Minggu, 31 Oktober 2010

Dog Food Allergies & Foot Licking

Dog Food Allergies & Foot Licking

It is a site every dog owner has seen: a dog licking his paws. If a dog licks and chews at its paws often, there might not be anything directly wrong with his feet. A dog that is licking and chewing at its paws could be experiencing a food allergy, and it needs to be addressed.

Food Allergies

    Dogs can be allergic to a variety of foods, including chicken, fish, beef, grains, soy and potatoes. Food allergies can occur in any breed of dog, and they can develop at any age. A dog usually can eat the same food for two years without any trouble before allergies will develop, according to the Dog Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook.

Symptoms

    Food allergies are the third most common cause of itching in dogs. The itching is usually cause by a rash that spreads over the dog's ears, feet and underside of his body. The rash is characterized by red bumps and raised patches of skin. A dog will scratch at the rash. Because a dog cannot scratch its paws, it will lick them to soothe the itch. It might also chew in its paws, according to the ASPCA.

Diagnosis

    A veterinarian can diagnose a food allergy through an elimination diet. A hypoallergenic diet contains a limited number of ingredients that are unlikely to be allergens. The dog will stay on the diet until the symptoms of allergic reaction, such as foot licking, disappear. Then old food can be gradually added back to the dog's diet until the symptoms of allergies return. This will signal what is causing the allergy.

Treatment

    The best treatment for a dog with food allergies is to not allow the dog to eat whatever it is that it is allergic to. If the dog is allergic to chicken, then it should not be allowed to eat food that contains chicken or chicken products. If it does, the rash and the foot licking will return. A veterinarian can recommend a dog food that does not contain the allergen. Some dogs with severe food allergies will need food prepared by hand at home.

Considerations

    Some dogs have a food intolerance. This means they are not able to easily digest certain foods. If a dog with a food intolerance eats one of these foods, it will experience vomiting and diarrhea. It could look like a food allergy, but the dog will not have the itching rash or symptoms such as paw chewing and licking associated with a true food allergy.

How to Make Chocolate Dipped Dog Biscuits

Chocolate-dipped cookies are a tasty treat, and you may want to share them with your dog by creating chocolate-dipped dog biscuits. Unfortunately, chocolate contains a substance called theobromine that is toxic to dogs and can cause serious illness or even death. Instead of dipping the homemade dog biscuits in chocolate, use melted carob chips. The flavor is similar to chocolate and your dog will never know the difference.

Instructions

    1

    Stir together 1 1/2 cup whole wheat flour, 1/2 cup all-purpose flour, 1/4 cup cornmeal, 2/3 cup nonfat powdered milk and 1 cup old-fashioned oats in a large mixing bowl.

    2

    Form a well in the center of the dry ingredients.

    3

    Pour 1/2 cup melted bacon fat or one stick of melted butter into the center of the well.

    4

    Add 3/4 cup of water and 1 egg to the well.

    5

    Stir everything together until a dough forms. It should be the same consistency as sugar cookie dough.

    6

    Roll the dough out on a floured surface with a rolling pin.

    7

    Cut out dog bone shapes, or any other shape you want, with cookie cutters.

    8

    Spray a cookie sheet lightly with nonstick cooking spray.

    9

    Place the biscuits on the cookie sheet.

    10

    Bake the biscuits at 350 degrees F for about eight minutes. The biscuits are done when the bottoms are a light golden brown.

    11

    Set the baked dog biscuits on a counter to cool.

    12

    Boil water in the bottom pot of a double boiler.

    13

    Pour 1/2 cup of carob chips and 1 tsp. of canola oil into the top pot of the double boiler.

    14

    Place the top pot containing carob chips and canola oil over the boiling water and allow the chips to melt slowly, stirring occasionally.

    15

    Dip cooled biscuits into the melted carob chips.

    16

    Place dipped dog biscuits on wax paper to harden.

Can You Take Water & Food From a Puppy at Night?

Can You Take Water & Food From a Puppy at Night?

While Chance is still learning about bladder and bowel control and that urge to go, youll need to get him on a regular feeding and watering schedule. Pups usually have to relieve themselves shortly after chowing down. So if you let your puppy eat and drink all night long, youll have no idea when he has to go potty, since you wont know when he last ate or drank. Pick up his bowls at night so he can have an accident-free slumber and you can have the peace of mind of waking up to no surprises.

Scheduling Feedings

    Puppies typically need to eat about three to four times per day, reports The Humane Society of the United States. Follow the manufacturers instructions on your particular brand of puppy food, then divide it by the number of servings you plan to feed in a day. For example, if the bag of kibble suggests feeding your four-legged buddy 1.5 cups of food daily, give him three one-half cup servings of food throughout the day. However, you wont want to feed him for 2.5 hours before bedtime just to ensure he has plenty of time to clear out his bowels.

When to Water

    Generally dogs need one-half to 1 ounce of water for each pound of body weight daily, explains the VCA Hospitals website. Ideally, your four-legged companion needs access to fresh water at all times, although as you are training him you will want to put it away at night when he should be sleeping. The food rule also applies to water, pick it up 2.5 hours before bedtime -- if you aren't aware of any health conditions with your puppy such as kidney issues. Take Chance out roughly 20 to 30 minutes after his last sip and then at least one more time before you put him to bed. That way he fully empties his bladder outside, rather than on your rug.

The Potty Consideration

    Chance will let you know when its time. Youll see him circling around in front of the door, sniffing the ground or standing and staring at the door. These little cues let you know that he has to go. Put him on his leash and take him out to the area of the yard where you want him to go potty. Hell start to familiarize himself with the toilet area and continue to go over to that corner every time he needs to relieve himself as he gets older.

Special Tips

    Its possible for Chance to have an accident here and there, no matter how diligent you are about picking up his food and water bowls at night. During those inopportune times when it happens, just clean it up and move on, rather than scolding him. If you yell at Chance, all he understands is that something made you mad, but he has no idea what. He doesnt remember leaving his business on your carpet an hour ago, he just had to go. If he continues to piddle frequently, youll need to get him outside more frequently, possibly even once or twice during the nighttime hours until hes housebroken.

List of the Top 10 Highest-Protein Dog Foods

List of the Top 10 Highest-Protein Dog Foods

Proteins are essential for a dog's growth and development and for maintaining a healthy immune system. When comparing dry dog foods, consider the type and quality of protein used, not just the quantity. Meat, fish and eggs are foods with highly digestible, usable protein, so be sure they are at the top of the ingredient list. Mary Straus of DogAware says, "There is no harm in feeding a high-protein diet to dogs of any age," but foods high in fat or calcium are not appropriate for puppies or overweight, sedentary dogs.

Evo Reduced Fat Dry Dog Food

    Grain-free EVO Reduced Fat Dry dog food has 52 percent protein, derived from turkey, chicken and eggs. Because it has a low percentage of total carbohydrates, eating EVO Reduced Fat Dry dog food may make it easier for your dog to reach and maintain a healthy weight. This weight management food has 30 percent less fat than other EVO foods, and some of the fat content is replaced with herring oil, a good source of Omega 3 and 6 essential fatty acids. Reviewers at Dog Food Analysis website comment, "It is wonderful to see a food that reduces fat without taking all the nutritious ingredients out."

Orijen Adult

    Orijen Adult dog food's protein content is 42 percent. The product was created to provide dogs with a nutritious balance of fresh meats, fruits, vegetables and grasses, similar to what wild dogs may have eaten in their natural habitats. The food is grain-free and appropriate for adult dogs of all breeds and sizes. Orijen is manufactured by a family-owned factory in Canada using human-grade meats from free-range chickens and turkeys, wild-caught freshwater and saltwater fish, regional fruits and vegetables and veterinarian-selected herbs and oils.

Instinct Chicken Meal Formula

    Instinct Chicken Meal Formula for Dogs is one of Nature's Variety's offerings. Instinct foods have 42 percent protein from 72 percent pure animal ingredients and 28 percent fruits and vegetables, and contain no grains. Instinct Chicken Meal Formula is gluten-free, highly digestible and nutritionally dense, according to Claws & Paws Veterinary Hospital.

Barking at the Moon Grain and Gluten-Free High Protein Dog Food

    Barking at the Moon Grain and Gluten-Free dog food provides a high protein--41 percent--low-carbohydrate diet for dogs. Dr. Ian Billinghurst, a veterinarian who believes dogs should eat diets similar to those eaten by wolves in the wild, writes that "a wolfs diet contains almost no grains...the food fed to dogs must contain the same balance and type of ingredients as consumed by those wild ancestors." Barking at the Moon dog food approximates Dr. Billinghurst's "biologically appropriate Bones and Raw Food Diet (BARF)."

CANIDAE Grain Free Salmon

    CANIDAE Grain Free Salmon contains 40 percent protein, mostly made up of salmon meal from Pacific, cold-water salmon. This naturally preserved, grain-free formula is 80 percent fish protein and 20 percent fruits and vegetables, plus vitamins, amino acids and essential fatty acids.

Wellness CORE original recipe

    Wellness CORE Original Recipe is a grain-free diet for adult dogs. It has 34 percent protein from a variety of different animal protein sources--deboned turkey, whitefish meal and chicken liver.

Go! Natural Grain Free Endurance

    Go! Natural Grain-Free Endurance Formulas protein content is 34 percent. Dog Food Advisor website enthusiastically recommends this food as an "exceptional kibble" that uses a "generous amount of named poultry meals as its main sources of animal protein."

BLUE Wilderness Duck Recipe

    BLUE Wilderness Duck Recipe is a high-protein, low-carbohydrate, grain-free dog food with 34 percent protein. The formula was created by animal nutritionists and contains duck, chicken and turkey meal; sweet potatoes; potatoes; and antioxidant-rich fruits.

