Jumat, 30 April 2010

How to Make Healthy Dog Food with Natural Dog Food Ingredients

Many concerns have arisen regarding the dangers of feeding pets commercial dog food. These concerns have prompted dog owners to start making natural dog foods for their beloved pets, which is not only safer, but easy and healthier. Here you'll learn what types of foods to feed your dog, what not to feed them and resources to find safe commercial dog foods when you can't cook for your pet.

Instructions

Feed Raw Food: Dog Food as Nature Intended

    1

    Start with meat. Most dogs want meat protein.

    2

    Choose fresh meat for your dog. It's best to buy from a butcher or meat processor. These meats will be fresher, can be bought in bulk for better pricing, and you can have the butcher cut up or grind the meat for you if necessary.

    3

    Use lean beef, stewing meats, beef heart, beef liver, boneless steak or roast. Boneless stewing lamb, the shank, leg of lamb or butt can also be used. Boneless, skinless chicken breast, fillet or thigh can also make great healthy dog food for your pet.

    4

    Select vegetables to add. The best vegetables for your dog include squash, pumpkin, cucumber, zucchini, carrots, parsnips, beets, yams, sweet potatoes, and broccoli. These vegetables will provide necessary nutrients. Again, select produce that is as fresh as possible.

    5

    Avoid such vegetables as beans, peas, spinach, beet greens, chard, onions, garlic, tomato, potato, or bell peppers. These vegetables will either cause digestive problems or may even lead to damage of the red book cells.

    6

    Determine how much to feed your pet per day. To determine how much to feed an adult dog, take his body weight and multiply it by 0.4. The resulting number is the total number of ounces your dog should be eating in a day -- either in one big meal or divided into a morning and dinner meal.

    7

    Chop the meat and vegetables into chunks small enough for your pet to eat easily. Serve it raw.

Feed Cooked Natural Dog Food

    8

    Cook the food. Though it is not necessary to cook the meat and vegetables before serving them to your dog, some pet owners prefer to do so, particularly with poultry.

    9

    Cook meat only slightly, so that it is still juicy and tender. This will allow for maximum nutritional value as heat can kill many of the nutrients.

    10

    Lightly steam vegetables before adding them to the cooked natural dog food. Be sure to only add the recommended vegetables listed above.

    11

    Stir the meal and test different areas to make sure there are no hot spots before you give it to your dog. Always allow the cooked food to cool before serving.

Dog Food Recipe: Sauteed Liver

    12

    Heat 1 teaspoon of corn oil in a pan.

    13

    Add pound of beef liver and fry on both sides until only lightly cooked but still very moist inside.

    14

    Add cup of water to the pan drippings to create tasty gravy for your natural dog food.

    15

    Cut the liver into small chunks and allow it to cool before serving it to your pet.

Rabu, 28 April 2010

What Type of Dog Food Do You Feed a Rottweiler Puppy?

What Type of Dog Food Do You Feed a Rottweiler Puppy?

Rottweilers are a large work breed, therefore it is important to properly feed puppies so they can reach their adult potential. Many types of dog and puppy foods are available, including those produced by the major pet food companies and from smaller, lesser-known manufacturers. Looking at the ingredients and determining what is and isn't good for puppies is the first step in determining the best food to feed your Rottweiler puppy.

Commercial Dog Food

    Available commercial dog foods have varying degrees of quality and nutritional value. According to "Feeding Healthy Natural Dog Food," by Michele Welton on Your Pure Bred Puppy's site, check for: USDA inspection; that the first two ingredients are meat and the food contains no corn, soybeans, by-products or animal digest. Puppies have difficulty digesting corn and soy. The Official Rottweiler Guide site suggests Nature Diet and Nature's Menu. The guide also suggest feeding Rottweiler puppies adult dog food from the beginning. Silver Hill Rottweilers of Apex, N.C. suggests using Eukanuba Large Breed Puppy food.

Homemade Dog Food

    Both the Official Rottweiler Guide and Your Pure Bred Puppy recommend feeding Rottweiler puppies natural fresh food, including: beef, turkey, chicken, fresh vegetables, eggs, fish, cottage cheese. According to the article, "Feeding Homemade Dog Food by Michele Welton; veterinarian Dr. Martin Goldstein states, "You can boost your pet's health profoundly by making one simple decision. All you have to do is change his diet from commercial-brand fare to something you may never have imagined giving him -- real food. The fresh food you buy at the market for yourself is the food you should give your pet, too."

Balanced Nutrition

    Feeding Rottweiler puppies a balanced diet is essential for the dog's long-term health and growth. Although meat is preferred, giving Rottweilers a vegetarian diet is healthy and provide the necessary balance of protein and other dietary needs. The Official Rottweiler Guide, suggests feeding the Rottweiler an "equal amount of meat and cereal, slightly less vegetables along with bread, animal oil and salt."

Feeding Rottweiler Puppies

    According to "Feeding Your Puppy" on Gundogs Online, puppies normally eat smaller portions than adult dogs, usually three times a day. Sometimes they eat heavily, while other times they don't. This is natural and normal, even when they eat something that disagrees with them and they vomit. Due to a puppy's sensitive stomach, a natural and well-balanced diet is the best thing to feed Rottweiler puppies.

How to Make a Dog Feeder Stand

How to Make a Dog Feeder Stand

According to PetEducation.com, elevated dog feeders can have a number of benefits for your pet. They improve hygiene, encourage better posture for your dog and make it easier for your dog to swallow. If you are considering an elevated feeder to provide any of these benefits, you could purchase one at your local pet store. These, however, can be expensive. Making your own dog feeder stand can save time and money as well as giving you control over the size of the finished product.

Instructions

    1

    Measure your dog from ground to shoulder to determine the feeder height. Measure its feeding bowl's diameter. Add 4 inches to that measurement to determine the feeder width. For the length of the feeder, add 3 inches to the bowl's diameter and multiply by two. Cut the plywood according to those dimensions.

    2

    Draw two circles, each 1/4 inch smaller than the diameter of the dog's bowls, on the plywood. Position the circles 2 inches from each other and evenly spaced from the edges of the plywood.

    3

    Cut out the two circles with a router. Sand to smooth the circle rims.

    4

    Cut four plywood pieces for the front, back and sides of the feeder. The two side pieces should be the height of the feeder by its width. The front and back pieces should be the height of the feeder by its length.

    5

    Line up the front, back and side pieces so they are flush and form a rectangular box. Apply the wood glue and then nail the pieces together.

    6

    Place the top piece over the base. Secure it with glue. Ensure the top is centered and flush with the base. Nail it into place. Allow the glue to completely dry.

    7

    Paint, stain or varnish your completed dog feeder stand.

How to Make a Doggie Birthday Cake

Your dog can't keep track of his birthdays, but you can. Not only that, you can celebrate your pet's big day with his very own doggie birthday cake. Don't worry, there's no sugar involved, only wholesome and healthy ingredients for your canine.

Instructions

    1

    Preheat the oven to 325 degrees F.

    2

    Mix 3 cups of all purpose flour and 1 tbsp. of baking powder in a large mixing bowl.

    3

    Combine 1/2 cup of softened margarine, 5 large eggs and 1/2 cup of vegetable oil in a separate mixing bowl, and stir until the mixture is smooth.

    4

    Stir in the 2 jars of strained beef baby food and 2 cups of finely shredded carrots and mix well. Add the flour mixture and continue to stir until the mixture is combined.

    5

    Spread the batter in the greased and floured cake pans and bake the doggie birthday cake for 1 hour. Remove the cakes from the pans and allow them to cool on wire racks.

    6

    Make the doggie cake frosting. Place 8 oz. of cream cheese and 1 small container of yogurt in a small mixing bowl and mix well. Blend in 1 tsp. of honey and 1 tsp. of vanilla.

    7

    Place one cake layer on a piece of cardboard or serving tray, and spread frosting over the top. Place the second cake over the first, and spread frosting on the entire cake.

Nutro Dog Food Information

Nutro Dog Food Information

Nutro Dog Food is a brand of dog and cat food produced and sold by Nutro Products Inc, a California-based company. Mars Incorporated owns Nutro Products Inc, after purchasing the company in 2007.

History

    Nutro Products Inc, was created after John Saleen purchased a dog food company in 1926. The company was moved to California and only offered products locally until the company was sold in 1976.

Features

    The company has developed its dog food with ingredients such as chicken, lamb and rice formulas. The company's literature regularly compares Nutro Dog Food's ingredients with that of competitors.

Types

    There are a variety of dog food products offered by Nutro Dog Food. These include dry dog food, canned and bagged dog food and specialty lines of food such as Nutro Max and Natural Choice.

Significance

    Nutro's Adult Lamb and Rice dog formula became the top selling lamb and rice food formula in the United States in 2006, according to the company.

Considerations

    People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals have been critical of Nutro products for using animals in laboratories to test its products, but the company has denied this claim.

Selasa, 27 April 2010

Homemade Dog Treats to Prevent Fleas

Homemade Dog Treats to Prevent Fleas

Fleas can be a troubling pet problem that crops up again and again. If you want to discourage fleas from making your dog a prime target without chemicals and medication, bake them flea repellent dog treats at home. Your dog will love the taste of natural treats that use brewer's yeast and garlic to repel the pests.

