Jumat, 31 Desember 2010

The Best Food for British Bulldogs

Who would want to own a dog that is prone to health problems, drools, slobbers, snuffles, snores, and frequently breaks wind? Who can manage owning a dog that can die from too much heat or too much exercise? Despite the extra care and exacting nutritional needs of an English bulldog, millions of English bulldog owners will insist that owning an English bulldog is worth every bit of the work and effort.

English Bulldogs' Nutrition

    English bulldogs are known for their easy temperament and loving nature. They are easily pleased and demand little. Caring for an English bulldog, however, takes more care and foresight than caring for the average dog. This includes the English bulldog's food. Like all dogs, English bulldogs require a balanced diet of proteins, minerals, vegetables and carbohydrates. This can be accomplished with commercial dog food, but many English bulldog owners prefer to prepare their dog's food themselves to insure the proper dietary mix. Veterinarians concur that this is a good practice, at least for part of the English bulldog's meal plan.

Allergies

    The constitution of English bulldogs is among the most delicate of all dogs. In addition to the conditions noted, English bulldogs are also highly prone to developing allergies. Owners must think carefully about how to insure that their dog's food is not allergenic, as well as which food will not exacerbate the dog's other physical vulnerabilities. In addition to hypoallergenic commercially prepared food, fresh cooked meat mixed with pasta and easily digestible vegetables is a popular option suggested by veterinarians. Soy products should never be added to an English bulldog's diet, as it is hard for bulldogs to digest soy.

Dividing Meals

    Although vets generally recommend feeding a dog once a day, English bulldog owners have, on the whole, discovered that feeding their dogs twice a day cuts down on the flatulence, as well as reduces the possibility of the dog developing gastric torsion. With this in mind, many vets suggest that English bulldog owners divide meals, feeding a balanced, home-cooked meal for one meal and a high quality commercial dry dog food for the second meal. This will give the dog one meal that has been carefully balanced by veterinary dietitians, while allowing her a second meal that will be more varied and keep her interested in her food.

Loving Companion

    Not everyone is able to own a dog like an English bulldog. The amount of nutritional care alone that owning one demands is considerable, and acquiring an English bulldog should be undertaken only after giving the matter a good deal of thought and consideration. If an owner is prepared to offer the proper attention and care, and feels that he can responsibly maintain the English bulldog's exacting dietary requirements, he will get a loving devoted companion in return--worth all the work, the snores and the slobbers of an English bulldog.

Prairie Dog Food Ingredients

Prairie Dog Food Ingredients

The Prairie dog food line is for people who want to feed their dogs food that contains natural ingredients. Manufactured by Nature's Variety, this dog food is sold in wet- and dry-food varieties and in multiple flavors. The Prairie line of pet food also includes food for cats.

Meat and Rice Dry Food

    Prairie dry dog food comes in five adult flavors -- chicken meal and brown rice medley, beef meal and barley medley, lamb meal and oatmeal medley, New Zealand venison and millet medley and salmon meal and brown rice medley. The top ingredient in each flavor is the meat meal of the corresponding flavor. The other top ingredients in the dry food varieties include brown rice, barley, oatmeal, chicken fat, ground flaxseeds and canola oil.

Puppy Food

    The Prairie line of dog food includes two dry puppy chow options -- puppy and large breed puppy. Each flavor is chicken based. The top five ingredients in each of the puppy flavors are the same: chicken meal, brown rice, barley, oatmeal and millet.

Prairie Canned Food

    Prairie canned dog food comes in four meat flavors -- chicken, beef, lamb and venison. The food is sold only in 13.2-ounce cans and can be fed to dogs of all sizes and life stages, according to the manufacturer. The top ingredients in each variety consist of meat and liver (chick, beef, lamb, venison or pork), meat broth, rice, barley, eggs, peas, carrots and oatmeal.

Prairie Homestyle Canned Food

    Prairie also offers seven flavors in the Homestyle by Prairie canned dog food line -- chicken stew, beef stew, lamb stew, salmon and wild rice stew, turkey and duck stew, beef and bison stew and pork and sweet potato stew. The food is sold in 13.2-ounce cans and contains chunky stew in gravy, which the make claims will "entice any picky eater." Each flavor is based on a meat broth with meat pieces. The other top ingredients are eggs whites, egg whites, potato starch, oatmeal, rice and vegetable pieces.

Kamis, 30 Desember 2010

The Best Diet for a Pekingese

The Pekingese is a member of the toy dog breed. Its small size and limited exercise requirements make it a good breed for someone living in a small house or apartment. These are very devoted dogs, but can also be very stubborn and strong-willed. The dogs are prone to allergies, breathing and spinal problems, so a well-balance diet is imperative from early on. Because these dogs are also prone to gassiness, many owners prefer to make their own food instead of feeding commercial kibble.

A Raw Diet

    Low-priced food contains a lot of corn, soy, and wheat. These ingredients can irritate a Pekingese's sensitive stomach and skin. Dogs who eat a regular diet of cheap dog food will very likely begin to develop allergies to it. A raw or frozen raw diet seems to be a healthful choice for a Pekingese. This diet should include lean meat, vegetables, and even fruit. It is also a good idea to feed your dog a daily vitamin supplement. Pekingese-info.com recommends a blend of poultry, rice, yellow corn, beet and soy and advises that owners should avoid white potatoes, beef, horsemeat, and oats. Brown rice is more nutrient-rich than white rice, if you choose to include it. These are all foods that the Pekingese's ancestors would have eaten and that their bodies are able to digest well.

Dry or Wet Food?

    One argument in favor of dry kibble is that wet food is bad for a dog's teeth. Pekingese, however, have very small teeth and generally have trouble chewing kibble. If you find a high quality dry dog food that your Pekingese likes, try to get it in a "small bites" form to make it easier to chew. If you are worried about the effects of a raw diet on your dog's teeth, include raw crunchy vegetables, like carrots in their daily meals. These are good for their bodies and help keep their teeth clean.

Rabu, 29 Desember 2010

How to Use Xanthan Gum in Dog Biscuits

Dogs with a sensitivity to wheat should avoid it in all its forms, including wheat flours. When a dog with an intolerance to wheat eats something containing it, his entire body may itch or he may experience diarrhea. The problem with a lot of commercial dog treats is that they contain wheat flours. If you want to avoid the side effects that wheat-based treats can cause an intolerant dog, you can make your own wheat-free dog biscuits at home. Wheat-free flours, however, need a thickening agent. One of the easiest to use is xanthan gum.

