabolism, and these requirements change as the puppy grows.

    To decrease the risk of skeletal deformities, puppies should be fed the amount needed to grow at average rather than rapid rates for their breed. Large- and giant-breed puppies should be fed a food that contains less energy and calcium to decrease the risk of developmental orthopedic diseases.

Benefits of canned food

    A high-quality canned puppy food made with all natural ingredients will provide the nutrition your puppy needs and will not cause rotting teeth and diseased gums or other ailments. Most pet food manufacturers have produced canned foods created specifically for puppies.

    Here is a list of, though not necessarily recommendations for, some of these canned puppy foods:
    1.Innova Puppy & Large Breed Puppy Formula
    2.IAMS Savory Dinner
    3.Wellness Just For Puppy
    4.Newman's OwnOrganics Formula For Puppies
    5.Pedigree Traditional Puppy Food
    6.Eukanuba Mixed Grill Puppy Food
    7.Nutro Ultra Puppy Food
    8.Merrick Puppy Plate
    9.Nutro MAX Large Breed
    10.Nature's Recipe
    11.Pro Plan
    12.AvoDerm
    13.Hill's Science Diet
    14.Evanger's Complete Classic Puppy Dinner
    15.Alpo Classic Ground Puppy Formula

Storing canned food

    Unused portions of canned food should be refrigerated to maintain quality and prevent spoiling until the next feeding. To prevent possible digestion problems related to temperature differences, refrigerated food should be served to puppies at room temperature.

Dry food myth

    Many puppies and dogs seem to prefer canned food, but kibble is less expensive. A major reason dry food is often recommended over canned food is the myth that kibble cleans teeth and canned food causes plaque build-up. According to a number of veterinarians, including Dr. Race Foster, DVM, of Doctors Foster & Smith, "the most important advantage of using dry foods ... is that the abrasive action of eating them is good for the dog's teeth and gums. Dogs that constantly eat any of the softened foods usually have more dental problems ranging from tartar and plaque buildup, to abscesses, tooth loss, and gum disease."

    Some veterinarians still believe the myth that dry food promotes or at least helps maintain dental health, despite scientific studies and reports that refute the idea. According to studies on Dental Diseases conducted by Ellen I. Logan, "Typical dry dog and cat foods contribute little dental cleansing. As a tooth penetrates a kibble or treat the initial contact causes the food to shatter and crumble...providing little or no mechanical cleansing..." Logan also wrote, "In a large epidemiologic survey, dogs consuming dry food alone did not consistently demonstrate improved periodontal health when compared with dogs eating moist foods."

    Dry food won't clean your puppy's teeth any more than eating crackers or pretzels will clean your teeth, nor is canned food any more a culprit than kibble in promoting tooth decay. It is the sugars and syrups added to most low-quality foods, whether dry or canned that are more likely to damage a pet's teeth.

Standard Temperaments for Poodles

Standard Temperaments for Poodles

The poodle is a distinctive dog breed known for its graceful manner. It was first developed in Germany to retrieve objects from the water. The puffs of fluffy hair were deliberately created to keep the dog's joints warm while swimming in cold water. The dog's hair is also hypoallergenic, making the poodle a suitable breed for anyone with allergies. The poodle comes in three sizes, which include the standard, miniature and toy varieties. According to the American Kennel Club the poodle is one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States.

Active

    The poodle is an active dog that requires daily walking. Poodles also enjoy swimming and running off leash, although this should only be allowed in a secure area. The owner must spend time playing with or exercising the poodle before leaving it alone to ensure that it is tired. Sleeping while the owner is away will help the dog to deal with its separation anxiety and prevent it from becoming bored and destructive. The standard poodle requires more exercise than the smaller varieties.

Intelligent

    An extremely intelligent dog, the poodle reacts well to obedience training, according to the American Kennel Club. The breed's sensitivity means that it doesn't require harsh training. The poodle can learn a wide variety of tricks through the practice of reward-based training. The breed can also associate a command with an action after only a few repetitions. The breed has also been known to excel at agility courses.