Acana Pacifica

    Acana Pacifica contains 33 percent protein from wild-caught fresh salmon, flounder and herring from Canada's Pacific Northwest waters. This is a high-protein, low carbohydrate, grain-free food with 60 percent whole fish, regional fruits and vegetables and botanicals; each piece of kibble is coated with Omega 3 essential fatty acids from fresh fish.

Taste of the Wild High Prairie Canine Formula

    Taste of the Wild High Prairie Canine Formula has a minimum of 32 percent protein content. Except for the lamb meal, the protein sources for this grain-free food--roasted bison and venison--are unusual, so it is sometimes recommended for dogs allergic to more common proteins, such as poultry and beef.

How to Feed a Pug Natural Dog Food

How to Feed a Pug Natural Dog Food

Feed your pug a natural dog food diet for maximum nutrition and longevity. The natural dog food diet is a combination of raw food and cooked foods that are found at the grocery store. Bagged and canned dog foods contain preservatives, sugars, fats and other harmful additives. Over time, bagged and canned dog foods contribute toward pug health problems, including eye problems, weak joints, low energy and breathing problems. The natural pug dog food diet provides complete nutrition.

Instructions

    1

    Figure out how much to feed your pug on a daily basis. Adult pugs eat 1/2 an ounce for each pound of weight. For example, a 20 lb. pug will eat 10 ounces of food daily.

    2

    Multiply the daily food amount by seven. This is the amount of food to cook for your pug each week. For example, 10 multiplied by seven is 70 ounces of food.

    3

    Divide the weekly food amount into food category percentages. The natural food diet is 40 percent protein, 30 percent vegetables and 30 percent starch. In the example of 70 ounces per week, the diet is 28 ounces of protein, 21 ounces of vegetables and 21 ounces of starch.

    4

    Create a shopping list based on the food amounts. Protein can be chicken, beef or organ meats. Vegetables include green beans, carrots, spinach, broccoli and zucchini. Starch includes white or brown rice and sweet potatoes. Add chicken broth and a dog vitamin supplement to the list.

    5

    Purchase the weekly amount of protein, vegetables and starch ingredients. Purchase enough chicken broth to make a stew.

    6

    Chop all of the ingredients into very small pieces, no larger than 2 inches across. Pugs have small mouths.

    7

    Set a large saucepan on the stove. Add the chicken broth, the protein, the vegetables and the starch. Do not add any seasonings. Simmer the mixture. The mixture should be tender but not soupy.

    8

    Divide the stew into seven daily portions and refrigerate it in plastic containers.

    9

    Allow the food to come to room temperature and put a dog vitamin supplement into the food before serving it. Do not leave food out.

Sabtu, 30 Oktober 2010

How Often Do I Feed My Pug Puppy?

How Often Do I Feed My Pug Puppy?

Pugs are small, adorable dogs who eat little to begin with but eat a lot when they are puppies as they are growing quickly. As with all puppies, these young dogs need special attention when it comes to their diets including how often and what they are fed on a daily basis.

Feeding schedule

    For small pug puppies that are less than 6 months old, there should be a regular daily feeding schedule. This should entail three to four small meals per day of balanced nutritional food. Basically give them as much food as they can eat for 10 to 30 minutes straight. After they have eaten over that 30 minutes, pick the food up and only leave out water until their next feeding period. This will keep them disciplined to eat within the time allotted to them and also keep the puppies from overeating.

What Type of Food

    There are certain types of food that are better for pug puppies then others. Store-bought dog food which is meant for puppies is acceptable, but it should have nutrient sources that are similar to the environment found for the breed's ancestors, like meat with the proper balance of carbohydrates, protein, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. However, the real food which hasn't been processed into dog food is much healthier for your puppy, though much more expensive. The best things to feed a pug puppy is a 50/50 blend of raw pork and beef, as well as barley, like wheat and rice. Avoid lamb, poultry, fish, avocado or yellow corn.

After 6 months

    After six months, it is important to reduce the feeding of your pug puppy so they do not become overweight and unhealthy. Pugs should now be fed one to two times a day, once in the morning and once at night. Each meal should be a cup of food or so, be it dry food or fresh food: whatever you feed your new pug. If the adolescent pug is still hungry, healthy snacks like peeled baby carrots are a good option to keep the pug from becoming food crazed while keeping their weight under control.

How to Transition My Dog to a Vegetarian Diet

There are many reasons dog owners transition their dogs to vegetarian diets. Sometimes a dog needs a diet low in protein for health reasons. Sometimes a vegetarian diet is the only option for a dog with severe food allergies. Regardless of the reason for transitioning your dog to a vegetarian diet, it should not be done all at once, but slowly over at least a week. A slow transition is key to keeping your dog from experiencing the digestive upsets associated with a new diet.

Instructions

    1

    Choose a vegetarian dog food that meets your dog's nutritional requirements.

    2

    Feed your dog a mixture that consists of 75 percent of its old food and 25 percent of its new vegetarian food at mealtimes for the first two days.

    3

    Feed your dog a mixture that consists of 50 percent of its old food and 50 percent of its new vegetarian food at mealtimes for the next two days.

    4

    Feed your dog a mixture that consists of 25 percent of its old food and 75 percent of its new vegetarian food at mealtimes for the last two days.

    5

    Feed your dog its new vegetarian food at mealtimes instead of its old food.

Jumat, 29 Oktober 2010

How to Make Puppy Milk

How to Make Puppy Milk

Your dog has too many puppies for the number of nipples, or for some reason is unable to produce enough milk to feed them. You want the puppies to live, so you are going to need a replacement for a mother's milk. Thankfully, it is possible to replace puppy milk, and it's relatively easy. You can use a homemade puppy formula to supplement or completely replace the milk it would get from its mother.

Instructions

    1

    Mix 12 ounces of evaporated milk or goat's milk and 12 ounces of baby formula. Add one egg yolk, 1 tablespoon of liquid pectin, and 1 tablespoon of honey. Mix thoroughly.

    2

    Pour the mixture into newborn human bottles with a newborn-size nipple. Nipples for other small mammals such as ferrets are not as effective for puppies, which have larger mouths.

    3

    Warm the formula to about 100 degrees. Puppies, like human babies, have trouble regulating their body temperatures at birth, so it is important to feed them formula at or near body temperature. A puppy's body temperature should be about 101 degrees.

    4

    Lessen the amount of baby formula in the mixture and replace with an equal part of water 1 ounce at a time until you find a level that helps the puppy resume normal bowel function if it becomes constipated.

Frozen Raw Diet for Dogs

Frozen Raw Diet for Dogs

As raw feeding for dogs becomes more popular and well-known, the number of available frozen raw diets for dogs has increased. Pet owners can choose from complete frozen diets or various mixes to be combined or added to fresh raw meat and poultry. Frozen raw diets can be expensive, especially with shipping costs, but frozen meals may be affordable if you shop around or buy locally. Some people believe that the expense of feeding frozen raw diets may balance out, because if you raw feed your dog, she may be a healthier animal and require fewer visits to the veterinarian.

The Frozen Raw Dog Food Business

    Frozen raw diets are easier to prepare than meals using fresh meat.
    Frozen raw diets are easier to prepare than meals using fresh meat.

    In her article on the dietary concerns, benefits, and risks of raw dog food, nutrition writer Elizabeth Lee says, "raw dog food diets are controversial. But the popularity of the diets--which emphasize raw meat, bones, fruits, and vegetables--is rising." Since the book, "Give Your Dog a Bone," by veterinarian Ian Billinghurst, was published in the 1990s, several other types of raw dog food diets have emerged.

    In response to a growing interest in healthy alternatives to commercial dry and canned pet foods, small businesses are evolving that offer fast and simple ways to prepare and feed raw meals to dogs. Some of these companies formulate their ingredients according to the B.A.R.F. (biologically appropriate raw foods) system, which attempts to mimic the diet of dogs in the wild. They package the foods into easy-to-use frozen portions so pet owners only have to defrost the appropriate portion and serve. Many of the businesses that produce raw frozen dog food are small, and you can call them directly to speak to someone who will answer your questions and even suggest a proper diet plan for your individual dog.

Complete Raw Food Diets

    Complete frozen raw food diets contain raw meats, organs, raw bones, dairy products, eggs, fruits, vegetables and few, if any, grains. These diets may include tripe, kelp, alfalfa, oils such as fish, flaxseed, olive, coconut and cod liver oils, and supplemental vitamins and natural sources of minerals. Most companies formulate their complete frozen raw diets for dogs to meet nutrient levels suggested by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO).

    Because they require nothing to be added, these complete meals are as easy to use as commercial dry or canned dog foods. According to an article published in Dog Aware by Mary Straus of the Whole Dog Journal, "just as with other commercial diets, it's best to rotate between different brands and protein sources, and it's fine to add some fresh food as well."

    Complete commercial frozen raw diets are usually very expensive, costing between $3 and $5 a day, so they are probably not a viable option for people with limited finances or large dogs.

Incomplete Raw Food Diets

    The second type of commercial raw frozen diets provide a variety of different parts, including include meat, bone, organs and sometimes vegetables, but usually nothing else. These foods should be included in your dog's diet but not fed alone and can be combined, along with other foods, to create complete diets.

    If you use incomplete blends or mixes as the basis for the raw diet you feed your dog, you should add muscle meat, organ meat such as liver, and other healthy foods, including eggs, dairy, canned fish with bones, green tripe and fresh food supplements. Fish oil or sardines and vitamin E may also be good supplements to include in the diet.

