Rabu, 31 Maret 2010

How to Build an Electric Dog Food Dispenser

How to Build an Electric Dog Food Dispenser

When you are away from home for an extended period of time, plans have to be put into place to make sure your dog is fed. Most people rely on friends and neighbors to accomplish this task. However, if you own a VCR that is not in use, the timer and motor inside of it can be utilized to create an automatic dog feeder. The crucial part of this endeavor is creating the system of pulleys that will slow down the high-speed motor and add torque.

The amount of food allocated along with a desired feeding schedule can be set up by programming the VCR.



    Unfasten the VCR case. This equipment is high voltage, so there are a few dangerous parts. Keep your hands away from the internal components for the moment. Locate the components of the power supply. The power supply components are comprised of large capacitors and transistors. They can even be on a different circuit board to keep them separate from everything else. Use an insulator to cover the power supply, such as a plastic trash bag or a mouse pad.


    Locate the VCR's drum motor. The motor should be easily visible and appear much like a metal cylinder. Remove it from its mount by disconnecting the ribbon cable and unscrewing the cylinder counterclockwise. Be sure to take off the VCR's mounting bracket.


    Reconnect the ribbon cable to the motor's connection point. Connect the power cord of the VCR to an electrical outlet and press "play." The motor will be spinning at this point. If there is no movement, make sure there is a solid connection with the ribbon cable and that it is seated properly. Once the motor is functioning, push the "stop" button and place the VCR out of the way.


    Construct a platform using a drill, two pieces of plywood, screws and L-brackets. Attach the smaller piece of plywood for a foot and the larger piece of the plywood to stand vertically. This forms a frame for the pulley assembly and will make the motor usable for this endeavor by reducing its speed.


    Attach the motor to the frame using the motor mount taken from the VCR and an L-bracket. Be certain that the vertical portion of the frame and the rotating portion of the motor are placed parallel to on another.


    Drill three -inch holes in the frame. The specific location of the holes is not important, but having them evenly spaced is. Through each hole, place a bolt and lock them in position using lock washers and nuts. For each bolt, place a wheel and lock them down using nuts. The wheels should be capable of easily spinning but not slide back and forth.


    Cut two 4-inch pieces of PVC pipe. The hubs from the first two wheels will have the sections of pipe mounted over them. If the pipes do not fit over the hubs, make use of a rotary tool to cut out a little from the inside of each pipe.


    Make a hole in the CD spindle cover on the side near the top. Food will be dispensed for the dog through this hole. Connect the last wheel to the spindle bottom using screws. Deposit a small amount of dry dog food on the cover and place it on the base of the spindle.


    Position a loop of cord around the first wheel and motor. Use a good knot to make certain that the loop is tight and secured. On the second wheel, place a different loop of cord and have it wrap around the PVC coupling from the first wheel. The final cord loop will be placed around the PVC coupling from the second wheel to the wheel with the CD spindle. Push "play" on the VCR and the entire assembly will turn. Dog food will fall out of the hole in the cover with each rotation. If the wheels do not move but the motor does, verify the loops are on the appropriate wheels and properly tightened.


    Cut a poster tube along its length to create a chute. Cut some paper towel rolls to form large, medium and small legs. Use a hot-glue gun to connect the legs to the bottom of the chute so it can be situated as a slope. The short end will empty into the dog bowl while the tall end is placed under the CD spindle.


    Program the VCR to record at a predesignated time to set up a feeding schedule. The amount of dog food dispensed will be controlled directly by the length of recording time. Since each model of VCR is somewhat different, consult your instructions to establish how to set up to record.

How to Wean a Litter of Cocker Spaniel Puppies

How to Wean a Litter of Cocker Spaniel Puppies

Puppies generally must nurse until about four to six weeks of age. After this time, they can be weaned from mother's milk to solid food. Cocker spaniel puppies are no exception to this rule. Weaning your litter of Cocker spaniel puppies will take time, but if you follow the correct procedures and approach the process with patience, they soon will be eating independently.



    Slowly reduce the mother's food intake to decrease her milk production and aid in forcing the puppies to look for food elsewhere. Since you doubled her food rations to provide her with more nourishment for nursing, as she starts to wean her litter, back off on the portions. Begin when the puppies are about three weeks old.


    Start independent feedings with milk especially made for puppies. Most pet stores sell puppy milk replacement formula, which contains all the nutrients a growing puppy needs. Pour into a small bowl where the puppies can see it; monitor as they drink. Give the puppies the formula several times a day, leaving it for about 30 minutes each time, until they begin drinking more replacement formula than mother's milk.


    Incorporate solid puppy food into daily meals about two weeks after the puppies begin drinking formula from a bowl. Choose a soft canned food for puppies and make sure that it does not include preservatives, dyes or colors. Place a small amount of soft food into a bowl and mix the replacement formula into it until the consistency is milky and smooth. Add more food and less milk to the mixture daily until the puppies are eating more solid food than liquid.


    Monitor the mother's nursing habits. The puppies still will nurse even though you are feeding them formula and solids, but they should be getting the bulk of their nutrition from the food. Once the puppies no longer nurse, increase their feeding to three to four times daily.

Selasa, 30 Maret 2010

What Human Foods Will Make a Dog Sick?

Feeding dogs table scraps causes more than bad habits. Many foods humans enjoy are actually harmful to your dog. Certain foods are toxic to dogs and can cause pain and eventually death by poisoning. Other foods can cause choking hazards. Sticking to a proper diet of food specifically made for dogs will help ensure your pet a long and happy life.

Foods with Caffeine

    Don't feed your dog foods that contain caffeine. Caffeine affects the heart and central nervous system of dogs, causing the organs to overexert themselves. Foods to avoid have chocolate as a main ingredient, such as candy bars, ice cream, baked goods (cookies, cakes or pies) and chocolate drinks. Other drinks to avoid include hot cocoa, hot and iced tea, and coffee.

Fruits and Vegetables

    Watch what fruits and vegetables you give your dog. Citrus fruits can cause vomiting. These include oranges, lemons, grapefruits and limes. Some berries are toxic and cause kidney problems. The main fruits to avoid are grapes and raisins.

    Vegetables also must be limited, as some can cause anemia, digestive issues and problems with the urinary tract. This includes potatoes, tomatoes, rhubarb, mushrooms and large amounts of garlic.

    Pitted fruits, such as peaches, plums and nectarines, should be avoided because of the danger of the dog swallowing the pit.

Raw Food

    Don't feed raw meat or eggs to your dog because of bacteria, such as salmonella, that hasn't been killed by cooking. Raw bones are another problem, because of both bacteria and choking hazards, especially poultry and fish bones. If you are feeding your pet a natural food diet, cook the food first.

Less Common Foods

    There are other, less common human foods that will make dogs sick. Dairy products are a problem because dogs are mostly lactose intolerant. Nuts can cause choking and digestive problems. Un-risen yeast can grow inside your dog's stomach and cause pain and blockage.


