Selasa, 29 Juni 2010

Different Kinds of Raw Dog Foods

Different Kinds of Raw Dog Foods

Raw food diets for dogs are controversial. Proponents claim that raw diets improve dogs' health, boost their immune system, help maintain clean teeth and eliminate grain or processed food allergies.
Critics warn that raw diets are not safe because of the dangers of bacteria, the perceived danger of dogs choking on raw bones or the worry that diets will be unbalanced.
Raw feeding for the family dog is a relatively recent practice, attributed to Australian veterinarian Ian Billinghurst, who in the early 1990's created the Biologically Appropriate Raw Food or BARF diet.

Homemade or Packaged

    You can prepare your own raw dog food or purchase ready-made complete or partial diets. Preparing raw diets can be more costly, time-consuming and complicated than opening a can or measuring kibble.
    Some veterinarians worry about the risks of raw feeding, but problems with commercial pet food recalls have led some pet owners to feel more comfortable feeding fresh foods they prepare themselves.
    Since Ian Billinghurst's book, "Give Your Dog a Bone," was published, people have created other raw dog foods. Many cities have raw dog food cooperatives, where owners save money by ordering together and dividing large quantities of meat and bones.

Ingredients

    Most raw dog foods, whether you buy prepared diets or make your own, contain at least one raw protein, such as chicken, turkey, beef, lamb, duck, bison or any other available fresh meat or poultry.
    Diets also can include organ meat, bones, vegetables, fruits and eggs, as well as supplements such as fish or salmon oil, vitamin E, probiotics, multivitamins and green food blends.

Prey Model

    One kind of raw feeding is called the "prey model," designed to imitate the diet of the wild wolf. This diet is based on feeding whole prey, with no additional ingredients like dairy, vegetables, fruit or supplements.
    The prey diet involves feeding large chunks of meat and small amounts of bone, organs and eggs. Because feeding your dog farm-raised animals is not the same as a wolf eating wild prey, important nutrients may be missing. In a Whole Dog Journal article, Mary Straus explains, "Even if you feed whole rabbits or chickens, the nutrition will not match that of the large ruminants that our dogs evolved to eat."

Commercial Raw Diets

    Commercial raw diets can be fresh or frozen, and come in two distinct styles. The first is a complete diet that meets Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutrient requirements. Complete commercial raw diets include ingredients in addition to meat, bone and organs, and, while convenient, they are expensive. Examples include Primal Formulas, Steve's Real Food, Nature's Variety Raw Frozen Formulas and Darwin's.
    The second style provides basic ingredients to be combined with other foods to create a complete diet. Examples are Oma's Pride, Bravo! and Primal Grinds and Mixes.

Homemade Raw Dog Food

    Homemade raw dog food diets should contain a variety of different foods, including different types of meat, organs, eggs and dairy; plus lightly cooked or pureed fruits and vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, legumes, green beans, squash and apples; and raw meaty bones.

Dehydrated Raw Dog Food

    Dehydrated raw dog foods have all natural, human-grade ingredients, considered raw because the dehydration process uses moderate temperatures. Premium dehydrated dog foods are easy to store, simple to prepare and naturally nutritious, because dehydration removes only the water content, leaving vitamins, minerals, enzymes and nutrients intact.
    Dehydrated raw dog food manufacturers such as Honest Kitchen, N-R-G, Addiction, Only Natural and Paw Naturaw offer either complete meat-based meals or "foundation" mixes to which you just add meat.

Raw Meaty Bones

    The use of raw bones, considered a biologically appropriate food, is one controversial aspect of the BARF dog diet. For most dogs, whole raw meaty bones are safe, promote good health and help keep a dogs teeth clean by removing plaque and tartar; plus, dogs love the way they taste.

    For people who worry that raw bones are dangerous, Dr. Billinghurst's website advises, "Do not stop feeding bones ... simply use bones that have been finely ground."

How to Buy Purina Pro Plan Sensitive Stomach & Skin in Bulk

How to Buy Purina Pro Plan Sensitive Stomach & Skin in Bulk

The Pro Plan Sensitive Stomach and Skin formula that Purina manufactures contains omega-3 fatty acids in high-level concentrations, along with complex carbohydrates that are designed for ease of digestion. This particular formulation is available in 7-pound 18-pound and 33-pound bags, although you may want to keep a larger quantity on hand to save trips to the store.

Pet Stores

    Purina Pro Plan Sensitive Stomach and Skin can be found in specialty pet stores, such as Petco and Petsmart. It can also be found in independent pet stores as well.

Veterinary Clinics

    Veterinary clinics may carry Purina Pro Plan Sensitive Stomach and Skin in bulk. However, the price will usually be higher than if purchased either online or in a pet store.

Reduced Cost

    In some cases, an individual can go to a pet store and work out an arrangement to have the store order extra bags of the Purina Pro Plan Sensitive Stomach and Skin and pay cost to the store. This has to be worked out on an individual basis with the business in question.

Online

    By doing some research and visiting various online portals, an individual can sometimes find bulk Pro Plan Sensitive Stomach and Skin at discount prices or with free shipping, depending on the amount of dog food ordered.

Senin, 28 Juni 2010

Laws on Selling Homemade Dog Treats

Laws on Selling Homemade Dog Treats

If you want to sell homemade dog treats, you may have to jump through a few hoops. Any time you try to sell a homemade goodie, sanitation is of great concern to the powers that be, such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Overarching rules from the FDA will apply. While you don't have to get pre-approval from the FDA to sell your goodies for canines, you do have to comply with its requirements for processing, additives and labeling.

Processing

    According to the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, pet foods, like human foods, have to be safe to eat and processed under sanitary conditions. Additional processing requirements depend on which state you live in. Some states, such as California, require that anyone making food for sale must use a commercial kitchen. Check with your county health department for the most accurate information on the requirements in your area.

Additives

    Ingredients used in pet food must be safe and have an appropriate function for the product. According to the FDA, "Substances such as sources of minerals, vitamins or other nutrients, flavorings and preservatives, or processing aids may be generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for their intended use or must have approval as food additives." If a food additive is not already on the FDA's safe or GRAS list, then you must complete and submit a food additive petition to the FDA to explain the additive you want to use.

Labeling

    The FDA requires several things on the label for any food product, including pet foods. The label must identify the product and include a net quantity. You must include your name, address of your business location, and all of the ingredients in your product. List ingredients in order of weight according to how much you used of each, listing the ingredient you used most, first, and the one used least, last.

How Much Should I Feed My Dog Each Day?

How Much Should I Feed My Dog Each Day?

Overview


Consider Age, Size, And Activity.

    Puppies should be fed three to four times a day, young dogs one or two times and senior dogs once a day. The amount of food should be based on their weight and how active they are. For example, an active, large breed senior dog may need to be fed 2 to 3 3/4 cups of food twice a day, while a less active, small breed senior dog may only need one cup of food, once a day.

But Don't Forget About Health and Obesity.

    Dogs that are obese should be fed less often or switched to a lower calorie food. Dogs with sensitive stomachs may require additional supplements and less amounts but more frequent meals throughout the day to regulate their digestion

Bottom Line

    Ask your veterinarian for food portion recommendations and for specific advice on how often your dog should eat each day. Proper nutrition will help keep your dog healthy and ward off obesity and serious health conditions.

Minggu, 27 Juni 2010

How Much Does a Labrador Eat?

How Much Does a Labrador Eat?

Labrador retrievers originate from Newfoundland; they are ideal family dogs because of their friendly, loyal personality. Labradors are average in size, reaching 55 to 75 lbs. at maturity. The feeding of the Labrador is essential to maintain the dog in good health. The food as well as the feeding amount is different in puppies and in adult Labs. Labs shouldn't be fed more than they need, because this leads to obesity.

Labrador Puppies

    Labrador puppies need to develop, so they will eat a different type of food than adults, containing up to twice the energy content. During the first eight weeks, a puppy should be fed by its mother. If the puppy is orphaned, it should get an amount of milk replacer equal to one-quarter of the puppy's weight. Starting from week four, introduce some solid food, but mix it with a little water. Increase the amount of solid food gradually, so that at eight weeks, the puppy should eat only solid food. Feed your Lab puppy two or two and a half cups of food per day spread over two or three meals per day. The puppy should receive two meals a day after the age of three months. If the puppy gets canned food, it should get the equivalent volume of one or one and a half cups of food.

Adult Labs

    Adult labs should receive two or two and a half cups of dry food a day. If you feed your dog wet food, feed it one or one and a half cups of canned food. Feed your dog twice a day and avoid free-feeding it. Even if Labradors are great eaters and they will beg for food, don't feed it table scraps. If your dog is recovering from a disease or surgery, it will have increased nutritional requirements.

Type of Food for Labradors

    During the first eight weeks, puppies should receive dog milk or a replacer. The food for Labrador puppies should be rich in protein content (up to 30 percent), to allow them to develop properly. The adult food has a lower protein and caloric content. It's important that the food you buy for your Lab contains meat and not meat by-products.

