Jumat, 29 April 2011

How to Slow Down a Dog's Eating

How to Slow Down a Dog's Eating

There may be a variety of reasons why a dog scarfs down its food in record time. If there is no medical explanation and you don't speak canine, you may never know why your dog choose to behave this way. It is important to slow down a dog's eating, no matter the cause. Eating too fast can be a choking hazard as well as lead to obesity.

Instructions

    1

    Take the dog to the veterinarian for a full exam including a fecal for parasites (i.e., worms). The dog may be eating fast due to a medical problem. If parasites are living within your pet, they are stealing the nutrients from the dog food so the dog is constantly hungry.

    2

    Purchase high quality dog food from the veterinary office or a pet food store. Quality dog food may seem more expensive, but the dog actually eats less and feels full faster. Feed only the recommended daily amount, no more. Some examples of quality dog food include Pinnacle, Cannidae, Diamond Naturals, Merrick and Eagle Pack. There are many available so ask your veterinarian for advice.

    3

    The easiest way to slow down a dog's eating is to simply make the food less accessible. A free, yet messy fix to this problem is to spread the dog food out on a cookie sheet with low edges. This way your pet must chase the food, making it nearly impossible to pick up more than a few pieces at a time.

    4

    There are also a variety of slow-feeder dog bowls on the market. Costs and features vary widely, so do some shopping before you buy. One of the cheapest bowls that I have had success with is a stainless steal puppy feeder made by ProSelect. Also worth a try is the Brake-fast dog food bowl available on Amazon. The idea with all of these slow-feeder bowls is the same, to make it impossible for your pet to get more than a few pieces of food in one mouthful.

    5

    Stay in the room with the dog while it is eating. Praise your pet after it has slowed its eating habits and do not give treats or more food.

How to Make Dog Friendly Blue Icing

How to Make Dog Friendly Blue Icing

Liven up homemade or store-bought dog treats with dog-friendly icing. It is easy to make and only requires a few basic ingredients. Not only will this icing make your dog's treats taste delicious, but icing-topped treats can be given as gifts to friends with dogs, or you can use the icing to decorate a dog-friendly cake for a special celebration.

Instructions

    1

    Place 8 oz. of low-fat or fat-free cream cheese, 2 tbsp. of honey and 2 tbsp. of plain yogurt in a bowl.

    2

    Mix the ingredients together with a spoon (or mixer) until smooth.

    3

    Mix in 1 tbsp. of flour at a time. You will need approximately 3 tbsp.; however, you should base the actual amount you use on the consistency of the icing and how easy it is to spread.

    4

    Add two or three drops of blue food coloring.

    5

    Stir the icing until it is completely blue.

Kamis, 28 April 2011

How to Feed a Pit Bull Puppy Out of a Bottle

How to Feed a Pit Bull Puppy Out of a Bottle

Bottle feeding a pit bull puppy is a full-time task, as newborns need to nurse at least every 2 hours. Mother dog's milk is best for puppies as it contains colostrum and antibodies that boost the newborn's immune system. However, if the mother is unable to produce milk or is absent from the puppy's life, a supplement formula can be given. Bottle feeding a newborn puppy has its risks. Overfeeding a puppy or allowing the puppy to feed too fast can cause aspiration phenomena. Keep these tips in mind when deciding to bottle feed a pit bull puppy.

Instructions

    1

    Choose a puppy nursing bottle that has clear measurement markings, as feedings must be precise. Purchase both a fast and slow flow nipple to determine which the puppy takes better. Weaker puppies will require a faster flow nipple, while puppies with a strong suck will require slower flow nipples.

    2

    Sterilize the nursing bottle and nipples in a pan of boiling water between feeds. This is especially important for pit bull puppies that did not feed from their mother in the first twenty-four hours of life, as this would have given the puppy additional immunities.

    3

    Boil the water for 5 to 10 minutes to kill any germs. Combine the commercial powder puppy formula with water according to the instructions. Prepared liquid formula is also available. Check the scale on the instructions to determine how much to feed the puppy, according to body weight.

    4

    Ensure that your hands are completely washed and clean, then insert your finger into the side of the puppy's mouth to open it slightly. Insert the tip of the bottle into the puppy's mouth. The formula should be fed to the puppy while it's still slightly warm, as this simulates natural dog milk. Keep the dog sitting upright and tilt back the bottle slightly to encourage drinking.

    5

    Hold your palm beneath the puppy's chin to prevent the head from moving away. Allow the pit bull puppy to take a rest between brief feedings. If the puppy refuses to drink, it may be because the formula is too cold. Try heating it up and try again. If the puppy continuously refuses to feed, consult your veterinarian.

    6

    Burp the puppy after each feeding. Firmly rub and pat the puppy's back and sides to release any air bubbles caused by drinking. Nursing bottles that do not release enough formula at once can lead to air being trapped. This can be remedied by burping.

    7

    Bottle feed the puppy every 2 to 3 hours. After each feeding, encourage the puppy to go to the bathroom. The mother dog will normally do this by licking the puppy. Simulate this action by rubbing a warm, moist cotton ball over the genitals and anus. This will need to be done for the first 2 to 3 weeks of life.

What Happens If a Dog Eats Milk Chocolate?

What Happens If a Dog Eats Milk Chocolate?

Rabu, 27 April 2011

How to Start a Dog Bakery

How to Start a Dog Bakery

Pampered pooches are now the norm, not the exception. According to "Consumer Reports Magazine," despite the economic downturn, Americans are spending than ever on their pets. Even in the recession of 2009 and 2010, only 16 percent of Americans said they reduced the amount they spent on their pets. In fact, the price of pet food, veterinary care and other pet-related products and services has risen 4 percent since 2008. Now may be the perfect time to start the pet bakery that you have dreamed about.

Instructions

    1

    Investigate local business licensing requirements, as well as county and state health department requirements. Start at your local city hall, as local government officials can usually advise you on other county and state offices you may need to contact.

    2

    Secure a commercial location that includes a store-front, as well as a commercial kitchen. In some states dog treats can be produced off-site, while others require an on-site, health department-approved, commercial kitchen. Fully investigate all costs associated with start-up, including construction and on-going operations, as well as all required government approvals, before signing a commercial lease.

    3

    Develop a five-year business plan. Determine capital investment needed -- not only for start-up -- but also on-going operations for the first five years. Assume the worst. Do not develop a business plan which assumes you dog bakery will become an overnight success. Check with your local Small Business Administration for advice on how to write a business plan and any loans or grants you may be entitled to receive.

    4

    Develop a supporting marketing and advertising plan, including online and traditional print ads and store front signage.

    5

    Secure supply vendors and negotiate prices.

    6

    Conduct dry-run exercises for product development and bakery operation. Open the doors to your new business.

What Age Can Puppies Eat Homemade Treats?

What Age Can Puppies Eat Homemade Treats?

Our canine companions can enjoy homemade puppy treats once they are old enough to eat solid foods and have been completely weaned from their mother's milk. This usually means that a puppy around 8 to 10 weeks of age is old enough to eat the tasty treats you've made for him. Use healthy ingredients to make your puppy some soft treats that he can chew with his new baby teeth.

When Puppies Can Eat Treats

    Puppies are weaned off of their mother's milk slowly starting around 4 weeks old, recommends the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. The weaning process lasts about four weeks, during which time you'll need to feed your little pooch a mixture of canned or dry dog food mixed with puppy formula. This mixture should have a gruel-like texture to start with. During the course of the weaning period, you'll include more and more solid food for Fido. At the end of the weaning period, your pooch should be eating only puppy food and he'll be ready to snack on some homemade treats.

Healthy Treat Ingredients

    When making treats for your pup, include plenty of healthy protein in the form of eggs, turkey, chicken, beef, lamb or fish. Puppies need around 28 percent protein in their diet, which is 10 percent more than an adult dog, so protein-rich foods are healthy for them, recommends the Doctors Foster and Smith website. Along with proteins, use whole grains such as oats, buckwheat, barley and potato to provide fiber for your little pooch. Vegetable oils, such as olive oil, provide Fido with healthy sources of fat in his diet. Fats provide your pup with omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, both of which are necessary to promote a healthy coat, brain function and a healthy heart, recommends petMD.

Daily Calories and Treats

    The ASPCA recommends that your pup get no more than 5 percent of his daily diet from treats to prevent obesity. Puppy food provides your pooch with the proper balance of nutrients and calories that he needs, so you don't want him to fill up on your homemade treats, which aren't nutritionally balanced. Only feed Fido a small amount of treats between meals and make him work for them. Use your homemade treats as rewards for Fido when he performs desired behaviors during obedience training, recommends the Humane Society of the United States. This way, he'll learn basic obedience commands through positive reinforcement and get to enjoy your yummy treats.

Kinds of Treats

    You can make several types of treats for your puppy, including baked cookie-like treats, soft cake-like treats and frozen treats. When making cookie-like biscuits for your growing pooch, don't make them too hard for him to chew because young puppies have brittle teeth that can break easily, warns the Advanced Animal Dentistry website. Frozen treats help alleviate pain for a young puppy who is first cutting his adult treat, which usually occurs between 3 and 6 months of age. Freezing little balls of canned puppy food is an easy way to make homemade treats. These treats also won't ruin your pup's diet, especially if he's eating a prescription veterinary food, recommends Hill's Pet Nutrition.