    Don't give your dog alcohol. This is the same as feeding your dog food poison--it causes the same type of reactions. Beyond the obvious sources like beer and wine, there are also foods containing alcohol, such as candied fruits or sauces. Anything with alcohol in it should be avoided.

Food Poisoning

    Hops, macadamia nuts and avocados are all poisonous to dogs. If a product contains these, even in small amounts, it will affect the dog. Symptoms can include heavy breathing, increased heart rate, seizures, vomiting, depression and tremors. These can occur within 12 to 48 hours of eating and should be treated immediately, as these foods can cause death.

Senin, 29 Maret 2010

The Foods Most Likely to Cause Hot Spots in Dogs

The Foods Most Likely to Cause Hot Spots in Dogs

Hot spots are patches of the dog's skin where the fur may fall off, the skin may be scaly and irritated and the entire spot will be warm to the touch. The hot spots are often a sign of an allergy to food. Specific foods can cause hot spots because of allergies or sensitivities to the food.


    Cows and processed meat are not part of a dog's normal diet. Some dogs may have allergies or sensitives to this food product, especially in processed beef. This sensitivity often comes from the beef protein. Switching the dog to a bison product may help to correct this condition.


    Dogs are not meant to drink milk or consume cheese. These dairy products often cause allergic reactions, especially if they eat large amounts. Dairy products may cause hot spots, especially on the legs.


    In some dogs, chicken does not act as an allergen, however, in other cases it can be the cause of hot spots. Finding food without chicken can be difficult and in these cases, a raw food or home made food is best.

Grain and Vegetables

    Grain is not part of a dog's natural diet. Many dogs have allergies or sensitivities to grains or vegetables. These allergies are the most common ones to trigger hot spots. A dog with these allergies should not be given any fruits, vegetables, breads or grains.

Minggu, 28 Maret 2010

Homemade Puppy Chews

Homemade Puppy Chews

Chewing is a natural part of a puppy's development. With the rate that some puppies can go through their toys, though, buying store-brand chew toys can get expensive. Here are some suggestions for making homemade chew toys that will keep you puppy interested in the toy --- and away from your leather shoes.

Why Dogs Chew

    There are a lot of reasons that puppies chew. The gnawing action helps dogs develop their mouth muscles as well as keeping their teeth clean. It relieves the itchy, uncomfortable feelings associated with teething, and it is a satisfying way to release physical and mental energy. Dogs often chew when they're bored, frustrated or simply interested in a taste or texture. It's possible to redirect your puppy's chewing behavior to an appropriate toy or treat and still satisfy his natural need to gnaw.

Homemade Treats

    There are a variety of healthy homemade dog treats that you can make at home. From chewy bones to natural cookies, dog treats vary in flavor from liver and chicken to fruit, oatmeal, and even carob. Pets.ca provides a list of quality homemade pet treats using natural ingredients.

Rope Toys

    Dogs love rope. Rope tied in a knot is a great toy by itself. For a slightly more interesting toy, drill two holes in a ball and thread a rope through, tying a knot at the top of the ball. The size of the ball and the thickness of the rope will depend on the breed. For small breeds, a tennis ball and a small rope will do. For large and giant breeds, a soccer or basketball and a thick rope can create the same effect on a larger scale.

Plastic Toys

    Dogs love plastic water bottles. For an extra layer of fun, remove the cap of the bottle and put the bottle inside a tube sock, tying off the top. Alternatively, try drilling holes in a water bottle and fill the bottle with treats. Watch the hours of amusement as your dog tries to remove the treats.

Fabric Toys

    There are many ways to recycle used fabric from around the house into toys for your puppy. Old tube socks stuffed with balls and tied are a very popular and easy chew. Alternatively, try rolling indestructible cloth into a tube and tying it with a rope knot at two ends. An old pair of denim pants works well for this, and there is no stuffing for the dog to accidentally swallow.

How to Prevent Food Allergies in Pets

Food is often the culprit in pet allergies with the skin and digestive system being the most commonly affected. A pet with food allergies may have skin conditions such as rashes and inflammation and digestive problems like vomiting and diarrhea. Here are some steps to figuring out the right food(s) to prevent allergies in your dog or cat.



    Eliminate the culprit(s). The best way to start is by process of elimination. Chicken, beef, milk, eggs, corn, wheat and soy can all be allergens for dogs. Fish, milk, eggs, corn, wheat and soy are all ingredients that may cause allergies in cats. You might start off by eliminating grain from your pet's diet, whether you feed a commercial food or homemade diet. If that doesn't seem to help, try eliminating chicken or beef from your dog's diet or fish from your cat's diet.


    Look for a commercial dog or cat food that doesn't contain any of the allergens listed in Step 1. Dick Van Patten's Natural Balance, for example, has a line of allergy formula foods containing limited ingredients such as fish and sweet potato for dogs and a green pea and chicken formula for cats. All are grain free. The idea behind this type of food is that fewer ingredients mean fewer chances of allergies.


    If your cat, for example, still has an allergic reaction from a chicken formula, try switching to another allergy formula such as salmon and green pea. If your dog still doesn't react well to the fish and sweet potato formula, you might try duck and sweet potato or a vegetarian formula. Natural Balance, for example, offers both.


    If eliminating various foods doesn't work, your vet may suggest running allergy tests to determine whether your pet actually does suffer from food allergies. The tests may also determine which food sources are causing the allergies.

Foods That Dogs Shouldn't Eat

Several foods can be dangerous for a dog to consume. Toxicity levels vary depending on the food ingested, the amount given and the size of the dog. Smaller dogs experience more severe symptoms at smaller doses of each item. Some items like chocolate and tobacco are more well-known toxins, but there are other lesser known items like grapes, raisins and macadamia nuts. All three food items are toxic to dogs.


    Chocolate contains theobromine. That can cause vomiting, diarrhea, increased thirst, seizures, a coma, or death in dogs depending on the amount ingested. Usually the more bitter the chocolate, the higher the level of theobromine. Unsweetened baking chocolate is more toxic than milk chocolate.


    Grapes and raisins contain an unknown toxin that damages the kidneys in dogs. Symptoms include tiredness, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and vomiting.


    Tobacco contains nicotine, which affects the digestive and nervous systems. This can result in rapid heart beat, collapse, coma, and death.


    The kinds of toxins in mushrooms vary with species. Some mushrooms cause hallucinations, hyperactivity and coma while others damage the liver, heart or kidneys. This can cause death. Symptoms usually occur within 6 to 8 hours after ingestion.


    Caffeine causes muscle tremors, vomiting, diarrhea, thirst, and hyperactivity while increasing the breathing and heart rate of dogs. Symptoms start within 6 to 12 hours of consuming.

Macadamia Nuts

    Initial symptoms include fatigue, vomiting, overheating, and progress to rear leg paralysis. Symptoms start within 3 to 12 hours of eating the nuts and usually resolve within 24 hours.