Gastric Dilatation and Torsion

    Gastric dilatation and torsion is a condition that occurs in adult Labradors and other medium and large-sized dogs. The condition is a rapid expansion of the stomach caused by the fast ingestion of food. The swelling of the stomach results in difficulty to breathe and increased heart rate. The stomach torsion can be deadly and requires immediate surgical intervention. Prevent gastric dilatation and torsion by moistening the kibble food in water, meat broth or soup before you feed it to your dog. In this manner, the food expands in the food bowl, before it reaches the stomach. Don't take your dog for walk or exercise 30 minutes after each meal.

The Best Ways to Get a Dog to Take Powdered Medicine

The Best Ways to Get a Dog to Take Powdered Medicine

Any dog owner who has ever tried to give his or her pet medicine may have suffered through a resistant, or even downright angry, pet. Although pets may not voluntarily take medicine of any type, powdered medicine (such as crushed pills) may be far easier to give to a dog than medicine in pill form because you can more easily disguise it.

Using Favorite Foods

    You can often disguise powdered medicine within your dog's favorite foods. Select one of your dog's favorite foods, such as leftover crumbs from dog treats, peanut butter, wet (canned) dog food, cottage cheese or yogurt. Portion the powder into the proper dosage. If you are creating the powder from pills, carefully crush the pills between two spoons or use a pill-crushing device. Mix the food and the powdered medicine well and give the mixture to the dog.

Using Odorous Foods

    Dogs may prefer particularly odorous foods. Some dogs are picky eaters but will still do nearly anything for a taste of a smelly food such as sardines or green tripe. If your dog falls into this category, you might need to use his or her favorite smelly food in which to hide the medicine. Dogs who love these type of foods will smell the overpowering scent and are not likely to detect any medicine odor, so they will eat it quickly.

Using Pill Pockets

    You can use a pill pocket, a hollow treat in which you can insert a pill, to deliver powdered medicine. Although pill pockets (available at pet stores) are normally used with capsule medications, you can use them to hold powdered medicine as well. The pill pockets are flexible so that you can pinch the ends together to disguise the medication. Pill pockets are typically flavored with chicken, beef or liver, so the dog will not be able to smell the medicine and will take it as a treat.

Jumat, 25 Juni 2010

Homemade Pet Feeder

Homemade Pet Feeder

Ensuring that your pet has plenty of food available can be a challenge when you work long days, travel or care for outdoor pets that you may not see on a daily basis. This challenge can easily be rectified by making a pet feeder from a 5-gallon bucket. This easy-to-make pet feeder will ensure that your pet has fresh food available even when you are not around.

Instructions

    1

    Remove the lid from the 5-gallon bucket and set it aside. Then, clean the 5-gallon bucket that you will be using for your pet feeder with some water and mild soap.

    2

    Draw a half-moon shape on the bottom of one side of the bucket with a permanent marker. Draw the half-moon shape, so it is no taller than 1-inch high at its tallest section and it slopes down until it meets the base of the bucket.

    3

    Use the jigsaw to cut the half-moon shape out of the bucket.

    4

    Place the cookie sheet where you want your pet to feed. Corners of rooms are ideal so that your pet does not try to push around the feeder.

    5

    Fill the bucket with your pet's food. Then, replace the lid back onto the bucket and place the bucket on top of the cookie sheet. The half-moon opening should be facing toward the area in which your pet will feed. As needed, food will pour out of the bucket and onto the cookie sheet.

Home Remedies for Dogs With Scaly Itchy Skin

Home Remedies for Dogs With Scaly Itchy Skin

Many dogs suffer from dry, scaly skin that causes excessive scratching and even hair loss. Dogs, like people, often suffer from dandruff and seborrhea. Flaky skin is more common in puppies due to immaturity of the sebaceous glands, and this often resolves itself as the puppy matures. However, many dogs never seem to grow out of dry skin. If dry skin becomes a chronic condition, the dog can develop "hot spots" of raw skin or even ulcerated lesions.

Shampoos

    Commercial dog shampoos contain harsh ingredients designed to reduce scaling such as salicylic acid, sulphur, refined tar, and selenium sulfide. Although all of these ingredients reduce scaly buildup, refined tar and selenium sulfide can irritate mucous membranes. You can use a vinegar rinse to control the dog's dandruff by massaging it onto the dog's skin, leaving it on for a few minutes, and then rinsing with water. You can also make your own homemade dog shampoo by mixing 1/3 cup glycerin, 1 cup dish detergent, 1 cup white vinegar, and 1 qt. of water.

Conditioners

    Dogs often benefit from the use of coat conditioners. You can use Vitamin E, olive oil and eggs to make a soothing conditioner. Break open two to three eggs and separate the whites from the yolk, whip the whites into a peak, and add 1 tbsp. of water to the yolk. Mix the whites and yolk and massage into the dog's coat and rinse with warm water. You can also add a Vitamin E capsule to 2 cups of olive oil, massage into the coat, and rinse with warm water.

Dietary Supplements

    Veterinarians have found that fatty acids play an essential role in combating dry skin and allergies in dogs. Fatty acids such as linoleic acid have been found to be deficient in dogs with seborrhea. You can add 1 tbsp. per day of corn, sunflower or peanut oil to the dog's food. Since fatty acids need to be incorporated into cell membranes, dogs need to take fatty acid supplements for a month or so before you will see any improvement.

Leave-in Ointments

    To soothe the itchiness associated with dry skin and to prevent the dog from excessively scratching dry skin, apply tea tree oil or aloe vera to any spots on the dog's skin that the dog repeatedly scratches. You can make a leave-in spray by mixing 3 capsules of sage, tsp. of Epsom salts, and 2 cups of water, and heating this mixture to boiling, letting it cool, and then pouring it into a spray bottle.

Kamis, 24 Juni 2010

Edible Baskets for Dogs

Edible Baskets for Dogs

Most of us adore our little four-legged companions. Create the perfect gift for your dog: a basket full of edible dog treats. Nothing needs to be wasted. Even the container that holds the smaller goodies can be edible. This is one gift your dog is guaranteed to love.

Making an Edible Container

    Use a rolling pin to flatten out a dog biscuit mixture to shape a container for other goodies.
    Use a rolling pin to flatten out a dog biscuit mixture to shape a container for other goodies.

    If you are considering making an edible dog basket for your favorite pooch, why not consider making it truly edible? You can use almost any dog biscuit recipe to make an edible container for your dog goodie basket.

    Simply follow any dog biscuit recipe, but use a rolling pin to flatten out the mixture as thin as possible. Then create a basket by cutting out a base and pinching the materials together like a pie crust. You'll have the perfect container for your goodies that doubles as a snack. Just break off a piece and give your pup a treat until it's all gone.

Doggie Biscuits

    Include homemade biscuits in your basket.
    Include homemade biscuits in your basket.

    You can fill your edible dog basket with store-bought biscuits of all shapes and sizes. Your dog will certainly appreciate the treats. However, if you want to give your precious pup something really special, make your own dog biscuits. A quick search on the Web will give you dozens of all-natural dog biscuit recipes you can easily make in your home. And the best part is that you'll know all the ingredients were fresh.

Dried Food Snacks

    Explore dried food options for edible dog basket treats.
    Explore dried food options for edible dog basket treats.

    Most people don't think about it, but dried fruits and vegetables are a natural treat that many dogs can enjoy. From green beans to carrot strips, you can air dry natural treats for your dog to include in your doggie basket. You can also use a food dehydrator for drying snack items. Or, for those of us who don't own a dehydrator, you can set your oven to a 150 degrees and slow bake snacks for 6 to 8 hours until they are dry.

Homemade Dog Gravy

    Some dogs love gravy just as much as their humans.
    Some dogs love gravy just as much as their humans.

    This is a special dog treat for picky eaters. You can make your favorite canine a homemade gravy to put on their dry kibble and make it more attractive for them to eat. Some dogs are no different than their owners. They don't want to eat dry, boring food. You can make a wholesome gravy from chicken, vegetable or beef broth and jar it up for a special treat to include in your basket.

Selasa, 22 Juni 2010

Veterinarian Recommended Dog Foods

Veterinarian Recommended Dog Foods

Most dog owners want only the best food for their pet. With hundreds of brand names on the market, it can be confusing to know which dog foods are of the highest quality. There are some brands that stand above the rest, and are commonly recommended by veterinarians to dog owners.

    Dog owners of all ages want the best for their pets.
    Dog owners of all ages want the best for their pets.

Types

    Veterinarians have a number of dog food brands they often recommend to owners. According to AskVetAdvice.com, these include Wysong pet food products, Flint River Ranch, Solid Gold Health, Nature's Recipe, Back to Basics, Nutro Canine, Precise Pet, Pet Guard Canine, and California Natural. These brands offer some of the highest quality products on the market for dogs because they are full of vitamins and minerals to promote healthy coats and digestive systems.

Benefits

    These vet-recommended brands contain an assortment of high quality ingredients that are important for promoting a healthy life for you dog. Many of these brands only contain human grade ingredients. Most inexpensive brands contain ingredients that would be intolerable in human food, and are not as healthy for your dog. By using only the best ingredients, these brands purport to ensure that your pet is eating only the finest food.