Complete Frozen Meals

    Some available raw dog food diets you can buy at local pet food stores or online include Aunt Jeni's Home Made, Bravo! Balance Raw Food Diet, Dr. Billinghurst's BARF Diet, Nature's Variety, Northwest Naturals, Paw Naturaw,
    Pets 4 Life Home Made Pet Cuisine, Primal Pet Food Formulas, Stella & Chewy's frozen meals, and Steve's Real Food for Dogs.

Partial Frozen Meal Mixes

    Some companies manufacture raw dog food products that are meant to be mixed with other foods to create complete meals. Some of these products are Bravo! Original Formula, Dr. Billinghurst's BARF Diet Mix and Match Minces, Oma's Pride mixtures, and Primal Pet Food Grinds and Mixes.

A List of Table Foods to Feed a Dog

A List of Table Foods to Feed a Dog

Kamis, 28 Oktober 2010

Pumpkin Dog Treat Recipe

Pumpkin Dog Treat Recipe

Pumpkin is a great source of fiber. Most dogs will readily eat canned pumpkin, but it can be messy, inconvenient and isn't a practical take-along treat on outings. These easy to make whole wheat pumpkin dog biscuits with oatmeal are the perfect way to give your dog a healthy snack featuring beneficial pumpkin fiber.

Prepare

    Preheat oven to 350 degrees. In large bowl, mix together 2 cups whole wheat flour, 1/2 cup oatmeal, 1/4 cup nonfat dry milk and 1 teaspoon baking powder. In separate bowl mix 1 cup canned pumpkin, 1 egg and 1/4 cup loosely packed brown sugar. When well blended, add to dry ingredients and stir by hand until dough forms, then hand knead into a large ball.

Form

    Pull off the amount of dough you would like the treat size to be and roll into balls. Two inch diameter balls work well for most sized dogs, one inch diameter balls for smaller dogs. If dough is too sticky, sprinkle with a little flour. Place balls on cookie sheet and press flat with fork, crisscrossing horizontally and vertically until cookies are uniform in thickness. Bake for 25 to 35 minutes or until golden brown on the bottom. Let cool completely before giving to your dog.

Tips

    Store treats in an air-tight container, refrigerator or freezer. For an alternative cool treat on a hot summer day, form dough into cookie shapes and freeze instead of baking. If you are concerned about calorie content, substitute 1/3 cup nonfat dry milk for the brown sugar.

Rabu, 27 Oktober 2010

Is Commercial Dog Food Bad for Your Dog?

Most people believe that commercial dog food is healthy and safe to feed their dog. But pet owners will be surprised to learn what's really in their dog food, and how it can cause illness and even shorten their dog's life.

Prevention/Solution

    The best way to prevent illness and even death in dogs is to know what's actually in commercial dog food. Reading labels is important, and choosing all natural food is suggested.

Features

    Commercial dog food contains high levels of byproducts and preservatives, which can cause dogs to vomit, have diarrhea and even lose their appetite.

Identification

    Learn how to read labels. The ingredients listed first have higher percentages in the food. (Look for meats instead of generic terms.) Also, learn about additives and preservatives that are harmful to pets, and look for the foods with the lowest percentage of grains.

Considerations

    Six deadly chemicals banned as unfit for human consumption are found in commercial dog food. They can cause stomach cancer, kidney disease, blindness, liver dysfunction, blindness, skin/fur loss, skin cancer and leukemia.

Misconceptions

    Most people think the primary ingredients of dog food are choice cuts of chicken, beef and fresh grains. However, what is actually used in commercial dog food are the remnants of slaughtered chickens, cattle and other animals that aren't used for human consumption.

Selasa, 26 Oktober 2010

What Happens to a Dog's Milk if the Pups Died?

What Happens to a Dog's Milk if the Pups Died?

A pregnant dog's body naturally prepares to nurse her pups by producing milk. If her pups die, she is still prepared to feed, her body not realizing her pups are deceased. Exploring why a pregnant dog produces milk and what happens to her milk supply if her pups die can help you maintain the dog's optimal health after loosing her pups.

Why Dogs Produce Milk

    The dog's body produces milk because the pups are dependent on her milk for the first four weeks of their lives. Her milk supplies all of the nutrients the pups need to grow healthy. The nursing pups empty the milk supply in turn signaling the dog's body to produce more milk. If nursing stops, the engorgement, or fill up, of the mother dog's teats and glands will alert the body to stop producing milk.

What Happens When Her Pups Die?

    Since milk is produced in relation to demand, the dog's supply starts to decrease if the puppies are not nursing. Because the milk supply is not being used the body naturally starts to decrease supply and eventually stops producing milk. It should take about two weeks for the mother's milk supply to stop. If a lactating dog who is not nursing continues to produce milk her owner may need to assist with signaling her body to stop production of milk.

Helping Her Milk Dry Up

    To assist in the process you can reduce the dog's food supply. This triggers her body to produce less milk if her body does not begin to decrease naturally. During pregnancy and nursing a dog should be fed more food to supply the adequate nutrition to her and her pups. If the dog continues to produce milk consult a veterinarian.

Helping Foster Pups

    Another option in assisting with the depletion of milk supply is to check with your local dog shelter to see if there are any pups that need a foster mother. This allows the dog to nurse since her body is already producing milk and helps the foster pups by supplying them with the nutrients they need to grow healthy.

The Best Things to Feed My Toy Yorkies

The Best Things to Feed My Toy Yorkies

The toy Yorkshire terrier is an intelligent, quick-witted dog, with an inquisitive mind who often likes to be pampered. As with any dog, you want to give it the best diet possible, for its overall health and development. Hypoglycemia is a possible result of poor diet, so you must do everything you can from the start to prevent that from happening.

Premium Dry Food

    Feed your toy Yorkies a small meal three times a day. Two of those three times, give them a top-of-the-line dry food. Read the ingredients of prospective dry food brands to determine which are premium and which are not. Check that they are USDA inspected and not packed with a lot of fillers, such as corn. Ask your vet for a recommendation.

Milk Bones

    Milk bones, or a comparable product, are a healthy treat for your dog. Such treats come fortified with vitamins and minerals and promote cleaner teeth and fresher breath. This is particularly useful for Yorkies, as this breed easily develops dental problems. If you give a Yorkie such a treat, then it counts as one of its three meals. Milk Bones and their equivalent come in three sizes; always buy small ones for Yorkies.

Cooked Vegetables

    The diet for any toy Yorkie is going to be slightly different, tailored to that dog's individual sensibilities. Thus, if your dog seems hungry after a meal, or if you'd like to try something new, give your dog two or three bites of cooked vegetables, such a green beans or carrots. You can even give your Yorkie a spoonful of canned pumpkin, as long as it's the unsweetened variety.

Minggu, 24 Oktober 2010

The Best Dog Foods for a Small Two Year Shih Tzu

The Best Dog Foods for a Small Two Year Shih Tzu

You want to do what's best for your Shih Tzu. One way to help your dog live a long, healthy life is to feed it high-quality dog food. Ask your vet to suggest a well-balanced brand, or choose one yourself. Your Shih Tzu will need a brand for small dogs. The highest quality food boasts pure meat as its top ingredient. You might want to make sure it's AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials) approved.



Ask your vet if your Shih Tzu has health concerns of which you need to be aware when choosing its food.

Halo Spot's Stew Dry Formula

    Halo states it is committed to a holistic approach to pet care and its dog food contains only high-quality ingredients, as well as being high in protein and low in carbohydrates. It does not contain any artificial colors, flavors, preservatives, corn, wheat or gluten. Halo is AAFCO approved.

    Adult brands include:

    ADULT DOG Wild Salmon

    ADULT DOG Wholesome Chicken

    If you have questions about Halo's products, visit their website at halopets.com or contact the company's customer care department at 800-426-4256.

Nutro Natural Dog Food

    Nutro natural dog food contains natural ingredients with added vitamins and minerals that aid in keeping your dog healthy. Nutro has several brands of dry food suitable for small breeds. Their small-breed formula is for dogs under 25 pounds and according to the company's website, the formula is balanced to support the high metabolism common to many small dogs.

    If you have any questions about Nutro products, visit their website at thenutrocompany.com or contact the company's consumer care team at 1-800-833-5330.

Wellness Dog Food

    According to Wellness, its mission is to offer natural, healthful, great-tasting alternatives in pet nutrition and a thoughtful approach to nutrition is the foundation of well being. The meat used in Wellness dog food is free from hormones and steroids. The food contains no meat by-products, animal fats, artificial colors, preservatives or potential allergens like corn, soy or wheat.

    Wellness offers a large variety of dry dog foods, including:

    Super5Mix Complete Health

    Core Grain-Free

    Simple Food Solutions Allergy

    If you have questions about Wellness products, visit their website at wellnesspetfood.com or contact the company's consumer loyalty team at 800-225-0904.

Sabtu, 23 Oktober 2010

How Old Should Shitzu Puppies Be Before Feeding Hard Food?

How Old Should Shitzu Puppies Be Before Feeding Hard Food?

    Puppies should be weaned between 3 and 4 weeks of age.
    Puppies should be weaned between 3 and 4 weeks of age.

Puppies Still Depend on Mother's Milk

    Shitzu puppies will drink their mother's milk until they are between 6 and 8 weeks old. This means that they still depend on their mother's milk until the milk supply runs short. It may not make sense starting the weaning process as of yet because the mother may wean the puppies off the milk on her own.

Puppies Start to Explore

    Puppies around 3 to 4 weeks of age will become more aware of their environment and will start to explore. This may be a good time to gradually introduce Shitzu puppies to some solid food. Use this exploration time to start the weaning process.