    Treatment generally includes inducing vomiting, flushing the dog's stomach, administering fluids, and activated charcoal. Veterinarians can recommend the appropriate course of treatment based on each dog's symptoms.

Will Apples or Bananas Cause Pet Bowel Problems?

Will Apples or Bananas Cause Pet Bowel Problems?

Pet owners frequently want to share delicious food with their pets, but this behavior is frequently risky. Human food can make several species of companion animal sick. Fruit like bananas and apples are common causes of diarrhea, particularly in reptiles. Before feeding your pet any human food, consult with your vet or an animal care manual to determine if the food is an appropriate choice.


    Reptiles have a wide variety of lifestyles and diets, but numerous species of reptiles --- particularly tortoises, turtles and some lizards --- are omnivores. Despite the fact that these reptiles need to consume plant matter, apples and bananas are typically unhealthy choices. Grassland tortoises, for example, require high-fiber grasses and vegetables rather than fruits. When they eat fruits, they frequently develop diarrhea. Most reptiles will consume fruits if given the chance, but these foods are akin to junk food for them. They readily eat apples and bananas, but the food prevents them from consuming healthier foods and can cause long-term digestive problems as well as a host of other illnesses.

Dogs and Cats

    Dogs are omnivores who require a diet that is high in protein with very limited plant matter, while cats are obligate carnivores. This means that they must eat a carnivorous diet to remain healthy. Neither dogs nor cats have the ability to break down cellulose, the substance that lines the cells of fruit. Consequently, fruit has no nutritional value for these animals. When cats and dogs eat fruit on a very limited basis as treats, however, it is unlikely to harm them. Large quantities of fruit, especially soft fruits like bananas, can cause digestive problems.


    Many rodents, including mice and chinchillas, love fruit. When fruit is a part of an otherwise balanced diet, it's beneficial to these small animals. Rodents who are given only fruit, however, are likely to become obese and may develop diarrhea. Chinchillas in particular require lots of hay and grass in their diets in order to maintain a healthy digestive system.


    Rabbits can eat apples, bananas and other fruits in small quantities. These foods should be reserved as treats, however. Rabbits love sweet fruits and will readily choose them over hay and pellets, so owners should avoid overfeeding fruits. Too much fruit can cause diarrhea and other digestive problems. Instead, limit fruit to a small piece once or twice a day.

How to Make Chicken Based Dog Food

How to Make Chicken Based Dog Food

After the kibble scare in March of 2007, may people decided to cook for their dogs. Some jumped right into raw feeding. For those that are thinking of leaving kibble behind, but are not yet comfortable with raw feeding, this recipe will give your dog much of the nutrients needed. You are going to need a grinder for this. A hand grinder, if you have intentions of switching to raw feeding at some point in the near future, will work just fine. If you keep with the cooked method, ordering an electric grinder is recommended.



    Boil the chicken and the rice together until the chicken falls off the bones. The rice needs to be overdone, so put it in the pot when you put the chicken in the pot.


    Grind the chicken and bones.


    Mix in big bowl (this makes about 9 cups) with about a cup of the broth, the rice, the canned mackeral, eggs (including the shells, they are a great source of calcium) and garlic powder.


    You can add veggies if you want. Either grind with the chicken, or fine chop, if your dog or cat will eat them in chunks.

Sabtu, 27 Maret 2010

Holistic Diets for Dogs

Holistic Diets for Dogs

Common pet foods might leave you and your dog feeling less than satisfied. Choosing a holistic home-prepared diet that considers the needs of your entire dog as well as the source of the food you feed him might be the solution you are looking for. A home-prepared diet isn't as complicated as it might sound, and there are even kibble varieties that are superior to the average supermarket choices.

Benefits of Home-Prepared Dog Food

    Dogs have digestive systems that are designed to eat raw food. It is easier for their bodies to process and absorb the nutrients from a raw diet, and it meets their desire to chew real food. Feeding home-prepared raw food also keeps your dog's teeth clean because it properly exercises their mouth and jaw muscles and provides calcium and phosphorus. By feeding a home-prepared diet you control where your dog's food comes from and you can choose natural hormone-free sources. This diet also improves hot spots, excessive shedding, gum and mouth disease, allergies, immune disorders, degenerative diseases, and gastrointestinal problems.

The Holistic Dog Diet

    A total balanced diet for a dog should consist of 25 percent protein from raw meat, 25 percent vegetables and 50 percent grains. The vegetables and grains mimic what your dog would normally consume from the stomachs of the animals he would hunt in the wild. Serve Brussels sprouts, broccoli, carrots, zucchini, yellow squash, or cauliflower either whole or chopped, raw or cooked, depending on your dog's preference. Steam or boil whole grains like brown rice, oats, barley, corn, amaranth, or millet. Organic and fresh meat is the safest choice for your dog, though if you are nervous about feeding him raw meat you can lightly cook it. A healthy dog's digestive system has enzymes to kill any potential bacteria. Some owners choose to feed a mixture of both home-prepared and store-purchased food. Do what works for you and your family.

Kibble Food

    Choose a kibble food for your dog carefully. Read the nutrition label thoroughly. The first three ingredients on the nutrition label typically comprise the bulk of the food. One of the first three ingredients should be a meat source, preferably not a by-product or meal, but simply chicken, beef, or venison. Find a dog food brand that uses human-grade ingredients. Avoid kibble that contains artificial coloring, flavoring, and preservatives. For the greatest nutritional value, the grain source should also be whole and not a by-product or meal.

Jumat, 26 Maret 2010

How to get a dog to Gain Weight

Seeing your dog when it is underweight is a disheartening experience. Dogs will usually need to gain weight following an illness or injury. Sometimes, a dog simply needs to learn how to eat what it needs. Helping your dog to gain weight is a multifaceted endeavor.



    Take a trip to the veterinarian. This is necessary for a few different reasons. Your dog needs to be checked for worms and other illnesses that may cause it to lose weight. Your dog also needs to be weighed to ensure that it really is underweight. Dogs can become obese if they gain too much weight. Ask your veterinarian to let you know the proper weight range for your dog.


    Feed your dog a premium dog food. Off brand, store brand and cheap brands of dog food contain a lot of fillers. You want a dog food that has meat listed as one of the first five ingredients. All natural premium dog foods are a good choice. Your veterinarian can help pick the best brand of food for your dog.


    Teach your dog to eat. It is a bad idea to leave your dog's food out all the time. When you are trying to make your dog gain weight, you should offer your dog food five to six times a day on a set schedule. If the dog refuses to eat, pick the food up. This will teach the dog to eat when food is available.


    Add canned food to your dog's dry food. Canned food is available in a wide variety of flavors. Dogs, like humans, enjoy different tastes. You should try to buy the same brand of canned dog food as the dry food that your dog eats.


    Ensure that your dog always has fresh water. Some dogs are underweight due to dehydration. Your dog should have fresh water available at all times to help fight dehydration.


    Walk your dog. A dog that has muscle mass will look heavier than a dog who has only fat. In addition to improving your dog's appearance, you will help it to stay healthy because walking is exercise. You will have the benefit of exercise too.

