Minggu, 31 Juli 2011

How to Feed Puppies Rice Cereal

How to Feed Puppies Rice Cereal

When weaning puppies from their mother's milk, you can use rice cereal to help them get used to to solid foods. Beginning anywhere from the time the puppies are two to four weeks old, you can begin weaning them by feeding them rice cereal. Rice cereal should only be used briefly as puppies need to learn to eat puppy food, which is designed to meet the daily nutritional needs of growing dogs. However, it can be used as a stepping stone between milk or puppy formula and puppy food.

Instructions

    1

    Mix up a bottle of the puppy formula powder with water according to the package directions. Use a commercial puppy formula designed for newborn puppies. If the puppies are orphans, use the same brand of formula they are used to drinking.

    2

    Pour a small amount of the puppy formula into a shallow bowl or saucer.

    3

    Shake a tablespoonful of flakes of infant rice cereal into the puppy formula. Stir.

    4

    Check the consistency of the rice cereal and formula. It should still be fairly thin and mostly liquid.

    5

    Set the bowl of rice cereal and formula in front of the puppies. If they are uninterested, you may put a little on your finger and allow the puppies to lick it off.

    6

    At each feeding add more rice cereal, making the formula and cereal mixture a little thicker each time. When the puppies are eating a fairly thick, solid blend of rice cereal and formula they should be ready for commercial puppy food, which can be ground and mixed in with the rice cereal to help them slowly make the transition.

What Is the Purpose of the English Bulldog Breed?

What Is the Purpose of the English Bulldog Breed?

Homecooked, Low-Fat Diets for Dogs

Some dogs, especially dogs with pancreatitis, must be put on a low-fat diet. Even prescription low-fat kibble may not be low-fat enough for some dogs-or the dog's owner prefers to feed a homecooked diet. When feeding a homecooked diet, you must still provide calcium for the dogs, as your dog will not get the calcium from cooked bones unless you grind the bones up with the meat. If you are not comfortable with ground bones, you can substitute ground eggshell.

Preparing the Foods

    Cook the meat. The best way to make a homecooked diet is to make enough for three to five days, so you are not cooking for the dog every day. Store the meat in the fridge or if you prefer ground, grind the meat. If the meat has a lot of fat or skin, remove some, but not all. Dogs do need fat to help keep their coats in good condition and for other health reasons.

    Prepare the vegetables--either cook them until they are very soft or, if you prefer raw vegetables, put the vegetables in a food processor. Blend until pulverized. You can add other food items such as an egg or canned jack mackeral to the veggie "glop."

    Cook the eggs if you do not want to feed them raw. These will also keep in the refrigerator. Rinse the eggshells and allow them to dry thoroughly. Grind the eggshells in a coffee bean grinder. Keep the ground shells in an airtight container or a zippered sandwich bag.

Feeding Options

    Feed all components separately, or, if you prefer, you can grind the meat and add the other ingredients for a "canned food" texture. If you choose to mix everything, add an extra egg or two (depending on the amount of food you are making) to bind the food together.

Feeding Amounts

    Feed according to the dog's weight. Guidelines are approximately 2 percent of an adult dog's weight. If the dog is an "easy keeper," meaning it puts on weight easily, you can drop the amount to a bit less than 2 percent. If the dog is highly active, you can feed a bit more than two percent. Each dog is different, and ingredients (such as how much fat is each type of meat or how much fat you leave on the meat, including chicken skin) play a role in the amount of dog food fed for each meal.

Information About Sheltie Puppies

Shelties, or Shetland sheep dogs, are smaller versions of the collies made famous in the TV show "Lassie." These intelligent, active dogs make good pets for families, with some important considerations.

Features

    Shelties have long, silky coats that range from brown to white, with black points. They stand at 13 to 16 inches tall when they reach maturity.

History

    Shelties originated in Scotland, when the Scottish border collie was mixed with smaller long-haired breed in the Shetland Islands. They have worked on farms as herding dogs for centuries.

Care

    Shelties need plenty of exercise, a consistent, solid atmosphere and some special precautions. Because Shelties are prone to seizures, owners are advised to seek advice from a vet in regard to what foods and environments are safe. Sheltie puppies from pure-blooded stock have less chance of being affected by seizures.

Grooming

    Shelties have dense coats and do shed. To keep their coats from growing matted, the dogs require constant grooming. Owners should start grooming Sheltie puppies early, to teach the dog to stand still and be brushed.

Personality

    Shelties are dedicated and loving to their families, but can be shy toward strangers, even as puppies. The dogs are vocal due to their history as herders, and are prone to barking.

How to Care for and Train German Shepherd Puppies

How to Care for and Train German Shepherd Puppies

The German shepherd, a highly intelligent and versatile dog, performs several roles in society, including serving as a guide dog and therapy dog. German shepherds thrive on socializing and bonding with their owners throughout their lives, and particularly during their growing years as puppies. If you have a German shepherd puppy or plan to get one, ensure that it is properly cared for, and physically and mentally stimulated with sufficient exercise and training.

Instructions

Care

    1

    Feed the puppy three times a day with a puppy formula. Gradually add fresh foods such as raw tripe, whole raw rabbit, chicken or turkey along with the bones.

    2

    Keep a bowl of fresh drinking water within the puppy's reach at all times. Clean the bowl and replenish the water daily because drool from the puppy's mouth accumulates in the bowl.

    3

    Take your puppy to a veterinarian for vaccination at around 10 to 16 weeks of age to protect against distemper and parvovirus diseases. Repeat the vaccine shot after a year and every three years thereafter.

    4

    Consult your veterinarian to de-worm the puppy when it reaches 2 weeks of age to treat flea or tick infestations.

    5

    Regularly groom the puppy with a soft-bristle hair brush. Brush the fur coat to keep it shiny, detangle matted fur and clear dirt and matted hair.

    6

    Clip the toenails with a nail clipper every two weeks to keep them short. Overgrown toenails are unsightly, and can cause the puppy's toes to separate and result in lameness.

Training

    7

    Provide obedience training by teaching your puppy basic commands for about 15 minutes, at least three times each day. Use short commands like "sit," "come," "stay" and "down," and a different tone of voice for each command. For instance, use a low but firm tone of voice when correcting your dog by saying the word, "no."

    8

    Reward your puppy with food treats, verbal praise or a favorite toy, when it learns a command or behavior. This positive reinforcement motivates the puppy to readily learn the new command or behavior.

    9

    House train your dog at 5 weeks of age. Exercise patience and perseverance while house training.

Sabtu, 30 Juli 2011

How to Pick out the Best Lab Puppy

If youre looking for a new furry companion, you may be interested in adopting a Labrador retriever. Labs are loyal companions, good hunters, and avid swimmers who love the water. Theyre great with children and tend to adjust easily to new surroundings. In order to pick out the best Lab puppy, youll need to know what to look for in a breeder, how to spot the symptoms of illness, and how to judge whether the Lab puppy has a good temperament.

Instructions

    1

    Choose a reputable breeder with good references and keen knowledge about Labs. Reputable breeders run clean kennels, specialize in only one or two dog breeds, and are able to produce accurate health records for each dog and puppy in their facility. A good breeder should be able to answer any questions you may have about Lab puppies and he or she should be able to give you several references from previous clients.

    2

    Ask to see the dame and sire, their vet records, and their certificates of health. You can learn a lot about the temperament of a puppy and any genetic disorders he or she may be prone to by carefully inspecting the parents. Some breeders are able to secure certificates of health that prove that a dogs ancestry is free from genetic abnormalities and other debilitating hereditary traits. Ask to see copies of these certificates for the dame and sire to help you pick out the best Lab puppy for your family. If the breeder is unable to produce health certificates, insist that you see the parents health records to ensure that they have received their shots and that there arent any obvious indicators of health problems that may not be apparent just by looking at the dogs. If you notice things like Hip Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, or Epilepsy on a dogs health record; go elsewhere to adopt a Lab puppy. Conditions such as these are hereditary and the dogs offspring will stand a good chance of developing these conditions as they age.

    3

    Inspect each puppy for signs of illness. A healthy Lab puppy will have clear eyes, a wet nose and clean, soft fur. There should be no discharge coming from his ears, eyes, mouth, or nose. Carefully lift each puppys lips and inspect the gums. Pale pink or white gums indicate that the puppy may have intestinal worms. Inspect each puppys fur for signs of ringworm and fleas. Ringworm in a bacterial infection that is easily transmitted to humans and other pets. A puppy may have ringworm if his fur is patchy or if his skin feels crusty or extremely dry.

    4

    View each puppys shot records. By the age of six weeks old, a puppy should have had at least one round of shots. If the breeder is unable to produce shot records, choose a Labrador retriever puppy from another breeder.

    5

    Choose a playful, outgoing puppy and spend some time getting to know him or her before you make your selection. To pick out the best Lab puppy for your family, youll need to select a dog with a good temperament. While it can be difficult to gauge a puppys temperament when hes young, there are some things you can look for that may give you a good indication of whether the dog is well socialized. If a puppy runs from you when you try to pick him up or if he hides to avoid contact with you, he is not a well-socialized dog and you should move on. A puppy should feel comfortable when a human picks him up. He shouldnt whine, whimper or growl when touched.

Corgi Breeder Questions

Corgi Breeder Questions

Both the Pembroke and the Cardigan corgi are small but outgoing dogs that need plenty of exercise in spite of their small stature. A reputable breeder will be more than happy to answer questions a prospective buyer has regarding the individual dogs or the breed itself. The small size of the corgi does not mean it comes without concerns.