Ingredients

    Many recipes for anti-flea dog treats require the same basic ingredients. Brewer's yeast and garlic powder are the most important, as these substances repel fleas naturally. According to the Easy Homemade Recipes website, brewer's yeast also provides complex B vitamins for your dog. In addition, you need beef bouillon, cornmeal, whole-wheat flour, water and egg yolks to make these treats.

Process

    Preheat the oven to 375 degrees Fahrenheit. Dissolve three beef bouillon cubes in 1 1/2 cups of boiling water. Add 2 cups of whole-wheat flour, 1 cup of cornmeal, 2 tablespoons of garlic powder and 2/3 cup of brewer's yeast to a bowl and mix well. Stir in 2 egg yolks before slowly adding in the beef broth. Stir the mixture until it has a doughlike consistency before rolling the dough out until it is approximately 1/4 inch thick. Use bone-shaped cookie cutters to cut the treats and place them onto greased cookie sheets. Bake for 20 minutes and allow the treats to harden for three hours or overnight.

Additions

    A variety of foods can be added to these anti-flea dog treats to make them even more appealing to your canine family member. Consider chopping up banana and apple for a dog with a sweet tooth, or adding a small amount of peanut butter, which is loved by many dogs. You can also add cooked, chopped meat, such as bacon or chicken, or vegetables, such as carrots. Be sure to ask other dog owners before giving these treats to their pets, as some dogs suffer from allergies.

More Flea Repellent Ideas

    The Easy Homemade Recipes website suggests adding apple cider vinegar to your dog's drinking water, or to the final rinse of your dog's bath, to repel fleas. Adding small amounts of grated, fresh garlic to your dog's food can also be effective; speak with your veterinarian for recommendations about the frequency and amount of garlic to feed. You can also rub some tea tree, eucalyptus, lemon, lavender or citronella oil onto a cloth dog collar or bandanna to create an all-natural flea collar.

How to Feed Your Large Breed Puppy

Dog owners want to provide the very best care for their puppies and with so many choices these days, deciding what and how to feed your large breed puppy can be an anxiety-provoking experience. Luckily, there are ways to make sure your large breed puppy receives proper nutrition.

Instructions

    1

    Your large breed puppy will need to eat three times a day until he is at least three months old. Although some breeds can already appear large by eight weeks, their bellies are just too small at that age to handle huge meals.

    2

    Place your puppy's food bowl on the ground--do not elevate it. A common myth is that raising food bowls will help prevent bloat in dogs. Actually, studies have found that dogs are more likely to gulp air when fed from elevated bowls, which is one of the risk factors for bloat. Stainless steel bowls are usually the easiest to clean and the most sanitary.

    3

    Pick your puppy food carefully. Pay special attention to the calcium levels. Studies have shown that for the safest growth rates, large breed puppies should be fed kibble that is low in calcium. Try to stick to a food that has a calcium level of under 1.2 percent, if you can.

    4

    Another common myth is that large breed puppies should be fed low protein foods. Actually, puppies need protein for optimal growth, and studies have disproved the theory that high protein diets cause bone and joint problems in growing puppies. Look for a food that has a protein level of 25 percent or higher. Also, consider adding ground beef or turkey to your puppy's food dish.

    5

    Always choose a puppy food. Adult foods are intended for adult dogs. Since you typically feed a puppy more than an adult, it's possible your puppy could get too much calcium from an adult dog food. Also, adult foods tend to be lower in protein. You can safely switch your puppy to an adult food once his bones are almost done growing, which usually occurs some time after one year of age.

    6

    Pick a food that is preservative-free and has human-grade, good quality ingredients. Look for protein sources, such as chicken or beef, as the first ingredients in the food. If the food has a carbohydrate listed as the first ingredient, such as corn meal or rice, skip it.

    7

    Measure the amount of food you're giving your puppy for each meal. The best way to tell if your puppy is getting the correct amount is to look down at him when he's standing. If you can see a bit of waist, he's probably perfect. If his waist is extremely exaggerated, unless he's a sight hound breed, then he's too thin and you'll need to up the amount you're feeding. If you can't see a waist at all, then decrease the amount of food.

How to Make Christmas Dog Treats

Your dog is your best friend, so why not give him some special treats for Christmas? Homemade dog treats for your canine companion are fun to make, and allow you to give your dog a treat that is tailor made to his particular tastes. Read on to learn how to make Christmas dog treats.

Instructions

Make the Cookies

    1

    Preheat your oven to 400 degrees. Lightly grease a cookie sheet or line it with parchment paper and set it aside.

    2

    Mix together the flour, brewer's yeast, wheat germ and salt in a medium sized bowl.

    3

    Combine the oil and garlic in another mixing bowl. Alternating, add 1 cup of the chicken stock and then 1 cup of the flour mixture. Mix well.

    4

    Place the finished mixture on a floured surface and knead by hand for two minutes. The dough should be sticky.

    5

    Roll the dough out until it is about 1/2 inch thick. Cut out festive Christmas shapes with your Christmas cookie cutters and place on the prepared cookie sheets.

Make the Icing

    6

    Melt the vanilla white chocolate chips and allow to cool slightly.

    7

    Add the vegetable oil and coloring to the melted chocolate. Remember to use festive Christmas colors.

    8

    Decorate your dog treats in a festive Christmas fashion and place them on waxed paper to dry.

Senin, 26 April 2010

How to Avoid Foods Poisonous to Pets

How to Avoid Foods Poisonous to Pets

If your pets nose around you at the dinner table, be wary of passing them food from your plate. Certain foods are known to be harmful to dogs and cats, resulting in illness and even death. Protect your pet's health by acquainting yourself with potentially poisonous foods .

Instructions

    1

    Do not feed chocolate to your pets. Exposure to substances in chocolate called methylxanthines can result in diarrhea, excess urination, nausea, seizures, irregular heartbeat or coma.

    2

    Keep pets away from avocados. All parts of the avocado can cause gastrointestinal irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, congestion, and fluid accumulation around the heart. Call a vet or poison hotline right away if your pet consumes avocado.

    3

    Avoid exposing your pet to macadamia nuts, which are often incorporated into baked goods. These nuts may cause weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors and hyperthermia in dogs.

    4

    Don't give raisins or grapes to your dog or cat. An unknown toxin in the grape's flesh causes kidney problems in pets. Vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite, lethargy or abdominal pain are possible symptoms.

    5

    Keep pets away from onion and garlic,which can poison cats and dogs through ingestion or skin exposure. This includes all stem, bulb, and flower parts. Exposure can cause gastrointestinal irritation and lead to red blood cell damage.

What Are the Benefits of the Raw Food Diet for Dogs?

What Are the Benefits of the Raw Food Diet for Dogs?

With the economy in an uproar, people are starting to pinch pennies and cut costs. Changing your dog's diet to a homemade raw diet has been shown to give many dogs better overall health. These days, many dog owners are making the switch due to an illness or health issue and noticing the cost per serving is much lower than for manufactured pet food. By preparing a raw food diet for your pet, you know exactly what your pet is eating and are not left to second guess ingredients that are listed on pet food bags. Preparing a raw food diet also allows you to base your meals in regards to certain health problems.

History

    The biologically appropriate raw food (BARF) diet has been around since Fido has been a family pet. In the early times of the settlers, dogs were just given table scraps that were left over from meals. In those days, dogs lived long lives unless they were plagued by a disease. It wasn't until about 70 years ago that commercial dog food became available.

Facts

    Every dog will react differently to the raw food diet, so it's best to start slowly. Incorporate raw foods with your dog's current dog food to allow the dogs's stomach to adjust. If you do a cold turkey switch, you put your dog at risk for potential stomach troubles. When in doubt, talk to your veterinarian to get another opinion. A word of caution: some veterinarians are for and some vets are against raw diets, so it could be beneficial to speak to more than one vet for a well-rounded opinion.

    There is a lot of information available on the Internet as well as a few books regarding dog health and the raw food diet. Dr. Ian Billingshurst wrote the book "The BARF Diet," and he is the common denominator in all the websites.

Benefits

    There are many benefits to feeding your dog a raw diet. Dry dog food causes tartar to build up on teeth. If you are a dog owner who does not brush his or her dog's teeth, this buildup can potentially cause gum disease and bad breath. With the raw food diet, tartar buildup is minimal, leaving the teeth whiter and healthier. Raw food also helps fight doggy breath.

    Fewer potty breaks are another benefit to the raw diet. A dog that has been placed on a raw food diet that works well for him or her will have smaller and less frequent stools. If the stools are too loose or soft, add more raw meaty bones, and if the stools are too hard, add more vegetables. The owners of dogs on the raw food diet love the fact that the dogs make fewer stains in the grass. A dog on a raw food diet has less concentrated urine, meaning no unsightly burned grass stains in the yard.

    If your dog suffers from hot spots on the skin, a raw food diet could be the answer. Giving your dog proper nutrition is a better way to eliminate these spots rather than pouring on more medication to be absorbed by the body.

    Dogs love water, and it is often hard to keep up with how much they want. Just like humans, dogs only require a minimal amount of water to stay hydrated. However, processed dog food is dry and dries out dogs' mouths, making them thirsty. And the more they drink, the more they have to go potty. With a raw food diet, they get an ample amount of moisture in their feedings, cutting down on the excess water consumption.