Selasa, 26 April 2011

Tips on Dieting for Obese Dogs

Obesity is a serious and growing health concern for dogs. Obese dogs are at an increased risk of organ failure and arthritis, among other problems. Dieting can help obese dogs slim down, so long as dieting is combined with exercise and veterinary care. However, "diet" and "reduced calorie" dog foods are rarely the best option for obese dogs.

Commercial Diet Foods

    Weight loss is as simple as taking in fewer calories than are burned, whether the dieter is a human or a dog. There are many reduced calorie dog foods available. While these foods work for some dogs if fed according to the manufacturer's directions, they often are lower in protein and higher in carbohydrates than is ideal for optimal health.

    Dogs are carnivores. Carbohydrates are not part of the natural diet of a canine. A small amount of high-quality carbohydrate is beneficial to dogs, but large quantities of carbs do more harm than good. The short digestive tract of a dog is designed to process meat. Some diet dog foods include poor-quality ingredients like ground peanut hulls and corn cobs, which are filler ingredients to make the dog feel more full while consuming less quality food.

    Dog owners who don't want to pay for filler ingredients should choose a top-quality dog food regardless of caloric content and simply feed a smaller amount of that food. The full feeling achieved by adding filler ingredients can be duplicated by adding cooked green beans to the dog's diet. In addition to being filling and low in calories, green beans provide beneficial fiber that will help the dog digest his food.

Raw Diet

    A raw diet is also an option for obese dogs. This method of feeding requires the owner to perform a significant amount of research and experiment with different quantities of food until a balanced diet that allows for safe weight loss has been established.

    The raw diet allows the owner to control how much protein and fat his/her dog consumes. Some fat is necessary for good overall health and coat quality, but trimming fat and skin from some cuts of meat will reduce calories and help to promote weight loss. This can also be achieved by choosing lean cuts and grass-fed meats.

    As an added bonus, dogs on raw diets tend to build lean muscle as they lose fat. Consuming lots of fresh, high-quality protein will help with everything from coat quality to digestive health.

Other Considerations

    Obese dogs should get as much exercise as they can safely tolerate. In the absence of a health problem preventing the dog from exercising, at least one long walk and two or more play sessions daily are recommended. More intense exercise such as hiking and swimming can be incorporated as the dog becomes more fit.

    Always consult a veterinarian before putting your dog on a diet. Find out what your dog's ideal weight is and weigh him regularly. Check in frequently with your vet to make sure your dog's rate of weight loss is safe and adequate.

Minggu, 24 April 2011

What Can My Dog Have As a Treat If He's on a Restricted Diet for Allergies?

What Can My Dog Have As a Treat If He's on a Restricted Diet for Allergies?

Be careful what you feed your dog who is on a restricted diet for allergies. Allergies can be very serious and if you don't adhere to the veterinarians directions you could have a very ill dog or even a fatal situation on your hands. Find out exactly what your dog is allergic to before you start pulling treats off of the store shelves. As every dog's allergy differs, it's best to get a vet's advice before you attempt to feed your dog anything.

Specialty Treats

    Visit a specialty pet store instead of a general retail store as specialty stores tend to include a larger variety of treat options. Look for treats that exclude the elements that your dog is allergic to. If the ingredient list is vague, don't buy the treat or phone the company for more information before you feed it to your dog. There are a wide variety of treats on the market for dogs with dietary restrictions.

Canned Food

    Provide your dog with the canned version of his diet food. Most specialty dog foods come with a canned version which is meant to serve as a treat. Give this to your dog plain or with its meal as a dessert. However, don't spoil your dog too often or you may find that he refuses to eat his dry food which provides dental benefits as dry food helps to remove plaque.

Bake

    Separate the canned food into small round shaped treats and bake them at 350 degrees F until you notice them harden and turn to cookie form. Place them in the refrigerator to cool overnight and feed them to your dog sparingly. Also try baking some of the already dry food pieces into the cookies for added flavor and texture.

Ice

    Feed your dog ice as a treat. Ice is similar to an ice pop for dogs. Many dogs will enjoy the ice just because of the temperature. It also might provide them with an enjoyable pastime if you give them several pieces and scatter them across a tiled floor. Consider making the ice even more enjoyable by smearing veterinarian approved soft dog food on it before you give it to your dog.

How to Feed a Dog in a Power Outage

How to Feed a Dog in a Power Outage

When you have dogs, your preparations for emergencies such as sudden power outages need to include the family pet. By planning ahead, you will have food and water available so you can feed the dog its normal diet. However, if the power outage has caught you unprepared, you don't need to panic. If you have any people food in the house, then your dog will do just fine.

Instructions

    1

    Open any cans of dog food with a manual can opener. If you feed your dogs only canned food, you must keep a manual opener handy. An electric can opener won't work during a power outage.

    2

    Keep a bag of dry dog food in case of emergencies. Dry food does not expire quickly and you can safely feed it to your dog without the need for electric appliances.

    3

    Give your dogs bottled water if power to the well is out and you can't get water from the sink.

    4

    Feed your dog leftover food from the refrigerator or freezer. Use food that is already cooked or doesn't need cooking. Dogs are omnivores and can eat almost anything that humans can eat. Food in the refrigerator will be good for about four hours, according to the USDA's "Keeping Food Safe During an Emergency" brochure. Food in the freezer will be OK for dogs and people while the temperature remains 40 degrees Fahrenheit or lower.

Selasa, 19 April 2011

Foods to Feed a Boxer Puppy

Boxers are well known as friendly, athletic dogs. Many new owners don't know that boxers can suffer from digestive problems, which can sometimes become severe. When you bring your new boxer puppy home, it is important to know the correct type of food to feed it to keep it healthy as it grows.

Raw Foods

    Feeding your boxer puppy the raw foods it would eat naturally, as if it were still in the wild, can create long-lasting health, including digestive health. When feeding a raw diet, it's important to balance it to ensure that your dog gets the correct amount of vitamins and protein. This diet should be based on raw meats, such as chicken, pork and beef, and should include regular meats, such as chicken breasts, beef liver and lamb heart. Raw vegetables should also be incorporated. These can include spinach, garlic and carrots. Apples and oranges should be incorporated. Supplements, such as cod liver oil, also promote healthy digestion and growth in boxer puppies.

Bones

    Bones supply the boxer puppy with a natural, healthy food source. Raw bones provide important nutrients for a growing dog. They also give the puppy something to chew on, which not only entertains him, but keeps his teeth strong and clean. Bones you give to your puppy should always be raw. Choose pork or beef knuckle and joint bones, which can be found in the supermarket. Never give your puppy chicken bones or any cooked bones, because they can both splinter, causing severe internal damage to your dog.

Kibble

    One of the easiest ways to start a feeding program for your boxer is to feed kibble. Kibble is commercially prepared dried dog food, which can be purchased at a pet supply store. There are many different kinds of kibbles available. When choosing a kibble, select one that has few preservatives and additives. Organic kibble is also a healthier option for your puppy. Kibble should not list any corn products in the ingredients, because corn can elevate digestive problems in boxers. It's also important to select a puppy-specific blend of kibble, which will supply the vitamins and nutrients your dog needs to grow.

Canned Dog Food

    Canned dog food also is commercially prepared. It provides all the nutrients your dog needs, and is more convenient than making the dog's meals yourself. Because it is wet, canned food mimics the dog's natural food better than kibble does. However, an all-canned-food diet may cause digestive trouble in some dogs. Creating a mixed canned food and kibble diet is often a good option. This may entail giving kibble for breakfast and canned food for dinner. Choose canned food as you would kibble. Look for additive- and preservative-free puppy chows with high nutrition levels.

How to Feed a Puppy Wheatgrass

How to Feed a Puppy Wheatgrass

Among the benefits of wheatgrass are its ability to detoxify the body, help blood flow, reduce inflammation and prevent cancer. The potent plant is not just beneficial to people, but also to their pets, especially dogs. Dogs look for greens when nutrients are missing from their diets. Your puppy's craving for healthy, grassy greens can be satisfied by including a small amount of wheatgrass in one of its meals.

Instructions

    1

    Prepare your puppy's meal as usual.

    2

    Use scissors to trim a stalk of wheatgrass, leaving a small amount at the bottom remaining in the pot.

    3

    Snip the blade of wheatgrass into very small pieces.

    4

    Sprinkle a pinch of the clippings over your puppy's food for one of its meals every day.

    5

    Store the remaining wheatgrass clippings in the refrigerator.

Senin, 18 April 2011

What to Feed Dapple Dachshunds

What to Feed Dapple Dachshunds

The dapple dachshund is distinguished from other dachshunds simply by its coloring. In all other respects owners should care for a dapple dachshund in the same way as other dachshunds, although the miniature size dachshunds need slightly different amounts of food. Owners should consider making fresh food for their dachshund when possible, or buy a high quality dog food.

Size

    Consider the ideal weight for your dog when working out a feeding program so that you can monitor whether it is more or less within the guidelines for the breed. Overweight dogs tend to suffer health problems, but on the other hand, underfeeding is also unhealthy. A full-grown, standard size dachshund averages between 16 and 32 pounds. The miniature variety typically weighs around 11 pounds.

Shape

    Look at the dachshund's long torso from above and the side. You should be able to see an inward curve at the waist, which starts just below the ribcage. If you can't tell where the ribs end, and the whole torso appears to form a straight line on each side, then the dachshund is carrying a bit too much weight. You need to cut back on feed size and possibly change the type of dog food.