Parents

    The personality of the parents helps to shape that of the pups -- and a corgi should be eager to meet new people.
    The personality of the parents helps to shape that of the pups -- and a corgi should be eager to meet new people.

    A prospective corgi buyer should always ask to see the parents of the dog he's looking to buy. At least one of the puppy's parents should be on the premises, and the breeder should not hesitate to show prospective puppy owners the mother, father or both parents. If you're considering one, look for the health and disposition of the dog. A corgi should be outgoing, bold and friendly. It shouldn't be timid around strangers. They should also look healthy and well-formed.

Health of the Family Line

    A healthy, genetically sound corgi can live up to 15 years.
    A healthy, genetically sound corgi can live up to 15 years.

    Both the Pembroke and Cardigan corgi is prone to similar health issues and asking a breeder about the background of not only the parents but also the grandparents of the dog will help indicate if there is a significant chance a puppy will inherit a genetic condition.

    Some of the common ailments of a corgi that you should be inquire about include hip dysplasia as well as eye and vision problems. Many breeders have their dogs genetically tested for markers indicating the likelihood of developing these diseases and should have paperwork available showing a negative result. Corgis can also be prone to developing various forms of cancer, which may also show up in an examination of the family line.

Breed and Puppy Disposition

    A bonded pair of siblings may be happier together than apart.
    A bonded pair of siblings may be happier together than apart.

    Doing research on a breed before committing to a puppy is a must, but within each breed there's the possibility for variation. Corgis are herding dogs that require a lot of exercise and are characteristically alert, affectionate and friendly. Not all puppies are the same, however, and a breeder should be asked about the temperament of the puppies in the litter. Some may be more outgoing or curious than others, while some might be more content to sit on the couch with their owner. If the puppy is being brought into a home where there are animals or children present, the buyer should ask about the puppy's social skills. Corgis have been bred to be herding dogs, and this tendency may be stronger with some puppies than others. Identifying the puppy's personality might prevent children from being herded through the house.

Breeder Background

    The breeder's background can also provide insight into the puppy. All the research in the world cannot take the place of years of hands-on experience, especially when it comes to working with animals that have a wide range of personalities. Corgis are incredibly intelligent dogs and getting some insight into the corgi's personality the breeder has come across can be valuable to a new owner. The breeder may be able to give training tips on dealing with the corgi's natural herding instinct, offer solutions for getting the short-legged dog in and out of a car, and even some tips of making toys for this dog breed.

How to Breed Boxers

Boxers are hunting dogs and have been recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) since 1904. They get along well with other pets, but they enjoy running after other dogs and people. They are fawn or brindle in color and have short hairs that are smooth. Boxers are good-natured and are loyal to their owner. They are great with kids, but need a lot of activity since they are very playful. They tend to get bored easily and then become curious which can get them into trouble with their owner. If you want to breed your boxer you will need to be aware of the cost and several steps to take before doing so.

Instructions

How to breed a boxer

    1

    Select a veterinarian. You will need a doctor that can take care of your boxer in case of emergencies. If your female is pregnant is delivering you will need to be able to call upon a veterinarian for help or assistance.

    2

    Take the boxer to the veterinarian to be tested. In order to make sure your male or female boxer is in good health you will need to be able to prove it with records from the doctor. Have x-rays taken in order to detect hip dysplasia, thyroid tests, immunizations, and a heart health certification that is certified by the board of cardiologists.

    3

    Find a male or female that make a good companion with your boxer. If you have a female that you want to breed then you will need to find her a male with a good temperament and no health problems. He needs to have a good reputation among other breeders. The male is called a stud and if he has a good reputation then he will be used among several breeders. Getting a stud to breed with your female will cost around $1000. If you have a male boxer you need to make sure he is healthy and confident. He cannot be aggressive and he must have a great appearance.

    4

    Determine how much money you will need in order to keep the boxer in good health. When you have a female boxer you will need to take her to the veterinarian for weekly check-ups as it gets closer to delivery. A check-up could cost around $50 each visit. You will also need to figure out the cost to take care of the litter of puppies. They will eventually need their tails docked and ears cropped. This can cost at least $500 for each puppy.

    5

    Register your boxer puppies with AKC in order to make it official that they are boxers. When selling the puppies you will need to have proof that they are registered with AKC and a health record. If your adult boxer is not registered then you will need to do so before selling the puppies.

Yorkie Terrier Diet

As one of the most common dogs to own, Yorkshire Terriers--or "Yorkies"--are typically friendly and make good family pets. But just like other dogs, Yorkies have their own set of issues. While many of these problems are congenital, some can be avoided by taking certain precautions, such as feeding a diet that is right for your dog.

Choosing Between Dry and Wet Food

    Yorkies, like other small breeds, have small teeth. Because of their size, it may be hard for some these dogs to chew on dry, hard kibble. If you feed your Yorkie kibble, choose a brand, such as Royal Canin, formulated specifically for the needs of this breed.

    Eating dry food does has its advantages, such as keeping your Yorkie's teeth clean, which can be difficult to do otherwise. Wet food can build up plaque and tartar rather quickly on Yorkies' small teeth, which can cause serious dental problems. Older Yorkies sometimes need tooth extractions because of dental disease. In addition, bacteria under the gum line can enter into the bloodstream and cause serious problems with the heart and other organs. If you choose to feed your dog wet food, brush his teeth at home and have your veterinarian perform routine cleanings regularly.

Avoiding Hypoglycemia

    Yorkies, like other small breeds, can develop hypoglycemia, which occurs when the blood sugar levels become too low. A dog's liver stores energy, and in a small dog like a Yorkshire Terrier, it cannot store that much for long periods of time. If your dog goes too long without eating, the blood sugar levels can dip dangerously low. To avoid this, feed your Yorkie three times a day. You can also give your pet small treats throughout the day, such as carrots, green beans and healthy commercial treats. Whichever you prefer, make sure that they are small. It is very easy for a large piece of food to become lodged in a Yorkie's throat, especially in those who have collapsed tracheas, which is common in this breed.

Essential Fatty Acids

    Yorkies as a breed are prone to allergies, which can cause their skin and hair coat to become dry and itchy. To help alleviate this problem, feed your Yorkie an all-natural, organic diet that contains omega-3 fatty acids. You can also give your dog fatty acid supplements. If your Yorkie has allergies, try feeding her a food that contains a protein she has never had before and one that doesn't contain too many grains, as both of these ingredients have been suspected of causing allergies in dogs.

Characteristics of the Chow Chow Breed

Characteristics of the Chow Chow Breed

The Chow Chow is an ancient breed dog of northern Chinese origin with unique characteristics such as its lionlike appearance and blue-black tongue. This medium-sized dog is powerful, sturdy and muscular with heavy bone structure. The Chow Chow was originally an all-purpose working dog, however, today it primarily serves as a human companion.

History

    Chow Chows are one of the oldest breeds of dog. Artifacts -- such as sculptures and marked pottery -- from the Han Dynasty serve as evidence that this dog existed in China between 206 B.C. and 22 A.D. The Chow was an all-purpose dog used for hunting, herding, pulling and protection in the home. Warring Mongolian tribes used the Chow as a guard dog. When needed, the Chow was used as a source of food and fur.

Appearance

    The Chow has a sturdy build and square profile. It has a broad skull and small, triangular ears that are rounded at the tip. Chows have a very dense, double coat of fur that is particularly thick around the neck. The colors of its coat can be red, black blue, cinnamon or cream. Its eyes are deep set and almond-shaped. The Chow also has a thick-haired curly tail that lies on its back. This breed sheds heavily during warmer seasons. Perhaps the most unique characteristic of the Chow Chow is its unusual blue-black tongue.

Temperament

    The Chow Chow is a well-mannered and intelligent breed of dog commonly kept as pets. Chows have protective instincts against strangers. They should be thoroughly socialized -- extensive exposure to friendly people -- when they are young to prevent aggression. Due to their dominant nature, Chows need firm, consistent authority and training as a puppy . Typically, males and females co-habitate with less tension than those of the same gender. However, it is not uncommon for multiple chows of the same gender to live together peacefully in the home setting.

Health

    The Chow Chow has a life expectancy of about 15 years. Chows are sensitive to heat but can live indoors or outdoors in cooler weather. They are prone to suffer from entropion -- an eye irritation caused by eyelid abnormality -- and also inclined to experience hip dysphasia, stomach cancer, hot spots and ear infections. Chows are somewhat inactive, but exercise is necessary for optimal health and development. A daily walk is sufficient exercise for the Chow to prevent behavioral problems.

The Best Ways to Switch to Abady Dog Food

The Best Ways to Switch to Abady Dog Food

Abady dog food is designed to provide the maximum health for canines. The food contains all-natural ingredients, and there are formulas for puppies, large dogs, small dogs and stressed-out dogs. Choose a formula based on the kind of dog you have and any problems that your dog may have. Always consult with a vet before changing foods, and do not choose a food that will cause an allergic reaction in your dog. If you have questions about your dog's diet, health or behavior, consult with your dog's vet about the diet switch.

Digestive Enzymes

    Give your dog a digestive enzyme at every feeding along with the new concentration of dog food. When dogs switch to a higher-protein food formula, the stomach does not always know how to react. Adding the enzymes helps the dog's stomach break down the new food and prevents many problems associated with switching foods. These enzymers are available from vets, online and at some pet food stores.