    You may not notice this, but some dogs bloat. When a human consumes an excessive amount of salt, the body retains water, and we bloat. The same is true for dogs because of the byproducts found in many commercially produced dog food. By switching to a raw food diet, you can eliminate this bloating problem, and that makes for a more comfortable and happy dog.

Potential

    The biggest potential aside from the benefits listed above is the end result of reversing a disease, bringing an ill dog back to a 100% good quality of life and knowing you have fed your dog the best your money can buy. For example, if your dog has a heart condition, feeding a raw food diet of mixed vegetables and the supplements L-carnitine and taurine could potentially reverse the damage.

What to Feed

    Chicken, beef, and pork can be fed two times a day. The amounts are left up to the owner by checking the dog's stools. Fish should be introduced as soon as possible and is required at least once a week. Organ meats should be fed to the dog at least three times a week. Dogs love eggs; feed them an egg at least three times a week. Yogurt and cottage cheese are excellent sources of vitamin C and calcium; feed your dog 4 Tbsp a week. Most owners like to break this up to 1 Tbsp per day.

    Vegetables should be introduced one at a time, and again, the amount should vary based on the softness of the stools. Try throwing all the fruit or vegetables in a blender; it might help your dog get used to vegetables because they have so many flavors and textures.

    Grains should also be added to your dog's diet. Barley flakes are good in the summer and spring, and rolled oats are better for cooler weather. Rice and pasta make a wonderful treat and supplement, even though they have to be cooked before feeding.

Basic Supplements

    Supplements are vital to your dog's health as well. Feeding your dog a raw food diet provides more of the nutrition the dog needs, but you still need to supplement a few things. Vitamin E pills and fish oil pills can be pierced and added to the food, and 1 tsp of olive oil can also be added. Vitamin C pills can be broken up into small pieces and hidden in the meat of the meal.

Warnings

    Your dog will get gas on the raw food diet, but this is only temporary. Try to endure it before you give up. This is just the body's way of adjusting.
    Food should be served at room temperature.
    Onions are known to cause anemia in dogs, so it's best to stay clear of them.
    Do not feed dogs fruits like oranges and grapefruits; the acids can harm sensitive stomachs.
    Dogs are just like humans when it comes to digestion. What one dog can handle may not be the same for another. Pay attention to your dog when he or she eats goes the bathroom. Stay away from anything the dog does not like or causes loose stools.
    Avoid giving your dog grapes and raisins. In some dogs, grapes and raisins are toxic, affecting the kidneys, and are just not worth the risk.
    Other things you should not feed your dog include fruit pits and seeds, nuts, potato peelings or green potatoes, rhubarb, broccoli in large amounts, green parts of tomatoes (like green potatoes and peels, these parts contain oxalates, which can affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems).
    Pay attention to your dog's breath. If it gets really bad, it could be a sign of liver problems and should be checked immediately.
    All meat is to be fed raw, so be careful to follow safe handling instructions.
    Do not feed your dog small bones because they can break into smaller pieces and can easily get lodged in the throat or intestines.

How to Make Garbanzo Bean Biscuits for Dogs

If your veterinarian says that your dog is sensitive or allergic to grain, it makes feeding your four-legged pal a bit more challenging, and finding suitable doggy treats even harder. However, just because your pooch can't eat grains doesn't mean he can't have some yummy dog biscuits made of garbanzo bean flour.

Instructions

    1

    Preheat the oven to 300 degrees F.

    2

    Put 2 lbs. of beef liver in a food processor or blender, and add 2 large eggs.

    3

    Transfer the mixture to a large mixing bowl and stir in 1 1/2 cups of garbanzo flour, 1/2 cup of grated cheddar cheese, 2 tsp. of chopped garlic and a sprig of chopped fresh parsley. Stir the mixture thoroughly with a wooden spoon.

    4

    Line a baking pan with aluminum foil and spread the garbanzo bean biscuit mixture in the pan.

    5

    Bake the garbanzo bean biscuits for 25 minutes and remove them from the oven to let them cool.

    6

    Peel the aluminum foil off the back of the biscuits and cut them into bite sized pieces.

    7

    Store the garbanzo bean dog biscuits in the refrigerator.

Minggu, 25 April 2010

Veterinarian List of Vegetables Good for Dogs

Veterinarian List of Vegetables Good for Dogs

Dogs do not solely need meat or bones to survive. For millions of years, dogs have needed a variety in their diet to be healthy and nothing has changed. Dogs should eat a variety of vegetables to get access to vitally important nutrients not founds in other food. Green, leafy vegetables are best and should form part of your dog's diet on a daily basis.

Broccoli

    Broccoli is often classified as a "super food" for humans, and is the same for dogs. The nutrients found in this popular vegetable, such as vitamin C, folic acid, calcium and fiber are central to a healthy dog. It is also claimed to contain several anti-cancer ingredients, which is important because cancer can affect dogs just as it does humans. It is best to cook the broccoli before giving it to your dog to aid digestion.

Spinach

    The high iron content in spinach makes it an excellent addition to your dog's diet. It also contains a high level of antioxidants and is extremely high in other nutrients. As with broccoli, spinach is rich in fiber and can add much needed roughage to your dog's diet. Try adding a small amount of spinach to your dog's usual food to get it used to the taste -- although they should like the taste just as much as any other type of food.

Celery

    The tangy taste of celery should be appealing to your dog, and it is rich in calcium, potassium, sodium, iron, and vitamins A, B and C. To make sure your dog gets as many nutrients as possible, alternate the vegetables you use on a daily basis. Celery can also be used as an alternative to fatty reward foods. Giving an overweight dog a stick of celery to chew on rather than a dog biscuit will be better for it in the long run.

Carrots

    Carrots contain vitamins B, C, D, E and K, as well as calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium and iron. Carrots can also help significantly improve eyesight. Ideally vegetables should make up 20 percent of your dog's daily food. Try mashing the carrots up or covering some in peanut butter to entice your dog to try it. Once they get use to them they should show no reluctance toward carrots or any other vegetable.

How to Make Homemade Dog Food in a Pressure Cooker

How to Make Homemade Dog Food in a Pressure Cooker

Feeding your dog can be one of the most challenging parts of pet ownership. There are countless varieties of commercial dog foods available, each one claiming to be the right one for your pet. So how do you make that difficult decision? Many pet owners avoid store-bought dog food altogether and make their own. The pressure-cooker method of preparing dog food might seem like a daunting task, but it's simple.

Instructions

    1

    Clean your pressure cooker thoroughly. Make sure you remove all traces of soap from it before cooking for your pet, as dish soap can make him ill.

    2

    Rinse your chickens well and place them in the bottom of your pressure cooker. The theory behind using a pressure cooker for your dog food is that it breaks down the bones of the bird, making them safe for your dog to ingest.

    3

    Scrub your potatoes and sweet potatoes to remove any remaining dirt, and set them on top of your chickens. You can poke a few holes in them with a fork to speed up cooking. Add 2 tbsp. chopped garlic after you've set your potatoes in.

    4

    Cover your potatoes with a layer of assorted vegetables. Broccoli, cauliflower, carrots and cabbage work well, since most dogs enjoy them and they are full of valuable nutrients. Be sure to avoid vegetables like onions, which are harmful to dogs.

    5

    Fill your pressure cooker 2/3 of the way full with water and tighten the lid. Turn the fire to medium and let your mixture cook for 2 1/2 to 3 hours. Let the pot cook and the pressure return to zero before trying to take your lid off.

    6

    Remove the top of your cooker and stir the mixture with a large spoon. Smash the chicken and vegetables with your masher until you break up the largest chunks, then wash your hands and smash the remaining bits with your fingers. Make sure you get the bones thoroughly mashed to avoid chewing troubles.

    7

    Turn the flame back on under your pot to medium, and wait for the mixture to boil. Stir in a large container of instant oats and allow the mixture to cook for another 15 minutes to combine.

    8

    Let the dog food cool, and pack it into individually sized containers. Small, resealable plastic tubs work well and can be frozen for feeding throughout the week.

Jumat, 23 April 2010

What Types of Food Do Dogs Need?

What Types of Food Do Dogs Need?

Your dog is a faithful companion who depends on you to provide the healthiest, happiest life possible. Although it might be tempting to feed your furry friend the same foods you enjoy, it's important to know the dietary needs of your dog. Like humans, dogs need a combination of nutrients to maintain good health. Talk to your veterinarian about your companion's nutritional needs.

Basic Nutrients

    Like humans, dogs need a combination of protein, carbohydrates and fat to stay healthy. Protein is necessary for growing and repairing tissues and organs, carbohydrates provide energy and fat helps your dog absorb vitamins. Animal and plant products can provide these three necessary nutrients, although animal products tend to provide more protein and fat. An adult dog's diet should consist of at least 18 percent protein and 5 percent fat, with carbohydrates making up the remaining percentage, according to PetEducation.com. The Association of American Feed Control Professionals must approve store-bought dog foods that claim to be complete or balanced foods.

Vitamins and Minerals

    Many vitamins and minerals are not produced in a dog's body, making it important that he consume these vital components in his food. Vitamins and minerals help support numerous functions within your dog, including keeping a healthy coat and skin and aiding in chemical processes in his body. Do not give your dog a vitamin or mineral supplement unless specifically instructed by a veterinarian. Overconsumption of vitamins can cause hypervitaminosis, which can lead to serious health complications.