Effects

    These brands include all of the essential vitamins and minerals your dog needs to stay healthy and strong well into their senior years. They also do not contain any artificial preservatives, like many of the generic brands do. They are all natural foods filled with carbohydrates, vitamin A, vitamin C and important minerals. Vet recommended brands provide everything your dog needs for a well balanced diet.

Features

    Many of these brands offer different foods for different sized dogs, as well as specialty formulas based on age. These range from toy sized dogs to dogs over 50 pounds. They also offer puppy formulas and senior formulas, with specialized ingredients important to your dog's age. Puppies require different amounts of fat and carbohydrates then adult dogs. Senior aged dogs have special dietary needs as well to keep them healthy in their old age.

Sources

    Most vet-recommended brands can be purchased in several places. Some veterinarian offices sell them directly. There are also many privately owned organic and all natural pet food stores that will carry them. Some of the brands such as Nature's Recipe and Nutro are available at large chain pet stores. Online retailers and the brand websites will also allow you to order them directly.

Senin, 21 Juni 2010

Canine Diet Rice for Stomach Problems

Canine Diet Rice for Stomach Problems

Canine stomach problems arise as a result of a variety of causes--some of which may respond well to a bland rice-based diet. Temporary stomach problems caused by a flu or other minor virus may be especially responsive to this specialized diet. Chronic stomach problems may require a more permanent solution, such as a prescription (rather than homemade) rice-based diet that is more nutritionally complete (e.g., Science Diet). Chronic cases necessitate a veterinary consultation.

Meal Size

    When stomach problems arise, it is prudent to reduce meal size significantly--by as much as half. Experts recommend feeding small, frequent meals to dogs with stomach problems, and changing to a rice-based diet.

Rice or Grain

    Rice and other grains form a bland base for special canine diets.
    Rice and other grains form a bland base for special canine diets.

    Rice-based canine diets for stomach illness usually consist of two-thirds grain. The grain portion of prepared (i.e., prescription) foods usually consists of white rice. However, brown rice and other whole grains such as barley may also be used as carbohydrate "filler" material. Veterinary recipes for homemade diets recommend that they be prepared without the addition of oils or salts.

Protein

    Skinless, boneless chicken adds protein to the special canine diet.
    Skinless, boneless chicken adds protein to the special canine diet.

    Rice-based canine diets must also include a protein source--this makes up approximately one-third of the diet. Prepared (i.e., prescription) diets for stomach problems usually include chicken for protein. Veterinary recipes for homemade rice-based diets recommend using skinless, boneless chicken prepared without oil or salt as a protein source, although cottage cheese is an acceptable alternative.

Supplements

    Prepared (i.e., prescription) canine diets for stomach illness are supplemented and should provide adequate vitamins and minerals. Homemade chicken-and-rice diets do not provide complete nutrition. However, veterinary recipes for homemade diets for canine stomach upset recommend against vitamin supplements--these may exacerbate the problem. Some recipes recommend the addition of small amounts of sweet potato for vitamin supplementation.

Time Frame

    Homemade diets are usually only suitable for short-term use. Canine stomach ailments that are not cleared up within a few days require veterinary consultation. In some cases, veterinarians may recommend long-term use of a prescription rice-based diet.

Minggu, 20 Juni 2010

What to Feed a Bichon Poodle

What to Feed a Bichon Poodle

To decide what to feed your bichon poodle, you need to know what nutrition he needs. Dogs with kidney, heart or other health problems may need a special diet, as do puppies during their first year. There also are certain foods that you should never give a dog like chocolate, grapes, raisins or onions. If your mature bichon poodle is healthy, you have several choices when determining his diet.

Nutritional Requirements

    To assure complete nutrition, feed the correct ingredients in the correct proportions, according to Born Free USA, a national animal advocacy organization. All dogs need high-quality protein, carbohydrates, vegetables and fats. They also need vitamins, calcium and other minerals. If your dog has recurring problems with skin irritations, allergies, upset stomach or ear infections, as some bichon poodles do, he may not be getting the exact nutrition he needs.

Commercial Dog Food

    Commercial dry dog foods claim complete nutrition and they store easily. Not all dry foods are created equal, though. Often with cheaper brands of dry dog food, corn and soy supply the protein, so if you're looking to buy dry food for your dog, choose a brand that doesn't have corn or soy as its first ingredient. Your bichon poodle is a carnivore and needs meat.

    If your bichon poodle is a picky eater, canned foods might entice him to eat. Generally, canned dog foods contain a higher percentage of meat protein than dry foods and are a source of complete nutrition. Storage is easy; however, canned commercial foods are the most expensive foods for your bichon poodle.

Homemade Dog Food

    You can make your bichon poodle homemade dog food, which would eliminate harmful additives or preservatives found in commercial foods. Finding a balanced recipe and using supplements your veterinarian recommends will give your bichon poodle a healthy coat, fewer allergies and more energy. However, preparing homemade dog food and supplementing it with extra vitamins and minerals is time consuming.

    Another option is to prepare homemade raw food to help your bichon poodle avoid allergies. Raw foods retain the nutrients lost when processing or cooking foods and dogs digest them better, but raw components must be clean and fresh and there may be some risks. The Canadian Veterinarian Journal states that 30 percent of stool samples and 80 percent of diet samples from dogs eating raw food contained Salmonella, a bacteria that can cause illness in humans and many animals.

    Homemade cooked dog foods contain cooked chicken or other meats, brown rice and a variety of green, yellow and orange vegetables. Raw dog food recipes include skinless chicken or other lean meats, green and orange vegetables and bone meal.

How to Feed Senior Chihuahuas

How to Feed Senior Chihuahuas

Chihuahuas are known for their fiery temperament and fierce loyalty to their owners. This miniature breed can live up to 15 years and suffers from very few health problems. As a Chihuahua and any breed of dog ages, its nutritional needs change. Feeding an older Chihuahua involves changing the dog's eating habits, as well as what its food nutritionally offers in order to prevent obesity or any dental issues.

Instructions

    1

    Change your Chihuahua's food to a senior formula when it reaches the age of 10 and beyond if it is having trouble with obesity. For smaller breeds, 10 is considered senior and this is the time when its nutritional needs begin to change. Senior dog foods have less calories and more fiber than adult brands, which the older dog requires if it is having trouble gaining weight due to the decline in activity.

    2

    Continue to feed your Chihuahua its adult dog food formula if it is not suffering from any weight issues. Choose an adult food that is also high in fiber to prevent any constipation.

    3

    Continue to feed the older Chihuahua a kibble instead of a moist dog food, if the dog's teeth are well maintained and the dog's digestive system can handle the harder foods. Kibble helps remove plague and tartar buildup on a dog's teeth, which is more crucial as its teeth become softer and more prone to decay.

    4

    Feed the senior Chihuahua kibble that is moistened in water or choose moist pet food if the dog is having trouble chewing dry dog food. This will make the process of eating less traumatic on the dog's teeth. Warming the food slightly on the stove or in the microwave will also bring out the odors in the food, making it more attractive to the Chihuahua if it will not eat.

    5

    Offer the dog approximately 1/4 to 1/2 cup of food. Allow the bowl to remain on the floor for 30 minutes before removing it. The dog is only allowed access to the food for this amount of time before it is taken away. Do not allow the Chihuahua constant access to food as this could lead to obesity issues, which are dangerous in this small breed.

    6

    Avoid feeding the senior Chihuahua excessive amounts of dog treats These treats tend to be high in calories, which is not good for the weight of a less active senior dog.

    7

    Give the senior Chihuahua supplements based upon its individual needs, or as directed by a veterinarian. For instance, an older Chihuahua that suffers from arthritis will benefit from a daily dose of the supplements glucosamine and chondroitin.

Sabtu, 19 Juni 2010

How to Feed a 6 Week Old Lab Puppy

How to Feed a 6 Week Old Lab Puppy

Few things are as cute as a 6-week-old Labrador puppy: curious, playful and learning its environment. To ensure your puppy grows into a healthy dog, you will need to feed it the right amount and kind of food to ensure it gets the proper nutrients needed for development.

Instructions

    1

    Begin feeding your Labrador puppy kibble when it reaches 6 weeks old. Purchase puppy kibble, which is made up of smaller pieces of food for easy digestion, at a pet supply store or grocery store. Mix hot water into dry kibble to make it softer, if desired. Make sure the brand you choose has meat listed as the first ingredient on the label. Additives and fillers will not give your puppy the proper amount of protein or calcium necessary for development.

    2

    A puppy needs twice the amount of nutrients of an adult dog. A puppy's diet requires regular amounts of vitamins, minerals, protein, fats and carbohydrates. Manufacturers generally incorporate these things into their puppy foods. For the Labrador breed, protein is essential. Make sure your puppy consumes approximately 22 percent to 25 percent of its protein from meat not soy.

    3

    Feed your puppy three to four times a day: morning, early afternoon, late afternoon and evening. Feed it about 1 cups of food for each meal. A puppy, because it is growing, will eat much more than it does when it is full grown. Consistency is key in dog training, including feeding, and adapting a consistent feeding schedule now can prime your Labrador puppy for further success in house and behavioral training.