Slow Method

    Give the dog two thirds of its original food and one-third of the new Abady dog food. Feed this ratio to your dog for three days. If diarrhea still is present after three days, then continue this diet until the dog returns to normal. This could take up to one week. Give your dog two-thirds of the new food with one-third of the old food starting on the fourth day. Only switch if there are no visible problems with your dog. Continue to offer this mixture to the dog for three days, or until the dog is able to maintain normal activities and bowel movements. Start 100 percent of Abady dog food on the seventh day if all else goes smoothly.

Cold Turkey Switch

    It is rare that a cold turkey switch is necessary or advisable. However, in some cases, such as when a dog is allergic to a previous formula, it is necessary to switch formulas at once. When this occurs, be prepared to stay with the dog for three or more days to escort it in and out of the house for bathroom emergencies. You can also keep your pet outdoors during the transition period to avoid messes in the house.

Quick Transition

    On the first day, mix in a quarter of the new food with the old food. On the second day, mix in half new and half old. On the third day, mix in a quarter of old food and three-quarters of new food. On the fourth day add in 100 percent new Abady food. This is a hybrid method of the above methods. Make sure to feed the dog plenty of digestive enzymes when using this method for best results and minimum impact on your dog's digestive system.

How to Make People and Dog Biscuits

Who says that dog biscuits have to be only for dogs? You can make yummy, crunchy, nutritious biscuits that can be enjoyed by you and your canine buddy. Make them in your own kitchen and you'll know for sure that the people and dog biscuits are loaded with only the best ingredients.

Instructions

    1

    Mix the all-purpose flour, rye flour, corn meal, powdered milk, cracked wheat and salt in a large mixing bowl.

    2

    Put the warm water in a bowl and sprinkle the active dry yeast over the water. Stir it until the yeast dissolves.

    3

    Add the chicken broth and the softened yeast to the bowl of dry ingredients, and mix it well. Use your hands, because the dough will be stiff. Add a bit more chicken broth or water is the dough is too dry.

    4

    Roll the dough to about -inch thickness on a lightly floured surface, and cut it into biscuits with a biscuit cutter or cookie cutters.

    5

    Mix beaten egg with a small amount of milk. Put the biscuits on ungreased baking sheets and brush them with the egg and milk mixture.

    6

    Bake the people and dog biscuits at 300 degrees for 45 minutes.

    7

    Turn off the oven, but leave the people and dog biscuits there overnight. Remove the biscuits from the baking sheets, put them in a sealed container or zip seal bags and store them in the refrigerator.

What Is the Difference Between Alaskan Malamutes & Siberian Huskies?

What Is the Difference Between Alaskan Malamutes & Siberian Huskies?

Whether you are looking to get a new dog for yourself or for professional breeding purposes, it is important to know the difference between Alaskan malamutes and Siberian huskies. While these breeds may look similar in appearance, they have different genetic lines and temperaments that prospective dog owners should consider. Understanding more about their differences can help you make a well-informed decision about which one to get.

Appearance

    Alaskan malamutes have strong, muscular builds with broad chests and heads. Siberian huskies are lighter on their feet and their bodies are more compact. Both breeds are considered medium-size dogs, but the malamutes average larger in height and weight than huskies. The average male malamute weighs 85 lb. while the average male Siberian husky weighs 45 to 60 lb. Alaskan malamutes and Siberian huskies have similar triangular ears and bushy foxlike tails.

Coats

    Siberian huskies and Alaskan malamutes have double coats of a medium length. The Siberian husky has a soft coat underneath, while the Alaskan malamute's undercoat is more wooly. Both breeds' guard hairs are coarse and not soft. The Alaskan malamute's coat is more naturally contained and does not always require trimming, whereas the Siberian husky's coat does require trimming. Regular brushing is necessary for both breeds so that the coarse coats do not become tangled and matted.

Coloring

    The coloring of the Alaskan malamute and Siberian husky differs. Siberian husky coloring ranges between pure black and pure white, with various shades in between. The Alaskan malamute, on the other hand, has colorings of light gray, sable, white and red. Alaskan malamutes have more splashes of color throughout the coat, while Siberian huskies have more striking patterns on the head and face than on the rest of the body.

Temperament

    Both breeds are loyal to their owners and families. Siberian huskies are gentle, but they are also outgoing, which means that owners must dedicate time for the husky to get physical activity throughout the day. Alaskan malamutes are playful when prompted, but are not characterized as having the same excitable energy that huskies display. Malamutes are also more strong-willed than huskies, so you must begin obedience training of them early on.

How to Tell If Newborn Puppies Are Getting Milk

Puppies are born with many complex needs that need to be met almost immediately. They are born with underdeveloped immune systems and are almost completely helpless for the first couple of weeks, until their eyes open. At this time they're completely dependent on their mothers for protection and nutrition. For people who are caring for a litter of puppies, this means the responsibility of supervising the litter's well-being. One of the most important aspects of this is making sure that each puppy is getting the nutrition it needs.

Instructions

    1

    Direct brand new puppies to their mother's nipples as soon as you've cleaned them up. The first round of nursing is where the puppies receive the colostrum, which contains the majority of the mother's antibodies for the puppies. This is the most important first step in making sure the puppies are getting the nutrition they need.

    2

    When the puppies start nursing, listen carefully. You should hear sucking noises coming from each of the puppies.

    3

    Observe the puppies carefully. If they're sucking and drinking milk, you will be able to see excess milk on their lips and chin.

    4

    After the puppies have been nursing for 10 to 15 minutes, gently feel their stomachs. They should feel round and slightly distended, with the skin firmly stretched. This means that they're getting their fill of milk.

    5

    Continue observing the puppies closely for the first 2 weeks of their lives, while they're almost continuously nursing. Their stomachs should continue to grow and look slightly round. If you notice one particular pup not nursing or looking underweight, it's probably not getting enough milk. Consult your vet on your next step.

What Are the AKC-Recognized Colors for Mini Schnauzers?

What Are the AKC-Recognized Colors for Mini Schnauzers?

The American Kennel Club (AKC) only recognizes three colors for miniature schnauzers in order to allow a dog to be registered with the organization. Unfortunately, miniature schnauzers come in a fourth color, white, which is not allowed. Purebred miniature schnauzers sometimes produce white puppies. White is, however, a recognized color in the UK Kennel Club. The breed standard, including acceptable coloration, is written by the American Miniature Schnauzer Club.

Salt and Pepper

    Miniature schnauzers grow double-layered coats. The top layer is harsh, wiry and water-resistant while the undercoat is soft. In the salt and pepper color pattern, the undercoat is light and the top coat is mixed with solid white hairs, solid black hairs and hairs that are "banded," or containing both black and white in the same follicle. The black and white hairs are so close together that it appears the coat is sprinkled with salt and pepper. The black hairs are allowed to have brownish tints. Colors fade to light gray or silvery-white at the dog's chest, belly, eyebrows, throat, inside of the legs and underneath the tail.

Black and Silver

    In this color pattern, the majority of the dog's body is glossy black, except for the cheeks, whiskers, ears, eyebrows, belly, across the chest, insides of the legs and underneath the tail. These are all silvery-gray or a light gray. Ideally, no brown hairs are to be seen, but they occur in purebred miniature schnauzers, according to the AKC. The dog's dense, soft undercoat is to also be darkly colored.

Solid Black

    This is the only allowable solid color allowed for AKC registered miniature schnauzers and for those registered with the Canadian Kennel Club. Ideally, the dog is to be completely black, with black nose and dark eyes, but it is rare for a dog to achieve this coloration. One small white spot is allowed on the chest, but it is not to be larger than 1 inch in diameter. If the dog grows some individual white hairs only noticeable on close inspection, that is also allowed. This color is not as common as the previous two.

What About White Miniature Schnauzers?

    The American Kennel Club refuses to register any purebred white miniature schnauzers, even if both parents are registered with the AKC. The dogs are not albinos, but white with dark eyes and black noses. The white dogs do not show any health problems related to color. The color itself is just frowned upon for the simple reason that it is not an acceptable color, according to North Carolina Schnauzer Rescue. The AKC will only reverse its decision if the breed's parent club, the American Miniature Schnauzer Club, changes its breed standard.

Bones and Raw Food Diet for Dogs

Bones and Raw Food Diet for Dogs

Dogs are basically scavengers, and eat stomach contents of their prey, as well as feces. A dog's intestines are such that they are not harmed by many bacteria that would kill humans. Still, some are concerned about letting their dog eat raw food or meat.

Prevention/Solution

    Cooked bones are less likely to splinter or have parasites, so these are a good diet option for dogs. Other raw foods, such as fruit or vegetables, are also acceptable in a dog's diet.

Function

    Dogs have shorter intestines, which prevents bacteria on food from harming them.

Benefits

    Dogs have evolved as meat eaters and scavengers, so a raw diet would be natural for them. Some companies are starting to market raw dog food.

Theories/Speculation

    Some experts believe a more natural diet, including meat, would help dogs with sensitive skin and itching ears by giving them the nutrients they miss with processed food.

Fun Fact

    All dogs have evolved from wolves, and still have a wolf mentality--either to lead or be led in their search for food.

Misconceptions

    In the wild, dogs eat fruits and vegetables, as well as meat and other natural material.