Meals

    Feed the dog at least twice a day. Ask your vet about which brands are best for the breed. Small, but frequent feeds -- up to four a day -- are recommended for dachshunds as it enables them to burn up the calories faster and prevents other gastrointestinal problems such as vomiting and bloating. Avoid giving dachshunds -- and any other dog -- too many doggy snacks as these often contain substantial amounts of sugar and fat. Do not give them your snacks and food from the table as this also causes weight issues. Dachshunds have a reputation for avoiding exercise if possible, which is one reason that over-feeding leads to weight gain.

Fresh Food

    The feeding advice from Michelle Welton at "Your Pure Bred Puppy" is to feed the dachshund home-made, fresh food if possible. Chicken, turkey, beef, vegetables and dairy products provide your dog with a varied diet. Before the 1930s all dogs were fed on fresh foods as the pet food industry didn't exist. Specialist dog food brands, however, are made just for dachshunds to a formula that protects the spine and immune system. Dachshunds are prone to spinal problems because of their short legs and long back. Change the dog's diet occasionally and avoid giving it any foods that splinter into small pieces such as poultry bones.

Making Healthy Dog Treats

Ingredients

    Making healthy dog treats is an easy alternative to expensive favors containing questionable ingredients. A formal recipe can be used but is not necessary. Knowing what ingredients can be used successfully is the foundation of making homemade healthy dog treats. Ingredients used to make healthy dog treats: lean ground mean (turkey, chicken or beef), peanut butter, eggs (including shells), chopped carrots, grated zucchini, grated sweet potatoes, grated white potatoes, frozen peas, chopped broccoli, oatmeal, cooked rice and ricotta cheese or cottage cheese.

Make a Meatloaf

    Using a meat of choice, combine at least three other vegetables, oatmeal or rice, peanut butter and one of the cheeses listed. An egg or two may be added to help with consistency and hold ingredients together. Combine all ingredients and mix until thoroughly blended. If mixture is dry, water, an additional egg or ricotta cheese may be added. If the mixture is too moist, add peanut butter or more oatmeal or rice. Mixture should resemble meatloaf.

Prepare to Bake

    Using a jellyroll pan (a pan resembling a cookie sheet, except the edges are somewhat higher), spray with cooking oil to prevent sticking and press the meatloaf into the jellyroll pan. Take a spatula and cut through the loaf to create serving pieces, as you would if it were cooked. Cut the size treats that will be fed to the dog. A bone-shaped cutter can be used. This will allow for easy control of portion size after baking.

Baking Healthy Dog Treats

    Bake at 325 degrees F for 15 to 20 minutes, remove from oven and go back over the cuts for individual serving pieces. Return to oven and bake until golden brown. Remove from oven and allow to cool completely.

Storing

    Break apart dog treats and store in a sealed container or zippered storage bags in the refrigerator. Use within 1 week, or freeze for up to 3 months. By omitting meat, eggs and cheese, treats will require more rice to achieve a desired consistency and will keep for 2 weeks.

Considerations

    Treats for pets with allergies should not contain any known allergens. Additionally, dog treats should not be a replacement for regular feeding. A pet may love homemade dog treats and beg or whine for more. Refrain from overfeeding healthy homemade dog treats. Even healthy treats can add unwanted or unnecessary weight to a pet.

Warnings

    Although other vegetables may be used, onions and any form of onions (onion salt, onion powder, dehydrated onions) should not be fed to dogs. Some dogs are allergic to peanut butter. Know whether peanut butter is an allergen to any pets that will be eating healthy dog treats before using it as an ingredient.

Minggu, 17 April 2011

What Are Easily Digestible Foods for a Sick Dog?

What Are Easily Digestible Foods for a Sick Dog?

When your precious pooch is under the weather, it is important to consult your veterinarian for advice on how to feed him during his illness. Your veterinarian may suggest some of the following easy to digest foods.

Lean Meats

    Lean meats such as cooked chicken are necessary to restore needed nutrients without further irritating the digestive tract. Ground beef can also be fed if boiled to remove the fat.

Rice and Grains

    Cooked rice and bland grains provide nutrients needed for sick dogs and are easily digested. Cooked oatmeal can also be used.

Yogurt

    Although yogurt does not really offer any needed nutritional value to your dog's diet, it does coat and soothe the stomach when it is upset.

Avoid Oils and Fats

    Although dogs need certain oils and fats in their daily diet they should be avoided when dogs are sick. These items are hard to digest and can further irritate the stomach.

Probiotics

    Probiotics are normal viable bacteria that are found in the digestive tract which helps to regulate digestion. Probiotics can be taken orally to replenish normal bacteria levels.

Therapeutic Dog Foods

    Because some dogs are more susceptible to maintenance conditions such as allergies and gastrointestinal conditions, they may benefit from presciption foods from the veterinarian formulated for their special needs.

Sabtu, 16 April 2011

How to Prepare Lamb Liver for Dogs

How to Prepare Lamb Liver for Dogs

Lamb liver is a great source of nutrition for your dog, especially vitamin A. Many dog owners favor an all-natural diet, and offal such as animal liver is a key part of that feeding plan. Liver is rich in protein, which is essential for growth and energy. Your butcher might be happy to dice the lamb liver for you, but if not, it is quite easy to do yourself. It is important that you use a reputable butcher, as offal such as liver from poor quality sources can contain disease.

Instructions

    1

    Clean all of the kitchen equipment you intend to use. Dogs have very sensitive noses and can detect decaying food particles. This often can cause a dog that is a fussy eater to leave its food. It also is important to clean the forks, knives and bowls you use to prepare your dog's meals to avoid cross contamination. For example, chocolate contains theobromine and is poisonous to dogs. Many people also prefer to use separate utensils for their dogs for hygiene reasons.

    2

    Dice the liver into small cubes and set them to one side.

    3

    Chop vegetables to go with the liver. Dogs love meat but they also benefit from vegetables; they are omnivores, after all. In the wild, they get their vegetables from their prey. Dogs typically hunt herbivores, which will usually have an amount of undigested vegetation in the stomach. Broccoli and spinach are both rich in iron and are easy to mix with lamb liver.

    4

    Mix the vegetables with the liver. Lamb liver is a great source of protein for dogs, especially when served raw. In the wild, dogs only eat raw food. Cooking the food, although it might taste nicer to us humans, actually reduces the digestive enzymes that are present in the meat, which help the dogs get all the nutrients they need from their food.

    5

    Boil a handful of brown rice in the sauce pan. Fiber is important for a dog's digestion and brown rice is an excellent source of fiber. Once boiled, allow it to cool before sprinkling it over the meat and vegetables, before mixing everything with a spoon.

    6

    Prepare gravy by adding boiling water to a mix. You can use any type of meaty gravy, such as chicken, beef or pork. If your dog is used to eating canned dog food, it might be a difficult transition to lamb liver. Wean your dog to lamb's liver with a little gravy. Allow the gravy to cool before serving.

    7

    Serve the meal to the dog.

Kamis, 14 April 2011

How to Feed Dalmatians

How to Feed Dalmatians

Many Dalmatians find it difficult to digest purines. Typically found in animal proteins, purines metabolize into uric acid in the digestive system. Kidney stones can develop when Dalmatians are fed a diet high in purine content. Avoid this by selecting food and treats appropriate to the needs of your companion animal.

Instructions

    1

    Purchase a dog food low in purine content and high in complex carbohydrates. Select one with a protein content somewhere around 20 to 24 percent. Put back any dog foods that feature beef as a primary ingredient; beef protein increases the purine content. Instead, pick a dog food that lists corn, wheat and rice as the primary ingredients.

    2

    Feed your Dalmatian twice per day.

    3

    Provide your dog with fresh, clean water throughout the day. Due to their issues with purines and uric acid, Dalmatians are at an increased risk of forming kidney stones. Keep a fresh supply of water available to help prevent stones from forming. Add water to your dog's food to increase liquid intake.

    4

    Ensure that any treats provided to your dog throughout the day are low in purine content and excessive fat. Fruits, vegetables and grains are good choices.

Rabu, 13 April 2011

A Dog Diet With Carrots

A Dog Diet With Carrots

Dogs love sweet and crunchy treats. For that reason, carrots can be healthy alternatives to other, high-calorie snacks that add inches to their waistlines, even as they satisfy cravings. In addition, carrots can help dogs lose weight and have sparkling clean teeth, when carrots are a regular part of their diet.

Weight Loss

    Raw carrots can be used as a substitute for part of a dog's regular food ration, in order to promote weight loss. According to the Partnership for Animal Welfare, carrots are "rich in vitamins," so they provide nutritional value for low caloric cost. Combined with cucumbers, carrots can aid in maintaining a healthy liver. Carrots can also provide extra roughage in a dog's diet.

Low Calorie Treats

    Carrots appeal to a dog's sweet tooth. Not only are they appealing, but they also provide an excellent substitute for regular dog treats in geriatric and overweight dogs. The size of the carrot treat should be appropriate to the dog. That is, it should be large enough or small enough so that the dog can't choke while swallowing it.

High Fiber Diet for Diabetic Dogs

    A high fiber diet can benefit dogs with diabetes mellitus, in that it "helps slow glucose absorption from the intestine (creating) a more stable blood sugar during the day" and improving day-to-day diabetes management, according to Tracie Hotchner, author of "The Dog Bible." Even a superior kibble will need a boost to bring it up to the 20 g of fiber per 400 calories required for a diet to be considered high calorie. Carrots contain soluble fiber, making them a valuable part of a high fiber diet.