Natural Dog Food Ingredients

Many dog owners are looking for natural dog foods based on the worry about processed foods and the belief that a natural diet will be healthier for their dogs. There are natural dog foods offered on the market now: some of these may be called organic or holistic dog foods.

"Natural" labels

    The Association of American Feed Control Officials regulations state that any dog food professing to be natural can only consist of animal and plant materials that are unprocessed or processed without chemical means. They cannot include any synthetic materials. For example, the allowed animal materials would include animal parts, such as chicken meat or chicken by-products, but not animal digest, which is chemically created. Allowed plant materials would include ground corn and grains.

"Organic" labels

    Organic dog foods must be made in compliance with United States Department of Agriculture regulations. These regulations cover how produce is grown and how livestock is raised. Any animals, fruits, vegetables and grains that are grown in accordance with regulations can be used in organic foods.

Not Necessarily "Holistic"

    Natural and organic foods are part of the holistic health movement, which is the treatment of the whole animal rather than individual symptoms. When the term holistic is used in foods, however, it is not regulated so there is no way to be certain if a food labeled holistic is natural or organic. Because of this, though a food may claim to be holistic, it may contain ingredients that would not be allowed in natural or organic foods.

Antioxidants

    Natural dog foods are often chosen by owners wanting their dogs to receive more antioxidants in the hopes that the dog will have less risk for chronic diseases and will be generally healthier. These antioxidants are present because of the higher fruit and vegetable content or because the food is not chemically processed.

Vegetarian dog foods

    Though vegetarian dog foods can be natural, many veterinarians do not recommend these diets for dogs based on the belief that dogs are healthier on animal protein sources, since animal protein is their source in the wild.

How to Keep Biofilm Out of a Dog's Water

How to Keep Biofilm Out of a Dog's Water

There could be bacteria building a walled fortress called biofilm in your dog's water dish right now. Bacteria are microscopic and even though you can't see them at a glance, you can see the layer of film in your dog's dish.This film can be hard to clean if the dish has been neglected, and until you remove it your dog is being re-exposed to bacteria and infection every time it gets a drink. Taking precautions, testing your water and practicing good hygiene can help you get rid of this problem and protect your dog's health.

Instructions

    1

    Test your water with an at-home kit or call a professional. If the test shows high bacteria levels you will want to clean your pipes. This can be done at home with tablets or chemicals, but severe cases should be serviced by professionals. Minimal or low levels that aren't dangerous can be treated with a water filter.

    2

    Empty out the water and rinse your dog's water bowl out each morning under the faucet with dish soap. Scrub the sides and rinse away any soap residue. Dry the bowl with a paper towel.

    3

    Fill the bowl back up with fresh water from the faucet or a filtered source. Don't use water that was in the bowl previously, or water that has been stagnant for a long period of time.

    4

    Place the water bowl in an area that is not exposed to extreme temperatures or filth. Algae and bacteria grow quickly in warm temperatures, and water that gets dirty quickly is more likely to develop biofilm.

    5

    Clean the area around your dog's bowl regularly. Biofilm can stick and grow to any type of surface that's wet.

Jumat, 18 Juni 2010

How to Feed a Shih Tzu Puppy Human Food

How to Feed a Shih Tzu Puppy Human Food

Shih tzu puppies need a well-balanced diet in order to properly gain healthy weight when growing into adulthood. Not only does a good diet help your puppy gain weight, but it also prevents the onset of diseases such as diabetes. A healthy growing puppy needs a diet that's rich in protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and nutrients.

Instructions

    1

    Visit the vet to ensure that your shih tzu is healthy and does not need specialized dog food.

    2

    Prepare the meat by boiling. Boil the meat for 6 to 8 minutes on a rolling boil to ensure it reaches the proper temperature and to remove any fat. Once the meat is done, chop it into pieces small enough for the puppy to chew or put the meat into a blender or food processor until it reaches your desired consistency.

    3

    Cook the vegetables (broccoli and carrots are said to be shih tzu favorites) and the starch (rice or pasta) according to the packaging instructions. If you're preparing homegrown or homemade products, a good rule of thumb is to cook until the food reaches an al dente texture.

    4

    Mix all the food together and place into the shih tzu's bowl, ensuring that the amount of food is proportioned to your puppy's age and weight. A shih tzu puppy should have 1 oz. of food per pound of body weight, but an adult should eat about 1/2 oz. per pound.

    5

    Place your puppy by the bowl to eat. Initially if it does not eat on its own, encourage the food by placing a small portion in your hand and allowing the puppy to taste it from your hand.

How to Make Homemade Dog Snacks

How to Make Homemade Dog Snacks

Give a package of these canine treats to your favorite dog. Include a bone-shaped cookie cutter and a copy of the recipe for the dog owner!

Instructions

    1
    Mixing ingredients well

    Preheat oven to 325 degrees. Grease cookie sheets. In a large bowl, combine one cup of rolled oats, 1/3 cup of butter and one cup of boiling water. Let stand for ten minutes. Stir in 3/4 cup of corn meal, one tablespoon of sugar, one or two teaspoons of chicken or beef bouillon, one half cup of milk, one cup of cheddar cheese and one beaten egg. Mix well.

    2
    Knead dough

    Spoon all purpose or whole wheat flour into measuring cup; level off. Add flour one cup at a time to mixed ingredients in bowl. Mix flour after each added cup. This will form a stiff dough. On a floured surface, knead dough until it is smooth and no longer sticky; knead for about four minutes. Roll or pat out dough to 1/2 inch thickness; cut out dough with dog bone cookie cutter.

    3

    Place cut out dog bone dough snacks one inch apart on greased cookie sheets. Bake in 325 degree preheated oven for 35 to 45 minutes or until golden brown. Cool on rack. Store loosely covered. This recipe makes 3-1/2 dozen large dog treats or 8 dozen small dog treats.

Alkaline Foods for Canines

Alkaline Foods for Canines

Like humans, the canine body functions best at a slightly alkaline cellular pH. The pH of something refers to how much hydrogen is present; for instance, something with a high pH is considered acidic (e.g. vinegar) and something with low pH is basic or alkaline (e.g. baking powder). The foods your pet eats determine his pH level.

Health Benefits

    The kidneys, lungs and liver all work to naturally eliminate toxic acids from the body; however, consuming too much acidic food stresses these organs. Feeding your dog more alkaline foods will help balance his pH and protect him from diseases such as arthritis, heart disease, kidney failure and cancer. Acidosis, or the condition of being too acidic, also makes it difficult for your dog to absorb nutrients and minerals in his diet, and decreases the energy production of cells.

Types of Alkaline Foods

    You might be surprised at how many dogs enjoy raw vegetables.
    You might be surprised at how many dogs enjoy raw vegetables.

    In general, fresh fruits and vegetables are excellent alkalizing foods. Many dogs enjoy broccoli, carrots, peas, and pumpkin (pure canned or cooked fresh) both alone or mixed with other food. When choosing grains, go for the whole grain options, which are less acidic than processed ones. Try integrating alkaline foods into your dog's diet gradually. Put some raw broccoli on top of his kibble, or mix pureed pumpkin into wet food.

Acidic Foods to Avoid

    Lamb is a less acidic alternative to beef.
    Lamb is a less acidic alternative to beef.

    Most commercial dog food is high in meat and gluten, which means that it is also highly acidic. For this reason, either purchase more alkaline dog food (read the ingredients label and look for vegetables, certain meats, and whole grains) or switch to a home-cooked diet. Meat, particularly red meat, is acidic, and should not comprise the majority of your dog's caloric intake. However, a moderate amount of turkey, chicken and/or lamb is healthy when balanced with whole grains and alkaline fruits and vegetables. In addition, beans and dairy produce are also acidic; moderate them in your dog's diet.

Health Risks

    Increasing the alkalinity of your dog's diet shouldn't pose any major health risks. However, when you look for fresh foods to give your pup, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals states that you should never feed dogs avocados, chocolate, coffee, macadamia nuts, onions, raisins, grapes, salt, yeast dough or garlic

Selasa, 15 Juni 2010

Can You Supplement Dog Food With Rice?

Can You Supplement Dog Food With Rice?

Rice is a popular supplement for the cereal element of dog food. Most commercial dog foods are comprised of a cereal element and a protein element. Adding rice to your dog's diet can improve the texture and nutrient content of the food.

Benefits

    Rice is cheap, easy to prepare and healthy. Brown rice is low in fat, high in potassium and aids digestion. It's a great supplement for an overweight dog. It takes a few minutes to cook the rice and can be sprinkled over your dog's wet food.

Preparation

    Boil the rice in water for a few minutes and leave to cool. Do not add salt, oil or sauce. Just sprinkle the rice on your dog's food or mix it in. You can increase the ratio of rice to meat if you want to reduce your dog's caloric intake.

Recipe Ideas

    As well as adding rice to commercial food, you can use it to make your own dog food. Rice goes well with cooked turkey and, along with some lukewarm gravy, it forms a delicious alternative to tinned food. Rice also can be mixed with butcher's offal as a fiber source.