Bottom Line

    It is best to start weaning Shitzu puppies around 3 to 4 weeks of age. The easiest way is to purchase a high-quality puppy kibble and soften it with hot water. As the puppies start eating on their own, the amount of water added should be decreased until they are eating dry food.

How Many Times a Day Should I Feed a Lab Puppy?

How Many Times a Day Should I Feed a Lab Puppy?

    Be sure your puppy's feeding schedule works for you.
    Be sure your puppy's feeding schedule works for you.

Frequent Feedings

    According to Labrador Retriever Facts, puppies under four months of age should receive four to five feedings a day. Puppies between four and eight months should get three meals daily. Puppies over eight months can be fed twice a day, until an adult diet is started at about one year, the website says.

Less Frequent Feedings

    According to the Dog Breed Info Center, puppies should stay with their mothers and be nursed until they are two months old. However, if puppies six to eight weeks old are separated from their mothers, they should be fed three to four times a day. Puppies over two months of age should be fed twice a day until they reach adulthood, the center advises.

Bottom Line

    The optimum number of feedings per day varies according to several factors. The most important thing is to stick to a schedule of some kind. PetEducation.com advises "feeding the pup what he will eat at specific times on a specific schedule." Adjust the amount of food as needed to help keep your puppy at the ideal weight for his age and breed.

How to Construct a Birdproof Pet Food Feeder Bowl

Many people prefer to feed their pets outdoors. However, this leaves your pet food vulnerable to hungry pests. Wild birds especially love pet food. Birds are eager creatures and once they know the whereabouts of a source of food, it can be difficult to keep them away. A surefire way to keep birds out of your pet food is to construct a bird proof box with a hinged lid that you can set your pet food bowl in. Your pet will be able to lift the lid with their nose to eat. The box will be constructed high enough that birds will be unwilling to jump into the deep, dark space.

Instructions

    1

    Determine the dimensions your pet feeder box needs to be. Measure the width and height of your pet bowl. Add 3 inches to the width. Add 4 to 8 inches to the height. The height will depend on the size of your pet. You want the box to be high enough to keep the birds from wanting to jump in, but low enough that your pet will still be able to reach the food inside.

    2

    Cut the sides, top and bottom out of plywood or another comparable, lightweight wood stock such as cedar. Use a thinner ply for small dogs and pets and thicker ply for large dogs. The lid needs to be light enough that the pet can lift it. If you wish, the bottoms and sides can be cut out of thicker stock, for easy nailing, and the lid can be cut out of thinner stock, for easy lifting.

    3

    Cut a half circle or a small square out of the top, center of the front side of the box. Make this opening just big enough that your pet can stick his nose in to lift up the lid.

    4

    Sand all of the edges.

    5

    Glue and nail together the bottom and four sides.

    6

    Attach the top to the back edge with either two door hinges or one long piano hinge.

    7

    Waterproof the box with a non-toxic, wood sealer.

Jumat, 22 Oktober 2010

Diet of a Chow Chow

Diet of a Chow Chow

Chow Chows have recently become a very popular dog breed, resulting in some irresponsible breeding practices by inexperienced breeders. Breeding by those who are improperly educated about breed specifics can cause the less-desirable traits and characteristics of a breed to resurface. Chow Chows have very specific dietary requirements, due to their breed history of vegetarianism, and an inexperienced, uneducated breeder will probably not know this. Always purchase a purebred dog from an AKC-certified breeder whose knowledge and love of the breed will benefit you and your dog.

What to Feed Your Chow Chow

    Historically, Chow Chows originated in China, in the area now known as Tibet, as a food source for humans. Much like raising sheep, cattle and pigs today, Chow Chows consumed a diet largely consisting of grains and vegetables, with the occasional supplement of soy and fish. For this reason, Chow Chows cannot properly digest high levels of protein. A high-protein diet will lead to skin problems. William D. Cusick advises Chow owners to prepare homemade meals for their protein-sensitive Chow Chows. Include rice, which is easy for a Chow Chow to digest, and which supports healthy skin and a healthy coat. Eggs and cottage cheese are also good protein sources for Chow Chows. Omega fatty acids are essential for healthy skin and coat, and you can provide these by adding a teaspoon of olive or fish oil to your dogs meal. Crunchy vegetables like carrots and celery help reduce plaque buildup on your dogs teeth and make a healthy addition to their homemade meals. Other healthy additions are frozen peas and beans; blueberries, which provide antioxidants; and plain, low-fat yogurt, a spoonful of which provides healthy, helpful bacteria to the digestive system. Four cups of food per day is the most you should feed your Chow Chow; feed him once or twice a day.

Supplements

    Provide vitamin and mineral supplements for your Chow Chow. Brewers yeast supplies water-soluble vitamins that your dog needs, such as the B-complex, vitamins A, D, E and folic acid. Bone meal provides the additional calcium that your Chow Chow requires, in addition to other minerals like iron, phosphorous, manganese and zinc. Do not supplement your Chow Chows diet with vitamin C in any form. Avoid beef, horse meat, lamb, poultry or any meat byproducts.

Dry Dog Food

    If you choose to feed your Chow Chow dry dog food--ideally combined with a homemade stew of vegetables and rice--talk to your veterinarian to determine which brand is best for Chow Chows. Your vet will likely recommend a high-quality dry dog food with little animal byproducts and few preservatives. Remember that deep-chested dogs like Chow Chows tend to swallow a lot of air when they eat, which can cause bloating. Dry dog food can also swell in your Chows stomach with too much water consumption after their meal. If you feed your Chow any dry food, mix some water in with it to reduce the amount of swelling in your dogs stomach. Do not hesitate to have a lengthy diet discussion with your breeder to find out what she feeds her dogs. Breeders are very familiar with their dogs temperaments, activity level and potential health problems, and are a wealth of information should you decide to add a Chow Chow to your life.

Selasa, 19 Oktober 2010

Diet to Help Dog With Seizures

Diet to Help Dog With Seizures

There can be different causes for seizures in dogs, from canine epilepsy to nutritional deficiency. Whatever the cause, you must take your dog to the veterinarian if you notice seizures, even minor ones. After that, you can use diet to help reduce the incidences of seizures.

Supplemental Canine Vitamin

    Give your dog a supplemental canine vitamin daily to assure that all his nutrients are met. Purchase chewable canine vitamins from the pet store or from your veterinarian's office. Read the label to determine how much to give to your dog according to age and weight. Place the tablet in a pill-crusher and add the crushed vitamin to your dog's daily food.

Avoid Artificial Preservatives

    Artificial preservatives often cause problems for dogs with special diet needs. Replace inexpensive, commercial brand dog food with organic dog food. Read the labels to confirm that the food does not contain artificial preservatives. This is particularly important with canned foods, which often add preservatives to increase the products' shelf life.

Avoid Artificial Dyes

    Some dog foods have red dye and yellow dye to make the food look more appetizing--as if a dog cares what color his food is. These dyes offer no nutritional value. If there is red food pictured on your dog-food bag, double-check the ingredients and avoid all food with dyes.

High Protein

    Give your dog foods that are high in protein. The food labels will who you a list of crude protein percentage in the formula. Compare the percentage between brands, and select a brand that has the highest crude protein percentage. Ask your veterinarian which brands of commercial food are recommended for your dog, particularly one with a history of seizures.

Avoid Sweets

    Give your dog nutritional food that does not contain artificial sugars, processed sugars or other sweets in them. These foods don't add to the dog's nutrients and can be difficult to digest. The goal of a diet for dogs with seizures is to provide foods that are easily digestible and nutritious. Dog foods with sugar and sweets are empty calories that won't benefit your dog.

Biologically Appropriate Raw Food Diet

    Learn what foods are listed on the biologically appropriate raw food (BARF) diet. Ask your veterinarian for a brochure or directions. Prepare the diet according to the instructions. Feed the appropriate servings and proportions based on your dog's activity level, age and breed. Add canine nutritional supplements, minerals and vitamins to give your dog the maximum amount of nutrition from the BARF diet.

Homemade Food for Pomeranians

Homemade Food for Pomeranians

Prior to the 1930s, dogs were typically fed meat and garden vegetables. But in the '30s, canned dog food and kibble made from USDA-rejected cereals and grains were introduced as a cuisine option for canines, including the Pomeranian. Revert back to the days when dogs were given healthy food by making your own dog food using rice, meat and vegetables. All natural supplements can be added to the homemade Pomeranian food for added nutrients.

Homemade Food Benefits

    Prepackaged dog food often contains chemicals, additives and unnecessary fillers that are not the healthiest option for your Pomeranian. Just as these additions are avoided by many humans, they should be avoided on behalf of your dog. The Pomeranian gets a balanced and varied diet when you make it yourself, as opposed to the same old scoop of dog slop or dry crunchy bits in its bowl. Avoid vitamin deficiencies in your puppy by making the dog food yourself. Recipes with garlic and yeast also help reduce fleas.

Basic Pomeranian Food Recipe

    You can make your own dog food by mixing 2 cups of uncooked rice, 4 1/2 cups of water, 1/2 cup of oats and 1/2 tsp. salt in a saucepan and bringing to a boil. Add the following to the boiling mixture: 1/4 cup of 2-percent milk, 1 tbsp. of finely chopped parsley, 1 1/2 oz. of finely chopped liver, 4 oz. of ground beef, chicken or lamb, 1 1/2 tbsp. of corn oil, one beaten egg and 1 cup of finely chopped vegetable such as carrots, broccoli or cauliflower. Stir and reduce the temperature to low, simmering until all the water is absorbed, about 20 minutes. Spread flat into a sealable container until cool and cut into squares measuring about 1/4 of a cup.