Clean Teeth and Fresh Breath

    Like human beings, dogs benefit greatly from having clean teeth. According to VetInfo.com, "vegetables such as carrots or radishes have dental benefits, as they have a rough texture, which can clean the dog's teeth and eliminate the plaque and other food residue." Removing plaque and residue from the dog's teeth can not only improve their appearance, but it can also prevent decay and infection, along with the pain and foul odors that accompany them.

Baked Treats

    Dogs love baked goods and, fortunately, ground or grated carrots can make these treats better for them by providing natural sweetness and the additional fiber found in their intact form. Many dog treat recipes, such as those for cookies and muffins that include carrots, can be found in cookbooks or on the Internet. Many of these treats are simple to make--and dogs really appreciate the fresh cookies that are made just for them.

Pet Foods for a Picky Pekingese

Pet Foods for a Picky Pekingese

If you've ever owned a Pekingese you know how differently they act compared with most dogs that you've had. In 700 B.C., only the wealthy or royalty in China could own a Pekingese. They were a much larger dog originally but were bred smaller by Chinese priests. The first Pekingese arrived in the United States in 1902 as a gift to Alice Roosevelt, the daughter of President Theodore Roosevelt. They are known for their intelligence but are one of the pickiest eaters in the canine family.

Solid Gold MMillenia Dry Dog Food

    This dog food provides the Pekingese a well-balanced and complete diet. It comes in small kibbles perfect for the mouth of a small dog. It doesn't contain any corn or fillers but has a beef and barley formula that dogs won't snub.

Naturapet Innova EVO Dry Dog Food

    For those looking for a flavorful, healthy, grain-free diet for their Pekingese, Naturapet Innova might be another choice. This food, available in small bite-size kibble for small dogs, contains meat products along with potatoes and other fruits and vegetables. This all-natural dog food is free from grains and fillers or other added ingredients. Many Pekingese owners report that their dogs love this food even those that have tried nearly everything.

Wellness Dry Dog Food

    Wellness dry dog food, a grain-based kibble, features a balance of meats, canola oil and brown rice, making it a well-balanced, complete dog food. It appeals to the palates of many dogs, including the Pekingese and available in several different varieties including puppy, large- and small-dog recipes. Other available recipes feature sweet potatoes, salmon and whitefish.

Canidae Dry Dog Food

    Another high-quality, all-natural dog food featuring chicken, lamb, turkey and fish and a balance of important Omega-6 and Omega-3 fatty acids, Canidae dry dog food provides your dog with a holistic dog food. This dog food, when served wet, will not swell up the way other, cheaper dry dog foods will. Many Pekingese owners praise this product.

Selasa, 12 April 2011

How to Dry Bully Sticks

How to Dry Bully Sticks

Bully sticks are dog treats made from beef muscle. They are a favored treat of dog owners because they are all-natural and do not contain other additives or preservatives. When chewed by dogs, they do not emit a strong odor, unlike many other dog chew treats. The first stage of drying a bully stick occurs indoors when the beef muscle is hung upside down. After the stick has been formed, it undergoes a second drying stage either inside an oven, or outdoors underneath the sun.

Instructions

    1

    Hang the beef muscle upside down to dry after it has been removed from the cow and cleaned.

    2

    Stretch the beef muscle out and then braid it or roll it into shape. Before the final drying stage, the bully stick must be formed into shape---once it is dry it gets very tough and cannot be molded into shape.

    3

    Bake the formed bully sticks indoors using an oven. This is one method of drying the bully sticks. The baking process is favorable because it gives the sticks incredible toughness and eliminates the ability for any bacteria to form on the surface of the stick.

    4

    Set the bully sticks outside to dry in the sun. The sun-baking process is a less costly method because it doesn't use any electricity. However, the sun does not eliminate bacteria, and sticks baked in the sun can have residual odor.

    5

    Smoke the bully sticks. The final drying process for sun-baked bully sticks is to smoke them. This dries them out further but also gives them a smoky flavor to mask the odor of the stick.

Senin, 11 April 2011

Pitbull's Diet

Pitbull's Diet

Many responsibilities come along with owning a pit bull dog. Feeding your pit bull a proper diet is key to keeping him strong and healthy. There are various diets that you can feed a pit bull.

Pit Bull Health

    The ideal pit bull should look healthy with an athletic body type. A pit bull's stomach should be slightly tucked up and the ribs should be easily felt through the layer of muscle.
    Obese dogs are more prone to future joint problems and heart problems. If you think your pit bull is overweight you should immediately start him on a low-fat, high-fiber diet with a medium amount of protein added, along with plenty of exercise, according to Dog First Aid 101.

Raw Diet

    Many people believe that a raw diet is the healthiest way to feed your pit bull, according to Pit Bull Lovers. Some dogs are allergic to the grains in commercial foods; feeding your dog a raw diet can help eliminate these types of allergies.
    A dog's body is designed to eat raw food in the wild and has the ability to break down animal bones and fight against e. coli and other bacteria.
    A mix of raw meat such as a roast, organ meats and chicken is ideal.
    You can also add vegetables that are pureed, put into ice cube trays and frozen. If the dog will not eat the vegetables, you can mix them with cottage cheese for flavoring.
    You should introduce a raw diet to the dog slowly to avoid him experiencing diarrhea or vomiting.

Example Meal

    Here is an example recipe for a 60-lb. dog:

    8-oz. cut of meat, or chicken leg quarter
    Five veggie ice cubes
    tsp. salmon or flax oil
    clove crushed garlic

    Cut the meat into small chunks and mix with the other ingredients.
    If you are going to give the dog bones, give uncooked ones.
    Most pit bulls do well with being fed one meal a day, according to The Bully House.

Raw and Dry Food

    OVI Kennels recommends giving your pit bull a mixture of raw (mainly poultry) and dry food. Turkey necks contain a large amount of protein and calcium.
    The dry food should be of high quality and should always list meat as the first ingredient on the package. It should contain crude protein and crude fat with fiber being 4 percent or less, according to The Bully House.

Healthy Foods

    Feeding your pit bull the right kind of food is dependent upon many things. For instance, puppies need higher amounts of protein in their diets, along with higher fat levels.
    Underweight dogs also need a high protein diet, and you can meet this need by feeding them puppy food that contains more protein.
    Older dogs are more prone to kidney problems and should be feed a diet made of high quality proteins.

Tips to Get Sick Dogs to Eat

A dog's loss of appetite can be the sign of a serious problem. Dogs that won't eat should be seen by the vet to address the underlying problem. Often medication can help soothe the stomach irritated by illness and improve his appetite. Taking the time to feed the dog slowly and continually can help get the dog to eat.

Cause

    A dog that won't eat is an indication of several conditions, all of which can potentially be serious. If your dog won't eat for more than a day or has other symptoms present, like vomiting or diarrhea, you should take her to the vet as soon as possible. Your vet can perform some diagnostic tests to determine why she isn't eating and advise an appropriate treatment plan to get her back on track.

Medications

    Some conditions like cancer or pancreatitis can be very painful, making the dog lose his appetite. In cases similar to this it can be a good idea to administer medications that will stimulate the appetite or protect the stomach lining. When a dog quits eating and is under the stress of illness, the stomach will produce excess stomach acid. With no food to digest, the excess acid erodes the stomach wall causing the dog to feel nauseous. Medications like carafate or omeprazole can help control this acid and eliminate nausea. With the nausea under control, the addition of an appetite stimulant can help get the dog to eat. If these medications do not result in an increased appetite, inform your vet as more drastic measures may be needed.

Tips

    Sick dogs often need particular care to start eating again. Start with a highly palatable food. Baby food is often a good choice as it is tasty but not hard to eat. Make sure the baby food you feed does not contain onions as they can be toxic to dogs. Begin by force feeding the dog small amounts every hour. If the dog won't eat the baby food, smear it on his lips so that he has to lick it off. For a dog that hasn't eaten in a while, a tablespoon can be plenty of food initially. Continue these small force feedings every hour. Typically, when the dog starts to get some food in his belly it is enough to kick start his appetite. Increase feeding amounts gradually.

    For dogs with a chronic illness that don't want to eat, try cooking food for them. Mix cooked ground turkey or beef with rice and veggies. Home-cooked food is often more palatable than regular dog food. Whatever the dog wants to eat is what you should feed her. You can try warming her meals slightly or adding some baby food to make it easier to chew. Offering small meals every couple hours can also help her to not feel overly full and nauseous.

What Food to Feed Chinese Crested Dogs

What Food to Feed Chinese Crested Dogs

Dogs need good nutritious food, but when you go down the dog food aisle at the grocery store, it is easy to be overwhelmed with all the choices. The manufacturers of all these foods want you to think theirs is the most nutritious. By knowing your dogs' needs and reading labels, you can determine the best food to feed your Chinese Crested Dog.

History

    The Chinese Crested is a unique small dog that comes in two varieties; the most common is the hairless breed with a small tuft of hair on the head. Their skin is very delicate and sensitive, can get sunburn easily and be injured in other ways, due to no protective coat. They are alert, charming, agile, affectionate, very attached to their owners and rarely bark. They do have a tendency to gain weight, and need proper nutrition for a happy, healthy life.

Nutritional Needs

    According to Chinese Crested experts at ragglerock.ca, the Chinese Crested Dog does require a diet of protein, vegetables, carbohydrates, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, except for Vitamin C because of kidney and liver damage it can cause for this breed. They do not need what is in most dog foods, corn, corn meal, rice, soy, potatoes, starch and fillers.

Diet Types

    The best diet is the home-cooked variety which contains no additives, preservatives and fillers. A home- cooked meal is also less expensive than commercial foods.