Senin, 14 Juni 2010

How to Feed a Dog With Diabetes

Like people, dogs can develop diabetes. Diabetes is caused by an immune disorder that causes the body to attack the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. This causes problems with blood sugar and in many cases proper nourishment and weight. Fortunately, diabetes in dogs is rather treatable. In addition to any medications your veterinarian might prescribe, a diabetes-appropriate diet for dogs can also be helpful.

Instructions

    1

    Choose a dog food that is low in sugar and fat and rich in fiber. Check ingredient labels for a canned food, and choose food that is less than 4 percent fat, more than 1 percent fiber and preferably 0 percent sugar. Dry food should have less than 20 percent fat, more than 2 percent fiber and preferably 0 percent sugar. Be mindful of carbohydrates because the body converts them to sugar. Any listed carbohydrates should be third or lower on the list of ingredients for canned food and no higher than second for dry food.

    2

    Look for a dog food that is labeled low glycemic. Foods that bear this label often fall within the acceptable limits for a diabetic dog's nutritional needs.

    3

    Feed a dog with diabetes at regular intervals. Separate his meals into three daily feedings instead of one. This helps stabilize the metabolism of a diabetic dog, thus stabilizing blood-sugar levels.

    4

    Avoid giving a dog with diabetes fatty treats. Obesity causes stress on the internal organs, which means the pancreas is even more labored. Only give treats in between meals and stick with treats made solely of meat.

When to Start Feeding Puppies Solid Food?

Transitioning from mother's milk to solid dog food is a major step in a puppy's life. Keep these tips in mind when determining if your puppy is prepared for dry dog food. Weaning at the appropriate time is essential in the physical and emotional development of your dog.

The Facts

    Puppies are generally ready to eat solid food between the ages of 6 to 8 weeks old. However, according to Purina, it's not uncommon for puppies to start eating from their mother's dish at 4 or 5 weeks old. A puppy attempting to eat adult food does not necessarily mean it's ready to be weaned. "The Complete Book of Dog Breeding" warns owners that an aggressive appetite is only one sign of maturity. Evaluate the physical and mental maturity of each puppy to determine if it's ready to eat solid food.

Weaning Process

    If the puppy has not already started to eat from its mother's dish, introduce it to solid food by 6 weeks of age. Add warm water or milk to dry food in order to make digestion easier. Be watchful not to moisten dry dog food too much, as too much milk can act as a laxative and cause digestive issues for your dog. According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the amount of milk softener can be slowly decreased until only dry kibble remains. Puppies should be eating solid food without moistener by 7 to 8 weeks of age.

Feeding Time Tips

    Feed your puppy an appropriate early-stage food at least three times a day and keep fresh water available at all times. Creating a daily feeding routine for your new dog can also aid in housebreaking and prevent a finicky eater. Consult your veterinarian about the exact amount and for help creating a long-term feeding schedule suited to the puppy's development needs.

Considerations

    Puppies from large litters can usually start eating solid food earlier than those from smaller litters. Watch for young dogs that might be ready to wean earlier than siblings. Maturing puppies demonstrate signs of independence such as playing apart from litter mates, competing for food, and approaching humans on their own.

The Best Food for Pitbull Puppies

A Pitbull puppy requires great care such as good feeding. You can feed a Pitbull puppy store-bought dog food, or you can make your own food at home. A puppy requires nutritious food, such as protein, in order to thrive and gain muscle. Trust your Pitbull puppy's veterinarian for good recommendations, or products that will be best for your puppy. Dry dog food is best for a Pitbull puppy because it will help keep your puppy's growing teeth clean, and after 12 months your Pitbull can be switched to adult dog food.

Dry Dog Food

    Dry puppy food can be found in grocery stores in pet food aisles, or in pet stores. The varieties are endless, as well as flavors such as lamb and rice, or plain beef kibbles. Dry puppy dog food is mostly recommended as it helps regulate the digestive system, and controls bowel movements. Only buy dry dog food labeled for "puppies" as it is smaller and easier for small puppy mouths to chew, which also helps avoid choking.

Canned Dog Food

    Canned dog food is a good option for Pitbull puppies who are picky about dry dog food, or refuse to take to it right away. Canned food is softer in texture, and can be broken up with a fork for even easier chewing. Much like dry dog food, canned dog food comes in a variety of flavors. However, it will make a Pitbull's stool softer and cause her to go to the bathroom more often.

Homemade Dog Food

    For Pitbull puppy feeding an alternative to store-bought dog food is making your own at home. To do so, you can boil boneless chicken meat or brown up hamburger meat. The meat you use should always be fully cooked. Vegetables such as carrots and peas can be boiled until soft, and combined with the other ingredients. Cooked rice is also great for puppies, and the mixture of rice, meat and vegetables can be blended in a food processor for easier eating.

Minggu, 13 Juni 2010

How to Feed Puppies Raw Egg

How to Feed Puppies Raw Egg

Raw eggs may be incorporated into the diet of puppies after they are over the age of four weeks, states Dr. Lew Olson in March of 2007 for a B-Naturals newsletter. For puppies that are not used to eating raw eggs, some can be mixed with their regular store-bought dog food at first. Using raw eggs in your puppy's diet increases its overall health, according to the 2005 publication of "The Dog Guide." The writers of this guide claim that puppies' digestive systems are not meant to digest items found in store-bought puppy food. They recommend feeding your puppy raw eggs to provide an appropriate diet for your puppy.

Instructions

    1

    Measure out the desired amount of store bought puppy food, if using any. Pour puppy food into a dog bowl.

    2

    Crack the raw eggs on the side of the dog bowl, and pour over the top of the dog food. If not using store bought dog food, crack the eggs directly into the dog bowl.

    3

    Discard the egg shells. Do not feed egg shells to your puppy.

    4

    Mix the raw eggs into the store bought puppy food using the fork. If not using store bought puppy food, whisk the raw eggs together using the fork.

    5

    Serve the food to your puppy. Repeat feeding your puppy raw eggs with each meal, if desired.

Jumat, 11 Juni 2010

The Best Way to Feed a Dog

Feeding a dog has become a bit controversial with the sheer amount of various diets available, both homemade and commercially. Most pet owners have choices like they never have had before, which leads to confusion. Commercial or homemade, which is better? What is the best way to feed a dog?

Homemade Versus Commercial Food

    If you have followed the news, you are likely to be afraid to keep feeding commercial pet foods. The pet food recalls expose the basic problems. Pet food manufacturers often subcontract the manufacture of their pet foods to a handful of plants in the United States. When one plant gets bad ingredients, many foods get the tainted ingredients and there are massive recalls as pets get sick and die.
    Many pet owners have turned to making their own pet foods so they can have better control over the ingredients. The fallacy of this is if they fail to properly balance the nutrients, their pets can suffer from malnutrition or imbalances. However, the plus side is that if they do their research, they can feed an exceptional diet to their pets.
    But there are still many good reasons to buy commercial pet foods. They are convenient, and if they are formulated according to the Association of Animal Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) guidelines, the food is considered complete and balanced. What's more, not only do you know you are feeding the proper nutrition to your pet, but it is less expensive than formulating the dog's diet yourself.

Commercial Pet Foods

    If you decide to feed a commercial pet food, be sure that the diet is AAFCO certified as complete and balanced for the life stage of your dog or for all life stages. The statement is on the package and ensures that your dog will be getting proper nutrition for his age.
    Commercial foods come in various forms, including kibble, canned, semi-moist, meat rolls, dehydrated and frozen. Of all the forms, the most convenient and cost effective is dry kibble, although it is usually less palatable. The second most common is canned food but you are paying for the canning process and the extra water weight within the can. Semi-moist is probably the worst food because it is made with coloring and sugar to keep the food moist and looking like hamburger.
    Meat rolls, also a form of semi-moist food, is highly palatable but very expensive compared to other forms. Frozen and dehydrated food is harder to find and very expensive. Frozen meat needs freezer space, so you will be paying for storage and handling. Dehydrated food is expensive because of the amount required to produce proper proportions plus the overall dehydration process.
    Many pet owners often mixed forms of food and even brands of food. Mixing brands of food is a good idea to ensure the dog is getting good nutrition and variety to avoid overfeeding too much of a possible tainted substance.

Premium Dog Food Versus Generic

    Whatever commercial food you choose, make sure that the dog food is a premium food. This means the manufacturer uses premium, high grade ingredients and protein sources. The first few ingredients in your dog's food should be the protein source (beef, chicken, poultry, meat-by-products) and fat. The carbohydrate sources (grains or potatoes) should come later. The food should be labeled as highly digestible -- the more premium the food, the less you have to feed and the less feces waste you have to pick up later. Most premium foods are sold in pet supply stores, although a few are sold in grocery stores. When in doubt, visit the pet food's website and look at the ingredients and nutritional values.