Dog Food Additions

    Add yogurt, cottage cheese or powdered egg shell to your homemade dog food to add some calcium necessary for strong bones and teeth. Just as humans need calcium, dogs do too. You can make a supplemental mix by combining 1/2 cup of brewer's yeast, 1/2 cup of wheat germ and 1/2 tsp. of powdered kelp. Add 1/2 tsp. of this mix to the food at each meal for your Pomeranian.

Treat Recipe

    Preheat your oven to 375 degrees and prepare to make your own flea-repelling dog treats by greasing cookie sheets. Dissolve 1 1/2 beef bullion cubes into 6 oz. of boiling water and set aside. In a medium mixing bowl, combine 1 cup of wheat flour, 1/2 cup of cornmeal, 1/3 cup of brewer's yeast and 1 tbsp. of garlic powder. Mix in one egg yolk and the beef bullion water with the dry ingredients until a firm dough forms. Flour the work surface and roll the mixture out into a 1/4-inch thickness. Use small, bone-shaped cookie cutters to cut out the Pomeranian treats and bake for 20 minutes. Turn the oven off and leave the treats inside to cool and harden overnight. Store them in an airtight container at room temperature for use.

How to Make Low Protein Dog Treats

Dog treats don't need huge amounts of meat or other proteins to taste good. In fact, a low-protein treat might represent a change of pace your dog will like. Chances are, your pet won't even notice that anything is missing.

Instructions

    1

    Preheat the oven to 325 degrees F.

    2

    Place 2 cups whole wheat flour and 1/2 cup all purpose white flour in a large mixing bowl and stir them together well.

    3

    Stir in 1/2 tsp. minced garlic, 1/4 cup chicken or beef broth, 1/2 cup cold water, 1 cup cooked and pureed vegetables and 2 sprigs fresh parsley. Make sure the ingredients are completely mixed. The mixture should form a stiff dough. If it seems too thin, add more flour. If it's too thick, add more broth or water.

    4

    Put the dough on a floured board and roll it to a thickness of 1/2 inch.

    5

    Cut the dough into treat sizes with a cookie cutter.

    6

    Place the low protein dog biscuits on an oiled cookie sheet and bake them for 25 minutes. Allow them to cool and put them in an airtight container.

    7

    Store the low protein dog biscuits in the refrigerator.

Senin, 18 Oktober 2010

High Fat Dog Foods

High Fat Dog Foods

Dogs use fat for energy and overall can eat a higher fat diet than humans. They utilize fat in their food before utilizing carbohydrates or protein. A high-energy working dog needs a very high-fat diet, and diets too low in fat even for a couch potato of a dog can have harmful side effects. It's not only the total fat content in the food that is important, it's equally important to feed the right types of fat for energy and health.

Types

    Fat can roughly be broken down into two categories: saturated fats and unsaturated fats. Saturated fats include beef tallow and chicken fat, and are solid unless heated up. They provide energy but are not otherwise valuable for good organ, skin and coat health. Unsaturated fats include fish and vegetable oils and are high in omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids.

Benefits

    Unsaturated fats are important in boosting the immune system, maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system and generally promoting health and vigor. Omega-3 fatty acids are natural anti-inflammatories and are vital for healthy gestation and puppy development. Dogs fighting cancer don't metabolize food in the same way as healthy dogs, and benefit from a high fat, high protein diet.

High-Fat Foods for Working and Performance Dogs

    Agility dogs benefit from a high-fat, high-protein diet; Stevie Macdonald

    While carbohydrate loading improves human strength and endurance, it has little effect on most animals. Dogs have no essential requirement for carbohydrates in their diet but high-fat foods increase strength, cardiovascular performance and better oxygen utilization. Studies on sled dogs fed a high-carbohydrate diet showed an increase of lactic acid in their muscles, which in turn can lead to muscle soreness. Beagles fed a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet had higher endurance than those fed a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet. The typical high-carbohydrate kibbled diet may actually decrease performance and increases thirst because the grains absorb water in the bowel.

Choosing High-Fat Dog Food

    Most commercial dog foods contain between 10 percent and 20 percent fat. Budget-priced dog food contains primarily saturated fat obtained as animal tallow and grease as fat sources. Choose a better quality food higher in fat and protein. Look for flax seed oil, fish meal or oil and omega-3 fatty acids listed in the ingredients. Although premium foods cost more per pound, you will need to feed lesser amounts to your dog, so the actual cost may be no higher.

Warning

    Diet or low-fat dog foods for facilitating weight loss may be ineffective at best, according to Dr Susan Wynn. The combination of high carbohydrates and lower fat can lead to skin problems, dry, dull fur and other more serious conditions like diabetes. Dr Wynn suggests increasing exercise and feeding a higher quality, low-fiber and low-carbohydrate diet for healthy weight loss.

Expert Insight

    Adding fish oil capsules to your dog's regular diet is an excellent way to boost beneficial omega-3 fatty acids. Fish oil is available at pet stores but the kind sold for people is just fine. Many dogs enjoy these like treats, or they can be sliced open and drizzled on food. Give about 1000 mg per 20 lbs of your dog's weight.

What to Look for in High-Quality Dog Food

What to Look for in High-Quality Dog Food

With so many different types of dog foods on the market, it is difficult to know which foods are the best for your dog's needs. Examine the list of ingredients and choose only foods containing high-quality ingredients.

Protein

    According to the Dog Food Project, protein is the most important ingredient in your dog's food. Search for foods that contain only specifically named sources of protein, such as chicken, turkey, beef or lamb. Avoid foods that contain meat byproducts, corn gluten or soy meal as main ingredients.

Carbohydrates

    Dogs need carbohydrates in their diet to provide them with energy. Carbohydrates should be obtained from grains such as rice, oats, wheat or barley. Alternative carbohydrate sources, such as peas or sweet potatoes, are equally healthy. Avoid foods that contain unspecified grain sources, such as grain fermentation solubles or potato product.

Fats

    A healthy amount of fat is essential to a dog's skin and coat health. High-quality dog foods should contain fats from sources such as canola oil, sunflower oil and chicken fat. High amounts of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids are essential. Avoid feeding your dog foods with sources of fats such as generic fish oil, mineral oil or animal fat.

Minggu, 17 Oktober 2010

How to Wean a Dog From a Crate

How to Wean a Dog From a Crate

A crate is a safe haven for your dog as it addresses his need to have his own safe and secure refuge. However, you cannot just put him in the crate forever. Weaning your dog from the crate does not necessarily mean cutting your dog's access to the crate forever. Some dogs remain attached to the crate even after weaning while other dogs do not give a thought to the crate. Keep the crate accessible in case your dog wants to use it as his safe haven now and then. Consider crate weaning your dog when he is 10 or 12 months old, beyond the chewing stage and mature enough out of the crate.

Instructions

    1

    Start the weaning process by putting the dog out of the crate whenever you leave home for very short periods such as five to 10 minutes. Leave the dog with a chew toy so that he can keep himself occupied for the time you are out. Return home within 10 minutes.

    2

    Look if the dog has done any damage in the area. Praise him if there is no damage. If the dog has done any damage, do not shout. Stay calm and greet the dog normally without using any words of praise. Put him back in the crate. Clean the room without the dog seeing you as he may take the cleaning-after-damaging task as normal behavior.

    3

    Reduce the time of leaving your dog uncrated by half the next time. If he does not do any damage, praise him and continue the same time period for a few days or for a week. If the dog does any damage, reduce the time you leave him uncrated by half the next time. You can leave him uncrated for as little as one to three minutes also if needed. Do this till your dog gets accustomed to being uncrated for up to 10 minutes.

    4

    Extend the time limit to 15 minutes for a few days. Take this up to 20, 30, 45 and so on, as he gradually gets used to the periods of being out of the crate. Crate-weaning is a gradual process with no definite time limit for achieving the results. It may take a month or even a year to wean your dog from its crate. Avoid rushing your dog as it will only make him more stressed.

How to find the right dog food bowl

How to find the right dog food bowl

Choosing the right food bowl for your dog may not seem like a big deal, but it can be one of the most important things you do as a dog owner. Certain types of bowls are known to harbor harmful bacteria. Large dogs or those with arthritis or back problems may not be able to eat comfortably out of some types of bowls. And dogs with gas and digestive problems are best-suited for a certain type of bowl. Choosing the right bowl means knowing your dog's health condition and eating habits, while also considering your own needs.

Instructions

    1

    Choose among metal, ceramic, porcelain, stoneware or metal bowls. Although plastic may be less expensive, it is the least desirable due to its propensity to harbor bacteria--especially if the bowl sustains scratches (which is likely with dogs). While metal dog bowls are the most desirable due to their durability, ceramic and porcelain bowls are also easy to clean and not known to harbor bacteria.

    2

    Choose either an automatic feeder or a one-meal feeder. If you maintain a busy lifestyle or plan to spend most of the day away from your home, an automatic feeder may be your best option. Fill the "hopper" with the amount of food needed for the pre-determined number of days. This type of feeder is also ideal if your dog suffers from painful gas because, according to PetMD, small, frequent meals are best to combat bloating. If you are able to feed your dog each meal, a one-meal feeder may be the best option, and more affordable.

    3

    Choose the right size bowl. Small dogs eat smaller meals and require a smaller bowl. Medium and large-sized dogs require more food. Choose the size that will comfortably hold the amount of food your dog requires.

    4

    Choose between an elevated or ground-level bowl. Large dogs, dogs with arthritis and dogs with back problems might not be able to comfortably eat from ground-level bowls. Select an elevated feeder and position it at the height that is comfortable for your dog. Small, young dogs are more likely to be able to eat from ground-level bowls without problems.