Friendly

    This breed can make a suitable pet for a range of different families, including those with children of any age, people who live alone and individuals who own other pets, such as dogs or cats. The poodle is a social and approachable dog that reacts in a friendly manner toward strangers and can be trusted with children, according to DogBreedInfo.com.

Will Take Charge

    If you're planning to bring a poodle into your family, be sure they have the right frame of mind before purchasing the poodle. It is important for you to be a calm and assertive leader that the poodle can respect and trust. This is because the poodle will become dominant if it feels its owners are weak. The family can encourage the poodle to see them as its pack leaders by making it work for food and affection by asking it to sit before rewarding it for good behavior. You should not tolerate the poodle jumping on the furniture, such as sofas and beds, unless it has been invited by a family member.

Kamis, 26 Juli 2012

Arguments Against Raw Dog Food

Arguments Against Raw Dog Food

Figuring out what diet is best for your dog can be confusing. Dogs need just as much vitamins, fiber, protein and fat as their owners. Some dog owners swear by dry commercial foods while others are advocates of raw-food diets. According to Healing Hope, feeding a dog raw food means giving it mostly raw meats and bones, some vegetables and rarely some fruits and grains. However, dry commercial dog food proponents feel there are too many arguments against raw dog food to merit a switch.

Nutrients

    Dry dog food companies spend a lot of time testing their products on animals. From there, they can adjust their formulas to find the best overall recipe for dogs. These companies can also infuse these formulas with vitamins and minerals essential to a healthy canine diet. Unless raw diets are meticulously prepared, they are often vitamin and mineral deficient. Some dogs can develop bone abnormalities and other issues from these deficiencies.

Choking

    Because dogs eat a variety of food with diverse textures including some with bone, there's a risk of choking. If a dog swallows a bone, it could lodge in the throat, splinter or cut tissue in the digestive system. Dogs may also fracture a tooth if they crunch too enthusiastically into their food and find a bone.

Health Hazards

    Raw food diets can be harmful for animals and humans who handle the food. E. coli, salmonella and various parasites can find their way into both the human and the dog if the food isn't handled properly. The natural bacterial in raw meat is dangerous in general, and too much meat can cause diarrhea and other illnesses.

Allergies

    Feeding your dog raw food increases risk of adverse reactions to certain foods. Just like humans, dogs have food allergies and intolerances. On a raw-food diet, it may be difficult to pinpoint exactly what foods your dog can and cannot handle. According to dogpeople.org, beef, dairy, lamb, chicken, egg, soy and wheat make up 93 percent of all adverse food reactions for dogs. These are frequently found in raw-food diets.

How Big Do Miniature Schnauzers Get?

How Big Do Miniature Schnauzers Get?

Schnauzers come in three sizes: giant, standard and miniature. Their small size makes the miniature the most popular choice. When people moved from farms to smaller homes because of the Industrial Revolution, they wanted a schnauzer to fit in those homes. According to the Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds, the miniature schnauzer was the result of crossing standard schnauzers, affenpinschers, miniature pinschers and perhaps poodles.

Breed Standard

    In order to win in dog shows, a miniature schnauzer must stand 12 to 14 inches tall and weigh no more than 15 pounds. Not all purebred miniature schnauzers meet this breed standard.

Speculation

    Because their ancestors were standard schnauzers, which grow to 17 to 19.5 inches tall, it is theoretically possible for a miniature schnauzer to grow taller and heavier than the breed standard.

Misconception

    Although there are many dogs for sale advertised as teacup miniature schnauzers, there is no such breed and they cannot be registered or shown.

Considerations

    According to the ASPCA Complete Guide to Dogs, although miniature schnauzers are small enough to live in apartments, they still need a long walk every day to burn off excess energy.

Life Expectancy

    Many small dog breeds live longer than larger dogs, and the miniature schnauzer is no exception. While the giant schnauzer has an average life expectancy of 10 to 12 years, the miniature schnauzer can live 12 to 15 years.