Homemade Dog Food and Raw Diets

    Many pet owners have turned to making their own pet's food and some feed raw diets. The good side is that the pet gets a nice variety of food--usually of human food grade ingredients. The downside is that if the food is raw, it can harbor dangerous bacteria that could make a dog sick or be transferred to the owner and make them sick too. Cooking a food destroys the bacteria but can also destroy some vital nutrients.
    If you choose to feed your dog a homemade diet, be sure to make sure it's balanced, either by having a veterinary nutritionist analyze it or use a vitamin and mineral formula such as Balance-It to ensure it has all the necessary nutrients.

Feeding Your Dog

    Most pet owners feed their dogs twice a day. If you are feeding a commercial diet, look at the package and use the guidelines to feed your dog. Split the daily amount in half and feed morning and evening. Puppies should be fed three times a day until about four to six months when they can drop down to twice daily.
    If you are feeding a homemade or raw diet, follow the diet instructions.
    Regardless of what diet you feed, monitor your pet's weight closely to make sure it isn't getting too fat (can't feel the ribs anymore) or too thin (no padding on the ribs). Make sure that you always provide plenty of fresh water.

Rabu, 09 Juni 2010

How to Feed a Miniature Poodle

How to Feed a Miniature Poodle

Keeping your miniature poodle healthy and active is very important. Feeding your poodle the right type of food can add years to your pet's life and can keep him from becoming lethargic or overweight. Although there are many types of dog food on the market that contain grains, a dog's natural diet contains limited sources of carbohydrates and plenty of meat. Coming up with a regular feeding schedule for your miniature poodle will also keep him happy and healthy.

Instructions

    1

    Find a dry dog food that contains little or no grains. Foods with high levels of low-quality grains, such as soy or wheat, provide little nutritional value and may cause allergies for some dogs. In contrast, foods with high levels of meat-based protein and quality sources of carbohydrates (for example, potatoes, sweet potatoes, or rice) will guarantee that your dog is eating a suitable and natural diet. Dog food brands such as Orijen and Innova Evo are high-quality foods with a balanced list of natural ingredients.

    2

    Determine how much dog food you should feed your miniature poodle on a daily basis. This will depend on how much your dog weighs and how active he is. Since miniature poodles generally weigh anywhere between 15 to 17 pounds, you should feed your dog about 1 cup of food a day (a little less if he is less active). Feeding your miniature poodle the right amount of food everyday will ensure that he does not become lethargic or overweight.

    3

    Determine how often to feed your miniature poodle on a daily basis and come up with a regular schedule. For most people, feeding their miniature poodle twice a day, about a half a cup in the morning and half a cup in the evening, works with their schedules. This also allows your miniature poodle to eat an easily digestible amount of food before being fed again. Also remember to provide enough water for your dog to drink while eating. Do not leave dog food out all day as this will make your dog expect food whenever he wants it.

Senin, 07 Juni 2010

Royal Canin Side Effects

Royal Canin Side Effects

Royal Canin makes both dry and canned pet food for dogs and cats. Its products include diets for all stages of a pet's life, breed-specific diets plus more than 50 veterinary prescription diets. A cornerstone of the Royal Canin philosophy is that there is no one food that suits all pets, and indeed, some of its foods can be unsuitable for some and have negative side effects.

Puppies and Kittens

    Several of the Royal Canin prescription diets, including weight loss, skin support and hepatic (liver disease) diets are not suitable for puppies or kittens. They don't contain the right amounts of calcium and other minerals for proper bone and cartilage development, and may be too low in protein to allow healthy overall growth. Side effects could include weight loss or lack of weight gain and joint abnormalities in adult animals.

Lactating and Pregnancy

    Pregnant or lactating (nursing) dogs and cats have increased requirements for fat and protein, and incorrect levels of calcium in the diet can cause a potentially fatal condition called eclampsia, according to Drs. Foster and Smith.

Medication Contraindications

    Some of the Royal Canin prescription foods cannot be fed if the pet is on certain medications. For instance, the Urinary Health prescription diet cannot be fed if a dog is taking urinary acidifiers. Additionally, some of the foods themselves may have side effects--the Urinary Health diet can make a dog need to urinate more frequently, so it might have accidents in the house.

Allergies and Intolerances

    Dogs and cats can have an intolerance or allergy to any one of many ingredients in any food, including Royal Canin. Your veterinarian can prescribe a low-allergen, limited-ingredient prescription food for your pet. This is not a sure-fire cure, however. The hypoallergenic diet for cats contains soy protein isolate, which some cats are allergic to.

Recalls

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) lists 973 withdrawals or recalls of both consumer and veterinary Royal Canin products as of January 2010. Most are Class 1 recalls, meaning that there is a "reasonable probability" that use of the food can cause serious health problems or death. Note that this represents an extremely small fraction of the Royal Canin products sold and used throughout the world.

How to change your dog's eating habits

How to change your dog's eating habits

Similar to humans, a dog's longevity and quality of life is directly related to the dog's diet and eating habits. Regardless of the breed, whether young or old, big or small, it's necessary to turn unhealthy habits into healthy habits. While it may be true that old habits die hard, with a strategy and persistence, your dog can become healthy and vibrant.

Instructions

    1

    Take a trip to your veterinarian for a complete physical and a feeding plan. This will help determine how much and how often your pet needs to eat and what type of food is best.(If you don't already have a vet, ask for recommendations from other pet owners you trust.)

    2

    Stop feeding your dog "people food" and begin feeding them premium dog food. Many store brand dog foods are made from processed foods that lack adequate nutrition--they'lll have to eat more to meet daily nutritional requirements. Peteducation.com suggests reading the label for ingredients like fish, chicken or other meats in the first two ingredients. Denying table food when your pet is begging at the table may be difficult, but it's an unbalanced way of eating that should be avoided.

    3

    Purchase an automatic pet feeder. According to PetMD and other experts, feeding your dog smaller, more frequent meals reduces gas and bloating, and is a healthier way to eat. Through behavior modification, an automatic pet feeder helps dogs learn to eat only when they're hungry. This puts an end to overfilled dog food bowls.

    4

    Consider an elevated feeder for medium to large dogs, older dogs, or dogs with back problems or digestive problems. Elevated feeders are another way to reduce painful gas and digestive problems and is a more comfortable way of eating for most dogs.

    5

    Fill your dog's water bowl continuously. Like humans, dogs need water--and lots of it. It is a nutritional requirement a dog cannot go without.

    6

    Wash water bowls and feeders regularly. Although this does not directly affect the diet, cleanliness does impact overall health. Bacteria grows easily in this environment so keeping food and water bowls clean is imperative for a healthy pet.

Minggu, 06 Juni 2010

What to Feed a Bulldog Puppy

What to Feed a Bulldog Puppy

As with any breed, English bulldogs have their nuances and health issues. Feeding it correctly as a puppy can ensure your dog has a good chance of developing normally.

Feeding Schedule

    Feed a 2- to 4-month-old puppy four times a day. At 4 to 6 months old, feed three times a day; at age 6 months or older, feed twice a day.

Ingredients to Avoid

    It is also important to keep their wrinkles clean

    Bullwrinkle.com cautions against feeding your bulldog kibble that contains soybeans. Do not allow it to eat chocolate or onions, regardless of age.

Types of Dishes

    Food and water dishes should be stainless steel. They are less likely to hold bacteria as many plastics do.

Fresh Water

    Make sure your puppy has continual access to fresh water. Bulldogs are sensitive to heat, so they must stay well hydrated.

Puppy Foods

    Bulldog puppies need lots of food to grow into those wrinkles

    Your dog should stay on a puppy version of kibble for the first year, because it has extra protein and calories that are essential for growth and development.

If Your Puppy Will Not Eat

    Try mixing dry kibble with warm water, plain rice or canned food. Also, stick with the same kibble the breeders were feeding, and mix in the type of kibble you are transitioning to slowly.

Dog Jerky Treat Recipes

Dog Jerky Treat Recipes

Making your own dog jerky treats typically requires the use of organ meats. By drying strips of meat in the oven, you can create many different types of jerky that your dog is sure to love. Recipes are easily modified, and can be doubled or tripled if you have several dogs to feed.

Liver Jerky

    Liver jerky doesn't look very appealing to humans, but dogs love the taste. To make, preheat the oven to 250 degrees Fahrenheit. Slice 1 lb. of beef or chicken liver into bite-size pieces. Make them as large or as small as necessary for your dog, but keep in mind they will be very difficult to break into smaller pieces once baked. Place the liver pieces into a saucepan and cover with water. Turn the heat to medium-high and bring to a rolling boil. Lower the heat to medium and simmer the liver for about three additional minutes.

    Meanwhile, cover a large baking sheet with aluminum foil and spray lightly with cooking spray. Remove the pan from the heat, drain the water and place the liver pieces onto the baking sheet. Bake the liver jerky for two hours, and then store in a covered container at room temperature. Add an extra 30 minutes to the cooking time if the liver pieces are large. They should be dried and look like jerky when done.

Kidney and Liver Jerky

    Kidney and liver jerky is a favorite treat of dogs, and your feline companions can also enjoy it. To make, preheat the oven to 200 degrees F, and lightly grease a large baking sheet with vegetable oil or butter. Cut 1 cup each of beef kidney and beef liver into bite-size pieces. Place the beef pieces onto the baking sheet and bake for 45 to 60 minutes--bake for 45 minutes for a softer treat, or closer to 60 minutes for a drier jerky. Remove from the oven and store in a covered container in the refrigerator. If the jerky has been dried thoroughly, it may be stored at room temperature for up to three days.