Preparation Process for Raw Pigs Ears to Pet Treats

Preparation Process for Raw Pigs Ears to Pet Treats

Dried pig ears are a favorite treat for many pets. While the ears can give your pet hours of enjoyment, the treats can be expensive to buy. Many manufacturers also use additives to preserve the ears. If you want a natural, cost-effective way to satisfy your pet, dry raw pig ears at home. The homemade treats are easy to make.

Preparation

    Obtain fresh, whole pig ears from a butcher or local slaughterhouse. Pig ears are generally a little less expensive if bought directly from slaughterhouses. The ears will need a good cleaning in preparation for the drying process. Raw pig ears also may come covered in fine hair. Blanching in boiling water for 30 seconds and then submerging in ice water will help to remove the hair. This blanching also will soften the top layer of skin so you can scrape it off along with the hair. The pig ears, however, will make fine pet treats even if you choose to skip the blanching and leave the fine hair intact.

Drying

    Before drying pig ear treats, you can slice the pig ears into strips, cut them into small squares or leave them whole. The smaller the pieces are, however, the faster they will dry. For whole pig ears, allow for extra drying time. Dehydrating is a convenient way to finish your pig ears. When you arrange the pieces in the dehydrator rack, make sure the edges are not touching. For strips and smaller pieces, it will take approximately 24 hours to dry. Whole ears can take up to three days depending on the thickness.

    An oven also may be used to dry pig ears. Arrange the ears on a cookie sheet so the edges are not touching. Dry them in a 175-degree oven for two hours. Whole pig ears may take up to five hours to dry in the oven. Test for doneness by trying to bend the pieces. A fully dried pig ear is hard and difficult to flex.

Storage

    Store dried pig ears in a paper sack for up to six months. It is not a good idea to store them in plastic as plastic holds in moisture. Moisture will soften the pig ears and could cause them to mold or spoil. Dried pig ears can be stored indefinably by wrapping them in paper and freezing.

Sabtu, 16 Oktober 2010

The Top 10 Dog Foods to Feed Your Dog

The Top 10 Dog Foods to Feed Your Dog

One of the ways you can help to promote optimum health and increased longevity in your dog is through a balanced, healthy diet. It has long been thought that a raw foods diet is closest to a dog's ancestral diet and thus, the best. Many people today simply do not have time for the preparation required, however. A premium-quality, commercial dog food is the best alternative. These foods are not inexpensive, but the health of your dog is the big reward. According to Dog Owners Guide, dogs eat less when fed better quality dog food, because the nutritional value is higher. This alone will help compensate for the higher cost.

Orijen Dog Food

    The Orijen Brand consistently ranks high on consumer's lists of favorites. Orijen is a premium dry dog food that contains no grains, so it works well for dogs that have grain sensitivities. It contains 70 percent meats and 30 percent fresh fruits and vegetables.

California Natural Dog Food

    The California Natural line of dog foods is considered hypoallergenic, containing no soy, wheat, corn or gluten. This works well for dogs with allergies or sensitivities. It is a "single source" dog food, containing only one protein, one fat and one carbohydrate. Natura Pet, which produces several other high-quality dog foods, is the parent company of California Natural.

Innova Dog Food

    Innova is also a part of the Natura Pet line of products. Their ingredients are all high quality, human grade, natural and organic. The foods contain meats, vegetables and fish, with the proteins always being at the top of the ingredient list. Vitamins, minerals, fish oils and probiotics are added for health value.

Evo Dog Food

    Another in the Natura Pet line, Evo is considered a good alternative for those desiring to feed a raw food diet but lacking the time to do so. Low-fat and reduced carbohydrate choices are included for special needs dogs. Evo uses human grade foods. The product contains added vitamins, minerals and fatty acids. High protein content, up to 53 percent, provides for a nutrient-dense dog food.

Nutro Dog Food

    Nutro, including their "Natural Choice" line, is a premium dog food containing no fillers or synthetic preservatives. All-natural ingredients are used, with proteins high on the list. Vitamin E is added after the cooking process to retain nutritional value.

Canidae Dog food

    Canidae is a canned food containing four human-grade proteins and other whole foods. It does contain a higher amount of grains than others so may not be suitable for dogs with grain sensitivity.

Merrick Dog Food

    Merrick dog food contains high-quality, human-grade ingredients. This food is additive-free and contains no artificial preservatives, by-products or hormones. Ingredients are sourced from the United States.

Solid Gold Dog Food

    Solid Gold uses no fillers, chemical preservatives or by-products in their foods. It contains no soy, wheat or corn to aggravate allergies. They add no animal fats. Human-grade ingredients are used and it is hormone- and antibiotic-free. Some of the names within their family of brands include: Barking at the Moon, Hund-n-Flocken and Wolf Cub.

Wellness Dog Food

    Wellness dog food uses filtered water in their manufacturing process. The food contains three main proteins, always at the top of the list. Probiotics are added after the cooking process to aid in digestion.

Dick Van Patten Natural Balance Dog Food

    Natural Balance uses only human-grade ingredients. Their meat is all USDA approved and other ingredients are domestically grown. The food contains no soy, corn, wheat, fillers or by-products. Vitamins, minerals and fatty acids are added. A vegetarian dog food is included in their family of products.

Jumat, 15 Oktober 2010

How to Make Dog Cookies With Carob Icing

How to Make Dog Cookies With Carob Icing

Many premade treats are full of preservatives and fillers that are not good for your dog. There are specialty treats on the market that are free of these bad fillers, but they can be expensive. You can make your own treats at home that are healthy, inexpensive and easy to make. One great alternative to the traditional additives is carob chips. They are tasty and sugar free and will make your dogs tail wag in delight.

Instructions

Pumpkin Carob Dog Cookies

    1

    Place your oven rack in the center of the oven. Set the oven to 300 degrees, and allow it to preheat while you mix the batter.

    2

    Place a 15-oz. can of mashed pumpkin in a medium mixing bowl. Make sure the brand you choose does not have spices added but is just pure pumpkin. Mix the pumpkin slightly to break it up before adding the other ingredients. This will make it easier to incorporate the other ingredients. Add 3/4 cup of either cream of wheat or crispy rice cereal. Then, add 1/2 cup of powdered milk. Mix thoroughly until all the ingredients are incorporated.

    3

    Grease a cookie sheet lightly with either cooking spray or butter. If you prefer not to grease the sheet, you can use a silicone cooking mat instead, which you can purchase at home stores.

    4

    Fill a pastry bag or a zip-close bag with the corner snipped off with your pumpkin mixture. Squeeze the bag in a swirling motion to make 1 1/2 to 2 inch swirls of pumpkin mixture on your cookie sheet. Place one carob chip in the center of each cookie.

    5

    Bake your cookies for 15 to 20 minutes in your preheated oven. Remove the sheet after cooking, and allow the cookies to cool for 10 minutes on the cookie sheet. Use a spatula to move the cookie onto a wire cooling rack to finish cooling before icing.

Icing

    6

    Set up a double boiler. If you do not have a premade one, you can make one by setting a medium saucepan on your stoves burner. Fill it about halfway with tap water. Set a medium glass mixing bowl on top of the pan. It should rest just above the water. This is your homemade double boiler.

    7

    Add 3 cups of white carob chips to the double boiler. Set the heat to medium, and stir the chips with a wooden spoon to help them melt.

    8

    Add 1 tsp. of vegetable oil to the carob chips, and mix thoroughly to incorporate.

    9

    Ice your dog cookies by either dipping them into the melted chips or using a pastry brush to brush the tops of them.

    10

    Place your iced dog cookies on a sheet of wax paper to cool the icing before feeding them to your dog. Store the cooled cookies in an airtight container for up to a week.

Nutrition for Dobermans

Nutrition for Dobermans

Doberman Pinschers are large German dogs with a powerful bite and a smooth black and tan coat. With a lot of energy and attentive mindset, the dogs have a voracious appetite, which is why paying attention to nutrition is the key to keeping your dog healthy. Whereas there are many options for food to feed Dobermans, the key is finding a food that satisfies your dog's nutritional needs and appeals to its personal preference.

Things to Consider

    You should consider the individual traits of your dog and assess its nutritional needs accordingly. The dog's age, activity level, energy level, metabolism and exposure to stressful situations should dictate the type of food that you feed it. For example, you don't want to feed a dog that sits on the couch all day a heaping bowl of meat, and you don't want to feed an active guard dog a tiny morsel of food. For an active adult dog, consider a high-calorie food with a protein-to-fat ratio of 26-to-16.

Contents of Food

    Whereas you may want to find a commercial food that has ingredients that suit your particular breed, all dogs need certain things in their diet: protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. In addition, you don't have to supply your Doberman with meat, but it is important that it gets plenty of protein, whether from meat or meat substitutes. Consulting the nutrition facts on the side of a dog food label can help you determine what nutrients the food contains.

Commercial Dog Foods

    Numerous commercial dog foods boast vegetables and dry meat components, but these often have detrimental byproducts, such as artificial flavorings, preservatives and other harmful chemicals. Many times, organic dog food can provide a better alternative because it does not have the bad byproducts. Many premium dog food stores also sell Doberman-specific dog food, which is often healthier for Dobermans than a more general organic offering.

Vitamins and Supplements

    Many commercial food advertisements suggest that certain dog foods have all of the supplements that a Doberman needs, but these can be misleading. Scientists debate as to whether or not vitamins and food supplements are good for dogs in the long run. In particularly, too much calcium can be bad for dogs. This is why it is better to get a balanced dog food than to supply your dog with pills or extra supplements. In addition, if you are worried that your Doberman is unhealthy and vitamin-deficient, you should take it to a veterinarian, who will most likely be able to assess your dog's health and nutrition.