Natural Homemade Vegetarian Dog Food

Natural Homemade Vegetarian Dog Food

Dogs, unlike cats, are omnivores and can get all their required nutrients from plant-based foods. Pet owners can have several reasons for feeding their dogs homemade vegetarian food. Store-bought food is not always made with healthy ingredients, and owners may be concerned about the environmental impact of consuming meat. A pet owner who wishes to change his or her dog's diet must be careful to ensure that the pet's nutritional needs are met. A veterinarian can advise a pet owner and supervise the introduction of a vegetarian diet.



    Measure all ingredient quantities carefully. Add all the ingredients to a large bowl and mix until thoroughly combined. Use your hands if necessary.


    Gradually add hot water to the mixture until the ingredients are soaked without being runny or soupy.


    Let the wet mixture stand for approximately 20 minutes or until the oats are cooked. Add more hot water if necessary. The mixture should have a moist and sticky consistency.


    Serve the food immediately or store and freeze it in a small plastic jar. Reheat by adding hot water prior to serving.


    This recipe feeds one small dog. Double this recipe for medium and large dogs. Make several batches at once and store and freeze meal size portions in small glass jars for later use.


    For a quick evening snack, blend soy flour, a teaspoon of sugar, cooked pinto beans and water in a blender until the mixture reaches the consistency of mashed potatoes. Serve immediately.

Kamis, 25 Maret 2010

How to Feed Puppy Food to Large Breed Dogs

How to Feed Puppy Food to Large Breed Dogs

With large-breed dogs, you can run into problems later in life caused by actually giving your puppy too much nutrition. These problems are usually musculoskeletal ones, such as hip dysplasia. Despite what you might have heard, you don't want your puppy to grow and fill out quickly, which will happen with many of the puppy formulas on the market. Careful consideration about the dog food you are feeding your puppy can help avoid these problems.




    Find nutritional information on the puppy foods you are considering. You might be able to get pamphlets from the feed dealers or you might have to check the companies' websites.


    Look on the nutritional information for the amounts of protein, fat, calories and calcium in the food. You are looking for 23 to 26 percent protein, 12 to 16 percent fat, 350 to 400 calories per cup of food and 1.2 to 1.5 percent calcium.


    Examine all of the product information you have to find out how many protein sources are available in the food. There should be at least two, such as lamb and chicken or chicken and fish. These sources should be a meal rather than whole, since the weight of whole meat includes water content.


    Find out if the food has been approved for puppy growth by the Association of American Feed Control Officials, Inc. This approval will have come through performance in feeding trials.



    Provide food three times each day to your puppy if he's under six months old and allow him to eat continuously for a limited amount of time. Ten minutes is recommended by Dr. Chick Newman of Newman Veterinary.


    Provide food for puppies older than six months two times a day, but again for a limited time only.


    Check that your puppy is gaining weight, but it is best if puppies don't seem fat and slick-coated until they are completely grown. This might mean your puppy is growing too fast. After your puppy is fully grown, though, he needs to get enough food that he fills in and his skin begins to look good.

Special Diets for Dog

Special Diets for Dog

Diet is an important part of treatment for a dog with a medical condition. Just as human illnesses can be treated with dietary changes, conditions that can be improved by changing your dogs diet include diabetes, cancer, heart disease, recurring and chronic pancreatitis, allergies, inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis and dementia. Some special diets are available commercially, but to treat other conditions you will need to provide raw food or cook at home for your dog.

Grain-Free Diet

    A grain-free diet in which the dog is fed food made with real meat has been proven effective in alleviating the symptoms of arthritis and allergies. Prepare home-cooked meals using fresh meat, eggs and fish combined with natural carbohydrates such as brown rice, vegetables such as green beans and pumpkin. A raw food regimen such as the Biologically Approved Raw Food, or BARF, diet has been alleged to show results in treating both arthritis and allergies, but some veterinarians - like Dr Julie Churchill, a specialist in companion animal nutrition at the University of Minnesotas College of Veterinary Medicine - discourage the use of the BARF diet, believing that the raw food contains bacteria.

High Protein Diet

    Dogs with cancer frequently benefit from a diet that is moderately high in both protein and fat. Cancer is associated with lowered muscle mass, and increased protein levels help to maintain muscle mass. Tumor cells are less likely than normal cells to use fat as a source of energy, so a higher fat content helps the dog to combat fatigue. A lower carbohydrate intake will give the tumor less to feed on, thereby slowing its growth.

    Dogs with heart disease should be fed a diet that is high in meat protein. This provides amino acids that are beneficial for the heart and help to preserve lean body mass. However, this diet should also be low in sodium, as this increases cholesterol and may be harmful to dogs with a heart condition.

Low Fat Diet

    A low-fat diet is important for dogs that suffer from recurring or chronic pancreatitis. A diet rich in fat is one of the main reasons for attacks of pancreatitis, and too much protein can also be harmful. Feed a low-protein, low-fat and low-sodium, and high-fiber diet to help control this condition.

    A low-fat and low-carbohydrate diet is also recommended for obesity, because many conditions result from carrying weight.

High Fiber Diet

    A fiber-rich diet is the best feeding program for a diabetic dog. The higher fiber content of the food helps the dog absorb carbohydrates better, which results in reduced glucose levels in the blood. In this way, you can avoid allowing your dogs blood glucose from getting too high. Feed the dog small meals of fiber or protein-rich food at regular intervals to prevent the risk of low blood glucose and hypoglycemia.

Special Diet

    Inflammatory bowel disease requires a highly digestible diet that contains a single source of protein and carbohydrates that are unlikely to irritate the stomach. A homemade diet using well-cooked salmon, potato and vegetables is more easily absorbed and will reduce the reaction of the disease.

Information on Royal Canin Dog Food

Information on Royal Canin Dog Food

Royal Canin has specialized in nutrient-rich pet food for cats and dogs since 1967. Focusing on research-based animal nutrition, Royal Canin takes its line of dog foods one step beyond many other comparable brands by providing breed-specific foods.


    Royal Canin strives to meet four objectives in its canine food line: the food should aid in the maintenance and development of your pet's body, provide the necessary energy, prevent infection and other medical issues and, when appropriate, act as medicinal support.

Breed-Specific Dog Food

    You can purchase food specially formulated for many breeds: chihuahua, English bulldog, dachshund, German shepherd, poodle, shih tzu, Yorkshire terrier, cocker spaniel, labrador and golden retriever.

Veterinarian Diet

    Whether your dog has a weight problem, skin allergies or osteoarthritis, Royal Canin has a canine therapeutic diet to meet his needs.


    According to the Royal Canin website, the company has operated on one simple principle since 1967: "Respect the Animal: The Animal before the owner." In other words, dogs and cats are animals; treating them as such and not as humans is a sign of respect.


    Royal Canin is sold in more than 90 countries on four continents. Visit royalcanin.us/products/Retailer.aspx and enter your zip code for a list of local retailers.