Garlic Liver Jerky

    Liver and garlic blend to make a delicious jerky treat that any dog will appreciate. To make, combine 1 tbsp. of kelp powder with two cloves of crushed garlic in a mixing bowl. Add 1 cup of lukewarm water, and mix well. Cut approximately 1 1/2 cups of liver into thin strips, and submerge in the garlic and kelp mixture. Allow the liver to marinate for at least two hours.

    Preheat the oven to 250 degrees F, and cover a large baking sheet with baking paper or aluminum foil. Remove the liver strips from the garlic marinade and place onto the baking sheet. Bake the jerky for two hours, or until dried thoroughly. Store the jerky treats in a covered container in the refrigerator for two weeks or at room temperature for three days.

Sabtu, 05 Juni 2010

How to Switch a Dog's Food Brand

It's extremely important for your pets digestive system and overall health that you maintain a consistent feeding schedule and amount (according to your dogs size and age) with a good quality dog food. There are some factors that may cause you to switch your dogs food brand, such as age or the onset allergens. It is extremely important that you follow a systematic approach when switching your dogs food so that you don't disrupt its digestion.

Instructions

    1

    Before switching your dogs food brand, consult with your veterinarian about your intention to switch brands and the reason why. There are many factors to consider when it comes to choosing an appropriate dog food and your vet will be able to direct you to the best brand for your dogs breed, age and size.

    2

    After you have selected and purchased a new brand of food, take time to read the label and feeding instructions. Feeding amounts can vary from brand to brand. Five cups of one brand does not necessarily equal five cups of another, so make sure you take time to understand the amount of the new food your dog will need to be fed.

    3

    When you are ready to transition your dogs food brand, start slowly. You may choose to sprinkle a small amount of the new food on top of the current food to introduce it. This will be especially helpful if your dog is timid or shy. Praise your dog for trying the new food.

    4

    Begin transitioning your dog to its new food by mixing 75 percent of the regular food with 25 percent of the new food. Continue mixing these amounts for at least one week. Pay attention to your dogs bowel movements, as it may initially have some diarrhea, but that should subside after a few days. Once the stool is more solid, and at least a week has passed, prepare to increase the amount of food to be mixed.

    5

    Increase the amount of food, so that your mix contains 50 percent new food and 50 percent regular food. Continue to pay attention to your dogs stools to make sure they become solid as time passes. This phase will take 1 to 2 weeks, but no less than a week.

    6

    Mix 75 percent new food to 25 percent regular food once your dogs stools have become more solid or a week has passed. Continue to mix these amounts for another week.

    7

    Complete the switch by serving your dog 100 percent of the new food.

Jumat, 04 Juni 2010

How to Make a Yogurt Fruit Freeze for Dogs

How to Make a Yogurt Fruit Freeze for Dogs

Just like humans, dogs can use a refreshing treat on a hot summer day. And what's more refreshing than something frozen and fruity? The following is a simple recipe involving two canine-friendly ingredients: bananas and yogurt. Aside from the health benefits of yogurt and fresh fruit, it's a fun, tasty and inexpensive way for Fido to chill out during those dog day afternoons--and not chase the ice cream truck!

Instructions

    1

    Mash the banana and mix it with the yogurt and water. If you prefer, you can process it with a blender or food processor.

    2

    Pour the mixture into the individual compartments of an ice cube tray. This recipe makes about 10 regular size cubes.

    3

    Place the tray in the freezer until the cubes are completely frozen. You'll be able to tell when they are frozen just like you can with regular ice cubes.

    4

    Pop out the cubes on a hot day or whenever Rover comes a-beggin'.

How Often Should a Dog Drink Water?

How Often Should a Dog Drink Water?

Like humans, dogs need to stay hydrated, especially during the hot summer months. Dogs should not stay outside all day or go on long walks without the proper amount of water. Ensuring your dog drinks plenty of water improves his health and well-being. Drinking too much, however, can be harmful.

Proper Amount

    In general, a dog should drink to 1 ounce of water a day for every pound of body weight. Thus, if a dog weighs 20 pounds, she should drink 10 to 20 ounces of water per day. This amount, however, can be affected by circumstances. If the dog primarily eats dry food, for example, he'll require more water. Medications affect water intake. Age can also be a factor. Puppies should drink about -cup of water every two hours. Their water intake should be monitored.

Effects of Too Much or Too Little

    Dogs who often drink too much or too little water can have problems. The obvious effect of drinking too little water is dehydration but other problems can include kidney stones and organ failure. Dogs that drink too much water can develop problems with stomach bloat, hyponatremia (water toxicity) and electrolyte imbalances. If your dog frequently drinks too much or too little, this could also be a sign of another illness. Dogs who drink too little may develop parvo, pancreatitis or leptospirosis. Dogs who drink too much may have a bladder infection, diabetes or other infection. If your dog is drinking too much or too little, consult with your veterinarian.

Check for Dehydration

    In addition to monitoring his intake, there are ways you can verify if your dog is drinking enough water. Grab a piece of skin located at the back of his neck. Stretch it out, then let it go. Dogs who are hydrated have neck skin that moves back into place quickly. The neck skin of dehydrated dogs, however, moves back into place slowly, forming a "tent." Also look at your dog's gums. If the gums are wet and slippery, your dog is likely hydrated; dry and sticky means he may be dehydrated.

Encourage Proper Drinking

    You can encourage your dog to drink the right amount of water using a number of methods. First, any time she drinks water, give her a treat and praise her. This teaches her that drinking water is good. Keep water in a consistent place where it's easy for her to find, such as near her bed or food bowl. If your dog is drinking too much water, ration the amount of water you put out or get an automatic feeder that distributes water at specific times.

How to Determine if Dog Food Is Rancid

How to Determine if Dog Food Is Rancid

Dogs don't like rancid food -- it smells bad and tastes even worse. It can cause dangerous health problems, including diarrhea, cancer, liver and heart ailments; it can even cause death. Proper selection, care and storage of your dog food are the best ways to prevent it from becoming rancid. To make sure you don't accidentally give it to your dog, you should be aware of the characteristics of dog food that's gone bad. Detecting rancid dog food is relatively simple if you know what you're looking for.

Instructions

    1

    Check the processing or manufacturing dates on the label of your dog's food. If the food has expired, it may be rancid. Most dog foods will have an expiration date; use it as a guide to initially determine if the dog food has spoiled.

    2

    Look for changes in color. Most dog food, dry and wet, is a deep brown color. If the dog food is green, black or even a deep blue, you shouldn't feed it to your dog.

    3

    Smell the dog food. If the dog food smells different from what it did when you first opened it, there's a good chance the food has spoiled. Rancid dog food will usually have a foul smell that's easily detectable.

    4

    Evaluate the way the dog food is stored. If you keep the dry food in the package it came in, it may become rancid. Dog food left in an open bag for more than 24 hours is vulnerable to going bad. If you must leave it in its original packaging, seal it as tightly as possible. An opened can of wet dog food should immediately be covered with foil and stored in the refrigerator. It can go rancid within hours if you don't refrigerate it.

    5

    Look for signs of mold on the dog food. Throw away the whole bag or can even if only a small portion is moldy.

How Much Does a Miniature Schnauzer Eat?

How Much Does a Miniature Schnauzer Eat?

Miniature schnauzers are high energy dogs requiring nutritious food in order to maintain optimum health. They are prone to problems relating to the level of fats in their diet and therefore warrant close scrutiny in the amount and type of food they consume. Adult schnauzers weigh in at between 13 to 19 lbs. and stand between 12 and 14 inches tall. An appropriate amount of food is determined according to the size of your pet.

Quality of Food

    Read the labels on various types of dog foods. The quality of the food has a direct bearing on the amount your miniature schnauzer needs for optimum health. Many grocery store varieties contain a number of fillers and by-products that are not good for your dog. Reject foods that contain large amounts of wheat and corn. They do nothing for your dog's nutritional needs and may even affect your schnauzer adversely, causing allergies or skin problems.

Size and Age

    Observe your pet's activity level. Young dogs around the age of one year have a great deal of energy and should consume between 1/3 to 1/2 cup of dry food, twice a day. In general, puppies need to consume more food than older dogs due to growth and activity needs. If your miniature schnauzer is a very young puppy, under the age of eight weeks, it should be fed 1/4 cup of dry food 3 to 4 times a day. Reduce feeding to twice per day after eight weeks.

Homemade Food

    Do your homework and you will discover that some professionals recommend a homemade diet. Since miniature schnauzers are prone to a number of health issues that center around their digestion, this is a good point to consider. A wholesome diet for dogs consists of fresh meat, some vegetables and a little grain, similar to what your dog's canine ancestors were fed by its human companions. Once again, a healthier diet requires smaller meals. Feed the adult 1/2 cup of food twice a day.