    The BARF (bones and raw food) food plan is another choice which promotes a diet of raw meaty bones, vegetables and fruit, which imitates the natural foods consumed by wild dogs.

    A commercial diet can provide all the nutrients your dog needs as long as you read labels. Good label choices are Innova, Solid Gold and California Natural (found in bigger pet stores) which all have limited ingredients and no fillers.

Features

    The home cooked diet would include protein, such as beef liver, chicken liver, chicken or lamb, ground beef, and fruits such as strawberries, pears, oranges, tangerines, apples, and bananas. Include some vegetables such as green peas, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, and peppers. Experiment to your dog's likes and what his system handles well.

    A BARF diet is 85 percent meat products and bones along with 10 percent fresh vegetables and 5 percent fruits. Add a pinch of Kelp powder to any of these meal plans to provide minerals necessary for maintaining a healthy thyroid. The BARF diet can include cooked brown rice, grits or oatmeal.

    If you choose to go with a good commercial food, with 85 percent protein content, you may still need to supplement some of the same fruits and vegetables for a more balanced diet.

Benefits

    Dog nutritionist William Cusick says these sensitive little dogs require good nutrition to ward off itchy skin, hot spots, yeast infections in the ears and thyroid, liver and kidney problems. Feed your Chinese Crested more than once a day, experimenting with a variety of foods listed. If allergies are a problem, try the BARF diet. Speak with your veterinarian for his recommendations of the best food choices and quantities for the Chinese Crested.

How to Help a Sick Dog Put on Weight

Like people, dogs can lose weight when they become sick. Aside from following any tips a vet offers, there are many ways a pet owner can help a dog safely gain weight.

Instructions

    1

    Combine 10 lbs. cheap hamburger meat, one jar of wheat germ, 1 1/4 cups vegetable oil, 1 1/4 cups unsulfured molasses, 1 large box Total cereal, 1 large box oatmeal, 10 raw eggs and shells, 10 envelopes of unflavored gelatin, and a pinch of salt in a mixing bowl.

    2

    Divide the mixture into 10 different bags, and place them in the freezer.

    3

    Thaw out one bag in the morning, and mix it in with high-protein dry dog food. Do the same in the evening.

    4

    Take your dog out for plenty of exercise so the added weight turns into healthy muscle, and not just fat.

    5

    Give the dog only one serving of homemade food a day after the dog has put on the needed weight. Continue this for one or two days, then stop giving the dog the homemade mixture altogether.

Minggu, 10 April 2011

Food for a Senior Dog With a Sensitive Digestive System

Food for a Senior Dog With a Sensitive Digestive System

As your beloved dog grows older his stomach can become more sensitive. Being mindful of what you feed your aging canine will help you to keep his digestive system healthy. Dogs over 5 years old are considered senior if they weigh more than 90 pounds. A dog weighing less than 90 pounds is considered a senior at 7 years old. Signs of a sensitive stomach in your dog include excessive gas and loose stools.

Changing Foods

    Changing your dog's diet can be troublesome for her system. You can make the transition go more smoothly by mixing a little bit of the new food in with the old food. Increase the amount of new food each day until you are solely feeding your dog the new food. The only exception to this is if your dog is having a negative reaction to the food, in which case you should change the food abruptly.

When to Feed

    Because of your dog's sensitive stomach, smaller and more frequent meals are ideal. When dogs eat too fast they often ingest a lot of air. Feeding your dog smaller portions throughout the day will combat this problem because he won't be as hungry at each meal, and establishing set feeding times will also help.

What to Feed

    Before choosing what to feed your dog you need to determine what is causing your dog's sensitive stomach. Your veterinarian can help you determine if your dog has a sensitive stomach due to allergies, parasites, or just changes that come with age. If there is no underlying problem choose a high quality dog food that is designed specifically for senior dogs with sensitive stomachs. The veterinarian may make a recommendation or there are many brand names that offer such formulas.

What Not to Feed

    Do not give your dog table scraps. In general, dogs have trouble digesting human food and the sensitive digestive system of your senior dog will have even more trouble. In addition to not giving your dog table scraps intentionally you should also watch your dog carefully to make sure she is not eating anything she's not supposed to at other times, such as garbage or spoiled food.

What Can I Do if My Dog Won't Feed One of Her New Puppies?

What Can I Do if My Dog Won't Feed One of Her New Puppies?

When your dog has a litter of adorable new puppies, it can be stressful on everyone if she suddenly stops feeding one of them. Letting a tiny canine go without food can be dangerous, but figuring out how to handle this delicate situation can be confusing. Fortunately, a puppy whose mother won't nurse him doesn't need to starve, since there are plenty of things to try and commercial puppy formulas available if you need to feed him yourself.

Addressing the Reasons

    If you can figure out the reason why your dog has stopped feeding her puppy, you might be able to solve the problem so she starts nursing again on her own. You should check over the puppy to make sure that it is capable of nursing properly. Some puppies might have a birth defect that makes nursing painful for the mother or may be ill with a fever or diarrhea that makes the mother reject the puppy. If the puppy seems fine, make sure that the conditions around the mother dog and puppies is comfortable and not noisy or stressful.

Potential Solutions

    Check the puppy by touch to see if he is cool to the touch. Sometimes a mother dog will reject a puppy that is too cool, so slowly warming up the puppy with a heating pad may solve the problem. You might also try physically attaching the puppy by having one person hold the dog and pet her while another person latches the puppy onto her nipple. The hormones released during nursing might cause her to identify the puppy as hers and reignite the nursing relationship.

Feeding Puppies Yourself

    Sometimes, nothing works and a mother dog refuses one or more puppies for no discernible reason. If this is the case, you can feed the puppy yourself with a special puppy formula. Don't use regular cow's milk because this type of milk doesn't have all the nutrients a growing puppy needs. You can feed your puppy using a regular baby bottle or through a special tube. You can start to add a semi-solid mixture of puppy food and water to the diet at about three or four weeks old and can completely wean the puppy at about six weeks.

Considerations

    If the mother dog refuses to nurse all of her puppies, not merely one, she might have a serious condition called eclampsia. You need to bring her to a vet for evaluation and treatment if this is the case. Even if your puppy has begun to nurse regularly or if you are hand feeding, you should weigh the puppy daily for at least the first two weeks to make sure he is getting enough milk or formula.

What Do Dachshunds Like to Eat?

What Do Dachshunds Like to Eat?

Dachshunds are a German breed of hound that was originally used for hunting. Like most dogs, they prefer to eat good quality foods, treats and some human-grade food. However, the breed's elongated yet squat appearance makes the dachshund prone to weight and back problems. Most dachshunds respond favorably to a balanced diet both palatable and appropriate for the particular dog's nutritional needs.

Commercial Dog Food

    Not all commercial dog food is made equally, which means that label reading is necessary to determine the quality and nutritional benefits (as well as drawbacks) of the food itself. High protein, small-kibbled dog food formulated for small breeds in the preferred choice when it comes to dry kibble. Canned dog food, gravies and food toppers are also good choices for this tiny breed because it is easy to eat and highly palatable to most dogs. The drawbacks of commercial dog diets are high-fat, grain and sugar contents used to make this unnatural food source palatable, which can result in obesity and diabetes.

Organic and Raw Foods

    Organic and raw foods are also very appealing to dauchshunds because they are highly palatable and closer to a dog's natural diet than dry kibble or canned dog food. Organic foods are made from human-grade meat. Raw diets are made from many different meat sources such as bison, turkey, salmon and chicken, and they come in a variety of textures and flavors. Raw and organic dog foods are available at most pet-supply stores as well as from many butchers, farmers and slaughterhouses.

Treats

    Keep treats at a minimum or only give as a reward. Treats such as basted animal parts and raw hides are high in fat and can quickly fatten up a lean dauchshund. Fruits and vegetables are low-fat treats that also clean teeth and freshen breath; raw and cooked produce is also a good source of vitamins. However, never feed dogs chocolate, onions, mushrooms or grapes because they are toxic to canines.

Considerations

    If a dauchshund turns its nose up at its food, consider asking why. It could be that the flavor is no longer appealing, or it could simply be tired of the food (providing there are not any underlying medical problems). Ask friends and fellow dauchshund owners what they feed and see if their dogs exhibit healthy skin, coat, eyes and energy levels. There are many trial-size and small bags of good-quality, high-protein kibbles available to choose from that may be more appealing to a particular dauchshund.

How to Make Organic Healthy Dog Treats

One of the most rewarding treats you can feed your dog is one that you've made yourself. And better yet, you know exactly what went into a handmade treat, and you can be assured that it's safe for your canine companion. It's not just knowing where the foods ingredients came from that makes this a good, healthy idea. It's knowing the content as well. Pet obesity is no less of a problem than human obesity, and when you can feed your dog treats that they not only like but are good for them, too, you get a double bonus.While there's any number of homemade dog treats out there, we're going to look at an easy recipe for making your own safe, organic dog treats.

Instructions

    1

    Pre-heat oven to 300 degrees. (Make temperature adjustments for your altitude if needed).

    2

    Start by putting the carrots into the blender. You're going to need about 2 cups of the pureed carrots; the number of carrots you'll need depends on the size. After you've finished blending them, put the carrot mixture in a bowl.

    3

    Mix in the oats, oat flour, and the eggs. Stir until completely mixed. The mix shouldn't be too runny; if it is, just add some more oats. You'll want it firm enough that it will bake into a solid piece when it's cooked.