Rabu, 24 Maret 2010

Potato Vs. Rice in Dog Food

Potato Vs. Rice in Dog Food

Food sensitivities and allergies are a significant problem for pet owners, particularly when purchasing packaged dog foods with ingredient lists longer than your shopping list. Your choice may be made for you if your dog has a sensitivity to grains, a major reason why some pet owners select a potato-based food over rice-based offerings. Consult your veterinarian before making decisions on which dog food is best for your furry friend.

Selecting a Food

    When selecting the best food for your four-legged friend, it is important to consider the nutrients they require. Large breeds have different nutritional requirements than small breeds, particularly golden retrievers and boxers, which have known joint and hip issues. Your veterinarian is an important resource when making this decision and can provide you with breed-specific information, as well as guidance based upon the specific health requirements of your dog.

Nutritional Information

    Potatoes are a superior choice nutritionally vs. white rice. While both are complex carbohydrates, rice tends to have a lower vitamin and mineral content than potatoes. Rice has a higher calorie, protein and carbohydrate amount than potatoes but is lower in vitamins such as vitamin C and lutein. Potatoes are higher in minerals like phosphorous, magnesium and potassium but lower in calcium. Nutrition labels on dog food are even more challenging to understand than the labels on your own food, so consult your vet to aid in deciphering what you need.

Food Allergies

    Food allergies are responsible for about 10 percent of all dog allergies and are behind 20 percent of itching and skin conditions, reports PetEducation.com. Not surprisingly, the biggest culprits in causing allergies are ingredients listed most frequently in dog food, such as corn and wheat. Some dogs are sensitive to all grains, including rice, and should avoid foods that include grains. If your dog has grain sensitivities or allergies, consult your vet and consider a food containing protein and potato.

The Bottom Line

    Each dog is different and will require different foods to thrive, so there is no clear preference between potatoes and rice that will apply to every animal. Your dog will quickly inform you as to whether you made the right food choice. Watch for changes in your dog's stool, which should be firm and low in volume. Your dog has an efficient digestive system, which rids itself of roughage quickly. If your dog begins to experience an increase in stool, or loose stools, this may be a sign the selected food is not well-tolerated by your pooch.

Can You Give a Dog Human Vitamins?

Most human vitamins are not suitable for dogs. As carnivorous canines, dogs have very different nutritional needs than do humans, which are omnivorous primates. However, certain human supplements and vitamins can be given to dogs, after consulting a veterinarian about dosages.


    Human multivitamins, including prenatal vitamins, should not be given to dogs. They contain too many vitamins in different quantities for an accurate canine dosage to be achieved. Multivitamins that include iron can cause damage to a dog's digestive system, kidneys and liver.

Joint Supplements

    Glucosamine and certain other human joint supplements may be fed to dogs, provided you choose a brand without additives. Compare the list of ingredients and the dosage per tablet to a joint supplement for dogs before buying. Always consult with a veterinarian before adding a supplement to your dog's diet.


    As an occasional remedy for diarrhea, human acidophilus capsules can be given to dogs. If prolonged daily supplementation is necessary, purchase a probiotic supplement formulated for dogs, or choose a commercial dog food that includes probiotics.

Fish Oil

    Fish oil supplements for humans are suitable for dogs, as long as they contain pure fish oil, preferably wild Alaskan salmon oil, with no additives. Talk to your vet in order to calculate the proper dosage. You may need to buy a jar of liquid oil, rather than capsules, in order to achieve a low enough dose for small dogs.


    Never give human prescription medication to dogs, unless it is prescribed to your dog by a veterinarian. Prescription medications, like antibiotics and pain relievers, may be safe for humans but harmful to dogs.


    Some vitamins can simply be added to your dog's diet through whole food sources. For example, probiotics are found in live-culture yogurt. Omega fatty acids are found in fish.

Selasa, 23 Maret 2010

Should I Clean My Dog's Food Bowls?

Have you ever considered eating your next meal out of a dirty dish? Odds are, probably not. Your dog's food bowls, however, may occasionally get overlooked when the day's dishes are gathered and washed. It is important not only for home sanitary reasons, but also for for your dog's health, to ensure that his food and water dishes are just as clean as your own.


    Clean your dog's food and water dishes at least once per day. While there is no consensus to how frequently it should be done, a good rule of thumb is to keep the dog's diet in mind. Wash food bowls once per day if the dog is on a dry food only diet. Clean the food dishes after every meal if your dog is served wet or raw foods. Water dishes should also be cleaned daily, as hair and dust more easily collect in water.


    There are several ways to keep your dog's food and water bowls clean. To hand wash pet bowls, use a mild detergent and warm water. Rinse the bowls thoroughly to ensure no residue is left behind. The chemicals in the residue could upset your dog's stomach. Most bowls can withstand the high temperatures and be ran through the dishwasher. Run the dishwasher on the sanitize cycle, which is the highest temperature setting, to rid the bowls of as many germs and bacteria as possible. With both methods, it is important to keep the dog's dishes separate from your own to prevent contamination. An alternative to washing your dog's bowls so frequently is to use disposable plastic inserts. These can be found at most pet food stores.

Other Considerations

    Select either a stainless or porcelain bowl to feed and water pets in. Ceramic and plastic bowls should be avoided. The porous nature of these materials provides a breeding ground for bacteria and other germs, which could be harmful to your dog's health. Plastic bowls should also be avoided because dogs have more of a tendency to chew on them.

    Keep in mind that cleaning your dog's food bowls will be easier if food is not left in the dishes for hours. If your dog is a free feeder, consider switching to scheduled feedings. Not only will his dish be cleaner, but he will be less prone to becoming obese and developing other health problems as a result.

How to Avoid High Fluoride Dog Foods

Researchers have discovered that many of the top brands of dog food contain excessive levels of fluoride due to animal byproducts and bone meal. Although they have not yet determined how much is safe for dogs, they do know that consuming large amounts of fluoride can cause side effects in humans such as discolored teeth, weakened bones, reproductive and developmental abnormalities, hormonal disruption and bone cancer. Here are some ways to be on the safe side and avoid commercial dog food with excessive fluoride.



    Look for dog foods that are free of chicken, poultry or beef byproducts and chicken, beef or bone meal. These products are considered cheap fillers, which are used to provide bulk.


    Do some research online to find the healthiest foods and then narrow it down. Foods that are labeled "natural," "organic" and "holistic" are usually a safe bet as far as avoiding ingredients with high-fluoride content.


    Read the package labels in the store where you shop to compare the brands that are available.

Senin, 22 Maret 2010

How to Buy Canidae Dog Food

Canidae is a holistic, all-natural brand of dog food. Canidae contains all natural ingredients, natural preservatives, and human-grade meat qualities. Fillers, corn, wheat, and other artificial preservatives that are not good for your dog are excluded from Canidae's dog food. Omega 6 and 3 fatty acids, and a host of other proteins and enzymes aid your dog's digestive system, and coat. Here is how you can purchase Canidae dog food.