Water

    While protein, carbohydrates, fat, vitamins and minerals are important, water is the most vital nutrient for keeping your dog healthy. According to the ASPCA, your adult dog's body is 60 to 70 percent water. A deficit of 10 percent of water intake can have serious health implications and might even be fatal. A dog will drink an adequate amount of water on his own, as long as he has access to it. Have clean, cool water available to your dog at all times.

Foods to Avoid

    Several foods that humans consume are considered toxic to dogs, including chocolate, onions, garlic, raisins and grapes. Caffeine should never be given to a dog because of its effect on the heart and nervous system. Additionally, raw meat and eggs should be avoided because these uncooked foods have the potential for bacteria, parasites and salmonella. Unless you are sure that a food will not harm your dog, the best practice is not to feed it to him. Instead, use a balanced or complete dog food, particularly one recommended by your pet's veterinarian.

Kamis, 22 April 2010

How to Improve a Dog's Health

How to Improve a Dog's Health

More and more dogs are getting sick these days. Dogs are getting diabetes, cancer, allergies and a whole host of other debilitating diseases. There are simple, low-cost steps that anyone can take to improve their dog's health. I will go over some in this article.

Instructions

    1

    Take a good look at what you're feeding your dog. Not all dog foods are created equal. Some dog foods are really good and some are really bad.

    2

    Check the dog food labels to see what exactly the food is made of. It's important to understand that your dog eats the same food day after day. Some dog food is loaded with chemical preservatives, dyes, article colors and fillers. Not an extremely healthy diet for your dog.

    3

    Check Resources below to find a list of websites that can give you more information on providing your dog with a healthy diet. The sites listed are a guideline to help you. Education is the key to finding a good diet for your dog.

    4

    Provide your dog with clean, fresh water. Some tap water is loaded with toxins and can harm your dog's health.

    5

    Provide your dog with a sufficient amount of exercise; when it comes to improving your dog's health, exercise is a must. Before engaging in any strenuous exercise though, get a complete checkup from your vet.

    6

    Provide your dog with plenty of mental stimulation. Dogs are extremely social animals and need to interact with people and other dogs. By giving your dog some exercise and mental stimulation you can greatly improve your dog's health.

    7

    Supplement your dog's food. If you feed dog food from a bag or can your dog will likely be deficient in some vitamins and enzymes. I recommend a supplement called Barley Dog. There are a lot of supplements on the market and you may have to do some research to find out what your dog needs.

Rabu, 21 April 2010

How Many Calories Should Puppies Have?

How Many Calories Should Puppies Have?

    A puppy's calorie needs will vary based on breed and activity level.
    A puppy's calorie needs will vary based on breed and activity level.

Breed Differences

    It's difficult to give an exact caloric value, as growth rates and activity levels differ greatly among puppies of different breeds. According to the Phouka Dog Pages, tracking a puppy's age against its weight in a calorie chart is a good starting point.

Other Sources of Calories

    Don't forget about treats or table food scraps. Giving any of those to a puppy will add to its daily caloric intake. Not adjusting for these extra calories could lead to a chubby puppy, and potential obesity problems in the future.

Bottom Line

    There's no clear-cut value that determines the number of calories a particular puppy needs in a day. It's best to use a calorie chart or the feeding guidelines printed on the labels of puppy foods, or consult your veterinarian.

How to Make Your Own Homemade Dog Treats

How to Make Your Own Homemade Dog Treats

Baking for your four-footed friend is not any harder than baking for yourself or your kids. All it takes is a little imagination, some time and a few very basic ingredients. Be aware of any food allergies your pet (or the pet for whom you are baking) may have. Homemade dog treats make great gifts for that "friend who has everything" because it shows you are fond enough of their puppy to put some time and effort into the gift.

Instructions

Basic Dog Biscuits

    1

    Assemble your ingredients and supplies. For basic dog biscuits, you should have:

    3 cups wheat flour
    2 teaspoons dry yeast
    1 beaten egg
    1 1/2 cups of broth (chicken, beef or vegetable, your choice)
    1/2 cup warm water

    2

    Preheat your oven to 350 degrees. Dissolve the yeast in the warm water, then add the beaten egg and the broth. If you want to add any special flavoring, such as garlic, peanut butter or carob, now is the time to do so. Gradually add the flour, mixing it in until you have a firm dough.

    3

    Turn the dough onto a floured surface and knead until it is smooth. If you are using a rolling pin and cookie cutters, roll the dough onto the floured surface and roll about 1/2-inch thick (use a little olive oil to stop the rolling pin from sticking). Using a cookie cutter, or the rim of a glass for uniformity, cut out each biscuit. If you are not using a cookie cutter, break off uniform pieces of the dough and drop them onto an ungreased cookie sheet. Place the cookies in the oven for 30 minutes. Turn the oven off and allow the cookies to stay in the oven overnight so they become crunchy.

    This is a very basic recipe. You can add can pumpkin, carob flavoring, peanut butter, garlic flakes, canned or cut-up apples, cheese or any other dog-friendly combination of foods and flavors. These biscuits should be kept in the refrigerator for up to two weeks.

Frozen Treats

    4

    Combine overripe bananas, yogurt and any flavoring such as canned pumpkin, bits of canned dog food or peanut butter. Simply add a cup of creamy or crunchy peanut butter to two overripe bananas and a 32-ounce container of yogurt. You can use plain or vanilla-flavored yogurt.

    5

    Mix well and pour the mixture into 3-ounce paper cups. Place the paper cups in the freezer until hardened.

    You also can use beef or chicken broth to make popsicles.

    6

    To feed it to your dog, simply tear off the paper cups and place the frozen treat in your dog's bowl.

Birthday Cake

    7

    Treat your dog on her birthday by baking a birthday treat she will love!

    Ingredients:

    1 cup flour (white or whole wheat)
    1 tsp. baking soda
    1/4 cup of peanut butter, canned pumpkin or canned dog food
    1/4 cup of vegetable oil
    1 cup shredded carrots, zucchini, mashed banana or apples
    1 egg

    8

    Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Mix dry ingredients, then add the remaining ingredients. Beat until smooth, then pour into a greased bundt cake pan or ring mold. Bake until toothpick comes out clean, about 30 to 40 minutes.

    9

    Frost when cool using a frosting made of cream or cottage cheese mixed with carob, banana or peanut butter. Simply bring cream or cottage cheese to room temperature and add the bananas, carob or peanut butter until the mixture is spreadable. If desired, add a few drops of food coloring for an extra-special surprise. Use regular tube-gel to write the dog's name, if desired.

Selasa, 20 April 2010

Raw Diet Vs. Dog Food

There is much debate over the raw foods diet. Many people believe raw food is better for dogs than commercially prepared dog food, though others believe dogs fed raw food are at risk for bacterial diseases and parasites. A raw food diet is one consisting entirely of raw meat, raw bones and raw fruits and vegetables. Some people refer to the raw food diet as the BARF diet, which stands for "bones and raw food."

Raw Food Advantages

    Those who feed dogs raw food believe they are receiving more nutrients. The diet is believed to be closer to what wild dogs eat and can help solve chronic health problems. Chewing on bones is good for dogs' dental health.

Raw Food Disadvantages

    Meat bought at supermarkets may be contaminated with bacteria and parasites, which domesticated dogs may be less immune to than wild dogs. Also, some believe the digestive systems of pet dogs have developed differently than that of wild dogs. Raw diets can also be expensive and require a lot of preparation.

Commercial Dog Food Advantages

    Dogs fed dry food may receive more consistent nutrition and servings, and it is easier to cut back on rations for overweight dogs. Dry food is also less expensive than some raw food options.

Commercial Dog Food Disadvantages

    Researchers are unsure how the extruding process affects the nutrition in dry dog food. Commercial dog foods also contain preservatives and additives.

Raw Food Options

    If you are avoiding raw food diets because of the preparation it entails, you may be interested in the prepackaged raw food options now available. These are available as frozen or dehydrated foods.

The Best Foods for 6-Week-Old Puppies

The Best Foods for 6-Week-Old Puppies

What you feed a dog during its formative years is important. At six weeks, a puppy should be eating small meals four to six times a day, and is probably still with its mother. As a puppy grows, its caloric requirements escalate rapidly. Consult your veterinarian for specific feeding information for your puppy's size and breed; also check a pet food manufacturer's instructions.

Mother's Milk

    For the first six weeks of a dog's life, it should feed, ideally, entirely on its mother's milk, according to the Dog Breed Info Center. This diet provides the puppy with the adequate nutrients and antibodies it needs to grow and develop its immune system. The Info Center advises that a puppy should not be taken away from its mother, and its mother's milk diet, for at least eight weeks. Six weeks is the youngest that a puppy should start to be weaned off its mother's milk.

Puppy Food Formula

    Serve puppy food formula in a bottle at room temperature. Make sure to give the puppy less than it wants to actually drink. Also, check the formula for lots of protein, vitamin D, and essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, and iron. According to pet food company Purina, switching to dry food too quickly can harm a puppy's newly developing immune system.

Dry Food

    Later on in a puppy's life, eating crunchy, solid food can help it strengthen its teeth; however, for a very young puppy, you'll still want to mash up the dry food and add a bit of water or formula to make it into a gruel-like substance. Dog Breed Info recommends a ratio of 3 parts food to 1 part liquid.