Jumat, 29 Juli 2011

How to Select a Labrador Retriever

Originally from Newfoundland, this very popular dog was bred to jump into the water and haul fishermen's nets ashore. Today, besides being good family pets, Labs are hunting dogs, search-and-rescue dogs, guide dogs and police dogs, used for detecting drugs and bombs.

Instructions

    1

    Choose a Lab if you want a friendly, loyal and affectionate companion. They're not good watchdogs but will bark if there's a reason.

    2

    Try a Labrador if you're looking for a good family dog. They're excellent with children.

    3

    Feel confident in adopting a Lab if you have other pets; they get along well with everyone.

    4

    Anticipate your adult Lab weighing 60 to 70 lbs. and standing about 23 inches at the shoulder.

    5

    Expect to pay between $200 and $400 for a good-quality dog.

    6

    Consider adopting a Lab from a rescue group. Most of these dogs are already housebroken and finished with the chewing stage. There's usually nothing wrong with the dog; the owners didn't research the breed and later discovered that they and the dog were incompatible.

    7

    Remember that Labs tend to be somewhat stubborn, which means that you must be consistent and patient while training them.

    8

    Note that Labs are enthusiastic puppies and are sometimes mistakenly thought to be hyperactive. The main reason people give up their Labs is that they're too active.

    9

    Be prepared to spend a fruitful 10 to 12 years with your Lab, as this is the average life expectancy of a Labrador retriever.

What Is a Balanced Diet for Dogs?

Dogs are individuals, just like people, and a diet that works for one dog may not work for another. This is due to many factors that include age, health, activity level and environment. Some dogs require more calories than others. However, the basic requirements of nutrition--protein, carbohydrates, fats and water--are the same for all dogs. Understanding these basics takes the mystery out of feeding your dog.

Proteins

    Proteins help promote healthy muscles, skin and blood. Proteins consist of a combination of amino acids and enzymes. Dogs consume two types of protein, animal and plant. Dogs digest animal protein the best. Examples of animal protein include beef, poultry and fish. How well a dog digests proteins depends on the quality and type. Dogs suffering from a lack of protein may exhibit skin problems, ear infections or excessive shedding. PetEducation.com recommends the following percentages of protein for dogs based on total diet: puppies need 28 percent, adult dogs require 18 percent, performance dogs need 25 percent, sled dogs require 25 percent and lactating dogs require 28 percent protein.

Carbohydrates

    Fundamental to your dog's well-being are carbohydrates that help regulate blood-sugar levels for daily energy needs. In addition, carbohydrates contain fiber, important for digestive functions and stool formation. Sugars and starches are the primary forms of carbohydrates. Carbohydrates also supply essential vitamins and minerals. Grains, peas, beans, potatoes and fruits are examples of carbohydrates. Excessive amounts of carbohydrates may cause your dog to experience bloating, gas or diarrhea. Carbohydrates constitute 30 to 70 percent of most commercial pet foods, according to PetEducation.com.

Fats

    Fats assist in the regulation of cholesterol and hormonal functions and act as transport for fat-soluble vitamins. There are three types of fatty acids: omega-3, omega-6 and arachidonic acid. Sources of fats include fish, flaxseeds, walnuts, safflower, sunflower and corn. A dog with a fat deficiency may experience a lack of energy, wounds slow to heal or dry skin. Similar to humans, fats consumed in excess may cause obesity. According to Liz Palika, dog trainer, pet expert and award-winning author of the "The Ultimate Pet Food Guide," between 15 to 18 percent of a dog's caloric intake should be fats. Active canines, such as police, agility or herding dogs, may require as much as 50 percent.

Water

    Essential to all life is water, and dogs are no exception. Water helps keep your dog hydrated, assists in temperature regulation and respiration, supports metabolism maintenance and waste removal, and aids in digestion. Lack of water leads to dehydration, which may incapacitate performance and, in severe cases, cause death. There is no exact formula for how much water a dog requires because of variances dues to sizes and weights. Always have clean drinking water available for your dog. Provide extra water for dogs that participate in sports, work, travel or whenever your dog appears thirsty.

A Word on Calories

    Calories refer to how food energy is measured and burned by your dog's activity. Consider all factors when determining caloric intake for your dog's diet, including stage of life, size and weight. Big dogs need more calories than a small ones. An older dog needs fewer calories because of decreased activity. An outdoor dog requires more calories than an indoor dog, due to diverse weather conditions. For example, a 50-pound dog of average activity will require 1,200 to 1,400 calories each day. Consult with your veterinarian for tips on how to best optimize your dog's diet.

How to Take Care of a Pekingese Dog

How to Take Care of a Pekingese Dog

The Pekingese is a toy breed of dog that doesn't usually get more than 9 inches tall at the shoulder. They usually weigh between 6 and 10 lbs. The Pekingese is of Chinese origin, and was originally a companion animal to Chinese royalty. The Chinese went to great lengths to keep foreigners from getting the breed, but the British did eventually come into possession of the Pekingese, and it is now one of the most popular breeds worldwide.

Instructions

    1

    Brush the dog's fur every day with the dog brush. The Pekingese has a double coat that can quickly become matted if not cared for daily. The back legs and hindquarters of the dog are especially susceptible to matting, so take extra care when brushing those areas.

    2

    Take the dog for a daily walk. The Pekingese is an appropriate dog for apartments and is not very active indoors, but does need to walk every day for exercise. If you don't walk the dog daily, it may begin to exhibit behavioral problems.

    3

    Check the dog's feet after each walk for debris or burrs. The feet are very furry, and can catch twigs or leaves from the outdoors and track them in. Checking the feet also prevents the debris from scratching the dog's feet.

    4

    Wipe the dog's eyes, nose and ears each day with a soft cloth dipped in warm water. Pekingese dogs have eyes that protrude due to their skeletal structure, and the eyes can become watery. They also have very short airways that cause them to snort more than other dogs. Wiping down the face daily will remove any debris that could scratch the eyes, and also removes any fluids from the eyes and nose.

    5

    Keep the Pekingese in a temperate, dry environment. Hot, humid air is more difficult to breath for the short-faced dog. Also, they can't pant enough to cool their bodies down.

    6

    Do not overfeed the Pekingese. Consult your veterinarian about how much to feed your dog. Overfeeding makes it harder to breathe, and can aggravate issues common to the breed such as heart problems, dislocated knees and herniated discs.

The Care of Pug Dogs

The Care of Pug Dogs

The pug is one of the oldest known breeds of dogs and is dated back to around 400 B.C. in China, where the dogs were pets of Buddhist Monks in Tibet. They are loving and playful pets, and their sole purpose in life is to be close to their owners and please them. They are adaptable and sturdy and can live in small homes and apartments as they do not require a lot of exercise or space. Pugs are a healthy breed and fairly easy to care for as they don't require a lot of grooming.

Instructions

    1

    Train your pug; a trained dog is a happy dog since a trained dog requires fewer restrictions and can be given more freedom. Teach your dog important lessons in potty training, leash commands and socialization. Look for an experienced trainer in your area that uses motivational tools. Train one on one with a trainer; go to dog classes; or purchase books and videos on how to train your pug.

    2

    Feed your pug the proper amount of food according to package directions for his weight and age, Check your pug continuously to determine if you need to alter the amount he is fed based on how he looks. Feel your dog's ribs--you should be able to just feel them through the skin, and also check that your pug has a defined waist. Pugs are notorious over eaters and act hungry, even if well fed. Obesity is one of the primary health issues for this breed.

    3

    Clean your pug's ears every few days with an ear wash to avoid infections, Use an ear wash obtained from your veterinarian. Spray the ear wash in his ear, gently work it through the ear with your fingers and then wipe out with a long, rectangular strip of rolled cotton.

    4

    Clean your pug's nose roll and face wrinkles every few days by lifting the folds of skin and wiping thoroughly with a damp wash cloth. Follow with a wipe down with a piece of rolled cotton that is sprayed with ear wash.

    5

    Brush your pug on a weekly basis to remove shedding fur, stimulate the skin, and give your dog's coat a healthy sheen. Use a natural bristle brush, which is recommended for short haired breeds.

    6

    Trim or file down your pug's nails every four to six weeks to keep them short and avoid painful broken nails or long nails that grow into the dog's foot. Cut or file them with a rotary grinder. Ask your vet to show you the correct amount to cut or file and how to safely trim the dog's nails yourself.

    7

    Avoid heavy exercising of your pug in high heat and humidity. Keep your dog cool since hot weather can exacerbate a pug's breathing difficulties. Listen for breathing problems and check your dog for excessive snoring or gasping to breathe--in event of either of these symptoms, have your vet check your dog. Surgery is sometimes needed to correct breathing problems in pugs.

Kamis, 28 Juli 2011

What Is the Breed Origin of the Shih Tzu Dog?

What Is the Breed Origin of the Shih Tzu Dog?

It is unknown when the Shih Tzu became a separate and distinct breed or what dogs influenced its origins. Documents and artistic renderings of a dog resembling the Shih Tzu date back as far as A.D. 624, although the breed's introduction into China probably occurred hundreds of years later, according to the American Shih Tzu Club.

Origins

    The Shih Tzu, also known as the Chrysanthemum Dog or Little Lion in Mandarin Chinese, may have descended from Tibetan mountain dogs (Lhasa Apso) or they may be related to toy dogs of the Orient, such as the pug or Pekingese. The most common theory is a Tibetan spaniel was crossed with an Asian Pekingese, resulting in the Shih Tzu we know today.