Instructions

    1

    Position your oven racks so that one is in the center, and preheat your oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit.

    2

    Sift, using a hand sifter, 2/3 cup buckwheat flour, 2/3 cup chickpea flour and 1 1/3 teaspoon of xanthan gum powder into a medium-sized bowl. Set the bowl aside. The xanthan gum will act as a thickener for the wheat-free flours. You can purchase it and the flours at a health food store or online.

    3

    Place 1/4 cup natural peanut butter and 1 whole egg in a medium mixing bowl. (If you wish for your biscuits to be gluten free as well as wheat free, be certain to choose a natural peanut butter that contains no corn, vegetable or soy oils.) Use a hand mixer on medium speed to mix the peanut butter and egg together until they are completely combined.

    4

    Add the flour mixture to the egg mixture in thirds. Pour one third of the flour at a time, mixing on medium speed until the addition is thoroughly incorporated before adding the next third.

    5

    Add 1 tablespoon of tap water at a time to your dough, mixing between additions. You can use up to 1/4 cup of water, but only use as much as you need to make it a good texture for rolling out.

    6

    Sprinkle buckwheat flour on your work surface and use a rolling pin to roll the dough between 1/4 and 1/2 inch thick. Try to keep the dough the same thickness throughout for even cooking.

    7

    Use a cookie cutter to cut out shapes from your dough. You can use any shape you desire. Press straight down, and then turn the cutter slightly to release the shape from the dough.

    8

    Place your cutouts on an ungreased cookie sheet. Make sure there is at least 1/4 inch between them since they will expand slightly while cooking.

    9

    Place your cookie sheet in the preheated oven and allow to bake for 20 minutes. Use an oven mitt to remove the cookie sheet. Turn the biscuits over with a spatula. Place the cookie sheet back in the oven, reduce the heat to 200 degrees Fahrenheit and cook for 40 more minutes.

    10

    Remove the cookie sheet from the oven. Allow the biscuits to cool for 10 minutes, then transfer them to a wire cooling rack to finish cooling. Store your dog biscuits in an airtight container.

Raw Diet for Dogs Using Tripe

Raw Diet for Dogs Using Tripe

Many dog breeders, trainers and owners choose to feed their dogs a diet that includes raw tripe. These people feel that tripe, the stomach of ruminants (four-footed, hooved, cud-chewing animals such buffalo, sheep, deer, antelope, cows and goats) contains amino acids, proteins, fatty acids and other enzymes that give dogs many of the nutrients that they need and cannot obtain from other foods. "Green" tripe refers to unprocessed tripe, which these dog owners believe will provide the dog with nutritional needs. Chewing raw tripe allows the dog to exercise its jaws and clean its teeth.

Raw Diet for Dogs

    Proponents of raw diets for dogs say feeding a raw diet of uncooked food comes closest to a dog's natural eating pattern. They point out that in the wild, a dog would eat only raw food and that, if provided in the proper balance, a raw diet will provide the dog with all the proteins, amino acids, enzymes and vitimins that it needs for a healthy life.

Adding Tripe to a Raw Diet

    The bones and raw food diet, or the BARF diet, generally consists of uncooked meat and bones, organ meat, starchy vegetables (carrots, broccoli, spinach, peppers), starchy fruits (apples, oranges, pears), whole raw eggs and milk products. Adherents of the raw diet advise including tripe. Tripe comes from a ruminant's stomach lining and stomach contents. The digestive enzymes, amino acids, calcium, phosphorus, omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids, and gastric juices of tripe add nutrients to the diet.

Feeding Schedule

    Veterinarians suggest feeding dogs twice daily to prevent bloating. Provide the dog with a raw diet that contains a variety of raw foods, including the meat and bones, but also some softened oats, fruits and vegetables and some tripe. Feed the dog green tripe together with other raw food. Use the tripe with the other raw food at a percentage ranging from 25 percent tripe and 75 percent raw food to 25 percent raw food and 75 percent tripe. Use lamb tripe for puppies or for dogs that have allergies to cow products.

Where to Obtain Tripe

    Obtain green tripe from a butcher or order a commercially canned green tripe product. Note the difference between white tripe (cooked or bleached tripe, which some dog owners claim has had its nutrients cooked or beached out of it) and green tripe, which has not been processed in any way.

Food Storage

    The raw food and tripe diet may offer a way to feed dogs in a more "natural" manner, but you should still adhere to modern methods of food storage to minimize the development of harmful bacteria. All food, especially the tripe, meat and bones, should go into a refrigerator until mealtime. Unstored meat may develop bacteria and could make a dog quite sick.

Selasa, 28 Desember 2010

What Is the Nutritional Analysis of Eukanuba Senior Dog Food?

Eukanuba offers three senior formulas: Senior Maintenance, Small-Breed Senior for dogs less than 20 pounds and Large-Breed Senior for dogs over 51 pounds. All of these formulas have fairly similar nutritional analysis. For your dog to receive these amounts of nutrients in his diet, follow the feeding guidelines published on the bag of dog food.

Protein

    Eukanuba Maintenance Senior contains no less than 27 percent protein, while the Small-Breed Senior contains no less than 29 percent and the Large-Breed Senior no less than 26 percent. It is recommended your senior dog consumes at least 10 percent protein in his diet daily, though some senior dogs need more than 20 percent protein in their diets. Correct amounts of protein in your dog's diet give your dog necessary amino acids for building muscle and helps with energy production.

Fat

    Your dog needs a minimum of five-point-five percent fat a day, and Eukanuba Maintenance is made up of 12 percent fat. The Large Breed Senior formula contains 10 percent fat, and the Small Breed Senior formula is made up of 17 percent fat. Fat provides the most concentrated form of energy for your dog, helps in forming cell structures and keeps coat and skin healthy.

Fiber

    Four percent or less of Eukanuba's Maintenance Senior, Small-Breed Senior and Large-Breed formula is fiber. Your dog needs between 2.5 and 4.5 percent fiber in his diet daily. A good balance in fiber helps your dog's gastrointestinal tract and can contribute to energy needs.