Puppy Treats

    You can purchase treats specifically for puppies, which are chock-full of nutrients to encourage healthy growth. Please note that these are the only treats you should feed your puppy, as table scraps can be harmful to puppies. In general, do not feed a dog chocolate, onions, grapes, or raisins, as these can be toxic to your dog.

Homemade Dog Food Diets for Renal Failure

Homemade Dog Food Diets for Renal Failure

Canine renal failure is a serious condition that happens when a dog's kidneys lose the ability to remove waste from the blood. It most typically occurs in older dogs as their kidneys simply wear out after years of use. A dog suffering from renal failure may experience diarrhea, vomiting, depression and even appetite loss. There are many methods of treatment and management of this disease, including dietary management.

Dietary Management of Renal Failure

    Any treatment of canine renal failure is focused on improving your dog's quality of life and prolonging your dog's life. Your veterinarian may prescribe a special diet in order to do both of those things. Your dog's kidneys are basically filters. A special diet for your dog removes as much of the extra waste from the food as possible, therefore relieving the kidneys from the work of removing said waste. This aids in making your dog more comfortable and helps your dog feel better. As some dogs experience severe weight loss due to loss of appetite, these diets are also formulated to stimulate your dog's appetite to encourage food intake and weight gain. You can purchase commercially prepared foods for canine renal failure, but you may prefer to prepare the diet for your dog yourself.

Important Ingredients

    When preparing homemade renal failure diets for your dog, there are ingredients that are important to avoid as well as key ingredients you need to include. There is an age-old argument that protein must be restricted in a canine renal failure diet, but it is actually important for your dog to eat protein. What you want to limit is your dog's intake of phosphorus, which weakens your dog when it accumulates in the blood. The problem is that phosphorus is a by-product of protein digestion, so you must choose a protein source with a low phosphorus level. You also need to limit sodium intake. Ingredients to include besides protein are fiber, fatty acids, B vitamins and calcium.

Sample Diets

    Very lean meat can be used in small amounts to make a meal for your dog. Combine 1/4 cup cooked lean hamburger or chicken, 3 cups of cooked potato (with skin), 1 tbsp. of chicken fat, 500 mg of vitamin C, 1 tbsp. of minced parsley, 1/2 tsp. of calcium powder and a veterinarian-recommended canine multivitamin. Mix thoroughly and serve at room temperature. Eggs are a complete protein with the lowest phosphorus level, making them perfect for a renal failure diet. Combine 1 scrambled egg (or use 1 chopped hard-boiled egg), 3 cups of cooked potato with skin, 1 tbsp. of chicken fat (or a fish oil capsule), 1/2 tsp. of calcium powder, 500 mg. of vitamin C, 1 tbsp. of minced parsley and a veterinarian -recommended multivitamin. Again, mix thoroughly and serve at room temperature.

Senin, 19 April 2010

How to Feed a Puppy With a Sensitive Stomach

How to Feed a Puppy With a Sensitive Stomach

Some puppies have difficulty adjusting to solid foods after weaning. Others have a food intolerance for preservatives, dyes and contaminants. Some puppies eat their food too fast, causing indigestion, while others may simply be reacting to stressful environments. Much like adults, puppies will show signs that they are having difficulty digesting meals. Vomiting, grass eating, diarrhea, a loss of appetite and a lack of energy are signs that a puppy has a sensitive stomach. If symptoms persist or get worse, seek the help of a veterinarian.

Instructions

    1

    Stop feeding the puppy the food that made it sick. If the puppy receives multiple food types, identify which food caused the problem, and eliminate it from any future meal.

    2

    Deduce which food makes your dog sick by eliminating a food item each meal until the dog no longer has a reaction.

    3

    Allow the dog to consume water but no food for 12 hours. Observe the puppy to ensure it doesn't eat.

    4

    Give the dog an oral re-hydration supplement such as Pedialyte to ensure that it doesn't lose too much water during its fast.

    5

    Give the puppy a spoonful of yogurt. Yogurt has bacteria that are beneficial to restoring healthy digestion.

    6

    Add meat, preferably boiled chicken without the skin, to a rice mixture. Observe whether the puppy continues to have symptoms of an upset stomach. If not, it is ready to eat more solid foods.

    7

    Give the puppy three or four smaller meals as opposed to larger ones. Try mixing water to further soften the food until the puppy no longer has symptoms.

    8

    Reintroduce regular diet.

Cruelty Free Pet Foods

Cruelty Free Pet Foods

Many pet food companies test their products on animals. These animals are often confined in small areas and not given appropriate health care or socialization. The end products that are fed to your pet often contain parts from diseased, dead or dying animals. Hormones and chemicals that are dangerous for pet consumption are prevalent in many pet foods. Feeding your pet a diet of cruelty-free pet foods is healthier for them and does not involve animal testing.

Cruelty-free

    Pet foods considered cruelty-free by PETA are foods that do not involve animal testing in laboratories. There are healthy alternatives to these tests, such as in-home testing where the test animal lives with a family and has a normal life. Some cruelty-free pet food companies are Active Life Pet Products, Bravo Raw Diet, Evanger's Dog and Cat Food Co., Feline Pride, Halo Pet Foods, Newman's Own Organics, Raw Advantage and Veterinary Nutritional Formula.

Entirely Vegan

    Vegan pet foods can provide pets with the nutritional content they need while avoiding all animal products. Even dogs and cats, who naturally consume meat in their diets, can live healthy lives when provided with vegan foods and nutritional supplements. PETA states that diets containing meat products have been shown to have negative health effects on animals, just like humans. Some vegan pet food companies are Evolution Diet, Natural Life Pet Products, Nature's Recipe and Pet Guard.

Low-cruelty Options

    Some companies do not pass PETA's standards for cruelty-free. However, they may still provide a healthier environment for test animals than other companies. Purina is a pet food company that provides social interaction and health care to its test animals. Purina adopts out all of its test animals once they have aged out of the program. Weruva is a company that does not test on animals, but their meat does not come from cruelty-free sources according to PETA.

Vegetarian Options

    Companies that make pet food containing meat sometimes also offer vegetarian or vegan products. These products are kept separate from those containing meat. When switching your pet to a vegan diet, sticking with the same company that your pet is used to may assist it in the transition. Companies with vegan options include Natural Balance Pet Foods, Natural Life Pet Products, Inc., Newman's Own Organics, PetGuard, Want a Cookie? and Wysong Professional Diets.

How to Make Homemade Rawhide Bones

Rawhide bones are a popular treat for dogs. A rawhide treat is made from the inner layer of skin from a butchered animal, usually beef. The problem with commercially prepared rawhide treats is the way they are processed. Commercial processors use highly caustic chemicals like lye and lime treat the rawhide. You can make rawhide treats in you own kitchen without the use of harmful chemicals.

Instructions

    1

    Visit a slaughterhouse and ask for a prepared piece of rawhide. A prepared piece will have the tough outer layer of skin and hair removed. A piece that is 1 square foot will make 24 small treats or 12 large treats.

    2

    Lay the rawhide on a flat surface. Use your hide scraper or spoon to scrape all the excess fat and flesh off the hide to ensure proper drying. Use a lot of pressure and scrape the hide until no more flesh will come off.

    3

    Rinse the hide thoroughly under fresh running water. Ring the excess water out of the hide by twisting it as you would a washcloth. Do not be afraid of tearing the hide. It is very tough and pliable.

    4

    Lay the hide out on your cutting board. To make 24 small treats, first cut the hide in half. Then cut each half into 1-inch strips. You can cut the hide into larger or smaller strips depending on the size of bones you want to make. Keep in mind the strips will shrink by a third during the drying process.

    5

    Tie a knot in both ends of each strip to make a bone shape.

    6

    Place the pieces of hide into your dehydrator. The drying process takes anywhere between 24 and 48 hours, depending on the size and thickness of your bones. Bones are done when they are stiff and hard to bend.

    7

    Make flavored rawhide treats by placing the dried bones in beef or chicken broth. Let them soak for no more than six hours or the bones will become too soft.

    8

    Remove the bones from the broth and return them to the dehydrator. Dehydrate for another 12 hours.

How to Buy Dog Food at a Wholesale Club

How to Buy Dog Food at a Wholesale Club

Dog food is an expense that can be substantially decreased by buying in bulk. Buying dog food at a small chain or grocery store can get costly. Bigger dogs, especially, require a large amount of food, so consider purchasing it at a wholesale club that requires exclusive membership. Buying in bulk allows for a discounted price and less trips to the store.

Instructions

    1

    Go to your local wholesale club and go to the customer service desk. Sign up for a membership, which will allow you to buy items inside the store. You may be given a coupon booklet to let you know which items currently qualify for coupon discounts.

    2

    Grab a shopping cart or flatbed, as dog food bags are extremely large and heavy. Locate the pet section inside the store.

    3

    Search for your dog's usual food. Look for coupons for the brand you are buying to save even more on your bulk purchase.

    4

    Load the dog food into the cart or onto the flatbed. If help is needed, ask an employee. Some wholesale clubs offer a larger discount if more multiple units are purchased. Ask about these extra discounts.

    5

    Bring the merchandise to the cash register and present the cashier with your membership card. Give the cashier all coupons relevant to the purchase.

Minggu, 18 April 2010

What Are People Feeding Their Golden Retrievers?

What Are People Feeding Their Golden Retrievers?