Ming and Manchu Dynasties

    It is well documented that the Shih Tzu was the favorite breed of the Chinese royals during the Ming (1368 to 1644) and Manchu (17th century) dynasties, even receiving royal ranking and wearing hats befitting their station, according to Shih Tzus for Dummies.

Legend

    The lion, one of Buddhism's sacred symbols, is not native to China, and legend says the Shih Tzu was bred and groomed to resemble the king of beasts, reports Shih Tzus for Dummies. This may explain the doglike features of Chinese lion sculptures.

Protected

    The Chinese prized the Little Lion and refused to sell the breed to outsiders, even after trade with the Western world was firmly established.

Rescued

    After the Communist revolution in China, people were discouraged from owning dogs unsuitable for work or eating. Therefore, many breeds nearly died out. Seven males and seven females from England, Norway and Sweden may have saved the Shih Tzu from becoming extinct in the Western world.

What Does It Mean When a Dog Is AKC Certified?

What Does It Mean When a Dog Is AKC Certified?

The American Kennel Club, which is based in Raleigh, North Carolina, is a not-for-profit organization for breeders and owners of purebred dogs. The AKC maintains an official registry of every purebred dog that has been submitted for registration by either the dog's breeder or owner. The AKC also sanctions official dog shows around the country. In addition, the AKC promotes responsible dog ownership and education through commercials and pamphlets that can be found at pet stores and veterinarian offices. The AKC also issues grants to researchers who are working to improve canine health. The certifications that the AKC issues are mostly beneficial to the breeders for financial purposes or for owners who wish to show their dogs.

Registration of Purebred Dogs

    When a purebred dam is mated with a purebred sire and puppies result from the mating, the breeder can send in forms to the AKC to register the litter. After researching, if the AKC determines that both parent dogs are listed in their official database, then they will assign a registration number to each one of the puppies, sight unseen, and blue slips for each dog. These blue slips are given to the new owners and must be turned in to the AKC. Once that is completed, then those dogs are also eligible, down the road, to mate with other purebred AKC-registered dogs to create litters that can be sold in the same manner. AKC registration allows a breeder to sell dogs for a much higher amount than those without official papers.

Monitoring of Breeders

    The AKC does not have legal oversight over the conduct of breeders who sell AKC-registered dogs. The AKC will, on occasion, conduct site inspections of breeders who produce and sell a large number of dogs annually. These inspections are generally just conducted to make sure that the breeders are following the rules set forth by the AKC for handling each puppy's paperwork, and to check on the conditions of the operation. Although the AKC has no legal jurisdiction to shut down a poorly run kennel, they can withdraw registration privileges, making it so that any puppies produced at the location, even if both the sire and dam are purebreds, cannot be certified by the AKC.

Dog Show Competitions

    When a dog is officially certified by the AKC, it means that the dog can compete in AKC-sanctioned dog shows, such as the annual Westminster Dog Show. The AKC sets forth judging guidelines, as well as creating and governing the rules by which each sanctioned dog show must abide. The AKC keeps official records of the dog shows. It issues certificates and awards to winners of the various sectional categories and to the winner of best in show.

AKC Certification Considerations

    Anyone who breeds an AKC registered female dog with an AKC-registered male dog can have the litter certified by the AKC. There are no official requirements that the AKC imposes on breeders in order for them to have their puppies certified. The AKC also is unable to verify that all the information provided by a breeder is correct, because there are few on-site inspections conducted by the AKC. Finally, the AKC cannot verify the health or quality of an AKC certified dog. When a dog is certified by the AKC, all that means is that the breeder is in good standing with the AKC.

Soft Dog Foods for Pomeranians

Soft Dog Foods for Pomeranians

The Pomeranian is a breed that packs a wallop of bravado and charm into its small frame. Owners can locate foods that cater to these lion-like petite dogs, with tailored options that can be quite flavorful and healthy.

Cesar

    Cesar has developed several styles of dog food to nourish small breeds like Pomeranians. Owners should feed a certain number of trays to their canines depending on weight; the AKC states that most Poms weigh between 4 and 6 pounds, and can eat a maximum of around 2 trays daily. Mouthwatering Cesar flavors include filet mignon, beef burgundy, pork tenderloin and steak Florentine. This brand also offers a Sunrise Breakfast for small dogs with a taste of bacon, steak, and eggs.

Blue Buffalo

    All dog foods under the Blue Buffalo brand are formulated to provide canines additional protection against environmental toxins. De-boned chicken, lamb, or fish is the first and most prevalent ingredient for all Blue Buffalo recipes. These foods also boast whole grains, garden vegetables, and fruit with antioxidants. Pomeranian owners will appreciate such options as the Small Breed Lamb Dinner. This new offering from Blue Buffalo contains blueberries, sweet potatoes, and barley, in addition to plentiful lamb.

EVO

    EVO dog foods are designed to provide your companion with the type of nutrition he would receive in the wild. Called the Ancestral Diet, EVO food's nutritional make up is rich in protein and quite low in carbohydrates, as it is grain-free. Their site claims that, as each bite of EVO contains more nutrition, owners can feed less of it and save. EVO features soft foods of which 95 percent is protein, like duck, venison, and salmon. Red Meat Formula Small Bites and Turkey & Chicken Small Bites foods can also be suitable for petite breeds like Poms.

Natural Balance

    This brand of dog food was founded by Dick Van Patten, a well-known American actor. The company creates foods not only for canines but also for polar bears, tigers, and other large carnivorous mammals. Owners of small breeds who fed Natural Balance submitted requests for more appropriate foods, and the company responded to the demand. Natural Balance now offers multiple small-breed nutritional products, as well as soft foods in diminutive sizes with pull-top style cans.

Dogs That Are Easy to Train & Can Hunt

Dogs That Are Easy to Train & Can Hunt

Hunting dogs can be both a family pet and a hunter's best friend if properly trained and cared for. However, some dogs can be difficult to train or unsuited for hunting. Deciding on a suitable dog before purchase can save a hunter a great deal of time and hassle in the future.

Retrievers

    These dogs are well known for being popular house pets, but they make great hunters as well. Retrievers are intelligent, easy to train and quite affable to owners, friends and family members. Retrievers are a medium to large dog best suited to a slightly larger house, but they can make do with a small one if given plenty of exercise. Retrievers have a great deal of energy and are not very suitable for very young children. The dogs are great swimmers and can easily be trained to retrieve birds and small game in and out of water. Labrador and golden retrievers share these traits and can be used by hunters.

Spaniels

    Spaniels are small- to medium-sized hunting dogs, available in a variety of colors and breeds. Spaniels are generally very intelligent and eager to learn and please, but they need a great deal of exercise. They benefit from formal training at a young age. Most spaniels excel in retrieving and flushing out small game on both land and water. These dogs are very outgoing and are suitable for using with other dogs or hunters.

Greyhounds

    Greyhounds are medium-sized, whippet-type dogs with long, thin bodies. They are famous for speed and are used in hunting as coursing hounds, dogs that track prey by sight. Greyhounds are intelligent, easy to train and friendly. They require a considerable amount of exercise and shouldn't be brought into a home with a cat or other small animal due to their coursing skills.

German shepherds

    German shepherds are large, semi-aggressive dogs that are intelligent, loyal and friendly to their owners. These dogs require a relative amount of exercise, but they are adaptable to surroundings and can live in almost any area. German Shepherds are very versatile and can be trained to retrieve birds, flush out game or even scent raccoons. They also make good watchdogs because of their temperament.

Origin of the Samoyed

Origin of the Samoyed

Samoyeds are known for their loving and gentle disposition. Their personality along with the characteristic white or cream-colored coat and friendly face (Samoyeds often appear as though they are smiling, which is commonly referred to as the "Sammy Smile"), is what wins the hearts of those who choose to own one. This mellow, yet eager-to-please dog makes an ideal family pet, particularly for people who enjoy breeds that are not too hyperactive.

Origin and History

    Samoyeds originate from Siberia and got their name from the nomadic Samoyedic tribes of Northern Russia and Siberia. They worked alongside their tribal owners, helping to herd reindeer, haul sleds and assist in hunting. Samoyeds also slept close to their owners, keeping them warm, which likely contributed to their highly loyal disposition.

    After spending three months with the Samoyedic people in 1889 the zoologist Earnest Kilburn Scott and his wife Clara brought the breed back to his English homeland and began working to develop Samoyeds into the dogs they are today. He introduced them to the British public, where they quickly became a favorite of many dog owners and later gained popularity in the United States as well. The appeal of the Samoyed is found in dog lovers all over the world today.

Appearance

    Samoyeds are muscular, strong, medium-sized dogs. They typically measure about 19 to 23 inches in height and weigh between 45 and 65 pounds. They have triangular ears that rest high on their head. Their brown, almond-shaped eyes have dark rims as do their lips.Their muzzle, which is almost as long as their skull, ends with a dark nose. Their long tails are set high. Their double-coat can be found in shades of pure white and cream (the most common colors), biscuit, or biscuit and white.

Personality

    In addition to being loyal dogs, Samoyeds are also extremely intelligent, dignified, friendly, confident, patient, alert and highly social. Their love of people usually does not make them good watch dogs.

Care

    The gorgeous Samoyed coat requires a little more care than dogs that have shorter coats. Daily brushing is necessary on dogs with long fur and double-coats, which discourages some people from owning them. It takes just 15 minutes to brush a Samoyed, but skipping a daily brushing can make their coats unmanageable within a matter of days. Since it is not a good idea to strip a dog of the natural oils in their skin, the occasional bath will suffice.