Buying Canidae Dog Food


    Identify what type of food you and your dog prefer. Most dogs have a liking for canned dog food because of the smell, and taste. However, dry dog food is a popular choice among many dog owners, and may be a better choice, in terms of your dog's dental health. You can purchase all-stages Canidae dog food to eliminate puppy, senior, and adult dog food versions. This means that you will be able to purchase a high-quality dog food that is good for your dog, no matter what stage of life your dog is in.


    Log on to www.canidae.com. The Canidae website will provide you with extensive information regarding products and ingredients. As you surf the Canidae website, you will receive information on where you can purchase Canidae. Input your email address to receive information from Canidae regarding special promotions and events.


    Go to www.amazon.com. On the Amazon website, you can purchase Canidae dog food from various sellers. Also, you can go to an online pet store such as www.westcoastpetsupply.com. Create a user ID and password. This process allows you to set up an account with West Coast Pet Supply.


    Pick the items you want to purchase. Be sure to indicate the correct quantity. Click your mouse on the "Add to Cart" button. At this point, you have the option to continue shopping or proceed to checkout. Click the "Proceed to Checkout" button.


    Verify the items in your shopping cart. You will be given a subtotal amount for your order. Enter your name, shipping address, phone number, and credit card information. Be sure that all your information is accurate before placing your order. Once you have checked to make sure everything is correct, click the "Place Order" button. This makes your order official, and you will receive confirmation to your email account within minutes.

Sabtu, 20 Maret 2010

How to Adjust a Senior Dog's Diet

Dogs that are aging have different dietary needs than do puppies or middle-aged dogs, yet their basic food needs are still the same. When your dog gets older, change your dog's diet gradually or your dog might reject the diet changes.



    Give your aging dog the four basic ingredients that all dogs need. These nutrients don't change at all from when your pet was younger. Your dog needs proteins to help transform food into energy. Your dog needs carbohydrates from plants that are a great energy source. Your dog needs fats to keep your dog's hair and skin healthy, encourage healthy digestion and to stabilize your pet's body temperature. Your dog also needs vitamins and minerals to process the protein, carbs and fats.


    Monitor your dog to determine the right times to adjust his or her diet. Most experts agree that a senior dog should have a very similar diet to a younger dog except when you start noticing problems in your pet. When your dog ages, it's very important that you watch your pet more closely than ever to discover changes.


    Increase your dog's protein intake as your dog ages if you notice organ problems. Added protein levels in senior dogs can help make sure his heart and kidneys continue to function properly.


    Give your dog a special diet if she has been diagnosed or has the signs of cancer. Use special senior dog foods that can slow down tumor growth and stimulate your cancer patient's lower appetite.


    Feed your senior dog a dry food called Prescription T/D if you notice dog teeth and gum problems that are common in older dogs. Prescription T/D is designed to clean the teeth of your dog while he eats. But this dry food is available only by a prescription from your vet. Iams also has a daily dental care product that can reduce tartar buildup.


    Ask your dog's vet about other specific diet changes you may need to make as your dog ages. Your dog's vet knows your dog better than anyone and can make recommendations.

Easy Dog Biscuit Recipes

For a dog, there is nothing more rewarding than a crispy, crunchy treat received upon a job well done. Nothing, perhaps, other than a crispy, crunchy homemade treat. There are hundreds of canine biscuit recipes, online and in books, containing ingredients that range from chicken and bacon to green beans and rice. Biscuits are relatively easy to make, and are a fun way to let man's best friend know how much you care.


    Most dog treats contain some type of flour--wheat, whole wheat, cornmeal or rice flour, or a combination. The flour is the foundation of the treat. Some contain yeast, powdered milk, baking powder, egg, milk or powdered milk. The liquid is usually water or meat stock, if not milk, but dog biscuits can also be made with applesauce or any type of vegetable or fruit puree. A binder such as oil or butter must be used or the biscuit will fall apart. Most treats also contain a type of meat or vegetable as the key ingredient. Though there are vegetarian treat recipes, biscuit recipes containing meat are more prevalent because dogs like the taste of meat.


    Dog biscuit flavors have a wide range. Chicken, turkey, sausage, beef, pork and bacon are popular among pooches, though for dogs who have difficulty stomaching meat, flavors such as peanut butter, cheese, banana, cinnamon, corn and garlic are also acceptable for dogs. Most recipes call for a combination of flavors, such as rice and bananas or bacon and garlic. Mint is often added to improve dogs' breath.


    The biscuits can be made by hand or in a bread machine. Mixing by hand is the preferred method as dog biscuits are a one-bowl recipe and the only equipment necessary is a spoon, bowl, cutter and tray. You do not need to worry about over-working the dough, as many recipes call for a "dry-out" period of resting in a low-temperature oven for a couple of hours.


    The classic shape for most dog biscuits is the bone. If you use a roll-out recipe, use whatever cookie cutters you have on hand. For smaller dogs or for making training treats, use smaller cutters such as small hearts or stars, or roll the dough into small balls.


    There are dozens of dog biscuit recipes available in print and online. Books such as "The Ultimate Dog Treat Cookbook: Homemade Goodies for Man's Best Friend" by Liz Palika and Troy Cummings (2005), and "The Organic Dog Biscuit Cookbook: Over 100 Tail Wagging Recipes" by Jessica Disbrow Talley and Eric Talley (2008) are among top sellers. Recipes can also be found on myriad websites.

    For a basic dog biscuit recipe, in a food processor, combine 2 1/2 cups flour, 3/4 cup dry milk, 1 tsp. sugar, 1 tsp. salt and mix well. Add 1 egg, 6 tbsp. oil and 3/4 c. water. Roll out to 1/2-inch thickness, cut with a cookie cutter. Bake for 25 minutes in a 350F oven until hard and dry. Cool and store in an air-tight box.

Jumat, 19 Maret 2010

Home Cooked Diet for Canines

Home Cooked Diet for Canines

Many owners feed table scraps in addition to their dog's normal daily food ration. To some however, home cooking means totally avoiding commercial pet foods, and using special recipes created with a dog's nutritional requirements in mind.


    Before the advent of commercial dog meal, the food of choice for generations of pet owners was table scraps, meat or offal. This changed around 1860 when an American lightning-rod manufacturer named James Spratt traveled to England by boat, and noticed local dockyard dogs scavenging for discarded ship's biscuits. An idea was born, and soon afterward he produced the first commercially produced dog meal.

Home Cooking vs. BARF

    Home cooking is a different feeding regime to that advocated by Dr.Ian Billinghurst; he advocated the biologically appropriate raw food (BARF) diet. The philosophy behind BARF is that the diet a dog evolved to eat over many millions of years, and comprising raw food, is the best way to feed today. BARF feeders would not consider cooking their dog's food.

    By comparison home cooking enthusiasts prefer to cook meals that more resemble those that they would eat themselves.