In the United States, the golden retriever is the fifth most popular breed of dog registered with the American Kennel Club. This common breed makes a friendly and loyal pet, a useful aid on the hunt, and an excellent service dog. Found in a wide variety of situations, there is likely no one ideal food for this dog, and people offer them a variety of diets. However, adequate nutrition helps a golden retriever thrive and keep its long coat soft and shiny.

Poor-quality Foods

    A sad fact of life is that many owners feed their dogs low-quality foods, full of grains and fillers. Poor-quality foods contain less meat, and may have artificial flavorants. Brands found at discount and grocery stores are rarely appropriate feed, though they are cheap and commonly available. While the dog will eat the food with gusto, its coat and health may suffer as a result. Golden retrievers are quite sensitive and can get itchy skin when fed poor-quality foods.

Wet Foods

    Meat should be the primary ingredient. Preferably, the ingredients list should mention what type of animal the meat came from. Avoid products that contain unidentified byproducts, as there is little way of judging the source and quality of these ingredients. Some dogs do well on wet, canned food and enjoy its texture. Canned food may suit older dogs who are less able to chew on hard kibble, or dogs with tooth and jaw problems.

Dry Foods

    A wide variety of kibbles stock store shelves around the country, and are very popular because of how easy they are to feed and serve. A high-quality kibble has meat among the very first ingredients. Any grains are whole grains, though fruits and vegetables are preferable to grain content when picking a food. While a variety of good quality foods are available, no one food is perfect for every golden retriever. Some dogs have allergies and sensitivities, thus their owners choose foods that alleviate these issues.

Raw Foods

    Some dogs thrive on a diet composed primarily of raw meat, with occasional treats of fatty fish to help keep their coats glossy. Advocates of this diet recommend raw, meaty bones so the dog has access to both flesh and marrow. Often, the diet is supplemented with fresh greens and vegetables, as well, to offer a wider variety of nutrients, though this is not always the case.

Supplementation

    Because of their skin problems and long fur, some owners supplement their golden retriever's diet with an essential fatty acid supplement. Fish oil is common, though some owners simply add fatty fish to their dog's diet. Other supplements are generally on a case-by-case basis, and should be discussed with a vet to determine its necessity.

Kamis, 15 April 2010

How to Feed a Boxer Mastiff

How to Feed a Boxer Mastiff

Feeding a large boxer mastiff is a big responsibility on the part of an owner. Check with your veterinarian to make sure you feed your dog the appropriate dog food brand and an amount to best suit your dog's specific needs. Establishing a consistent feeding routine is key to keeping your boxer mastiff well-fed and healthy. By following the guidelines regarding your dog's weight and breed, you can relax knowing that you are feeding your pooch appropriately.

Instructions

    1

    Select the type of dog food to feed your boxer mastiff. Make the choice with the help of your veterinarian, who can advise you on which brand is best and if you should use dry or wet food.

    2

    Feed your boxer mastiff three to four times daily if your dog is between six and eight weeks old. You should not get your dog before then, as it needs nutrition from its mother. Follow the directions on the bag of food you have selected for the correct feeding amount.

    3

    Feed your dog twice daily after he has reached the age of eight weeks. This should continue for the remainder of your dog's life unless your veterinarian suggests a change. Schedule breakfast and lunch feedings, unless your schedule requires you to do otherwise. Feed your dog at the same times each day.

    4

    Feed your dog five to eight cups of dry food twice daily once your boxer mastiff has reached 75 pounds or more. Your other option is to mix your dog two cans of wet food with 2.5 to 5.25 cups of dry food twice daily.

How To Make a Dog Feeder

How To Make a Dog Feeder

If you're away for most of the day or have a dog that's constantly begging for its food bowl to be filled, an automatic feeder is just what you need. Store-bought automatic feeders can be costly to purchase. Luckily, with a few simple things you have around your house, you can make a feeder of your own that will automatically dispense more food for your dog as it continues to eat.

Instructions

    1

    Wash out the 2-liter bottle and remove any plastic labeling. Make a diagonal cut in the top of the bottle, leaving a 1-inch slit near the top.

    2

    Fill the bottle with dog food, taking care not to fill it past the opening you have just cut.

    3

    Turn the 2-liter bottle upside down into the tray. The food will pour out, forming a pile that will support the bottle in this position.

Homemade Dog Food for Calcium Oxalate Stones

Calcium oxalate stones are small, rock-like accretions that occur in the kidneys; they're often referred to as kidney stones. Just like humans, dogs can develop such stones. Although stones that are already present must be removed surgically, there are ways of preventing further stones by feeding your dog a carefully balanced, homemade diet.

Safe Foods for Dogs with Stones

    Veterinarian Wendy C. Brooks says safe foods for dogs prone to developing calcium oxalate stones include plain chicken and turkey, rice, eggs, peas, pasta, white potatoes, cabbage, bananas, melon, squash (including pumpkin) and cauliflower. You can combine these ingredients in many ways to create a nutritious diet for your dog. Each meal should contain 30 percent protein, 20 percent carbohydrates and 50 percent vegetables.

Typical Recipe

    A typical recipe to achieve the recommend balance would be 1 cup boiled poultry, chopped; cup cooked brown rice; cup boiled mixed vegetables; and 3 to 4 tablespoons unsalted chicken broth, to give your dog some additional liquids. These elements can be cooked together or combined after cooking; you can serve the food warm or cool to your dog. This recipe makes approximately 2 cups of food.

Making Food in Batches

    You can make large batches of homemade dog food. Simply multiply the ingredients for the recipe by the amount of food you want to make (as measured in cups) and store the food in the refrigerator until you are ready to feed it to your dog.

Water and Broth

    Make sure your dog's diet also includes plenty of water. Keep your pet's water bowl fresh and filled at all times. If she does not drink much water, try giving her small portions of unsalted chicken or turkey broth---she may prefer the taste. Pour about cup of broth at a time into a clean bowl.

Selasa, 13 April 2010

How to Make a Boxer Dog Gain Weight

How to Make a Boxer Dog Gain Weight

A healthy dog at a normal weight appears lean with an abdominal tuck when viewed from the side, a slight hourglass shape when viewed from above, and ribs that can be felt but not obviously seen. If your boxer is underweight, the first step you should take is to visit your veterinarian to make sure that his low body weight isn't caused by internal parasites or any other injury or illness. Once your dog has received a clean bill of health, you will need to work on increasing his weight to a healthy range for his age and breed.

Instructions

    1

    Decide on a goal weight for your dog. The average weight of an adult Boxer is 65 to 80 lbs. for a male and 55 to 65 lbs. for a female, but your veterinarian can help you determine a more precise goal based on your dog's age, size and activity level.

    2

    Select a high-quality dog food; foods of lesser quality can be more difficult for the dog to digest and often create more waste. It is worth spending extra money on highly nutritional food because it will help the dog to gain weight faster and maintain good health throughout his life.

    3

    Add 20 to 50 percent more food to your dog's bowl than you normally would at mealtimes. The dog may not eat all of the food at once, but most dogs will come back to eat more later on and will finish all of the food in the bowl before it's time for the next meal. Lavish praise on your dog for eating all of his food, so he will feel encouraged to always finish everything that's in his bowl.

    4

    Make a batch of Satin Balls, which are a high-calorie treat often used to help malnourished rescue dogs gain weight. They are essentially raw meatballs containing oats, wheat germ, molasses, and egg yolks. You can make a large batch of these balls and freeze them in plastic bags, then take a few out to thaw and feed to your Boxer each day.

    5

    Ask your veterinarian for recommendations of any specific nutritional supplements that he thinks may be helpful to your boxer. Since he knows your dog and understands its individual health issues and requirements, he may be able to give you additional tips that will help get your dog up to a healthy weight.

Senin, 12 April 2010

Why Does a Dog Burp After He Eats His Food?

Why Does a Dog Burp After He Eats His Food?

Too Much Air

    A dog burps for the same reason that you burp--air in his stomach that doesn't belong there. The only way to get rid of the air is to let it back out through the mouth. The typical "burp" sound comes from the air bursting out of the top of the esophagus.

Slow Down

    Most dogs (and most humans) accumulate air in their stomachs by eating or drinking too fast. Dogs often scarf their food, and they can swallow significant amounts of air while they are trying to get as much food as possible into their stomach at once. This also happens when a dog is thirsty--lapping with the tongue lends itself to swallowing air, but when the dog is drinking as if his life depended on it, he's going to get a lot of air along with the water.

What To Do

    There are some things that you can do to prevent your dog from burping or at least make it less common. Give him only small amounts of food or water at a time. Train him to eat slowly and to be patient when waiting for his food. If he is already worked up by the time he gets his food, he will be more likely to scarf it.

Bloat

    Most burping is perfectly normal, but if your dog has a history of digestive problems such as bloating, or if you have recently switched foods, excessive burping should be checked out by a veterinarian. Your pet may be having a reaction to his new food, or there may be some other health issue that needs to be corrected.

Minggu, 11 April 2010

How to Switch a Dog to a Raw Diet

Switch your dog to a raw diet when he develops allergies to normal kibble, said Monica Segal, author of "Optimal Nutrition, Raw and Cooked Canine Diets: The Next Level." However, Segal does not recommend a raw diet for dogs that are seriously ill or those that have immune problems. For dogs that are in good health, a raw diet is considered to be a healthy option.