Overfeeding

    Decide what you prefer to feed and then seek out the highest quality food that is available for your mini schnauzer. A word of caution: overweight is a harbinger of disease in all dogs, but is especially true for smaller ones. Overfeeding your schnauzer can bring about a number of health issues including hair loss due to skin allergies, hyperlipidemia and kidney stones, among other problems. Stick to a healthy feeding schedule and consult your veterinarian if problems arise.

Kamis, 03 Juni 2010

Allergy-Free Dog Foods

Allergy-Free Dog Foods

Food allergies in dogs result from an immune-system overreaction to a usually inoffensive protein or grain source, according to the Modern Dog Magazine website. A long-term diet of specific meats, grains and starches can cause allergic symptoms in dogs. Ten percent of all allergy cases in dogs relate to food. Diagnosing and treating food allergies in your dog takes time and patience.

Allergens in Dog Food

    Beef, wheat, fish and dairy products such as eggs are the cause of 80 percent of food allergies in dogs. Other common dog-food allergens include chicken, pork, corn, soy products, yeast and lamb. Dogs are often allergic to more than one food. Allergies to dog food happen over time, after a dog has eaten the same diet for at least two years. The longer a dog is on a specific diet, the likelier he is to develop an allergy to his food. Some breeds are predisposed to allergies in food. According to WebMd, boxers, spaniels, German shepherds, retrievers , dachshunds, collies, Dalmatians and several types of terriers are all prone to food allergies.

Symptoms

    Food allergies cause dry, itchy skin and excessive scratching or licking, as well as bald patches and poor coat quality. Skin irritation around the face, ears, forelegs and armpits develops first, and is present in 80 percent of food-allergy cases. Dogs with food allergies also develop hot spots, or itchy sores. Diarrhea and vomiting may occur. In more than 60 percent of cases, dogs will have itchy paws, and may chew at their feet for relief. Symptoms can materialize within an hour of eating an allergen.

Diagnosing and Treating Allergies

    Several common diseases cause symptoms similar to food allergies, reports the Feed My Dog website. See your dog's vet to rule out scabies, ringworm, mange, bacterial infections and flea infestations. Allergies to other environmental triggers, including grass, pollen and ragweed, can all be culprits as well. Once your vet confirms that your dog has food allergies, you can begin testing with an elimination diet to determine your dog's food triggers. If his reaction to food is severe, a two-week course of corticosteroids can alleviate symptoms while the elimination diet begins to work.

Changing the Diet

    An elimination diet will pinpoint the allergen causing your dog's symptoms. Stop feeding your dog his traditional diet and put him on a new protein and grain or starch combination. Proteins least likely to cause allergies include duck, venison, kangaroo and rabbit. Less allergenic grains and starches include oatmeal, rice, modified soy and sweet potato. These formulations are available in commercial foods sold through pet-supplies retailers. Feed your dog the new diet for 12 weeks, keeping him away from all other dog foods, snacks, rawhide chews and flavored medications. If your dog shows no symptoms after three months, separately add back his former protein source, and then the grain source, to see which one caused his symptoms. Permanently banish the trigger from your dog's diet. Allergy-prone dogs could develop new allergies if you don't rotate their food. Find three foods that your dog tolerates well, and switch them out every few months to prevent future allergies.

Allergy-free Brands

    It's tempting to make home-cooked meals for your dog using fresh meat, grains and produce. But commercially made pet foods contain nutrient balances that are difficult to replicate in homemade versions. Pet-supplies retailers in your neighborhood and on the Internet carry numerous hypoallergenic dog diets, which are made with smaller protein molecules that cause fewer reactions. Brands that offer hypoallergenic kibble include Royal Canin, Purina, Canidae, Eagle Pack and Solid Gold.

Rabu, 02 Juni 2010

What to Feed a Dog with Stomach Problems

When your dog starts experiencing stomach problems, you don't want to continue feeding him his regular dog food in case the problems get worse, but at the same time, you don't want to stop feeding him. Preparing a bland diet may be a good way to keep him eating without upsetting his stomach even more.

Bland Diet

    Most bland diet recipes call for a mixture of rice with either cottage cheese or meat, but Linda Arndt, a canine nutritionist, recommends a slightly different approach to the bland diet in order to get a food more balanced nutritionally. No matter what you choose to feed your dog, bland diets are only to be used when your dog is having digestive troubles; feed your dog regular dog food when your his stomach has recovered. Professor Arndt recommends combining 12 cups of a 50 percent white rice and 50 percent brown rice mixture with 1 tsp. of iodized salt; three and a half cups of hamburger or ground chicken meat; three boiled and chopped eggs; a 3,000 mg tablet of calcium citrate; and a 1,000 mg tablet of magnesium citrate. Don't buy tablets with phosphorus in them, and grind the tablets into a powder before adding them into the food. The calcium citrate and magnesium citrate tablets are added to balance the mineral contents of the food, which is why avoiding phosphorus is important.
    This mixture is not designed to be fed to your dog in one meal. It makes 12 cups total, so split the food into meals based on how many cups of food your dog normally consumes in one day.

Adjustments

    For dogs who need low-fat diets because of pancreas issues, buy the leanest hamburger or chicken meat you can find. You can also try replacing half a cup of the meat with 3/4 of a cup of 1 percent fat cottage cheese. You can also replace the three eggs with four egg whites after you've removed the yolks.
    To change up the mixture, you can replace half a cup of meat with 3/4 of a cup of cottage cheese and a teaspoon of olive oil, or if your dog will eat vegetables, you can add chopped steamed vegetables to the food mixture. You can also add bits of melon or berries to make the mixture more palatable. (Make sure the kind you choose to feed to your dog is not toxic to dogs.)

Selasa, 01 Juni 2010

How to Prepare Pigs Ears for Dogs

Purchasing pig ears for dogs at the pet store can grow to be expensive. Preparing your pig ears for your dogs at home is a less expensive way to provide your dogs with the meaty treat that they crave. Smoked pig ears are relatively simple to make at home and require only a handful of ingredients, making them fairly inexpensive treats to make at home. Follow the instructions below to make smoked pig ears that will likely have your dog begging for more.

Instructions

    1

    Check the pig ears for hair. If hair is present, burn it off using a lighter, then scrub the ears. Do not worry if you cannot burn off all the hair because dogs should be able to digest the hair on the pig ears.

    2

    Fill the boiler with 2 liters of water, add 1/4 cup of salt and bring to a slow boil. As soon as the water starts to boil, add the pig ears directly from the package. Reduce the heat to a low setting so that the water simmers. Simmer for one hour.

    3

    Remove the pig ears from water with metal tongs. Place the pig ears on a towel to dry. While the pig ears are drying, prepare the wood chips. Follow the directions on the package of wood chips because each variety must be prepared differently.

    4

    Prepare the smoker by adding the wood chips and preheating the smoker to 200 degrees Fahrenheit. Place the ears in rows on the smoker rack. Smoke the pig ears slowly, checking every two hours, until ears harden and have a rich, leathery brown color. This process typically takes four to six hours.

    5

    Remove the well-smoked pig ears from the smoker with metal tongs and allow them to cool. The pig ears are ready for your dog once they are cool to the touch.

What to Feed Golden Retriever Puppies

What to Feed Golden Retriever Puppies

Golden retrievers, a breed of dog that originated from Britain, are popular due to their loyalty and playfulness. Puppies in particular are lively, full of energy and commonly friendly. If you have recently added a golden retriever puppy to your family, you should carefully select the food you give to this new addition, as it's still growing and developing, making diet crucial. What and how much your golden retriever puppy should eat will depend upon its age and weight.

Nursing

    Just like human babies, your golden retriever baby is best served by dining on mother's milk during its infancy. Until the age of 7 weeks, golden retriever puppies should eat exclusively mother's milk. In most cases, new owners can't take home their prized pups until after this seven weeks has elapsed, as it's so critical that puppies not be separated from their mothers during this time.

Puppy Formula

    If your golden retriever puppy was separated from his mother prior to 7 weeks of age, it will not yet be ready for standard puppy food. To ensure that the puppy receives the nutrients it needs, feed him puppy formula, a liquid meal available from pet specialty stores. Because puppy formula moves through your puppy's system more quickly than hard food, feed the puppy every three hours, giving it 1 cc of formula for every ounce of body weight at each feeding. Use a baby bottle or bottle designed for puppy feeding to feed your puppy this liquid meal.

Puppy Gruel

    After 7 weeks of age, your puppy will be ready to snack on puppy food. However, as your golden retriever makes its first attempts at eating solid food, it likely won't be ready to chomp down on hard puppy food. Make this transition easier for the pup by mixing up some puppy gruel. To make this mixture, combine one cup of puppy food with one-half cup of water. Allow the food to soak in the water for several minutes, softening, before you present the dish to your pup. As unappetizing as this concoction may sound, it will provide a good transitional meal for your golden retriever pup.

Puppy-Specific Food

    As your golden retriever grows stronger and more skilled at eating from its bowl, start to transition to standard puppy food. Select a brand that appeals to you and stick to it because shifting back and forth between brands can present a problem. To ensure proper feeding, keep track of your pup's weight and follow feeding instructions on your food package, as each food differs slightly.