    4

    Place the mixture on the cookie sheet. Pat it flat until it covers the cookie sheet in a thin layer. You can also use a 9x9 pan for thicker cookies.

    5

    Bake the cookies until they are firm but not burnt; be careful not to bake too long. Most standard, conventional ovens will take about 30 minutes, but may be longer or shorter depending on how thin your cookies are, so keep an eye on them!

    6

    Take the cookies out of the oven, and put them someplace safe to cool.

    7

    When they have completely cooled, cut them into squares or strips. Give them to your dog to enjoy as a special treat!

Recipe for Balanced Homemade Dog Food

Since the pet food recall of 2007, more and more dog owners are taking control of their pet's nutrition by feeding them homemade dog food. With homemade food, dog owners can make sure the ingredients used are fresh, healthy and free of harmful additives and preservatives. They can also accommodate special dietary needs and offer that extra bit of tender loving care. When creating homemade dog food, however, you need to take special care with the balance of nutrients provided. Dogs require a careful balance of proteins, vegetables and grains to live a healthy life.

Consult Your Vet

    Before diving into the world of homemade dog food, make sure to consult your veterinarian or a veterinary nutritionist to make sure the recipes you choose accommodate the nutritional needs of your dog. After all, his age, weight, breed and health conditions all determine the proper nutritional balance he needs. Though homemade dog food offers the advantages of fresh ingredients and dietary versatility, the American Veterinary Medical Association warns that homemade pet foods with inadequate nutritional balance can be detrimental to your dog's health, even more so than feeding them commercially produced pet foods. To avoid these risks, team up with a professional to create a homemade diet that will keep you canine healthy and happy.

Nutritional Balance

    The nutritional balance your dog requires depends upon his age and activity level. Cornell University guidelines recommend a diet with 16% protein for non-working adult dogs and 24% protein for puppies. Non-working adult dogs require much more carbohydrates, however, than puppies or active adult dogs. Nutritious ingredients for homemade dog foods include meats, poultry, egg, whole grains, vegetables, beans and rice. Organ meats such as liver are also nutritious ingredients to add, and favorites among many dogs. But the amount used should be limited in your dog's diet.

Canine Recipes

    Great canine recipes include crunchy baked treats, meaty casseroles and a variety of vegetarian dishes. In his book "Real Food for Dogs, 50 Vet-approved Recipes for a Healthier Dog," Arden Moore suggests an easy liver treat recipe using only fresh liver, corn muffin mix and water. Gourmetsleuth.com suggests a balanced salmon dinner recipe combining such nutritious ingredients as salmon, egg, celery, carrots and potatoes.

Foods to Avoid

    When experimenting with dog food recipes, understand there are certain foods you should always avoid. Grapes and raisins, for instance can cause kidney failure in dogs. Nutmeg can cause seizures, tremors or even death. Chocolate, onions, garlic, mushrooms, avocados and macadamia nuts also should be avoided. And to avoid e coli and salmonella risks, cook all meats before serving them to your dog.

Sabtu, 09 April 2011

What Should I Do if the Dog Ate a Piece of Chocolate Cake?

What Should I Do if the Dog Ate a Piece of Chocolate Cake?

While chocolate cake might be a tasty treat for many humans, their canine companions shouldn't eat the dessert. Chocolate can be toxic for dogs, causing symptoms ranging from vomiting to seizures and even death, depending on the amount of chocolate a dog ingests.

Why Chocolate Is Bad for Dogs

    The specific chemical in chocolate that negatively affects dogs is theobromine. The amount of the chemical depends on the type of chocolate; baking chocolate having the heaviest concentration of theobromine, while semi-sweet and milk chocolate contain lesser amounts respectively. The severity of a dog's reaction depends on how much chocolate the animal ate, the dog's size and the dog's sensitivity to the compound, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Veterinary Medicine's Animal Health Literacy Campaign.

Symptoms of Chocolate Poisoning

    Theobromine toxicity can manifest in a range of symptoms, many mimicking those of more simple gastrointestinal illnesses, according to the Michigan Humane Society. These can include diarrhea, vomiting, hyperactivity, increased heart rate, frequent urinating and seizures. Severe cases may see more advanced issues, such as cardiac arrest, comas and other neurological issues.

What To Do

    If a dog eats a piece of chocolate cake, it is best to contact a veterinarian--the animal's regular care provider, if possible--immediately. Do not try to make the dog vomit at home, warns the Michigan Humane Society. If it's necessary, the veterinarian will administer charcoal or another chemical to induce vomiting.

    The veterinarian may ask the owner to continue to observe the dog rather than bring the animal in for care, depending on the amount and type of chocolate in the cake, but it is likely the doctor will want to perform a full physical exam including blood, urine and other tests, according to PetMD. Provide the veterinarian with information regarding the dog's size, how large the piece of cake was and what type of chocolate was in the dessert. If the cake or chocolate is store-bought, bring the ingredients list to the veterinarian.

What Happens Next?

    It is best to keep the dog in a calm and quiet area after receiving veterinary care. Depending on how severe the chocolate poisoning, the animal may need an IV to receive fluids for a day or longer while recovering. In the following days be sure to feed the dog a bland diet, recommends PetMD.

Jumat, 08 April 2011

Homemade Dog Treats or Cakes

Homemade Dog Treats or Cakes

Your dog is important to you, so you likely want to offer it treats sometimes. Or perhaps it is the dog's birthday and you want to make a doggie cake. Although you can buy dog treats and cakes commercially, these items can be costly. You can make homemade dog treats and cakes right at home for a fraction of the cost.

Instructions

Homemade Dog Cake

    1

    Preheat your oven to 325 degrees Fahrenheit. Spray an 8-by-5-by-3-inch loaf pan with cooking spray. Sprinkle a light dusting of flour in the pan.

    2

    Put 1/2 cup of soft butter into a mixing bowl. Cream the butter with a hand-held mixer until it is smooth.

    3

    Add 1/2 cup corn oil, one jar of strained beef baby food and four eggs to the bowl. Mix with a spoon until the mixture is smooth.

    4

    Stir in 1/2 cup of all-purpose flour and 1 1/2 tsp. of baking powder. Crumble two to three strips of beef jerky and fold it into the batter.

    5

    Pour the batter into the loaf pan. Bake in the oven for one hour and 10 minutes. Cool the cake on a wire rack for 15 minutes. Top the cake with cottage cheese or plain yogurt for icing.

Homemade Dog Biscuits

    6

    Put 1/3 cup of margarine into a bowl. Pour 3/4 cup hot water over the margarine.

    7

    Stir in 1/2 cup of powdered milk, 1 tsp. of salt and one beaten egg. Add 3 cups of whole-wheat flour, 1/2 cup at a time, stirring thoroughly.

    8

    Lay a piece of waxed paper onto the counter. Sprinkle lightly with flour. Put the dough on the waxed paper and knead it for about three minutes until a stiff dough forms. Roll out the dough with a rolling pin until it's 1/2 inch thick.

    9

    Use cookie cutters to cut the dough into shapes. Place on an ungreased cookie sheet and bake at 325 degrees for 50 minutes. Remove from the oven and let them cool for about an hour. Store unused treats in an air-tight container.

Rabu, 06 April 2011

How to Make Boiled Beef for Puppies

How to Make Boiled Beef for Puppies

Puppies can bring happiness to their owners with their dog kisses and wagging tails. Unfortunately, young dogs can suffer from many different ailments and digestive woes. If your dog is experiencing vomiting, diarrhea or an aversion to eating, try feeding him boiled ground beef until he can resume his normal diet.

Instructions

    1

    Place lean ground beef in a large cooking pot. Cover the beef with cool water and put the pot on the stove and turn the burner on high. (see ref 1)

    2

    Bring the water to a boil. (see reference 1) Boil for a minute and then lower to a simmer for 2-3 minutes and remove from heat. Use a slotted spoon to remove any fat that floats on the top of the water.

    3

    Drain the beef into a colander. Rinse the beef to remove any remaining fat. (see ref 2) Beef should be very lean with all visible fat removed so it will be easy to digest for a sick puppy. Serve to the dog while the meat is still warm.

Selasa, 05 April 2011

Dangerous Foods & Spices for Dogs

Dangerous Foods & Spices for Dogs

Do not give into the begging at the table or desire to treat your dog to table scraps, because human food and spices found in everyday meals can cause your dog serious harm or even death. Always use caution when cooking and avoid dropping potentially harmful food on the floor. Keep the dog out of the kitchen, and if your dog gets into a harmful food call a veterinarian immediately.

Avocados

    Avocados contain persin. Persin causes dogs to have diarrhea, dry heaves, labored breathing and possibly heart problems. The reaction depends on the dogs sensitivity and overall allergy to persin. Every part of the fruit is toxic including the stem, leaves, skin and pit.

Salt

    Salt causes an electrolyte imbalance in dogs. Dogs will have excessive thirst and urinate frequently. More seriously, if the dog ingests a large amount of salt, he may suffer from salt poisoning. The symptoms of salt poisoning are vomiting, diarrhea, seizures and a fever.

Chocolate

    Chocolate contains high amounts of caffeine and theobromine, which affect the heart and nervous system. It can ultimately kill your dog if large amounts are ingested. The guideline for a toxic amount of chocolate is 1 pound of chocolate to every 10 pounds of dog weight. If a small morsel of chocolate is ingested, contact a veterinarian immediately but know that it takes a significant amount to do permanent damage.