Kamis, 14 Oktober 2010

How to Wean Puppies to Dry Food

How to Wean Puppies to Dry Food

If you're new to pet care and aren't sure what weaning is, it's the process where puppies start to consume food other than their mother's milk or milk formula. There is no quick way to get your puppies to wean. Most wild puppies do this naturally as their mother's milk production decreases and they become more interested in solid foods their parents bring home. However, weaning your puppies will take a bit more effort.

Instructions

    1

    Know when to start the weaning process. Many experienced dog breeders start the weaning process when a puppy is three to four weeks old. In most kennels, weaning starts when puppies reach three and half weeks of age. Doctor Race Foster, of the Doctors Foster and Smith Pet Education website, guarantees that dogs of any breed are capable of consuming food by themselves at three and half weeks old.

    2

    Prepare puppy mush. Stick with the brand of dry food that you fed the puppies' mother. Put two cups of dry puppy food in a blender. Pour 12.5 oz of puppy milk replacer into the blender. Pour in enough hot water to fill the blender. Blend the mixture until it resembles a soft mush.

    3

    Transfer the food to a bowl to feed the puppies. This preparation feeds six to eight puppies. Let them eat as much as they want. Their mother will finish what's left in the bowl afterward. Initially, feed your puppies this meal three to four times a day.

    4

    Increase the quantity of food every week, but decrease the amount of milk replacer and water and the blending time each week. This way, the puppies become accustomed to drier food each week. As they start consuming more solid food, they'll nurse less often. With this process, your puppies should be completely weaned to dry food in seven weeks.

Rabu, 13 Oktober 2010

What Do Chihuahuas Like to Eat?

What Do Chihuahuas Like to Eat?

Since the average Chihuahua weighs only around 6 pounds, regardless of the dog's food preferences, it's important not to overfeed it. A Chihuahua that is only 6 ounces past its ideal weight is considered fat, which can lead to health problems for the dog. The small size of this breed is one of the most important factors to consider when determining a healthy diet.

Flavors Dogs Like

    Each dog is different and food preferences aren't determined by breed. However, according to Dr. Ron Rompala of By Nature Pet Foods there are four flavors that dogs can taste: bitter, sweet, salty and sour. In general dogs are drawn to meat flavors, which are salty. However dogs have been known to enjoy cheese, eggs, vegetables and all variety of treats and snack foods.

Puppy Diet

    Chihuahua puppies are active and energetic and require additional calories to nourish them through their growing phase. For these reasons, puppies require a diet that is high in protein and higher in calories than an adult dog. Puppies, like adult dogs, thrive on food that is nutrient dense, so be aware of labels and avoid fillers if feeding the dog a commercial brand. Another important consideration is the small size of the Chihuahua pup; when buying kibble, select food that offers smaller bites, so the food is easier for the puppy to chew and digest.

Adult Diet

    Some Chihuahuas remain exceedingly active, even as adults -- in some cases, these dogs do well on the more protein- and calorie-dense puppy foods. If the dog's activity level is not as intense, feed smaller quantities of commercial food throughout the day. Their digestive systems are delicate and can handle only small quantities. For adult dogs, a food that contains 30 to 33 percent protein is ideal.

Treats

    Although Chihuahuas don't think of themselves as small dogs, they are; it's important for the owner to remember that when giving treats, including table scraps. Keep the quantities small. If the dog received some meat or vegetable leftovers from its owner's meal, then a quantity of the dog's regular pet food meal should be deducted to accommodate this. Other than this consideration there is no reason why a Chihuahua can't enjoy small quantities of healthy organic dog biscuits, small bites of carrot or sweet potato, and roasted or grilled meats. Just remember that the treat should be cut into small bites, and the dog should not be overfed.

Foods to Avoid

    Some foods are toxic to dogs, regardless of the breed. Avoid feeding your Chihuahua chocolate -- the toxic effects of this are magnified because of the dog's small size. In addition, dogs should not be fed onions, garlic, grapes or raisins. If you have questions about foods that are safe for your Chihuahua, consult your veterinarian.

Safety of Pig Ears for Dogs

Safety of Pig Ears for Dogs

A dried pig ear can be a tasty treat for your dog, but it's important to be aware of the problems that can arise from this snack. A pig ear has the potential to be a choking hazard, and it can cause digestive system obstruction and bacterial infections in dogs.

Safe Pig Ear Production

    A reputable pet supplier takes several precautions when producing pig ears for dogs. Heat treatment at 85 degrees Fahrenheit for ten hours, and testing for bacteria and irradiation are all measures that can prevent illnesses in dogs.

Salmonella in Pig Ears

    A major concern with meat-based pet treats is their potential for bacterial infection. Several pet supply companies have had to pull pig ears off store shelves after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found Salmonella bacteria in several batches of the treat, which can cause serious health problems in dogs.

Problems in the Digestive Tract

    Overeating of pigs ears can cause a stomach upset in your dog and loose stools. It can also lead to a blockage in the dog's digestive tract, although this problem is more common with rawhide treats.

Handling Pig Ears

    If you choose to give pig ears to your dog, the FDA encourages owners to wash their hands with soap after handling the treats or any meat-based product. It's also important to keep pig ears out of areas where food is prepared.

Healthy Diet Concerns

    Pig ears aren't the healthiest of treats for your dog. The fat content in the treat is high and should not be given to dogs with weight or pancreas problems. Moderation is important when treating your canine to a pig ear.

Senin, 11 Oktober 2010

Diet for Overweight Dogs

Diet for Overweight Dogs

Helping your dog reach a desirable weight is important for the dog's quality of life. Not only will maintaining a healthy weight make the dog's life more enjoyable, it will make it longer. About 40 percent of American dogs are overweight or obese. Implementing a weight-reduction diet will cut the calories your dog consumes while providing it a nutritionally balanced meal.

Assessment

    A simple once-over often is all the testing you need to find out if your dog is overweight. Healthy dogs' outlines will tuck in at the waist, if you're looking from above, and at the abdomen if you're looking from the side. A dog's ribs should be easily felt when moving your hands over his sides and chest. Dogs with excess fat tend to store it on their ribs, over their backs and at the base of the tail. If your dog's diet includes a lot of treats, rawhide bones and table scraps (or table meals), these snacks need to be eliminated.

Cutting Calories

    When cutting calories, dogs can switch to low-calorie weight-reduction food or they can simply eat less of their current food. A weight-reduction diet will provide your dog with less fat and more fiber; this is beneficial for two reasons: Fatty foods are more energy dense, meaning they have more calories per serving than protein, carbohydrates and other less-energy-dense nutrients. Fiber-rich diets also take more energy to digest, so some of the calories are burned just from processing the meal. High-quality weight reduction foods can be found at pet supplies stores and some grocery stores, and appropriate portion sizes are indicated by the manufacturer.

Exercise

    Normally lazy dogs can get a fitness boost by starting with two short walks a day. Regular exercise for your hound will help him lose weight and improve his metabolism, strength and cardiovascular health. If you don't have the time or ability to walk around the block, a game of fetch is another way to raise his heart rate. While the exercise is good for his physical well-being, the one-on-one time when his owner improves his mental well-being and strengthens your bond.

Medication

    In some cases, a dog's body will resist weight loss and medications must be prescribed by a veterinarian to help the dog shed pounds. These appetite-suppressant and fat-blocking medicines should be used in combination with a strict diet and exercise plan. Dosing instructions should be followed carefully, and any questions regarding your dog's diet plan should be directed toward your vet.

Considerations

    Sometimes it's better to stick with your dog's current diet and just feed him less, particularly if the dog is on a specific diet for medical reasons or if your dog has an especially sensitive stomach. A veterinarian should always be consulted when making drastic or marked changes in a dog's diet. It's also important to make sure everyone in the family or everyone coming in contact with the dog is on the same page about his needs. Feeding your dog a special food while your kids are still giving him strips of bacon is counterproductive. Carrots, white-meat chicken and canned green beans are healthy snacks that can be given as treats in moderation.

What Foods Are Best for a Diabetic Dog?

What Foods Are Best for a Diabetic Dog?

Dogs with diabetes either do not produce enough insulin, or the insulin their bodies do produce does not work efficiently. In both cases, your dog will not produce all the fuel he needs to run, jump and live a long, healthy life. While diabetes in dogs always requires a veterinarian's care, there are foods you can give him to help keep his condition under control.

Fiber From Store-Bought Foods

    High-fiber foods can help stabilize the rate at which fuels enter your dog's body. This keeps blood sugar levels more consistent. Dog food brands such as Purina's Fit and Trim, Science Diet Maintenance Light, the canned version of Cycle 3 Light, and Hill's Prescription Diet W/D contain ingredients to nutritionally manage diabetes by helping the carbohydrates in foods be absorbed at a slower rate. Iams and Purina Dog Chow/Low Calorie also have formulas for underweight diabetic dogs.

Fiber From Table Food

    In addition to store-bought foods, other sources of fiber include oat bran, rice, rice bran, wheat, and soybean hulls. Additionally, Metamucil or pumpkin pie filling can be added to your dog's normal dog food. Too much fiber, however, especially fiber that cannot be fermented, can result in poor skin and flatulence, among other problems.

Vitamin-Rich Foods

    Foods rich in vitamin C, E and B-6 can help slow diabetes from worsening and delay your pet's need for insulin shots. Beneficial vitamins and minerals can come from a natural diet including fresh-cooked and raw foods, including parsley, carrots, winter squash, potatoes, and apples and bananas in moderation.