Foods to Include

    Ron Hines DVM PhD advises that an acceptable home cooked dog food contains around 20 to 45 percent protein, five to 10 percent fat and 20 to 35 percent carbohydrate, with the addition of bone minerals. Suitable protein can be found in meat and offal, fish and eggs. Vegetables include the normal roots, leaves and legumes that are available locally. Rice is the first choice for cereal but oats, millet and barley are also acceptable.

Foods to Avoid

    There are some human foods which should be avoided in home cooking for a dog. Some may cause digestive upset or worse. Among foods to avoid are chocolate, baby food, milk and dairy products, grapes and raisins, caffeinated drinks, cooked fish or poultry bones, onions, mushrooms, salt, sugar and yeast dough.


    Dr. Andrea Fascetti cautions pet owners to remember that their dogs and cats are not humans and therefore have different nutritional requirements. Feeding them a human diet might lead to health problems such as pancreatitis if fat levels are too high. She advises consulting a veterinarian, and getting recipes that have been evaluated and formulated by a veterinary nutritionist.

    The Pet Food Report advises that too much calcium can result in growth problems, particularly for puppies. It also points out that formulating diets for different ages, breeds, size and levels of activity can also complicate matters. The American College of Veterinary Nutritionists warn that many recipes found on the web or elsewhere may not be complete and balanced, leading to the possibility of health problems in the longer-term.

Kamis, 18 Maret 2010

The Diet for Puppy Rottweilers & How to Feed Them

The Diet for Puppy Rottweilers & How to Feed Them

Proper feeding is one of the most important parts of raising a healthy rottweiler puppy. Rottweilers grow from a tiny puppy into a very large animal in a short amount of time, so feeding your dog the right food at the right times is essential. Rottweiler puppies who don't eat a proper diet or get into the right eating habits are at risk of developing joint problems, diarrhea or other ailments. You can follow a few steps to make sure your dog gets the nutrition it needs.



    Buy puppy food with real meat, preferably organic, and avoid puppy foods with meat by-products or grain. The meat provides a necessary source of protein the puppy will need to grow big and healthy.


    Avoid foods with chemicals and fillers in them, such as generic or store brands, as rottweilers are particularly prone to allergies.


    Choose food that is moderate in calories and has the correct range of protein, fat and calcium. It should have about a quarter of its calories come from protein, about 12 to 15 percent from fat, and calcium should be in the range of 1.2 to 1.5 percent.


    Don't switch over to adult food until the rottweiler is finished growing completely. A rottweiler generally reaches adulthood at about 18 months to 2 years of age. They will grow very large as puppies but until then aren't considered adults.


    Keep the puppy on a regular feeding schedule at about the same times each day. Give it about 2 to 3 cups of food per day spaced out over two or three meals for the first two or three months of the dog's life. Switch to about 3 to 5 cups of food spaced out over two meals at 4 to 6 months of age, and continue feeding the dog twice a day until adulthood. Increase the amount of food to 4 to 6 cups per day at 6 months old and about 5 to 6 cups per day after 18 months.

Hills Precription Diet Food

Meeting the dietary needs of their pet is one of the most important jobs for owners. You want your dog or cat to always feel their best, and if the pet food you are buying at the grocery store is not helping to achieve that goal, you might need to purchase specially formulated food from your veterinarian. One type of food that veterinarians often recommend for dogs and cats with medical conditions is Hill's Prescription Diet.

Hill's Prescription Diet for Dogs

    There are a slew of Hill's Prescription Diet products available for dogs who need help coping with a medical problem. For example, if your dog is plump, the "r/d Canine" formula is high in fiber with low levels of salt and fat. Perhaps your dog is prone to kidney problems. In that case, the "k/d Canine" formula has a reduced amount of phosphorous, which can build up in the blood stream if the kidneys cannot flush out the extra. It also has an increased amount of omega-3 fatty acids and extra antioxidants.

    Each specialized recipe comes in both a can for dogs that require soft foods and a bag for dogs that eat dry food. However, the "n/d Canine" formula does not come in dry form because it caters to dogs undergoing chemotherapy.

    In comparison to other brands of dog food, Hill's Prescription Diet is more expensive. At the grocery store, you can often find a 6-lb. bag of dry dog food for approximately $15, but you can expect to pay about $30 for an 8-lb. bag of Hill's Prescription Diet. In terms of wet food, 24 cans of food typically cost about $40, depending on the brand, but 24 cans of Hill's Prescription Diet can be closer to $55. Sometimes you can find coupons for Hill's Prescription Diet on the manufacturer's website.

Hill's Prescription Diet for Cats

    Hill's Prescription Diet also helps relieve the symptoms of medical conditions in cats. Much like the dog formulas, the various recipes are tailored to alleviate strain on the kidney, liver or bladder, as well as treat skin conditions or weight problems. For example, the "m/d Feline" formula is designed for overweight cats with diabetes who require extra carnitine, taurine and arginine.

    Just as the dog formulas come in both cans and dry bags, each specialized cat recipe comes in wet and dry forms.

    Lastly, you are going to encounter higher prices for the Hill's Prescription Diet when compared to cat food purchased at the local supermarket. While you can buy 24 cans of cat food for $20 or less at the grocery store, 24 cans of Hill's Prescription Diet will cost approximately $40.

Rabu, 17 Maret 2010

How to Compare and Rate Large Breed Puppy Food

How to Compare and Rate Large Breed Puppy Food

Dogs that mature to be between 45 and 99 pounds, such as Labradors retrievers, Greyhounds, Boxers, and German shepherds, are considered large breed dogs. Not only do these large dogs need more space to roam than other smaller breeds, they also have special nutritional needs. Because of their size, these larger breeds are more susceptible to certain diseases and joint problems. Feeding them a steady diet of nutritionally balanced food can help them have a longer and happier life.



    Look for dog food specifically designed for large breed dogs. Many dog food companies market specialized food for large breed puppies, adult dogs, and senior dogs. These foods contain glucosamine and chondroitin which help reduce joint stress caused from a larger dog's heavy weight. These foods also have a larger kibble size.


    Compare dog foods by checking the ingredients label on the back of the package. The first ingredient should be real meat: either chicken, fish, turkey, duck or lamb. Meat protein is an essential source of amino acids, which assist in muscle development for large dogs.


    Check the other ingredients on the label. They should include fruits and vegetables, both of which are highly digestible carbohydrates for large dogs prone to digestive disorders. Stay away from dog foods containing chicken or poultry byproduct meals or corn, wheat or soy. They are cheap filler proteins that do not provide the nutritional value your large breed dog needs.


    Look for dog foods with no artificial colors, flavors or preservatives. Artificial preservatives provide no nutritional value and have been linked to possible toxic side effects. Artificial colors and flavors are sometimes added to make the dog food more appealing, but do nothing for the health of your dog.


    Check with your veterinarian for recommendations. Depending on your dog's age, weight and health, he may suggest a specific diet for your dog. Also, ask about any vitamin supplement from which your large breed dog may benefit.