Onion and Garlic Powder

    Onion and garlic powder sulfoxides and disulfides are dangerous to dogs. Dogs cannot metabolize these spices and could cause them to become anemic. These spices have a concentrated amount of toxins. Whole onions and garlic cloves are also dangerous.

How to Feed an Undernourished Dog

How to Feed an Undernourished Dog

A responsible pet owner feeds his dog every day so the pet remains healthy and happy. However, sometimes, an irresponsible pet owner allows his dog to become undernourished and sickly. This dog may appear on a stranger's doorstep or at an animal shelter. Nursing an undernourished dog back to health is not as easy as giving the dog food and watching it eat. Care must be taken to gradually get the dog eating normally again.

Instructions

    1

    Feed the dog several small meals over the course of the day. When a dog is undernourished and has not eaten, its stomach becomes extremely sensitive to expansion. Thus, the dog will feel full after eating just a small amount of food. It is instinctive to try to feed the dog a full meal, but this will only make the dog sick.

    2

    Include a vitamin and mineral supplement to help build up the dog's depleted supply. Amino acids, such as glutamine and arginine, as well as omega-3 and -6 have been shown to be beneficial to a recovering dog.

    3

    Offer water constantly. Having a supply of fresh water readily available is important to ensure that the dog does not become dehydrated. Hydration is extremely important to an undernourished dog.

    4

    Track how much food the dog is eating. Weighing the dog twice a day will give you a better idea of whether or not the dog is gaining weight and recovering. Determine how much food a dog of this size would normally eat in a day and offer that total amount over the course of the day, rather than in one or two large meals as a dog would normally eat.

    5

    Consult a veterinarian, especially if you are having trouble getting the dog to eat at all. A veterinarian can teach you to force feed the dog, if necessary, and can offer medical advice on the dog's condition. A veterinarian should also be consulted if the dog is vomiting a great deal or has blood in its stools.

Senin, 04 April 2011

Do You Need Supplements on a Raw Dog Food Diet?

Do You Need Supplements on a Raw Dog Food Diet?

There is little agreement about whether supplements are necessary with a raw dog food diet. Purists point out that everything a dog needs for optimum nutrition as nature intended is provided by meat, bones and organs. Others hold that supplements are critical for addressing particular health concerns, whether one feeds raw or kibble. Most people take a conservative approach and feed a few common supplements.

Types

    There is no universal raw food diet model. Many people feed ground commercial raw products. Some of these also contain raw ground vegetables and supplements like kelp, flax seeds and fish oil. Others prefer to feed "whole prey" or a close approximation of such: poultry, rabbit, pork, beef, goat, fish and other meats, given to the dog in meal-sized pieces of meat and bone. It is also not uncommon for people to feed both some ground product alternating with whole meat and bone meals.

Theories/Speculation

    Broadly speaking, people who feed a raw food diet to their dogs fall into one of two camps--with perhaps the majority of people straddling both philosophies.

    Tom Lonsdale, DVM, author of "Raw Meaty Bones," espouses a whole, natural diet, without ground raw, supplements or vegetables. Ian Billinghurst, DVM, author of "Give Your Dog a Bone," advocates a broader approach to feeding. He coined the phrase BARF (Bones and Raw Food) and recommends vegetables, fruits, table scraps and supplements in a meat-based diet.

    Lonsdale maintains that "supplementary, synthetic vitamins" can do harm, and that the vitamins and minerals in raw, fresh food are all a dog needs. On the other hand, Billinghurst recommends supplementing with several vitamins, such as antioxidants like Vitamin C and Vitamin E, B-complex vitamins and other micro-nutrients like kelp and omega-3 fatty acids.

    Legions of other veterinarians and experts in canine nutrition have weighed in on this debate, but there is little agreement on whether supplements are needed in a raw food diet, and if so, which supplements and what dosage.

Common Supplements

    Many people--whether they feed a raw food diet, a cooked diet or kibble--supplement with omega-3 fatty acids. Meat is already high in omega-6 fatty acids and some believe omega-3 is lacking. These are typically available in supplement form as either fish oil capsules or flaxseed supplements. Fish oil is the better choice: it is more bio-available to dogs. Research strongly suggests that omega-3 fatty acids are important for skin and coat health, joint function and even as "brain food" to grow intelligent puppies.

    Some studies indicate that raw diets may be lacking in iodine. Adding kelp to the diet provides iodine, which is important in maintaining proper thyroid functioning. Iodine in the form of salt is added to most dry dog foods

    Antioxidants and B-complex vitamins are supplied with alfalfa supplements or individual pills.

Supplementing for Specific Conditions

    From arthritis to allergies, a huge range of supplements and nutraceuticals may be helpful (see link in Resources). Glucosamine and chondroitin are often recommended by veterinarians for arthritis and joint pain. Fish oil can be useful for soothing itchy skin and atopic allergies.

    For specific conditions, do some on-line research and consider consulting with a veterinarian who practices complementary medicine or has training in canine nutrition.

Warning

    When choosing supplements for a raw-fed dog, avoid those containing minerals. A raw food diet including bones is mineral-rich, and you can easily end up over-supplementing with calcium.

    Do not be tempted to "cover all bases" by adding too many supplements to any diet, raw or otherwise. Some supplements do no harm in excess, but others can lead to serious health problems.

    In short, you do not need to use supplements for a raw food diet (many do not), but some may be useful.

How to Give Dogs Chicken Bones

How to Give Dogs Chicken Bones

Controversy exists over whether it is safe to feed dogs chicken bones. One school of thought strongly advises against feeding chicken bones to dogs under any circumstances; the belief is that the bones might splinter and damage the dog's digestive tract. Proponents of a raw food diet for dogs claim that chicken bones are safe.

Instructions

    1

    Feed your dog raw chicken, bones and all. Bones provide calcium to dogs on a raw-food diet.

    2

    Provide raw chicken necks as a treat for dogs. Raw chicken necks are less likely to splinter than bones.

    3

    Offer your dog chicken leg knuckles. Knuckle ends can be removed from the leg bones and served to dogs. Knuckles are cartilage and won't splinter.

Evo Feeding Guide

Evo Feeding Guide

EVO brand by Natura produces low-carbohydrate, high-protein dry and canned pet food that closely mimics the wild diets of domestic dogs, cats and ferrets. The EVO food formula is meant to provide the most nutritional value for the least amount of food.

EVO Feeding Calculator

    Puppies, still in developmental stages, have more nutritional needs than adult dogs.
    Puppies, still in developmental stages, have more nutritional needs than adult dogs.

    EVO recommends the amount of food pets should have is based on three things: the animal's age, weight and level of activity. EVO provides a feeding calculator that lets you choose your type of EVO food, type in your animal's weight and indicate whether it is young, adult-age or senior-age. The result is a guideline by which to feed your animal; it might be different from packaging labels.

EVO Feeding Guidelines

    The feeding guideline gives you two ways to measure out daily food -- in cups and grams -- for your animal based on your answers for food type, age and weight. Daily calories (also designated kcals) that your pet should eat for optimum nutritional health are also shown. Indirectly, the guideline tells you how much food you'll need to buy for your pet in the long term.

EVO Food Differences

    EVO provides its guidelines because it is different from other commercial pet foods. EVO uses high-calorie ingredients from natural sources containing protein and fat; most other brands use carbohydrates as fillers to cut down on costs. According to the EVO Grain Free Leader packet, EVO's dry dog and cat foods contain the most calories per cup compared to other grain-free diets.

How to Give Medicine to a Dog

Most dogs can be stubborn especially if they do not like doing or eating something. Getting these dogs to cooperate and take medicine can be a real challenge. There are different methods you can use to help you be successful in this endeavor. In this article you will find tips on how to give medicine to your dog.

Instructions

How to Give Medicine to a Dog

    1

    Swallowing pills is easier for some dogs than others. There are dogs that will eat almost anything and some don't even bother to chew their food and treats. They just swallow. These dogs are the easiest to work with. Other animals are so picky that they demand fresh water and certain foods and if this isn't forthcoming they will refuse to eat and drink. These dogs are obviously the hardest to deal with when it comes to giving them medicine.

    2

    Giving liquid medicine is fairly easy because the medicine is usually flavored with something the dog likes, such as liverwurst. There are different types of medicine. Some medicines come in pill form and range in size from tiny to the size of horse pills.

    3

    Cut off the end of the hot dog and hollow out the inside. Slide the pill into the hot dog. This is a very simple approach to getting medicine into your pet. Sometimes the animal will spit out the pill. If she does, try this method all over again.

    4

    Give your dog popular foods to try, such as cheese, liverwurst, gravy in a bowl or even lunchmeat. Find out the one that your dog likes the best. Once you determine what the dog likes, stick the pill into one of these foods.

    5

    Smashing up the pill and putting it in food has been known to work . You can also do this with the liquid medicine. Pour it over the food.

    6

    Hold your pet's mouth shut until he swallows. This is a last resort but is sometimes necessary if the animal is being uncooperative. This is not the most pleasant thing to do but, if it gets the medicine into your dog, then it is definitely worth it.

What Kind of Dog Food Do I Feed My Pomeranian?

What Kind of Dog Food Do I Feed My Pomeranian?

Pomeranians are a popular toy-sized breed of dog recognized by the American Kennel Club, with famous previous owners including Queen Victoria and Mozart. Like all other breeds of dogs, Pomeranians need a balanced diet in order to grow and live healthy lives. They do not have any specific dietary needs that separate them from other dogs, but you must choose the best food to help them grow.