Moisture

    Ten percent of Eukanuba Maintenance Senior, Small Breed Senior and Large Breed Senior is moisture in the dry food. This is not unusual; most dog dry foods contain between six and 10 percent moisture. Lower percentages in some foods may reflect a higher amount of water.

Vitamin E

    It is recommended that dogs consume eight milligrams of vitamin E a day---Eukanuba Senior Maintenance, Small Breed Senior and Large Breed Senior all contain 140 international units or more. This converts to approximately nine milligrams of vitamin E. Without proper amounts of vitamin E, your dog can develop problems with muscle development, eye conditions and reproductive system issues.

Other Vitamins and Minerals

    Though these are not considered necessary nutrients by the AAFCO Dog Food Nutrient Profiles, Eukanuba Maintenance Senior, Small Breed Senior and Large Breed Senior also contain beta-carotene, L-carnitine, Omega-3 and 6 fatty acids, glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate.

Senin, 27 Desember 2010

Low Sodium Dog Foods With Taurine

Low Sodium Dog Foods With Taurine

Taurine is an amino acid that many dogs are able to synthesize and, therefore, do not need added to their diet. However, some dog breeds, such as newfoundlands and cocker spaniels, may not be able to make taurine on their own and need supplements or food that contains the amino acid. Although added taurine is controversial, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration labels it a food, based on its nutritional contribution to heart health in dogs and cats, and regulates its addition to pet food. It is important to find out from a veterinarian whether your dog needs additional taurine. If the answer is yes, and your veterinarian recommends a low sodium food with taurine for your dog, there are some commercial and homemade options.

Natura

    Choose dog foods that contain few fillers and higher levels of meat and poultry that are naturally higher in taurine. Because taurine occurs naturally in fresh meat, canned dog food usually contains more taurine. Natura Pet Foods makes EVO Turkey and Chicken Formula, which contains taurine but is low in sodium. Natura foods are specialty foods available in small pet stores. It is not a prescription food.

Hill's

    Choose prescription-grade dog food that meets your pet's needs. Hill's Prescription Diet k/d and u/d are good low-sodium choices with added taurine that are available both canned and dry. Note that the taurine is added as both products are low in protein. Remember to check for possible allergens, because both contain higher levels of non-meat or poultry ingredients.

Flint River Ranch

    Select premium dog foods for quality ingredients that are more affordable than prescription foods. Flint River Ranch DryWater Ultra Fresh Dog Food and Duck and Oatmeal Dog Formula both contain poultry as their primary protein source, so although they do not contain added taurine, they naturally contain taurine from protein. Both are also low in sodium, making them a good and affordable choice.

Homemade Dog Food

    Make your own dog food if you want to know exactly what your pet is eating. Some dog owners find this option more satisfying, but before you decide to make it yourself, know your dog's nutritional needs. When you buy food that is complete, you know that it is formulated for your dog's health. But when you make dog food yourself, you can't guarantee it is nutritionally complete unless you know exactly what he needs. A good formula is 40 percent meat, 50 percent vegetables and 10 percent carbohydrate, according to Vetinfo.com. Control sodium and taurine levels so your homemade dog food is nutritionally correct for your pet.

Vegetarian Pet Foods

Vegetarian Pet Foods

Vegetarian pet owners sometimes wonder about the viability of a similarly vegetarian diet for their animal friends. Both dogs and cats survive on vegetarian diets as long as pet owners first educate themselves on the individual needs of their pets. A vegetarian diet provides the perfect way to keep pets healthy without supporting the meat industry, a concern of many vegetarians.

Benefits

    Vegetarian pet foods offer cats and dogs all the necessary nutrients needed to grow and stay healthy without exposing them to the possible risks associated with meat-based pet food. Meats included in pet food sometimes contain ingredients such as hair or horn trimmings, stomach contents and even manure, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. This poses a risk of disease and contamination for pets, such as occurred in 2007 when pet food tainted with melamine made its way in to the market.

Warnings

    Not all vegetable-based foods work well for pets. For example, grapes and onions are poisonous to dogs. Other non-meat foods to avoid include potatoes, which cause stomach upset in dogs. Feeding pets high-sugar, high-fat or high-calorie foods cause problems similar to those seen in humans, such as diabetes, obesity and tooth decay.

Supplements

    Commercial vegetarian pet foods sometimes contain the additional supplements needed by your pets for good health, but always read labels to be sure. Purchase a supplement from your local pet store if you feed your pets homemade vegetarian meals. Important supplements include vitamin A, taurine and arachidonic acid for cats. Dogs on vegetarian diets need additional L-carnitine and taurine, two amino acids which are the building blocks of protein.

Considerations

    Consult your veterinarian before switching your pet's diet. She can provide you with answers to your questions, food and supplement suggestions and important information pertaining to your individual pet. Switch your pet to his new diet slowly, gradually increasing the ratio of vegetarian to meat-based food every few days. Look for signs of problems, including poor eating, poor skin or fur health and digestive issues. Adding spaghetti sauce, onion-free baby food or soy milk to the food makes it more palatable for fussy eaters.

Minggu, 26 Desember 2010

How to Make a Newborn Puppy Drink Milk

How to Make a Newborn Puppy Drink Milk

If a newborn puppy cannot receive milk from its mother, a puppy must be fed by hand using puppy newborn formula to survive. However, do not feed a puppy cows milk as a replacement for its mothers milk. Cows milk contains different levels of nutrients than what a newborn puppy needs. In addition, a newborn puppy that is fed cows milk can suffer from an upset stomach. Instead, provide the puppy with one of the many puppy milk replacement formulas available. With a little practice, you can easily accomplish successfully feeding a newborn puppy canine formula.

Instructions

    1

    Prepare the puppy formula according to the formulas directions. Puppy formula generally comes already prepared in a liquid form, or in a powder form that requires you to add water. Giving each formula may differ according to their instructions regarding how often you should feed a newborn puppy. For example, Esbilac recommends feeding a puppy 2 tablespoons of formula for every 4 ounces the puppy weighs during a 24-hour period. Therefore, you will increase the amount you feed the puppy as the puppy gets older and gains weight.