There are two main methods to switch a dog to a raw diet. Owners must consider their own dog's likes and dislikes as well as their overall health before deciding which method is best.

Instructions

    1

    Mix a small amount of raw food in with the dog's kibble at every meal. While this gradual method is slower, it is the option that most owners choose. Continue mixing in the same amount for a period of two to four weeks.

    2

    Replace one kibble meal per day with a one small raw meal. After the dog has adapted, begin feeding him one raw meal per day. This stage should last for another two to four weeks.

    3

    Monitor the dog's intestinal status. Some dogs may experience intestinal discomfort when switching diets. If they experience problems, owners may want to reduce the amount of raw food until the dog becomes accustomed to it.

    4

    Reduce the amount of kibble and increase the amount of raw food in each meal. This will gradually accustom the dog to greater quantities of raw food. This is phase two of the switch and should last two to four weeks.

    5

    Complete the switch. After phase two is complete, the dog can be switched to a 100 percent raw food diet. It is important to monitor their intestinal reaction. If they appear to be handling the raw food diet well, there is no reason not to continue feeding it to your dog.

Sabtu, 10 April 2010

What Are the Ingredients for No-Flea Dog Biscuits?

What Are the Ingredients for No-Flea Dog Biscuits?

Homemade no-flea dog biscuits are easy and inexpensive treats you can make in large batches for your dog. First combine the dry ingredients in a large bowl, then alternate adding the oil and stock. Stir until the mixture forms a dough and roll the dough out into 1/4-inch thickness. Use cookie cutters to cut the dough into whatever shape you desire, then bake on a greased cookie sheet at 400 degrees F for 18 minutes. Let the biscuits cool, then store in an airtight container.

2 Cups Flour

    You can use white or whole wheat flour, but whole wheat flour is an excellent source of fiber. White flours have usually been bleached with chemicals, and the majority of the nutrients are stripped away.

1/2 Cup Wheat Germ

    Wheat germ is very high in both B vitamins and vitamin E. Each of these vitamins helps your dog maintain a healthy coat. If your dog has been dealing with fleas for a while, his coat and skin are likely in need of a vitamin boost from wheat germ. Wheat germ is also high in fiber.

1/2 Cup Brewer's Yeast

    Brewer's yeast is a useful flea repellent and it is also high in B vitamins. You can use nutritional yeast instead of brewer's yeast, but don't use baking yeast, which is completely different. Baking yeast does not have the same flea repellent properties.

1 Cup Beef or Chicken Stock

    You can use prepared beef or chicken stock, but the healthier option is to make your own. Canned or jarred stocks contain high levels of sodium that your dog is better off without.

3 Tbsp. Vegetable Oil

    Vegetable oils are good for your dog's skin and coat. You can also use olive oil for the same reason.

1/2 Tsp. Garlic Salt or Garlic Powder

    Fleas hate garlic. You can sprinkle garlic powder on your dog's food as an additional repellent. You can use either garlic salt or garlic powder, but the powder is a better choice especially if you use a canned stock.

How Many Times a Day Should You Feed a Large-Breed Dog?

How Many Times a Day Should You Feed a Large-Breed Dog?

    Large-breed dogs have high nutrient needs.
    Large-breed dogs have high nutrient needs.

General Guideline

    A general guideline, according to canine nutritional consultant Linda Arndt, is to feed large-breed dogs older than 6 months twice per day. This ensures they aren't getting too many calories all at once, and helps to prevent disrupted growth patterns.

It's All About Nutrition

    More important than the number of feedings is to ensure that the dog is getting all the nutrients it requires each day. This is especially important for large-breed dogs, who grow rapidly and are prone to bone and joint issues from putting on weight faster than their skeleton can grow to keep up with. Large-breed dog foods are formulated to provide the correct nutrient balance for proper growth and development.

Bottom Line

    General consensus suggests feeding a large-breed dog twice per day. Always make sure to split the total recommended feeding amount on the food bag or can into the number of times the dog is being fed. This will ensure the dog is meeting all of it's nutrient needs.

Rabu, 07 April 2010

How to Cook Homemade Dog Food

How to Cook Homemade Dog Food

Whether you have a picky dog, or you just prefer to make your own dog food, there are many benefits to homemade dog food. When you make homemade dog food chances are you are using better ingredients and you have more control over what goes into your dog's food. This makes homemade dog food ideal for dogs with digestive issues, allergies and other health problems. Plus, your dog will be happy with the fresher food you are offering him.

Instructions

    1

    Debone and cut 1 pound of meat into bite sized chunks. You can use beef, chicken, liver or fish. If your dog has digestive sensitivities or allergies try lamb or duck, salmon or whitefish.

    2

    Pour one can of sodium free vegetable broth into a small stock pot. Add cubed meat. Place on the stovetop, bring contents to a boil and reduce heat to low. Cover the pot and allow contents to simmer for 5 to 7 hours.

    3

    Place 1/2 cup of uncooked brown rice into your stock pot with the meat and broth. Bring contents to a boil again. Reduce heat to low and put the lid on the pot, leave on low heat until rice is cooked.

    4

    Remove the stock pot from heat once the rice is cooked. Place two small jars of baby food vegetables into the stock pot once the contents have cooled. Sweet potatoes, peas, carrots and green beans are good picks for dog food. Avoid corn and broccoli because they can cause digestive upset in some dogs.

    5

    Mix in 2 tbsp. of plain unsweetened yogurt. Mix all the contents of the pot until they are well-blended.

    6

    Store food in plastic food storage containers. Pre-measure serving sizes and store 2 to 3 days each in one container. Freeze all servings that will not be used in 2 to 3 days. Defrost as needed. Add a daily dose of powdered dog vitamin to each bowl of food when you prepare it, or give your dog a chewable multivitamin separately each day.

Selasa, 06 April 2010

What to Feed Dogs to Raise Their PH Levels?

What to Feed Dogs to Raise Their PH Levels?

Canine diets in the wild consist of raw meat, much of it not fresh and full of live bacteria, and chyme, partially digested plant matter in the stomachs of animals lower on the food chain. Problems occur when pets are fed denatured foods. Dogs have a normal urinary pH of 7. Some systemic diseases are associated with too-acidic (low) pH. Feeding more plant matter raises pH.

Test pH Levels Regularly

    It is important to know if dietary changes are effective. Urinary pH may change from day to day. A veterinarian can test urine pH or recommend supplies for home testing.

Cranberry

    The quickest way to increase urine pH is to force-feed cranberry juice with an eyedropper or syringe. Use pure unsweetened cranberry from a health food store. One milliliter per pound of body weight once a day is a good place to start. The dose can be reduced by half after one week. Any is better than none, but it must be given regularly to be effective. Buffered Vitamin C with bioflavonoids may be more palatable to some dogs. Consult a veterinarian for dosage information.

Green Meat Option

    A natural diet will balance pH. Taking a dog completely off commercial dog foods is easy if raw meat, including bones and organ meat, is substituted. Mix shredded spinach, romaine, kale or powdered spirulina in the meat. Experiment with amounts, since the pet may be willing to take only a little green food at first. Add enzyme powders, probiotics and omega-3 rich fish oils or flax seeds. Don't worry about spoilage. Dogs love the smell, and their digestive systems are geared for it. Be sure to use safe handling practices so that humans don't get sick, however.

Vegetarian Option

    If a raw meat diet is too distasteful, urinary pH in dogs can be raised with a vegetarian diet, although it is more challenging. Including eggs and fish and a milk-based, lactose-free protein supplement powder add essential amino acids. A change of 50 percent and then 75 percent within a few days will help the pet adjust to new foods. Brewer's yeast is flavorful and an important source of B vitamins. Many dogs will adapt to pureed vegetables, added first to their commercial dog food and then mixed with whole, uncooked oats or brown rice. Most dogs do not like celery, but many enjoy fresh peas and carrots, cucumbers, hearts of romaine, cabbage stumps, red bell peppers and apples. Many dogs also eat coconut and dried fruits such as dates. Soaked sprouted grains and olive oil add nutrients; reduce oil if the dog gets diarrhea. Feed vegetarian dogs only two meals a day to ensure optimum digestion. Avoid soy and potatoes, as both are indigestible for many dogs. Do not feed large amounts of nuts, and never feed roasted nuts.

Senin, 05 April 2010

Omega-3 Fish Oils for Dogs

Advantages of omega-3 fatty acids in our diet are becoming common knowledge. Supplements are available to provide this essential fish oil to our diet when we cannot eat the kinds of food that provide it naturally. The canine diet must also have omega-3 essential fatty acids to ensure a long and healthy life for your beloved pet.

Sources of Omega-3

    Omega-3 fatty acids are an essential part of your dog's healthy diet. Most commercial dog foods do not contain the correct balance of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. Plants and cold-water fish are good sources of omega-3 oils to add to your dog's diet. It is always best to include the natural source for these oils to your dog's diet such as cod and tuna, but supplements are available that can help ensure that your dog gets the appropriate nutrients every day. Tuna, cod, salmon are good fish sources for omega-3 fish oils and flax oil is a plant source that can be used as well.
    Fish-oil supplements or oils can be added to your dog's food to supplement the nutrition in commercial dog food.