Foods to Avoid

    Soft, moist processed dog foods that do not need refrigeration are unhealthy for your diabetic dog as they are high in carbohydrates and sugars and low in canine vitamins. Artificial coloring indicates excessive sugar in the food which is used to extend shelf life.

    Being overweight can make it more difficult to control diabetes, so it is important to keep your dog trim. Refined sugars, carbohydrates and fat can potentially disrupt your pet's insulin levels.

Smaller Meals

    Several small meals a day rather than one big meal daily may benefit dogs with diabetes by evening out the rate at which sugars are absorbed by the bloodstream. Veterinarians often recommend two meals per day for dogs, making sure the meals are given on a set schedule and in a measured amount.

Minggu, 10 Oktober 2010

How to Make Stew for Dogs

If you like to cook and have a little bit of time, it's simple to make stew for you dog. That way you know what ingredients your dog is getting in her food. Plus there are no additives or chemicals that you might find in commercially prepared dog food. And if you like stew, you can add onions and seasonings and enjoy it as well.

Instructions

    1

    Prepare the vegetables. Wash all the vegetables well. Remove the ends and tails from the carrots and peel them. Also peel the potatoes.

    2

    Cut the vegetables into chunks. If you have a small dog, cut fairly small chunks. Larger chunks are fine for bigger dogs.

    3

    Put the oil in the stockpot. Set it on the stove and let it get hot. Add the meat. Stir the beef to brown it.

    4

    Pour in the broth. Heat to boiling.

    5

    Add the vegetables to the stockpot. Stir the meat and vegetables together. Cover loosely with a lid. Lower the heat and let the dog food stew simmer for about 45 minutes or until tender. Stir occasionally. Add water if necessary.

    6

    Turn off the stew. Let it cool so your dog can enjoy it.

    7

    Pack any stew that remains into glass quart jars. You can freeze this treat or you can put it in the refrigerator if your dog can eat it all in a couple days.

How to Use Gluten Free Flour for Dog Biscuits

Grains containing gluten are difficult for dogs to digest. Gluten intolerance often prohibits the absorption of nutrients in the intestines; it sometimes cause allergies, arthritis and kidney failure. Many pet food companies offer gluten-free dog foods and treats that are grain-free. . The main difference between gluten-free flour and regular flour is that the gluten protein acts as a binding agent that holds the dough together. Replace the binder with highly digestible ingredients.

Instructions

    1

    Preheat the oven to 350 F. Line one or more cookie sheets with parchment paper to promote even browning and to prevent the dog biscuits from sticking.

    2

    Mix the canned pumpkin, diced apples and eggs in a large mixing bowl. Add the gluten-free flour and cinnamon to the bowl, and mix until well combined. Add enough cold water to the batter to hold the dough together.

    3

    Sprinkle a small amount of gluten-free flour on a counter top -- or other flat surface -- to prevent the dough from sticking. Rub a small amount of flour on the rolling pin. Roll the biscuit dough to a thickness of approximately 1/4 to 1/8 inch.

    4

    Cut the dog-biscuit dough into the desired shapes with cookie cutters. Dip the cookie cutters into the gluten-free flour to prevent the dough from sticking. Place the biscuit dough on cookie sheets and bake for 20 to 25 minutes.

    5

    Remove the dog biscuits from the oven; turn the biscuits over with a spatula. Bake the biscuits for approximately 20 additional minutes, depending on thickness and size of cookie cutters.

    6

    Cool the gluten-free dog biscuits before storing them. This allows moisture in the bicuits to evaporate. Store the biscuits in an airtight container.

Sabtu, 09 Oktober 2010

How to Order Iams Kangaroo & Oat Prescription Dog Food

How to Order Iams Kangaroo & Oat Prescription Dog Food

Food allergies can be tricky to isolate and diagnose, and often, the process of elimination is the only way to determine exactly what food your dog is allergic to. Putting your dog on a novel food trial diet may be the best method for isolating a food allergen. You can purchase a commercial dog food, such as Iams kangaroo and oat prescription dog food, to accomplish a novel food trial, or if your dog has known allergies to common ingredients, such as chicken and lamb.

Instructions

    1

    Discuss your dogs allergy symptoms with your veterinarian. Itchy skin, recurrent ear infections, irritated eyes and/or paw licking can indicate an allergy. If the symptoms do not vary with the seasons, they may be related to food. You may already know that your dog has food allergies, or you may need to determine what, if any, food allergies it has.

    Whether you need a unique, prescription dog food to determine a food allergy, or if you already know what your dog is allergic to, you must work with your veterinarian if you would like to try Iams Kangaroo and Oat prescription dog food.

    2

    Get a prescription for the Iams dog food from your veterinarian. You cannot purchase this dog food unless you have a veterinarian-approved prescription. The Iams kangaroo and oat prescription dog food is specially formulated for dogs suffering from itchy skin, and the ingredients are unique, satisfying many allergic dogs needs for ingredients not commonly found in regular dog foods. Dogs with allergies to common dog food ingredients, such as chicken or lamb, may benefit from a unique formulation such as the Iams prescription food.

    3

    Buy the Iams Kangaroo and Oat prescription dog food from your vet clinic. If your vet does not carry this type of dog food, he may refer you to other local area vet clinics which have it in stock so that you can buy it locally.

    4

    Request that the dog food be shipped to you if your veterinarian, or other local veterinarians, do not carry the food. The veterinary specialists for Iams report that there are online sources which will ship directly to your residence. Vetcentric.com and Petfooddirect.com are two companies referenced by the Iams Company as vendors who will ship directly to your home.

    You must have a prescription to order the food. Your vet office can fax in the prescription or you can fax it yourself if the vet office information, and the veterinarians signature, are on the request.

Jumat, 08 Oktober 2010

Low-Protein Food for Dogs

Low-Protein Food for Dogs

According to some schools of thought, a low-protein diet is ideal for senior dogs, obese pets and dogs who suffer from kidney disease. Before starting a new diet, it's essential to consult a veterinarian. Low-protein diets can be dangerous for puppies and dogs with conditions associated with muscle wasting, intestinal absorption disorders and protein-losing enteropathies such as lymphangiectasia. When switching a pet's diet, phase in the new food gradually over the course of two weeks.

Senior Dog Foods

    There are a number of low-protein dog foods available without a prescription. Senior dog food formulas have a low-protein content since elderly dogs are less active, and therefore the body requires less protein to fuel and rebuild muscles. Virtually every brand of dog food offers a food formula designed specifically for senior canines. Look at the dog food ingredients and select a food with potato or rice as the first (and therefore, most abundant) ingredient.

Healthy Weight and Weight-Loss Dog-Food Formulas

    Commercial dog-food formulas designed for weight loss or to maintain a healthy weight are low in protein. Weight-loss formulas typically have a slightly lower protein content than healthy-weight pet foods, which are intended to help the dog maintain a particular weight. Consult the ingredient list to confirm that potato or rice is listed as the first and most abundant ingredient. Meat, eggs and fish should be listed as the second most abundant ingredient. Avoid products with corn or wheat as the first ingredient, as many pets experience food allergies to these food items.

Prescription Dog Foods

    Prescription diets for dogs with kidney disease are typically low in protein. There are a number of prescription pet food diets available to dogs with renal failure. They include Hill's Prescription Diet k/d, Purina Veterinary Diets NF Kidney Function Canine Formula, Royal Canin Veterinary Diet Canine Renal MP14 Modified and Royal Canin Veterinary Diet Canine Renal LP11 Modified. These foods are sold at veterinary clinics only. They are typically available as both canned food and dry food.

Low-protein Food Staples for Homemade Pet Diets

    When cooking a homemade low-protein diet for your dog, serve one part protein, such as meat, eggs and fish, and serve two parts of potato, rice, oatmeal, carrots, sweet peas and pumpkin. In total, the protein should comprise one-third of the meal. The precise combination of foods is a personal preference. Potato, rice, oatmeal, carrots, sweet peas and pumpkin can also be used to supplement the dog's kibble. Instead of serving only kibble, serve two parts kibble and one part comprised of the aforementioned fresh food ingredients. This will also lower the dog's protein intake.

How to Fillet a Red Snapper Fish

How to Fillet a Red Snapper Fish

Red snapper is a meaty saltwater fish that has a rich flavor. Fillet of red snapper can be prepared in many ways, from dredging and frying to baking, steaming and poaching. Regardless of how you prefer your snapper prepared, filleting it is necessary beforehand.

Instructions

    1

    Lay the red snapper across the cutting board. Snip away its fins from near the underbelly area using the sharp scissors. Snip along the spiny ridge along the fish's back to remove the sharp parts as well. This prevents you from cutting and pricking your hands while filleting the fish.

    2

    Chop the fish's head off directly behind its gills. This completely removes the head while leaving the meaty area of the body. Follow up by chopping the tail from the other end. This leaves the meatiest part of the fish only.

    3

    Place one hand down firmly on the top center of the fish. Place the filleting knife at the center of the meaty area from where the head of the red snapper was removed. Align the blade facing inward, toward the tail of the fish, just above the thick bone core.

    4

    Slide the sharp filleting knife inward, steadily and slowly, until the blade escapes the tail-end of the fish. This separates the fish in half fillet style, exposing the bone core that runs throughout the body.

    5

    Position the blade of the filleting knife just beneath the bone core on the bottom half of the fillet. Make sure it is pointing inward toward the tail. Repeat Step 4 to fillet the fish a second time. Discard the bone core you just filleted. This leaves two whole boneless fillets of red snapper.