    2

    Place the formula in a bottle or syringe. Depending on the size of the puppy or the puppys personality, the puppy may prefer feeding through a syringe or an eyedropper. However, if you feed the puppy using a bottle and nipple, find a nipple that will gently drip when you turn the bottle upside down.

    3

    Provide formula to the puppy every two hours for the first week of the newborn puppys life. After the first week, you can begin to stretch the time in between feedings, following the formulas directions. When the puppy reaches the age of 4 weeks, you can begin to feed the puppy solid food, such as puppy chow mixed with warm water, according to the ASPCA.

Symptoms of a Puppy Drinking Too Much Water

Symptoms of a Puppy Drinking Too Much Water

Your dog should always have unrestricted access to clean, fresh drinking water. A healthy dog will drink sufficient water to remain hydrated. Naturally, the amount required increases in relation to other factors, such as activity levels, food intake and temperature. If your puppy is drinking too much water, you'll notice a variety of changes in behavior and toilet habits. An insatiable thirst can be a sign of diabetes, urinary infection or pituitary gland problems. Consult your vet if the problem continues.

Excessive Urination

    The most obvious sign that your dog is taking too much water is a higher than frequent occurrence of urination. Puppies have smaller, weaker bladders than adult dogs, so more frequent urination is normal. However, if they are urinating noticeably more than is normal for their own routine, this is a possible sign that they are taking on more water than normal.

Accidental Urination

    Although puppies are prone to accidents, a prolonged inability to hold the bladder is a potential sign that your puppy is drinking too much water. You should never limit your pup's access to water, but you should consult a vet if the dog has an apparently insatiable thirst. Fluctuations in water intake are normal, especially if you have recently switched your pet onto dry food, but do keep an eye on your dog if you suspect that it may be drinking more than normal.

Watery Stools

    Excessive water intake leads to watery stools. If you haven't altered your dog's diet and can see no other reason for runny or watery feces, greater than normal water intake is a probable cause. While dogs typically only drink when thirsty, some puppies simply over-estimate how much water to drink. This is linked to a protective instinct they have over their food and water. If there is another dog in the house, the pup may want to drink all the water to stop the other dog from "stealing" it. Once your pup realizes the water is always replenished, this problem typically recedes. If it persists, consult your vet.

Agitation

    Dogs have a natural instinct to keep their dens clean. This instinct compels them to want to go to the toilet as far away as possible from where they eat. If your puppy can't get into the garden in time to urinate, it will become agitated. Scratching at the door, whining and circling are signs that your puppy urgently needs to go to the toilet. Refer repeated instances of agitation due to an urgent need to urinate to your veterinarian.

Hunting for Water

    If your dog seeks water from sources other than the water bowl, this points to an excessive thirst. For example, if your dog finishes a bowl of water and immediately trots off to the bathroom to drink from the toilet, it's a possible sign of a medical problem.

Sabtu, 25 Desember 2010

How to Change to a New Puppy Food

How to Change to a New Puppy Food

There are a few reasons a puppy owner may need to switch the puppy food to another brand or type. First, the owner may need to buy a more inexpensive or more expensive dog food. Second, the veterinarian may recommend a new type for various puppy stomach problems. Third, an older puppy may be ready to switch to regular dog food. Regardless of the reason, changing a puppy's food needs to be done the same way.

Instructions

    1

    Make a mix of one-fourth new puppy food with three-fourths old puppy food. Give this mixture to the puppy for at least four days. Observe any changes in the puppy with the new food change. If the puppy gets diarrhea, lower the amount of the new food to one-eighth.

    2

    Combine a mix of half of the old puppy food and half of the new dog food. Feed this mixture to the puppy for at least four days. Observe how the puppy reacts to the new food. Switch back to the first mixture if the puppy has any diarrhea.

    3

    Combine three-fourths new puppy food with one-fourth old puppy food. Give to puppy for at least four days. Switch back to the previous mixture if puppy develops any diarrhea.

    4

    Use the new puppy food entirely for the next feedings. Switch back to the previous mixture if the puppy develops any diarrhea.

Jumat, 24 Desember 2010

How to Feed a New Puppy

How to Feed a New Puppy

Having a new puppy is exciting and fun, but requires a lot of work and patience. Just like a new baby, puppies count on you to take care of them and teach them proper manners and actions. It is very important you give your puppy lots of love and attention and start training them early on. The better you take care of your puppy, the more joy he will bring you throughout your life.

One of the most important ways to keep a puppy happy and health is provide him with proper nutrition. Puppies require different feeding schedules and nutrients than older dogs. They also often have very sensitive systems that need to be catered to.

Instructions

    1

    Choose a food that fulfills the puppy's nutritional needs. It is always a good idea to ask your veterinarian for a list of food brands he or she recommends. Use that list to compare each brand for yourself. Make sure the first few ingredients are good sources of animal protein, such as chicken, turkey or beef.

    Be aware that many low-cost commercial foods are filled with by-products and chemicals. These may save you money in the short term, but will put your puppy's health at risk and could cause you expensive medical bills down the road.

    2

    Find out what food the breeder/pet store was feeding the puppy prior to him coming home with you. It is never a good idea to switch foods quickly. This is true for both puppies and older dogs. Instead, keep your puppy on the same food and feeding schedule as he was on previously. Give him a week to get adjusted to all of the other changes in his life and then start slowly switching him over to your food of choice.

    Gradually added more of your food and less of the previous food, spreading the switch over a one- to two-week period. For example, on days one and two of the switch, include 75% of the old food and 25% of the new food; on days three and four, prepare a 50/50 mix; on days five and six, prepare 25% old food and 75% new food. By day seven, the puppy can eat new food exclusively.

    If your puppy seems to have digestive distress, he might need more time to become accustomed to the new food.

    3

    Plan a consistent feeding schedule. During the first few months it is important for puppies to be fed at least three times per day. Determine a schedule that both you and puppy can stick to, as consistency in feeding helps prevent intestinal upset. Consider not feeding your puppy right before bedtime to limit the number of nighttime potty trips you have to make.

    4

    Weigh your puppy weekly to determine the amount to feed. Puppies gain weight quickly during the first few months, it is important to keep track on weight gain to determine the proper feeding amount. Almost all foods will have a table with a suggested food amount per weight. If you have any questions, or think your puppy is either gaining too fast or too slow, contact your veterinarian for advice.