    Veterinarians recommend the quantity and type of dog food for Samoyeds. Samoyeds need lots of attention and companionship to be well adjusted dogs. They should be regularly walked for optimal health and mental stimulation. However, owners should be mindful of the weather when they do take their Samoyed for walks, making sure that the dog is well hydrated since they are more prone to overheat than other dog breeds.

Health Problems

    Samoyeds are generally a healthy, hardy breed. However, like any dog they can become sick or encounter certain ailments. Hip dysplasia is one of the more common health problems with Samoyeds. They can also develop eye conditions, such as distichiasis, corneal dystrophy and glaucoma. Samoyeds are also known to develop kidney problems on occasion. Samoyeds can also have environmental or food allergies.

The Best Lap Dogs

The Best Lap Dogs

Lap dogs have become increasingly popular in recent years. This is largely due to their roles in movies and their reputation as the dog of choice among celebrities. Lap dogs are charming, cute and, arguably, totally in charge of their households. These dogs make great companions and are equally happy to travel with you or curl up with you at home.

Papillon

    The elegant Papillon has been known as a lap dog for centuries. Popular among royalty, this dog is also known for its intelligence. The breed has a very affectionate nature, but can be a bit possessive of his owner. Health issues common to the Papillon include: retinal atrophy, dislocated kneecaps and a tendency to develop tartar on the teeth. This breed usually weighs 3-11 lbs.

Havanese

    Known as the National Dog of Cuba, the Havanese is a dog that thrives on being the center of attention. This breed is quite sociable and usually loves everyone. The Havanese especially loves children. It is known as a hypoallergenic dog, making it a good dog for allergy sufferers. Dislocated kneecaps are a health concern for the breed. Average weight of the Havanese is 7-13 lbs.

Yorkshire Terrier

    The "Yorkie" is a tiny ball of energy. Curious and intelligent, this breed loves to spend time with his owner. The dog travels well, either in his own carrier or tucked under his owner's arm. Health issues include: retinal atrophy, dry eye and dislocated kneecaps. Tooth tartar is also common. Yorkshire Terriers normally weigh less than 7 lbs.

Shih Tzu

    The Shih Ttzu is an active dog that also enjoys cuddling. This dog is known to be affectionate and enjoys the company of children. Health issues affecting the Shih Tzu include: cleft palate and lip, kidney problems and poorly developed eye sockets. Average weight is 10--18 lbs.

Chihuahua

    The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog. They are fierce, loyal and extremely affectionate. The Chihuahua does well with older children. Smaller children will need to be supervised due to the dog's small size. Health problems affecting the Chihuahua are: retinal atrophy, mitral valve disease and hemophilia. According to the American Kennel Club, Chihuahuas should weigh 6 lbs. or less.

Toy Poodle

    The Toy Poodle is an energetic, intelligent and entertaining dog. This dog loves to perform and is easily trained. The Poodle is considered a hypoallergenic dog and does not shed. He does need regular professional grooming to keep his hair mat-free, however. Common health problems include: eye disorders, hypothyroidism and epilepsy. Toy Poodles should weigh less than 10 lbs.

Bichon Frise

    The Bichon is a charming little dog that is eager to please. She loves to be the center of attention and adores children. Health problems in the Bichon include: blocked tear ducts, cataracts and tartar build-up. This breed averages 7-12 lbs.

How to Identify an English Cocker Spaniel

How to Identify an English Cocker Spaniel

The English cocker spaniel is a hunting breed and is bred to hunt in dense cover. This breed can effortlessly cover ground, and to facilitate that, has good extension in both the front and rear, helped out by its angulation. This affectionate breed is a merry, willing worker and a faithful companion.

Instructions

    1

    Look at the general appearance. This sporting breed is compactly built with a powerful gait, which helps it to retrieve game. The tail is always moving, showing that it loves its hunting job. The body is well-balanced while standing and moving.

    2

    Check the size of the English cocker spaniel. Males stand 16 to 17 inches at the withers and females stand 15 to 16 inches at the withers. The males weigh 28 to 34 pounds and females weigh 26 to 32 pounds. This breed is taller than it is long; the height at the withers is a bit greater than the length of the dog when measured from the withers to the set-on of the tail.

    3

    Make sure the strong head is free from coarseness and is softly contoured. There should be no sharp angles to the head. The English cocker spaniel has a soft expression that is dignified, alert and intelligent. The medium-sized eyes, full and set wide apart help to give this breed its expression. The eyes are dark brown, unless the dog is liver-colored, then the eyes are hazel, but should be a dark hazel. The ears are set low, have fine leather and lie close to the head. They are covered with long silky hair. The ear hair may be straight or wavy. The muzzle is an equal length with the skull, but narrower than the skull and well-cushioned. The nose sports wide nostrils and is black. Liver-colored dogs will have a brown nose. Red and parti-colored dogs may have a brown nose, but black is preferred.

    4

    Look at the graceful, muscular neck. It is arched toward the head and blends nicely into sloping shoulders. It is moderate in length. The backline slopes a bit toward a rounded croup and should not sag. The English cocker spaniel has a deep, well-developed, but not wide, chest. The tail is docked and carried horizontally, but should not be cocked up. The front legs are straight and have bone that is almost the same size from the elbow to the heel. The firm feet are round and catlike with arched toes and thick, tight pads. The rear thighs are well-muscled and thick, as are the second (rear) thighs. The second thighs are equal in length to the upper thighs. The rear feet are as they are in the frontfirm, round and catlike with arched toes and thick, tight pads.

    5

    Feel the fine coat. The coat is of medium length on the body and may be flat or a bit wavy. It has a silky texture. The English cocker spaniel is a well-feathered dog, but not so much that it would interfere with its work. The coat may be parti-colored (ticked or roan) with white appearing with black, liver or shades of red. Solid colors include black, liver and shades of red. Solid colors do not have white feet, but may have a bit of white on the throat.

Rabu, 27 Juli 2011

Characteristics of a Toy Poodle

Characteristics of a Toy Poodle

The toy poodle is a size variation of poodle breed of dogs, along with standard and miniature sizes. The breed originated in Western Europe and is particularly common in France, Denmark and Germany. The word "poodle" is derived from "Pudel," which is German for "playing around in water." The name is due to the breed's water retrieving and swimming past.

Appearance

    Toy poodles are available in a wide variety of colors and color variations, such as cream, brown, apricot, red, chocolate, tan and brown, parti color (a blend of at least two colors), white, silver, blue and black. Toy poodles usually weigh between six and nine lbs. at adulthood. In terms of height, the dogs generally reach around 10 inches at the top of the shoulders.

Coat

    Toy poodle coats do not shed at all and grow in a single layer. Due to the lack of shedding, the breed is suitable for people with allergies. To keep the dog's coat clean, brush it about three times a week. Regular bathing is necessary, and the dog will need a professional grooming and clipping every six to eight weeks to prevent the coat from matting.

Overall Structure

    Toy poodles have square bodies with heights approximating the lengths of their backs. The breed has a long muzzle with a roundish skull. Deep, oval-shaped are usually brown, although some toy poodles have eyes that are amber in color. The flat ears droop somewhat and have significant width. The dog's feet are compact and oval in shape. Toy poodles have high-set tails.

Temperament

    For the most part, toy poodles get along with other dog breeds and pets, including cats. Older children are suitable companions, although poodles tend to misbehave if agitated a lot. The dogs are intelligent and learn quickly. Other characteristics include high energy, sensitivity, vitality and eagerness. The dogs can make good watchdogs because they often bark at the sign of any guests approaching.

Exercise

    Toy poodles can receive sufficient exercise from playing inside or a couple of brief outdoor walks daily and so are suitable for city dwellers and can live in small homes and apartments. The more exercise the dog gets, however, the better it will behave. Lack of exercise can sometimes bring upon high-strung behavioral patterns in toy poodles.

Health

    Toy poodles usually have long lifespans of 12 to 15 years or longer. Although the breed is generally healthy, common health problems seen in toy poodles include diabetes, glaucoma, heart conditions, retinal disease, cataracts (which can bring upon blindness), issues with the digestive tract, epilepsy and slipped stifle.

Raw Meat Diets for Puppies

Raw Meat Diets for Puppies

Years before commercial dog food came into the picture, dogs and puppies lived off of what the hunters and scavengers could find in the wild. A new trend has pet owners reverting back to a raw food diet for their puppies. Owners often like this type of diet because it gives them the control of knowing what their puppy is consuming on a daily basis.

Bones And Raw Food

    For a bones and raw food diet, a puppy's meals would be similar to those their wild ancestors ate, including muscle meat, bone, fat and organ meat. You can use hamburger, chicken, pork or any other kind of meat. Vegetables are also important to add into a raw food diet but you must be wary of certain kinds of foods. For example, puppies should not be fed onions because they can be toxic to dogs. For a complete list of other foods that are toxic to dogs, see the resources section.

Portion Size

    Keep a close eye on how much you are feeding your puppy. Puppies should always be kept a little bit hungry to avoid overeating. How much to give depends on how much your puppy weighs. According to Dr. Goodpet, a 50 pound dog will need to eat approximately one pound of raw food per day. Pet owners should adjust accordingly. For example, if the puppy weighs 10 pounds, then give it one-fifth of a pound of food each day.