What to Feed a Dog With Bad Teeth

Among the most common health problems in dogs are those related to their teeth. Especially as they age, many dogs develop periodontal disease and may even loose some---or all---of their teeth. This may even happen when dogs are given the best of dental care throughout their lives. Despite the damage to their teeth, or even the loss of their teeth, many senior dogs continue to thrive---especially if their guardians take special precautions to ensure they are feeding their pets nutritious diets that they can eat despite their dental problems.


    If your dog does well on a particular dry blend of food, or if this is the type of food your pet has eaten throughout his life, your best option may be to continue feeding your dog this diet. Moistening the food with warm water or chicken broth and allowing it to set until it has softened will make it possible for him to chew despite his bad, or lack of, teeth. If the food is still not of a consistency he can manage, consider running the moistened food through a blender or food processor.


    There are several options when it comes to moist foods. There are semi-moist foods that are sold in sealed plastic bags. These may still require that you moisten them before feeding them to a dog with severe dental problems. With canned foods, watch out for those that contain chunks of meat. A dog with few or no teeth may not be able to chew the chunks. You can place the foods in a blender of food processor to turn chunks into a gruel that your dog can lap from her bowl without chewing.


    Chicken broths, pureed burger and other homemade treats can also be the bulk or a treat for the dog with dental problems. As more and more pet guardians turn to homemade diets for their dogs, guardians should consider this for the dog with bad teeth. These dogs may do better on this type of diet than on a commercial blend. Think about soups, broths and gruels that you can make for your pet. Also consider putting various homemade meals in the blender or food processor to get them to a consistency your dog can swallow and chew.

How to Build a Dog Food Storage Bin

Big, bulky dog food bags can become a hassle in your closet or garage. If you live in an area where there are skunks and raccoons, these large and insecure paper bags might prove to be more temptation than you want. If you keep your dog food inside a closet or cupboard in your house, you'd probably appreciate having an easier storage method. For security from rodents and pests and easy packing, a dog food storage container is ideal. Building a storage bin is relatively simple.




    Cut your wood. You need:
    Sides A and B (15 1/4 inches by 20 inches of pine board)
    Sides C and D (15 1/4 inches by 18 1/2 inches of pine board)
    Bottom (18 1/2 inches by 18 1/2 inches of pine board)
    Top sides 1 and 2 (3 inches by 20 inches of pine board)
    Top sides 3 and 4 (3 inches x 18 inches of pine board)
    Label these pieces for ease of construction during your building process.


    Construct the body of the box, made of sides A, B, C and D. Apply the wood glue to the edges of each piece to glue them together. As the glue sets, use the nails to secure the assembly.


    Glue the bottom onto the box. Run wood glue around the edges and slide the bottom into the box, moving in from the bottom opening so you don't smear glue along the height of the box. Use nails to secure the bottom of the box, as you did with the sides.


    Build the top out of pieces 1, 2, 3 and 4. Construct the top using the same process you did in Step 2.


    If you require feet on your storage bin, install them on the bottom. Drill four holes in the bottom, 1 1/4 inch from the edges. Install the feet using the screws, per manufacturer directions.


    Put your top on the box, and use screws to install the two hinges. The hinges should be equal distances from their respective edges.


    Sand the entire box to prevent splintering. Stain or paint the outside of your storage bin as desired.

Are Carrots Good for Puppies?

Are Carrots Good for Puppies?

Not all "people food" is bad for dogs. In fact, dogs get many of the same health and nutrition benefits from fresh whole foods that people do. Carrots are among the vegetables that are safe for dogs to eat. In addition to other benefits, carrots provide the dog with healthy antioxidants and plenty of soluble fiber.

A Balanced Diet for Puppies

    A healthy diet for a puppy includes protein, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins and minerals; phosphorus and calcium are especially important. Commercial dog foods are associated with meat, but dogs are true omnivores, so vegetables are included in most store-bought foods and are also a good supplement. Between the ages of 4 to 12 weeks, puppies should be fed three times a day.

Benefits of Carrots

    Carrots and other fruits and vegetables provide needed fiber, which aids a dog's digestive health. Just as people think of carrots as a "diet food," they are good for dogs that need to slim down as well since they're low in fat and calories. For this reason, carrots are a good treat choice for breeds most vulnerable to weight problems, such as pugs and other smaller dogs. Carrots are also a carbohydrate, an important component of a healthy canine diet, and dogs can convert the beta carotene in carrots into Vitamin A.

Raw Carrots Vs. Cooked Carrots

    An adult dog can handle the crunchy texture of a carrot; in fact, it's a good substitute for a less healthy dog biscuit. Puppies have more delicate digestive systems, however, as well as smaller teeth. When feeding a puppy carrots, first shred the carrot or cook it to make it softer and more easy to digest. Dog owners who are also gourmands can also check out recipes for dog biscuits, stews and other meals that incorporate carrots.

Vegetables to Avoid

    Although carrots are perfectly safe for dogs, some fruits and vegetables are toxic and should be avoided. These include onions, garlic, raisins, grapes and tomato greens. Some vegetables with shells can be difficult for dogs to digest, including peas and corn. Corn cobs are also bad for dogs and should be carefully disposed of.

Foods That Cause Gas in Dogs

Foods That Cause Gas in Dogs

All species of mammals, including humans and dogs, produce intestinal gases. A dog's diet can go a long way in reducing the amount of gas it passes. Certain forms of protein, filler products in dog foods, table scraps and dairy can contribute to a dog's gas problems. Changing your dog's diet is a good way to reduce gaseous emissions.


    Dogs eat a variety of foods, but require a large amount of protein to be healthy. Soy is a healthy, earth-friendly form of protein, but it can be difficult for dogs to digest. Some dog foods are made up of nearly one-quarter soy, which contributes to gas problems. As with all pet foods, check the label to determine how much soy is in your dog's food; the further down on the ingredients list, the less there is in the food. Animal byproducts, such as ground bone and other non-meat parts are also more difficult for dogs to digest and can cause gas.

Wheat and Corn

    Wheat and corn are in many dog foods because they are inexpensive filler. However, complex carbohydrates are difficult for dogs to digest, as these are not generally part of their diets in the wild, and again can cause flatulence.

Dairy Products

    Dogs, like people, can grow lactose intolerant over time, so feeding a dog dairy can result in gas. Cheese, milk and ice cream can give a dog gas. However, yogurt may actually help alleviate gas, as its active bacteria can aid in digestion.

Garbage and Table Scraps

    Many human foods, even those that are healthy for people, can be difficult for dogs to digest. Other, less healthy fare can be greasy and even more likely to cause gas. Do not feed dogs table scraps and ensure that garbage cans are secure.

Switching Foods

    If, after reading the ingredients label on your dog's food, you find that there is a high amount of soy, corn, wheat or dairy, you may want to try to switch foods to see if this will ease the gas problem. However, dogs grow accustomed to their food, so owners should make the switch gradually, as a sudden change can cause diarrhea.