    5

    Pick healthy, age-appropriate treats. Although it is tempting to give your puppy lots of between-meal treats, it is best to keep these limited to special occasions. Most veterinarians recommend that treats make up no more than 10 percent of your puppy's daily caloric intake.

Kamis, 23 Desember 2010

How to Compare the Best-Rated Puppy Food

How to Compare the Best-Rated Puppy Food

Choosing the right food for your puppy, even among the best-rated foods, can be a challenging task. Knowing what ingredients are in your puppy's food and the significance of the ingredients will help you make an informed decision.

Function

    The Puppy Dog Place, a website about puppy and dog care, explains that the goal of commercial dog food is to provide your puppy with a balanced and complete, nutritious diet. Puppy food provides more vitamins and minerals than adult dog food, as well as a higher percentage of protein and fat to promote growth.

Types

    Quality puppy food meets or exceeds the standards laid out by the Association of American Feed Control Officers (AAFCO), states the Puppy Dog Place website. These products are usually labeled as a "complete and balanced diet." Puppy foods that are not labeled have not been approved by AAFCO. There is no oversight on labeling puppy food as premium or quality, so be sure to check the label before believing the claims.

Considerations

    When choosing a food for your puppy, be sure to look at the ingredient list. The Puppy Dog Place recommends that puppy food contain 25 percent protein, 15 percent fat, as well as an assortment of carbohydrates found in ingredients such as vegetables, fruits and grains, and the correct amount of vitamins and minerals. All AAFCO-approved puppy foods have an appropriate amount of all the vitamins and minerals your puppy needs.

Raw Meat Diet for Dogs With Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a painful and sometimes fatal condition that occurs in dogs when the pancreas becomes inflamed. Veterinarians believe that pancreatitis can be caused by poor diet, trauma, kidney disease, diabetes or a combination of these causes. Dogs with pancreatitis must eat a bland diet high in protein and low in fat. A raw meat diet may help some dogs with pancreatitis. However, a poorly formulated raw diet might do more harm than good.

About Pancreatitis In Dogs

    The pancreas is an organ that produces insulin and digestive enzymes necessary for the breakdown of food in the intestines. Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas. In severe cases, the pancreas can stop producing any digestive enzymes, or its enzymes can start to digest the pancreas itself and surrounding organs.

    Pancreatitis can be either acute or chronic. Acute cases consist of a single episode which leaves no lasting damage, but are often severe and may be fatal if not treated. Chronic pancreatitis is often less severe but causes permanent changes and damage to the pancreas and sometimes to other organs.

    Pancreatitis is diagnosed through blood tests that monitor the dog's levels of pancreatic enzymes. An abdominal ultrasound may also be required to diagnose or rule out the condition. Symptoms include abdominal pain and tenderness, vomiting, irregular appetite and behavioral changes.

Raw Feeding Dogs with Pancreatitis

    Most dogs that suffer acute pancreatitis recover completely from the first episode and do not have another episode if dietary changes are made that include giving a high-quality diet high in protein and low in fat. Moderate fiber may also be beneficial. If your dog has suffered acute pancreatitis, a raw diet may prevent the condition from recurring. Dogs with chronic pancreatitis can also benefit from a raw diet, so long as they also regularly see a veterinarian for monitoring of their pancreatic enzyme levels and are treated for any underlying conditions, such as diabetes.

    Focus on lean raw meats and cooked vegetables to provide a moderate amount of fiber for dogs with pancreatitis. Skin and fat should be removed from raw meat before it is fed to dogs with a history of pancreatitis. Raw game meats are particularly healthful for dogs with pancreatitis. Elk, wild boar, deer, quail, wild duck, wild goose and moose are all good sources of lean protein.

    If you must give farmed meats to a dog with pancreatitis, try to focus on a wide variety of lean red meats with minimal pork and poultry. Emu, goat, mutton, reindeer, farmed elk and bison are ideal for inclusion in a raw diet for dogs with pancreatitis. Avoid fatty cuts of meat and trim any excess fat before feeding your dog. If it is necessary to feed chicken, pork, turkey and beef, buy lean cuts and look for free-range and grass-fed meats. Organic meat is healthful but is not necessarily better for pets with pancreatitis than free-range meat that is not certified organic.

    As for fiber, cooked green beans are a raw feeder's best friend. You can offer a small amount of cooked green beans each day. Cooked pumpkin is also an accessible source of fiber and palatable for most pets. Squash, yams and ancient grains like quinoa are also good sources of fiber for dogs with pancreatitis.

    Always consult your veterinarian before making any medical decision for your pet, including feeding a diet intended to treat or manage any medical condition.

Selasa, 21 Desember 2010

High-Fiber Human Foods That are Safe for Dogs

High-fiber foods can help correct mild constipation in dogs. Overweight dogs also benefit from high-fiber snacks, which help them feel full without consuming too many calories. Numerous high-fiber human foods are safe for dogs.

Vegetables

    A cup of cooked green peas contains almost 9 g of fiber. Carrots and cooked broccoli are also safe for dogs and high in fiber.

Legumes

    Cooked split peas are safe for dogs in small amounts and contain more than 16 g of fiber per cup. However, split peas and other legumes may cause gas and diarrhea in some dogs or if fed in large quantities.

Fruits

    Fruits are best as a very occasional treat for dogs, due to their high sugar content. Blueberries, with 3.3 g of fiber per cup, are safe for dogs and also provide beneficial antioxidants.

Grains

    Cooked pearled barley contains 6 g of fiber per cup and is safe for dogs. Whole-wheat spaghetti is also high in fiber and dog-safe, though some dogs may have wheat allergies.

Canned Pumpkin

    Canned pumpkin contains 7 g of fiber per cup. A can of pumpkin should be on hand in the home of every pet owner, as it is an effective treatment for diarrhea. Buy canned pumpkin only; pumkin pie filling is a different product containing added sugar, which is unhealthy for dogs.

Senin, 20 Desember 2010

What Kinds of Dog Foods Are Kosher?

What Kinds of Dog Foods Are Kosher?