Home Preparation

    When you prepare the food, one of the best rules to follow is to mimic nature as much as possible. Mother dogs in the wild semi-digest the food in her own stomach before vomiting the food for her little ones to consume. This is a natural instinct for nearly all carnivores in the wild. This preparation can be achieved by a food processor that can grind turkey thighs and other foods to the proper mush state. You can also purchase ground meats from the grocery store. For commercially prepared raw food for dogs, see the resources. Each puppy should be fed in separate bowls to avoid competition.

Introducing the Food

    According to Natural Rearing.com, the best time to begin weaning puppies to a raw meat diet is the fourth week. You can begin by using goat's milk as a base for your mix. The milk will thicken if you add about a tablespoon of raw honey per quart. This additive is for extra nutrition and it should be warmed to a tepid degree. After several days of goat's milk, thicken with ground barley that has been pulverized. Then, during the puppy's fifth week of life, you can mix fresh meat as a separate meal. At this age, the puppy's digestive system is ready to break down the different components of these meals. Any earlier may present future digestive problems.

Consult a Veterinarian

    Before you make any changes to your puppy's diet, consult your veterinarian. The vet can also check to see if your new addition has any food allergies or other health problems. Keep in contact with your veterinarian and let the doctor know if you notice any drastic changes in the puppy's behavior or eating and toiletry habits.

How to Freeze Dry Dog Food

How to Freeze Dry Dog Food

Freeze-drying, alternatively called cryodesiccation, is the process of drying out food so that you can use it at a later time. Historically used in fields of science or as a method to preserve food for soldiers while shipping to various locations, freeze-drying has become a common household method for preserving food. If you bought dog food in bulk or just want to save our pets food for a later date, you can preserve the food with a cooler and some dry ice.

Instructions

    1

    Spoon your dog food into a heavy-duty Ziploc bag.

    2

    Push all excess air out of the bag and seal it shut.

    3

    Put on a pair of thick gloves. Fill a cooler with dry ice halfway and place the dog food on top of the ice.

    4

    Fill the rest of the cooler with another layer of dry ice and close the cooler. Let the dog food dry freeze for 35 to 45 minutes. Remove the dog food and place it into a kitchen freezer.

Sheltie Diet

Sheltie Diet

The Sheltie, or Shetland sheepdog, is a high-energy working dog that needs a nutritious diet to keep him in the best of physical and mental health. Bred to herd sheep on the Shetland Islands, the Sheltie has become a favorite family pet. Its size, energy level, and breed origin dictates the best diet to keep this active, agile dog in the peak of health from the correct portion size to the best sources of protein and calcium.

Natural Diet

    The grey wolf (purported to be the primary ancestor of the Sheltie and all other dog breeds) is primarily a carnivore, though it will eat vegetation on occasion. The majority of a wolfs diet is made up of small game like rabbits, mice, and birds, as well as insects, like grubs and grasshoppers. Some dog owners contend that a dog should eat as closely to its natural diet as possible, but others assert that this diet does not contain the nutritional advantages that home-prepared cooked or raw food diets do.

Sheltie-Specific Diet

    According to canine nutrition expert William D. Cusick, a Shetland sheepdog requires specific sources of the nutrients all dogs need (e.g., protein and calcium) because of the unique environment of the Shetland Islands where the Sheltie originated. Give your Sheltie oyster-shell-based calcium and protein from pork, lamb and fish. Feed your Sheltie potatoes, barley, carrots, and cabbage, but stay away from beef, soy, yellow corn and beets. Cusick does not recommend feeding a Sheltie a commercial dog food, but urges dog owners to prepare Sheltie-specific foods for their pets at home.

Raw Diet

    In an attempt to mimic a canines ancestral diet but still offer balanced nutrition, some breeders, such as the Raw Dog Ranch, advocate a raw preparation. A mixture of 75 percent protein from sources like organs and muscle meats and 25 percent vegetables and fruits, such as potatoes and cabbage, is recommended for most dogs. The best method is to make the vegetables and fruit into a grated, pureed mush and then add ground meat, like human-grade lamb, pork or fish. Portion the mush into serving sizes and then freeze it for later use. Vitamin E, wheat germ, and digestive enzymes are sometimes added.

Home-Cooked Diet

    Though commercial dog food is more convenient, some dog owners, like California veterinarian Paula Terifaj prefer to feed dogs home-cooked meals. Terifajs recipe for a 20-pound dog includes 1/4 pound cooked chicken, 1 cup brown rice and 1/2 cup of peas and carrots, supplemented with vitamins and minerals. This is a suitable portion size for the average adult Sheltie. Substitute the proteins and vegetables specific to a Shelties needs and weigh your Sheltie often to make sure he is not gaining or losing too much weight, adjusting portion size as needed.

Commercial Dog Foods

    Though home-cooked and raw food diets may be optimal, you may not be able to pursue these options. In this case, try to find the most nutritious commercial dog food possible. The Whole Dog Journal advises reading labels carefully and rejecting products containing byproducts, meal, unidentified fats and artificial sweeteners or coloring. The rule of thumb is to choose dog food with the least number of ingredientswhole meats, grains and vegetables. Remember to look for Sheltie-specific nutrients and avoid commercial products with beef, corn and soy.

Selasa, 26 Juli 2011

Information on Docking Tails of Yorkie Puppies

Information on Docking Tails of Yorkie Puppies

In the United States, tail docking is routinely preformed on small Yorkshire terrier puppies to prepare them for dog shows. This procedure is done to young puppies because it is less painful for puppies than it is for adults. However, in some countries it is unacceptable to dock the tail of a dog, and doing so will get the dog banned from any shows.

Where Yorkies are Docked

    Yorkshire terriers do not have their tails docked in every country. In fact, some countries ban the practice. Many countries in Europe, Australia, Greece and South Africa ban the docking of Yorkie tails. Docking is still practiced regularly in the United States, and for show-quality Yorkies in the United States the tail must be docked. Occasionally, the tail is docked in the United Kingdom, but show Yorkies do not have their tails docked in the UK.

Why Docking?

    There is no medical reason to dock the tail of a Yorkie dog. The main reason that Yorkie tails are docked are for aesthetic purposes. The natural tail is long and sticks up beyond the height of the head. A docked Yorkie has a tail that sticks straight up below the level of the head, which creates clean lines when the hair is worn at show length. The American Kennel Club (AKC), Continental Kennel Club (CKC), New Zealand Kennel Club (NZKC), United Kennel Club (UKC) and the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) require the use of docked tails for Yorkies when entering the dog shows.

Docking Procedure

    Yorkie dogs can be docked in two different ways. One method is done by the owner soon after birth. The owner wraps a rubber band around the tip of the tail within two or three days of the puppy's birth. After three days, the tail falls off due to the lack of blood. The second method is done by a vet. The vet cuts the tip of the tail off with surgical scissors between two and five days after the puppy's birth. Older dogs can have their tails docked under anesthesia after 10 weeks of age.

Risks

    There are no real risks to tail docking with Yorkie puppies. When the dogs are young, they have an underdeveloped nervous system, which makes it difficult for them to feel pain. This makes the docking procedure nearly painless for young puppies. However, if the owner does not tie the band around the tail correctly, it is possible that the tail can become infected. The owner may accidentally remove too much of the tail, which can cause harm for a dog's show quality and discomfort later in life.

List of Dogs That Are Similar to Chihuahuas

List of Dogs That Are Similar to Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas are pint-sized dogs with a 10-gallon attitude. These tiny canines can come in a variety of coats and colors: long-hair, short hair, brown, tan or white. They are extremely social creatures who vocalize their feelings often. However, chihuahuas aren't the only dogs that fit the bill of being cute and loyal companions.

Yorkshire Terrier

    Yorkshire Terriers love to socialize.
    Yorkshire Terriers love to socialize.

    The Yorkshire Terrier has about the same lifespan, approximately 15 years, as the Chihuahua. Even though Yorkshire Terriers and Chihuahuas are both tiny dogs, their personalities differ slightly. Yorkies love to be around people and do well interacting with other dogs, whereas Chihuahuas tend to be wary of the unfamiliar.These tiny dogs do not require strenuous exercise so they are ideal for apartments. The Yorkshire Terrier is prone to eye and teeth problems, much like the Chihuahua.

Boston Terrier

    Boston Terriers are friendly dogs.
    Boston Terriers are friendly dogs.

    The Boston Terrier possesses physical traits similar to the Chihuahua, such as pointy ears and a short coat. This breed is friendly with other pets, especially those they have known from puppyhood, but generally get along with dogs they have just met. Medically, the Boston Terrier is prone to injury and eye problems and needs ample exercise.

Russian Toy Terrier

    The Russian Toy Terrier, also known as the Russian Terrier, comes in two varieties: long haired and short haired. Its lifespan is around 15 years, much like other small dogs. They like to bark and do not do well with other pets as they can be extremely protective. The Russian Toy Terrier does well in apartment settings but needs constant grooming.

Welsh Corgi Cardigan

    The Welsh Corgi Cardigan shares the same pointy ears as the Chihuahua.
    The Welsh Corgi Cardigan shares the same pointy ears as the Chihuahua.

    The Welsh Corgi Cardigan is physically similar to the Chihuahua due to its short coat and pointy ears. The Corgi enjoys company with dogs it has known since its youth but will warm up to new acquaintances. This breed barks only when necessary. The Corgi requires minor grooming but a moderate amount of exercise.