Supplements

    Supplements are available that are specifically made for dogs. There are also products that are made for dogs that can be added to dog food.
    Omega-3 fish oils can help with a variety of conditions that your dog may be suffering from such as dry coat and skin, inflammation and autoimmune system. The various supplements that are on the market for dogs have different ratios of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. You may have to experiment with various brands of supplements to find the one that is right for your pet.
    Discuss supplementation with your veterinarian to find the one that is right for your dog and its particular condition.

Storing Fish Oil

    Adding natural fish oil to your dog's food is a convenient option for some pet owners. You should make sure that the fish oil is properly stored to avoid oxidation of the oil. Fish oil should be refrigerated immediately after opening and used within three months. Fish oil should not smell overly fishy and should have a light color.

Lack of Omega-3

    A lack of omega-3 essential fatty acids in your dog's diet can lead to inflammatory conditions such as arthritis. Dogs who are not getting enough omega-3 will also suffer from more frequent skin infections and a dry itchy coat. Allergies are more common in dogs with this dietary deficiency.
    Omega-3 essential fatty acids are an important part of your dog's diet and nutritional needs.

Purity

    The purity of the fish oil and supplements that you choose for your dog is an important factor as well. Supplementing your dog's food with cod liver oil is a good way to get this healthy fat into its diet. Supplements should be of the highest quality that you are able to find for your pet. Discuss with the veterinarian which fish oil supplements he or she recommends for use in your dog's diet.

Sabtu, 03 April 2010

Nursing a Starved Dog

Nursing a Starved Dog

It takes only 24 hours for the effects of malnutrition to begin wearing on the body's organs, but it requires days and often weeks to reverse the harm and regain health. The amount and type of food a starved dog is fed during the recovery period means the difference between survival and further complications, even death. Monitoring how much and how fast he eats gives his traumatized body time to slowly get used to having food once again.

Visit the Vet

    Have your vet give the apparently starving dog a thorough once-over to determine if there is another reason why he is so malnourished other than not having access to food. Fractured teeth, an injured tongue, infections, worms, parasites and intestinal blockage are just some of the potential problems that can encourage starvation. The vet's exam should include checking for gum color (which might indicate poison), abdomen distention or pain, and the level of dehydration. A rudimentary dehydration test involves pinching the skin and watching how fast the skin springs back.

Resist the Urge to Overfeed

    Malnourished dogs don't realize the dangers involved with eating too much too soon; all they are concerned with is consuming whatever is in front of them. Bodies that have struggled to function without food are able to tolerate only small rations until the organs and digestive system have recovered from the shock of starvation. Letting a starved dog eat as much as he wants overloads his system with nutrients that cannot be processed, according to PetMD.com, because his metabolism rate has become very slow during survival mode.

Keep a Chart

    Feeding several meals per day is a regimen to closely monitor so the dog isn't given too much, or not enough. Track changes in the quantity and type of food, as well as how the dog responds after each meal. Even the most minute weight and temperature changes are critical to nursing a starved dog back to health, so keep a thermometer and a baby scale nearby as part of each post-meal check. Give your vet a daily progress report.

Refeeding Syndrome

    Even when all the right steps are taken, the dog may still have a difficult time with the food reintroduction process. Muscle weakness or cramps, heart rhythm irregularities, seizures and respiratory distress are symptoms of Refeeding Syndrome, and they must be immediately addressed by your vet. Following a standard "Recovery Diet" gives you better control over all the vitamins, minerals, fats, calories and limited carbohydrates the dog needs during this precarious time. The Koret Shelter Medicine Program notes that shelter dogs have a better chance for survival if they can be moved to a temporary foster home where they are constantly monitored.

Jumat, 02 April 2010

Why Is a Dog's Diet Important?

Why Is a Dog's Diet Important?

Your dog depends on specific dietary requirements just like you do. He needs basic nutrients -- protein, fat and carbohydrates -- to survive. The most important part of his diet is water; 60 to 70 percent of your dogs body weight should be water. Its important he have constant access to clean water, as even a 10 percent decrease in intake can cause serious problems, and he can die at a 15 percent reduction.

Proteins

    Your dog depends on proteins for critical amino acids. Your dog cannot make essential amino acids on his own. Look for arginine, methionine, histidine, phenylalanine, isoleucine, threonine, leucine, tryptophan, lysine and valine on dog food labels. Chicken, fish, beef and egg are good sources. If you want your dog to have a vegetarian diet, he can get sufficient protein but you should supplement his diet with vitamin D. Cooked eggs are one good source; raw eggs can interfere with his ability to metabolize some nutrients.

Fats

    Your dog needs fat for energy and to transport vitamins efficiently throughout his system. Two essential fatty acid categories are omega-3 and omega-6. Look for linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid in the omega-6 category, on dog food labels. If your dog has allergies, arthritis or inflammation, try replacing some of his omega-6 fats with omega-3 sources. Fish oil is a good source of omega-3. Your dogs diet should contain at least 5.5 percent fat to prevent vision and learning problems, and to keep his hair and skin healthy.

Carbohydrates

    Carbohydrates -- sugars, starches and fiber -- are another energy source for your dog. Youll see cereal and plant foods on the label; these are his carbohydrate sources. Make sure fiber makes up at least 2.5 to 4.5 percent of his carbohydrate intake. He gets fiber from corn, rice and wheat bran, and beet pulp. If you're feeding an overweight dog a light formula dog food, you may notice a higher fiber content to sate his appetite while consuming fewer calories.

Other Considerations and Needs

    Puppies require about twice as many calories as an adult dog. You dont need to feed him twice as much, as commercially prepared puppy food is formulated with a higher caloric content. Follow the instructions on the package, but small, frequent meals are best. If you have a nursing mom, shell need additional calories for at least four weeks; longer if the puppies are still nursing. You can start adding puppy food to the babies diets when theyre 4 weeks old as their nursing needs decrease.

    At the other end of the spectrum, older dogs need about 20 percent fewer calories than middle-aged dogs. If your elderly dog gets overweight, he can develop diabetes. Its also hard on his organs and joints.

Warning

    If you opt to feed your dog table scraps or non-commercial dog food, you need to do your research so you can gauge whether he's getting the proper nutritional balance. Remember that raw meat can cause parasitic infestations, and some dogs dont tolerate milk. You can feed table scraps with a commercial food as long as the scraps dont exceed 10 percent of his daily diet.

Choosing a Puppy Food

Choosing a Puppy Food

Choosing a Puppy Food

    High quality puppy foods are more expensive, but they provide the ingredients that promote good health. A puppy that is fed a healthy diet is less likely to get sick. Puppies can be fed dry food, canned food, dehydrated food, or a combination of more than one type. Choosing which one is a matter of preference. Choosing a food with healthy ingredients is the important thing. There are three things to look at when choosing a puppy food: Is it designed for puppies? Does it contain high quality ingredients? Does it contain natural preservatives?

Designed for Puppies

    Choose a food that is designed for puppies to assure that the food meets all of the nutritional needs of a growing puppy. (Some adult dog food formulas meet the dietary need of puppies as well. Check the product label to find out if a food is recommended for puppies.) Puppies need more calories, fats and proteins to meet the high demands of their fast growing bodies. If you have a large breed dog, make sure to avoid overfeeding them. Large breeds are prone to hip dysplasia and other bone problems. The key to minimizing the risk of these problems are to promote slow and steady growth. Each brand of puppy food has different feeding proportion requirements. Follow the puppy food packaging guidelines for proper feeding amounts for the weight of the dog. Generally, a puppy that is a healthy weight should not have visible ribs, but you should be able to feel his ribs by touch. Each breed is a little different. Ask your veterinarian if you are unsure of the proper weight for your dog.

High Quality Ingredients

    Choose a puppy food that is made out of USDA human grade food products. Foods that are not made out of human grade ingredients can contain cancerous tumors and be of poor nutritional quality. If you can afford to, choose an organic puppy food. Just like with humans, organic foods are healthier for puppies. Since meat should be the main ingredient in a dog's diet, choose a puppy food that is high in meat content and low in grain content. The first three ingredients should be meat. Choose puppy foods that do not contain meat byproducts, but rather contain whole meats. Fats in the ingredient list should list what the source of the fat is. For instance, chicken fat or beef fat. If the ingredient list simply states animal fat, do not get that puppy food product. When the animal fat is not specified, it is usually a low quality fat that is not easily digestible. Do not buy puppy foods that contain soy meal, corn meal or wheat. They are useless fillers that provide no nutritional value to canines and cause allergies in some puppies.

Natural Preservatives

    Buy puppy foods that contain natural preservatives instead of chemical preservatives. Chemical preservatives include ingredients such as BHA, BHT and Ethoxyquin, all of which are harmful to a puppies health. Chemical preservatives can cause cancer and kidney damage. Natural preservatives are a better choice. Puppy foods that use natural preservatives include ingredients such as mixed tocopherols and vitamin E.

Variation

    The best diet for any puppy or any dog for that matter is a varied diet. Varied diets ensure that your puppy gets a balanced diet and keeps your puppy from getting bored. Choose three or four puppy food products to feed your puppy. Choose food products with different ingredients. For instance: One product may contain mostly chicken, the other mostly turkey and the other mostly beef. Rotate among the different foods regularly. If your puppy has a sensitive stomach and gets sick with food rotations, rotate the food gradually by mixing the different foods together. For added variety, dental health and enjoyment, provide your puppy with a raw meaty bone to chew on. Once in a while, add fresh pieces of meat to your puppies food for added nutrition and for your puppies enjoyment.