Keeping a kosher kitchen means paying attention to the foods you buy as well as what dishes you use with different types of food, following the Jewish tradition. Although the Torah doesn't require pets to eat in the same kosher style as people, a few requirements exist that limits that dog foods you can use if you want your pet to stick to kosher rules.

Kosher Dog Food

    It's acceptable for animals to eat some foods not kosher for humans, according to Star-K Online -- but not every combination works in your kosher kitchen. Look for dog foods with meat as a main ingredients, including beef, fish, chicken, goat or pork -- even though you aren't permitted to eat all those meats yourself, it's still OK for your dog. Milk and grain products are acceptable in most cases, and vegetables always are considered kosher as long as they've been inspected for bugs -- which aren't kosher.

Unacceptable Ingredients

    Look at dog food labels carefully to ensure you're buying the right product for you and your pet. Just the word "meat" in the ingredients isn't enough to make an informed decision. Some meats, such as chicken and pork, work when combined with dairy products in kosher dog food. Others, such as beef, sheep or goat meant, do not. The labels should clearly state what type of meat the can or bag contains. Also note that casein and whey are milk products and can't be combined with meats such as beef. People who keep the kosher way of life aren't permitted to combine meat and dairy products, even keeping separate plates for the two food types. This rule translates over to dog food because the Torah states that you may not benefit from combining certain meats and dairy -- feeding your pet, a member of your family, is considered a benefit.

Passover

    An important Jewish holiday, Passover rules dictate that there be no grains in the house during those days. Most dog foods contain grains, which presents a problem for kosher households. Several versions of grain-free dog food exists, although you might need to plan ahead and order them online if they aren't available in your area. You might also decide to cook food for your pet during Passover; it's just for a few days, and it ensures no grain enters your home. He'll enjoy a variety of cooked meats mixed with vegetables without spices; stay away from onions and garlic specifically, as these can be toxic to dogs.

Dishes

    Dog dishes present another challenge in a kosher kitchen. Kosher rules restrict the use of certain dishes together, and this includes washing them. Plates you use for meat can't interact with plates used for dairy products, for example. Since your dog's food isn't the same as what you eat, his dishes should always be washed separately from your personal dishes -- so don't throw them in the dishwasher with your regular load. Dog foods suitable for kosher kitchens often contain the disclaimer that the food is acceptable for your dog to eat in that it doesn't contain mixtures forbidden in kosher kitchens, but it's not permissible for people to eat.

Some Kosher Brands

    Some dog food brands specialize in kosher food for your pet. Evanger's offers an entire line of kosher dog food, including several grain-free options. Based in Illinois, only stores in a small geographical area sell Evanger's, but the company ships nationwide. Other dog food brands that offer kosher options, including some grain-free options for Passover, include Blue Wilderness, Canidae, Earthborn Holistic, Instinct, Merrick and Taste of the Wild.

Minggu, 19 Desember 2010

Are Greenies Bad for Dogs?

Greenies are popular chew treats for dogs that help keep teeth clean and are marketed as fully digestible. In 2006, 13 dogs died after consuming Greenies. Reportedly bits of the treat had become lodged in their esophagus and intestines.

Features

    The first ingredient in the original formula for Greenies was wheat gluten. When the story about the dog deaths first broke, the company stood behind their product. But after months of consumer complaints, the company changed the formula in late 2006.

New Formula

    The first ingredient in the new formula is gelatin. The original Greenies were extremely hard. But now, with this new formula, Greenies have a chewier texture as well as added fiber to ensure that the treats digest properly.

Significance

    The new Greenie formula does not have the sharp, hard edges the old formula did. This change lessens the chance of choking.

Considerations

    Greenies are not bad for dogs unless the dog has wheat allergies, since the main ingredients are wheat. Likewise, some dogs have soy sensitivities, and the new formula does include soy.

Warning

    Always supervise any treat or chew bone given to a dog. This is especially true for treats that are extremely hard since dogs can break off large pieces and attempt to swallow them, which could lead to choking.

Sabtu, 18 Desember 2010

Unsafe Foods to Feed My Dog

Unsafe Foods to Feed My Dog

The ASPCA publishes a list of 13 human foods that are toxic for pets, including chocolate; grapes and raisins; alcohol; yeast dough; salt; avocado; macadamia nuts; undercooked meat, eggs and bones; onions; garlic and chives; milk; xylitol and caffeine products. However, they also advise owners about other foods, additives and preservatives contained in commercial dog food that could be unsafe.

Generic Fats and Proteins

    The proteins and fats listed on labels should be specific: beef fat, lamb meal, chicken fat, advises Nancy Kerns, author of "The Whole Dog Journal Handbook of Dog and Puppy Care and Training." Avoid buying generically named additives like "animal fat", "poultry fat" or "meat meal". Dogs cannot easily absorb the nutrients contained in some generic dog foods, according to the ASPCA.

Food Fragments

    Food fragments include items like brewer's rice or corn gluten. Corn in any form is not good for dogs because they have a difficult time digesting it. Food fragments are often waste products of other food manufacturing processes, which are used as filler in dog foods to keep the costs down.

Artificial Preservatives

    Be careful of what preservatives your dog is eating. Some of these include BHA, BHT or ethoxyquin. While some preservatives are not harmful, others like sulfites, are known to destroy thiamin (vitamin B1) in animals. According to researchers at Oregon State University, BHA has been shown to produce tumors in some animals.

Sweeteners and Colors

    Your dog doesn't care if his food is red or yellow. He may like sweets but corn syrup and sugars promote tooth decay. The Seattle Animal Shelter lists sweeteners, artificial food colors and other harmful foods in their "Foster Dog Manual."

Jumat, 17 Desember 2010

How to Make No-Bake Dog Treats

How to Make No-Bake Dog Treats

Dog owners understand the power of treats to get their dogs to do what they should. However, store-bought dog treats can quickly become expensive and are often filled with preservatives. If you'd like to know for sure what ingredients are going into your dog's treats, make your own no-bake treats at home.

Instructions

    1

    Combine 1/2 cup of milk and 1 cup of peanut butter in a mixing bowl. Stir with a large spoon to blend them together.

    2

    Stir in 3 cups of rolled oats until they are thoroughly blended with the other ingredients to create a dough that is very thick.