American Bull Dog Colors

American Bull Dog Colors

The American Bulldog was originally used by farmers to guard property and hunt bears, wild boars, raccoons and squirrels. Their powerful bodies are built for speed and agility. Weighing between 60 and 20 lbs., this large breed of dog may look ominous but is surprisingly loyal, caring and good with kids. However, these dogs must be socialized early on to achieve such good behavior. American bulldogs come in a wide variety of coat colors.

Piebald

    Piebald is a spotted pattern with large areas of white combined with large areas of colored fur. Piebald American Bulldogs may have patch colors of red, brindle, or black or dark colors.

Brindle

    Brindle is a color characteristic that may occur in any of the American Bulldog fur colors. It is a gray or brown streak through a fur color, which may occur over the entire body or only in patches of the fur. Brindle coloring may include all-over brindle, brindle and white, brindle piebald, dark brindle or red brindle.

Red

    Red, in the case of American Bulldogs, is defined as any shade of red, brown or tan. This means that fawn, yellow, red and brown are all included in the red category. Red coloring may be solid or mixed with other colors such as red and white, red brindle or red piebald.

White

    An American Bulldog may be solid white in color. The white color is an essential part of piebald coloring. White also can be mixed with black, red or brindle patches.

Senin, 25 Juli 2011

How Big Do Labrador Dogs Get?

The Labrador retriever has been steadily growing in popularity in many countries. He has been America's top dog for the past 15 years. A medium size dog by some kennel club standards, he can actually grow to be quite large.

Identification

    The Labrador retriever is a muscular, strong dog with a blocky head and a sleek, short coat that repels water. Her tail is thick and otter-like.

Size

    Males can grow from 22 1/2 to 24 1/2 inches in height, and 65 to 80 pounds in weight. Females grow from 21 1/2 to 23 1/2 inches in height and weigh 55 to 70 pounds.

Considerations

    Though there are standards for height and weight, some Labrador retrievers can be taller and weigh more than these standards.

Health Issues Regarding Growth

    The Labrador can be prone to hip and elbow dysplasia. Do not exercise him too much as a puppy; it can cause his bones to grow too quickly.

Health Issues Regarding Weight

    Though she can be a very active dog, her owner needs to be aware that she can also tend to overeat. She needs a controlled diet.

Benefits

    The Labrador retriever can excel in hunting, agility, tracking and swimming, and can make a great family dog. He is well known for his abilities as a service dog.

How to Cook Ground Meat for Dogs

How to Cook Ground Meat for Dogs

Some dog owners elect to make dog food for their loyal companions, rather than rely on store-bought dog food products. Some do this to pamper their pets, to control their dog's weight or to reduce loose stools in their furry friend. Cooking ground meats such as beef for a dog is relatively easy, though it does involve selecting the correct type of meat and making sure that it is fully cooked to kill off any bacteria.

Instructions

    1

    Select the best ground meat; ground beef is most often recommended. Use a ratio of 2 parts extra lean ground beef to 1 part ground chunk. This will ensure your dog gets a healthy amount of fat. If using ground chicken or turkey, look for a product that is no more than 15% fat.

    2

    Saute the meat, breaking into small chunks as if you were making taco filling. Cook fully to a temperature of at least 160 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure that any e. coli or other pathogens in the meat are killed. Fully cooking ground meats is essential to preventing food poisoning.

    3

    Combine cooked ground meats with grain and vegetables. If making a batch of dog food with 5 pounds of meat, you will need to add approximately 40 ounces of grain, like oats or rice, as well as 8 cups of chopped vegetables, such as carrots or sweet potatoes.

    4

    Store in an airtight container in your fridge and use within 3-5 days.

10 Most Popular Medium Size Dog Breeds

10 Most Popular Medium Size Dog Breeds

How to Feed English Mastiff Puppies

How to Feed English Mastiff Puppies

English mastiffs have a long, colorful history dating back to as early as 3000 BC. Cesear commended the dogs for their brave nature. They were a favored breed of English peasants for keeping predators away. English mastiffs are calm and dignified -- traits readily apparent even as a puppy. Because English mastiffs are large breed dogs -- up to 30 inches tall at the shoulder and weighing up to 250 pounds, they have slightly different feeding requirements as puppies than other dog types.

Instructions

    1

    Feed your English mastiff puppies a large-breed puppy food for the first 12 months of their lives. Regular adult dog foods are formulated to meet the needs of adult dogs and do not meet the energy requirements of growing puppies.

    2

    Provide a quality dog food. Read the ingredients -- avoid foods that have high concentrations of grains within the first five to 10 ingredients. Look for a statement from the American Association of Feed Control Officials that proclaims the food nutritionally sound and complete.

    3

    Give your English mastiff puppies several small meals a day. Do not allow your puppies to free feed -- you cannot gauge whether the dogs are eating and how much they are eating. Feed puppies up to 4 months of age three to four times a day. Feed puppies aged 4 to 12 months two to three times a day. Feed puppies 12 months and older two times a day, at the minimum.

    4

    Supply your English mastiff puppies the proper amount of food. The proper food depends on the individual puppy, its overall health, weight and activity level. Mastiff puppies need between 4 and 12 cups of food.

    5

    Monitor your English mastiff puppies during feeding time. Place your hand by the bowl if the puppies seem to eat too quickly. Gulping down food can contribute to a serious health problem, called gastric dilation-volvulus, or GVD. GVD is a particular concern for large breed dogs.

    6

    Supply your puppies with access to plenty of fresh, clean water at all times. English mastiffs are prone to heat exhaustion, a potentially deadly ailment. Adult mastiffs can consume three gallons or more per day during hot weather. Plan accordingly.

Problems With Purina Pro Plan

Problems With Purina Pro Plan

The Purina Pro Plan is a dry dog food plan created for dogs of all sizes. Although this plan includes healthy meats and other staples like chicken and brewers rice, the plan has several drawbacks as well. Most of the problems with this feeding plan exist in the ingredients that make up the dog food.

Wheat and Grains

    Wheat is a healthy ingredient in many human foods, but it can actually cause canine allergies, which will make your puppy or dog sick or lethargic. Cereal grains or other wheat granules have been known to cause serious illness or even death. Whole grain corn and corn bran, while high in fiber, can also cause your dog serious illness. Corn gluten meal, another grain by-product, is a grain-based protein that in reality does not provide enough protein for a growing dog, according to Dog Food Advisor.

Animal By-products

    Purina Pro Plan dog food is known to contain poultry by-products, which can be harmful to your dog. These by-products come from processing plants where chickens are hatched and slaughtered for human consumption. By-products are often beaks, claws, undeveloped eggs or any other chicken product not fit for human consumption. Though poultry usually means chicken, the product label does not specify, so the by-products could be from any poultry animal slaughtered for food. One benefit of these by-products is that they usually contain more protein than fresh poultry.

Animal Fat

    Animal fat is added to dog foods to provide healthy fats for your dog to gain weight. However, Purina Pro Plan food doesn't specify where the animal fat originates from. Fats could be left over from a slaughterhouse, restaurant or even from animals that had to be put down, reports Dog Food Advisor. Good fats come from chickens or flax seed, sunflower or fish oil. If the label fails to specify the fats as coming from one of these sources, the dog food is most likely unhealthy.

Soy Products

    Soy flour is created from soybean processing. Although soybeans are high in protein, they still don't provide the protein that meat does. Soybean meal is a by-product of soybean remnants after the oil from the beans has been removed. Both soy substances are present in Purina Pro Plan food to boost protein content, but it doesn't add much protein since the main source of the food's protein is chicken and chicken doesn't add much protein in the first place.

Minggu, 24 Juli 2011

What Kind of Dog Has a Long Flat Muzzle & Long Fur?

What Kind of Dog Has a Long Flat Muzzle & Long Fur?

There are a number of dogs that possess a long, flat muzzle and long fur. A long muzzle is typically found in breeds bred for work, as it leads to fewer health problems and can increase a canine's ability to catch a scent. Dogs with long flat muzzles and long fur typically resemble the wolf, from which all dog breeds are descendants. The first step in identifying a dog with a long flat muzzle and long fur will be to establish the size of the breed in question. Examining dogs possessing these traits from smallest to largest will be the easiest way to determine a breed identification.

Terriers

    The Airedale Terrier and Welsh Terrier each possess a long flat muzzle and long fur. Bred for eradicating vermin, terriers are a popular choice for owners of apartments and small spaces. Their friendly disposition and active personality require heavy owner involvement, and terriers can turn destructive if they are left alone for long periods of time without stimulation.

Herding and Sheep Dogs

    Herding and sheep dogs such as Rough Collies possess a long flat muzzle and long fur. Collies are easily identified dogs. Popularized by the television show "Lassie," they are medium-sized dogs with long flat muzzles and long hair. They were traditionally sheep herding dogs and are now frequently used as companion animals. There is a short-haired breed as well, referred to as Smooth Collies. These dogs, along with many herding breeds, often possess long muzzles and long fur.

Guarding Breeds

    Dogs bread for protection or as guard dogs often have long flat muzzles and long fur. The Belgian Malinois, for example, is a dog frequently used for guarding and property protection. Their long muzzle allows the dog to get a better grip on its quarry, as well as enabling more room for olfactory organs giving the Malinois' a great sense of smell.

Sight Hounds

    Sight hounds such as Afghan Hounds are some of the oldest breeds still in existence. Afghan Hounds roughly resemble a greyhound with long fur. Historically sight hounds were used to chase quarry across long distances in open terrain. Now they are popular as companion animals and in the sport of lure coursing, an activity that harnesses their powerful prey drive.