Dry

    Dry dog food is readily available from local stores and pet shops and is the most economical choice. Dry food will help to keep your dog's teeth healthy, since chewing crunchy dry food helps to reduce tartar build up, an important factor considering Pomeranians are prone to dental problems such as early tooth loss. Feeding them dry dog food will help to reduce this risk.

Canned

    Canned dog food has a long shelve life, making it appealing to many owners, despite it being more expensive than the dry variety. Be careful to look into how much digestible protein is in each can however. Many canned foods do not contain all of the goodness that your dog needs, which is why some owners mix canned food with dry. Indigestible protein will pass straight through a dog, so if your canned food has lot of it, it should be avoided.

Semimoist

    Pet stores carry a large selection of semimoist dog food. In most cases, they are shaped like pork chops, burgers or other meaty foods. These are however the least nutritionally beneficial types of food that you can give to your dog. They should only be used on one-off occasions or as treats as they contain many unhealthy artificial colorings and flavors.

Raw

    Pomeranian dogs can be fed a raw diet that consists of raw meat, preferably on the bone. Bones are a natural source of calcium and phosphorous, which will again help reduce dental problems. Pomeranian dogs can easily consume and digest raw foods as they have short intestinal tracts and strong stomach acids. Never cook bones, as this makes them soft and increases the chances of choking.

Minggu, 03 April 2011

List of Gluten Free Dog & Cat Foods

List of Gluten Free Dog & Cat Foods

In 2007, we learned that our pets were getting sick and dying from pet food. After a 2008 investigation the Food and Drug Administration reported, "A U.S. company and its president and chief executive officer, were indicted by a federal grand jury for their roles in a scheme to import products purported to be wheat gluten into the United States that were contaminated with melamine." For many of us this was the first time we paid attention to the additive gluten in our pet's food. Pet food makers include wheat gluten in pet food as a source of protein. Wheat gluten helps prevent gas build-up in your pet and reduces the stool odor in the litter box. However, some animals have an allergic reaction to gluten, requiring pet owners to find gluten free pet food; yet after the 2007 tragedy, many owners may still be wary of gluten as an additive in their pet's food.

Aunt Jeni's (Home Made 4 Life)

    Aunt Jeni's is an FDA approved manufacturing facility. Aunt Jeni's provides a nutritionally balanced raw diet for pets. They use meat, vegetables, fruits, flax seed, eggs and garlic in their pet food. This frozen pet food is gluten free. Whole Foods carries Aunt Jeni's.

Newman's Own Organics

    Newman's Own uses USDA organic grass fed beef in their dog and cat food. They also use organic brown rice in their pet foods, which are gluten and grain free. Their holistic pet food can be found in many retail stores.

Happy Dog Food

    Happy Dog is a gluten free prepackaged dog food where you add the meat and water, then cook. This freshly made pet food provides you with the correct amount of vitamins and nutrition to keep your animal healthy and happy. The dog food is sold through their website Happydogfood.com.

Homemade Raw Dog Food

Homemade Raw Dog Food

Most pet owners believe, based on successful marketing of dog food companies, that they should feed their pets a diet consisting of both wet and dry manufactured dog foods. However, most owners do not know that homemade meals for your pet provide just as much, if not more, nourishment than manufactured dog food alone. By creating homemade raw meals for your dog, you are controlling what it eats without all of the added ingredients.

Instructions

    1

    Adjust the amount of food according to the size of your pet. Larger dogs will obviously consume more food than smaller dogs. A 50-pound dog should eat one pound of raw or cooked food every day whereas a 10-pound dog will only consume 1/5 of a pound daily.

    2

    Use 75 percent protein in your dog's diet. This includes chopped meat, raw or cooked. Organic meats are better as they do not contain pesticides but non-organic foods are fine. Fish, beef, chicken, lamb, turkey, sardines and venison are only a few of the foods that you may include in your pets daily diet. The type of meat that you feed your dog should be different daily or every other day.

    3

    Provide 25 percent vegetables in your dog's meal. Dogs may consume asparagus, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, celery, greens and pumpkin.

    4

    Vitamins and minerals may be added, including fish oils and digestive enzymes. Talk to your vet about how much your pet needs based on its body weight and health.

    5

    Give your pet plenty of fresh water, more during warmer temperatures. Pets may also eat more during the winter and less during the summer.

Sabtu, 02 April 2011

Raw Diet With Greyhounds

Greyhounds are a popular breed among dog owners. Known for their speed and agility, the dogs require special dietary needs to keep their muscles strong and their joints working properly. An alternative to feeding them commercial, processed food is to introduce them to the BARF (bones and raw meat) diet. By transitioning your greyhound to an exclusively raw diet, you will see improvement in their teeth, gums, and overall health.

Raw Bones

    When beginning the transition to a raw diet for your greyhound, start by introducing raw meat bones. These treats are an excellent source of minerals, are great tasting, and are imperative for keeping your greyhound's teeth and gums healthy. Raw meat bones will help clean out bacteria and food particles, while also massaging the gums. Be sure not to cook the bones for any period of time, as this causes the bones to splinter and can pose a major health and choking risk to your greyhound. Feed the bones completely uncooked.

Go shopping

    When starting your greyhound on a raw diet, stock up on a variety of staples to create the meals, such as: meat, grain, and vegetables. Meats such as chicken, fish, and beef are good choices. For grains and vegetables, consider rice, noodles, peas, and carrots. You may also want to include eggs in the food, as they are a great protein source and will act as an emulsifier to hold the raw food together.

Preparing a raw meal

    While you are creating your dog's food, try out a variety of recipes. It is ok to boil or steam the grain and vegetables, just make sure the meat is raw. Use one meat, one grain, and one vegetable in your mixtures. Also include other ingredients such as egg in the raw food. Run the meat through a food processor or cut it into small pieces to make it easier for your greyhound to chew and swallow.

See the benefits

    After switching your greyhound to a raw diet, you will notice great improvement in his digestinal and oral health, as well as an increase in energy. Raw diets mimic the food that dogs ate prior to becoming domesticated pets, so the raw food is easier to digest than processed commercial foods. Incorporating raw bones into your greyhounds meal plan will help reduce mouth odor, as they are a great way to clean teeth. Your greyhound's short digestinal tract has natural immunities to bacteria such as e.coli and salmonella, so you do not need to be concerned with the safety of raw feeding.

What Kind of Food Should I Give My Blue-Nose Pit?

What Kind of Food Should I Give My Blue-Nose Pit?

Blue-nose pit bulls are happy, loving and athletic dogs. Pit bulls of all varieties have athletic builds and enjoy an active lifestyle. A healthy pit bull should look like an athlete, with a tucked-in stomach and very little fat covering the ribs or rump. With that in mind, proper nutrition is essential for keeping your blue-nose pit bull healthy and feeling good.

Variety of Foods

    Dogs are traditionally carnivores, but that doesn't mean that an all-meat diet is best for your pit bull. Protein, essential for a dog's health, comes in a wide range of dry and moist foods. Use a regular, nutritious dry food supplemented occasionally by a treat of moist food. Additionally, giving your dog some greens or pieces of carrot will help them get the extra vegetable nutrients that are harder to get from produced foods, according to the website Kinneman Kennels.

Dry Foods

    Dry foods are often the most reasonably priced and convenient for feeding your pit bull. When selecting a dry food for your pup, ensure the food is human-grade meat, not grain-based and not filled with vegetable fillers like brewer's rice or soybean hulls, which are waste products. Don't go for dog foods that have a lot of chemical preservatives. Orijen is a recommended brand from the website Pit Bulls.

Canned Foods

    In general, there are two types of canned food for dogs: standalone food that meets the full daily nutritional requirements for your dog and food meant to supplement dry food. In either case, canned food should be made primarily of high-quality meats with little or no plant products. Avoid gluten and cheap filler ingredients. Pit Bull recommends ZiwiPeak.

Homemade Foods

    Raw meats, raw meaty bones, pulverized vegetables are all great foods for your pit bull and, except for the veggies, require little or no preparation. With meats or bones, just plop the food into the bowl and let the dog enjoy itself. The vegetables are nutritious, but generally need to be mashed up or pulverized in a blender for dogs to benefit from them.

Directions for Puppy Chow

Directions for Puppy Chow

One of the most important elements of raising a healthy and happy puppy is ensuring he has the right diet. Giving your dog the right amount of food at the right times gives him the energy he needs to play and grow without causing him to become overweight or underweight. Be sure to feed your puppy on a schedule; this allows you to better predict potty times and enhances your house training.

Instructions

    1

    Open your bag of Puppy Chow and place its contents into a resealable plastic container. This makes feeding easier and keeps your dog food fresh.

    2

    Figure out the correct feeding amount for your dog based on his age and weight. Every bag of Puppy Chow has a feeding chart on its side. For example, dogs weighing between 3 and 12 pounds should receive between 1/4 and 1/2 cups per day until 3 months of age. At 3 months, feeding increases to 1/2 to 1 cup.

    3

    Split the daily total into two or three feedings. For instance, if your puppy needs 3 cups per day, you should feed him 1 cup in the morning, 1 cup in the afternoon, and 1 cup at night. Smaller meals on a set schedule help with potty training, but twice a day will work if you simply do not have the time.

    4

    Stick to your daily feeding schedule to help your puppy fall into predictable habits. Monitor his appearance -- you should be able to see a light outline of his ribs and he should have a discernible waist when viewed from the top. If your dog has pronounced ribs, you may need to feed more, while round bellies can be indicative of overfeeding.