    3

    Use a small cookie scoop to scoop the dough out of the bowl. Roll each scoop of dough in your hands until it is a small ball. Place the balls onto a cookie sheet covered with parchment or wax paper.

    4

    Place the cookie sheet into the refrigerator for at least one hour. Chilling the treats will reduce their stickiness before they are served to your dog.

Kamis, 16 Desember 2010

How Much Should My 5 Month Old Dachshund Weigh?

How Much Should My 5 Month Old Dachshund Weigh?

    Dachshunds were bred to hunt badgers.
    Dachshunds were bred to hunt badgers.

It Depends on the Type.

    Miniature dachshunds are quite small.  Be careful not to step on the puppy.
    Miniature dachshunds are quite small. Be careful not to step on the puppy.

    The American Kennel Club recognizes two types of dachshunds: the miniature dachshund and the standard variety. The miniature dachshund is characterized by weighing less than 11 lbs. by the age of 12 months, while the standard dachshund's weight can vary from 16 to 32 lbs. by the time the puppy is a 1-year-old. Variations in the standard makes it difficult to pinpoint an exact weight for a 5-month-old puppy.

Lineage Can Also Determine Size and Weight.

    A scale should not be the only method used to determine your puppy's weight.
    A scale should not be the only method used to determine your puppy's weight.

    Dog owners will have a better sense of what size a puppy will be when familiar with its sire and dam. The larger the sire or dam, the larger your puppy may turn out to be. This is especially important when considering that standard dachshund weights can vary by up to 16 lbs.

Bottom Line

    A dog's weight is directly related to its health.
    A dog's weight is directly related to its health.

    Miniature and standard dachshunds are prone to health problems, including obesity. Their long bodies are susceptible to slipped or ruptured disks, problems exacerbated by being overweight. Be aware of your dog's weight, but use the dog's history as a guide. Check the waistline and rib cage regularly. A narrowing of the waist and ribs that are easily felt under a layer of skin is a sign of a healthy weight. Consult your veterinarian regularly. Start your puppy off with good eating habits to keep it healthy and to help ensure it has a long, enjoyable life.

Selasa, 14 Desember 2010

How to Make Homemade Canine Treats

How to Make Homemade Canine Treats

Many dog treats contain unknown ingredients and are of questionable quality. Make homemade canine treats for your furry, four-legged family member instead. You probably would not dream of feeding your human family a diet of only pre-packaged and processed foods. Why not make some of the treats you feed your dog out of wholesome, healthy ingredients to improve the health of your canine friend?

Instructions

    1

    Make peanut butter canine treats for your dog. Mix 2 tbsp. vegetable oil, 1/2-cup peanut butter and 1 cup water in a large bowl. Add 1 1/2 cups whole-wheat flour and 1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour gradually to the mixing bowl and continue to mix until the dough is fully incorporated and stiff. Roll out the dough to a 1/4-inch thick round and cut the dough into squares. Make the squares roughly 3 inches in size. Transfer the squares to the baking sheet and bake at 350 degrees Fahrenheit for approximately 20 minutes until the biscuits are golden brown. Cool the biscuits and store in a covered container.

    2

    Prepare sunflower dog treats. Combine 2 cups of all-purpose flour, 1/3 cup oatmeal and 1/2 cup sunflower seeds. Mix these ingredients well and add 2 tbsp. vegetable oil, 1/2 cup chicken broth, two beaten eggs and 1/4 cup milk. Stir everything well and allow the dough to sit for 30 minutes. Roll the dough out so it is 1/4-inch thick and brush the top of the dough with one beaten egg to make it shiny. Cut shapes with a cookie cutter or slice the dough into squares. Transfer the dough to the baking sheet and bake at 350 degrees Fahrenheit for 30 minutes. Cool the biscuits and store in a covered container.

    3

    Create delicious bacon biscuits for your dog. Crumble the six slices of cooked bacon place in a small bowl. In a large mixing bowl place 2 1/2 cups whole-wheat flour, 1/2 cup nonfat dry milk and 6 tbsp. chicken broth. Mix these ingredients well and add one beaten egg. Continue stirring and add a bit more broth until the dough forms a ball. Add the crumbled bacon and mix well. Roll out the dough to a 1/2-inch thick round and cut the dough into shapes with a cookie cutter or slice the dough into squares. Transfer the dough to the baking sheet and bake at 350 degrees Fahrenheit for 25 minutes. Cool the biscuits and store in a covered container.

Dry Food for a Picky Yorkie

Dry Food for a Picky Yorkie

Yorkie owners frequently complain that their dogs can be extremely picky eaters. Veterinarians and experienced pet owners offer several possible solutions to this widespread problem.

Choosing Nutritious Food

    The first step of helping your picky eater is to choose a nutritious dog food. Check the label on your dog's food to be sure that it is USDA approved and that the first two ingredients are strictly meat. You should also make sure that corn and soybeans are not listed among the ingredients, as they can make the food difficult to digest.

Choosing Food with Small Pieces

    It's also important to choose the right-sized kibble for your little dog's mouth. Oftentimes, small dogs will refuse to eat because the pieces of food are too large.

Adding Water

    If your Yorkie still refuses to eat even when you've chosen the right brand and size of food, you may want to add some water to the dry food to bring out the smell and make it easier to chew.

Mixing with Cheese, Chicken, or Hamburger

    If adding water doesn't help, some Yorkie owners have suggested mixing a small amount of cheese, chicken or hamburger meat to the dry food.

Training Your Dog Instead of Letting Your Dog Train You

    Finally, you may want to consider that pets are sometimes known to "train" their owners by refusing to eat the food offered to them in hopes of getting something better. However, if you find that this is not the case, and your Yorkie is still refusing to eat, you may want to seek help from your veterinarian.

What Are Animal Byproducts in Dog Food?

What Are Animal Byproducts in Dog Food?

Animal byproducts are the nonmeat, leftover parts of different types of mammals after processing for human consumption contained in dog food as a source of protein. Dogs require protein in their diet from meats to obtain amino acids, some of which contain more than others. The least desirable commercial dog foods list animal byproducts as a main ingredient, because these byproducts contain a low amount of digestible amino acids.

Identification

    The Association of American Feed Control Officials, an agency that sets standards for the nutrition content and safety of ingredients contained in pet foods, provides definitions for ingredients contained in pet foods. AAFCO defines animal byproducts as the nonmuscle parts of an animal, including the animal's lungs, spleen, kidneys, brain, livers, blood, bone, partially defatted low-temperature fatty tissue, stomachs and intestines freed of their contents. Because animal byproducts also include poultry byproducts, they can include the heads, feet, necks, undeveloped eggs, and intestines of different types of birds. Most of these ingredients aren't fit for human consumption and contain low amounts of nutrients and amino acids, according to Ann Martin, author of "Food Pets Die From: Shocking Facts About Pet Food."

Quality

    The Food and Drug Administration requires pet food manufacturers to list ingredients on the label of the food in order of weight. Lower-quality foods list meat byproducts first, ingredients that are harder to digest for dogs and have less nutritional value, according to The Dog Food Project. If not identified specifically, the general term "animal byproducts" can contain any slaughtered animal and doesn't include hair, horns, teeth and hoofs, the AAFCO defines. Foods that contain animal or poultry byproducts are more desirable than those that contain grains, a less digestible source of protein for your dog, according to PetEducation.com.

Nutritional Value

    Because animal byproducts contain no whole meat, they have low nutritional and biological values for your dog. These ingredients contain high levels of protein and meet AAFCO standards for nutritional ingredients, but contain less amino acids than whole meats or eggs, PetEducation.com states. You can find animal byproducts in canned and dry dog foods. These ingredients are acceptable in smaller amounts, if the main components of the food come from whole, specifically identified meats. If you can, avoid byproducts or choose those listed by specific type, such as chicken or beef.

Considerations

    Although banned from human consumption by the FDA, pet food manufacturers can include meat and byproducts from dead, dying, diseased, and disabled animals, known as 4D, in pet food, Betsy Brevitz writes in "The Complete Healthy Dog Handbook." Continuous feeding of dog food containing a majority of these leftover meat-parts can lead to diarrhea, gas, vomiting and even disease in the long run, according to Jean Callahan, author of "Your Older Dog: A Complete Guide to Helping Your Dog Live a Longer and Healthier." Pet foods labeled "only USDA certified meat" must contain meats or byproducts fit for human consumption, not 4D meats, Brevitz writes.

Who Owns Dingo Treats?

Who Owns Dingo Treats?

Dingo treats are part of the Dingo brand family owned by Spectrum Brand. Spectrum Brand also owns the rights to the George Foreman Grill and Cutter grass products. Dingo sells rawhide bones, training treats and dental bones in addition to the regular Dingo treats.

History of Dingo

    Dingo was established by a man named Les in 1997 after the creation of his rawhide bones with real jerky in the center. The need for this product came from his dog Dingo's desire to chew everything but plain rawhide bones. Dingo brand now sells 10 different styles of the original Dingo rawhide bone.

Importance of Rawhide Bones

    Rawhide bones are great for satisfying a dog's urge to chew. Rawhide helps clean teeth and gums and keeps dog's breath fresh. Rawhide bones are made from the second layer of skin of cattle which is tough yet flexible.

Where to Buy

    Dingo brand treats are sold at Walmart, Walgreens, Target and CVS, as well as pet specialty stores such as Pet Supermarket, PetsMart, and PetCo. The majority of Dingo products sell for under 10 dollars.

Minggu, 12 Desember 2010

Feeding Guidelines for Great Danes

Feeding Guidelines for Great Danes

Feeding your Great Dane needn't be a matter of confusion, but you must pay careful attention to the diet and feeding schedule of your gentle giant. Great Danes are susceptible to certain diet-related diseases and conditions. You can avoid these by following certain guidelines. Always consult your veterinarian about feeding your dog if you suspect your dog may be ill or if he develops feeding problems.

Types of Food

    Most owners feed a premium, large-breed-dog, dry kibble, sometimes mixed with wet canned food, to their Great Danes. This has the advantage of easy preparation. Other owners favor a homemade dog food to avoid additives and to provide a custom blend to their animals. Still others feed raw food, also known as "barf," to their Danes, feeling that it is a more natural "ancestral" alternative. No matter what you decide, look for a balance of nutrients in the food to give your puppies and adults optimal nutrition while preventing possible medical problems.

Feeding Puppies

    Feed your puppies three times a day until they begin to lessen their intake at their second feedings. At that point they can go to a twice-a-day schedule. Consult your veterinarian or breeder about the amounts you need to feed. The puppy's food intake should increase slowly as he grows. Clemson University indicates that the current trend in feeding puppies is to feed a dry food blend with a 20 percent to 25 percent protein level and a 12 percent fat level to prevent too-rapid growth in puppies and the possibility of food-related bone overgrowth problems. The food should provide calcium levels at a minimum necessary for puppy growth and development. However, avoid using foods with enriched levels of calcium and do not supplement. This also prevents bone problems. Never fear. Your puppy will reach the expected growth levels in good time.

Transitioning to Adulthood

    Young adult animals benefit from a careful transition from puppy food.
    Young adult animals benefit from a careful transition from puppy food.

    Puppies need a gentle transition from puppy food to adult food. In transitioning, you will mix small amounts of adult food into the puppy food over a period of time until your young adult Great Dane is eating only adult food. Breeders recommend transition periods of from 5 days to 2 weeks. Let your puppy be your guide. An upset stomach or diarrhea in your dog means that you need to reduce the amount of adult food you are feeding until it clears up. A gentle transition prevents gastric upset, and more seriously, bloating, which is a the number one killer of Great Danes.

Feeding Adults

    Adult Great Danes need lower protein levels than puppies do in their food to prevent strain on the kidneys. Feed adults at least twice daily to prevent bloat. Clemson University recommends not exercising your Great Dane for hour before to 2 hours after feeding to prevent gastric upset and bloat. Consult your veterinarian or breeder for appropriate amounts for feeding.

Sabtu, 11 Desember 2010

How to Make Special Effects With Makeup

How to Make Special Effects With Makeup

When you want to create eye-catching special effects, you can use ordinary makeup to create the looks you want. Knowing how to make special effects with ordinary cosmetics is not very difficult, and it lets you go all out for a Halloween celebration or a low-budget movie. Whether you want to look glamorous or beat-up, you can experiment with a myriad of cosmetic choices. Practicing different looks with your makeup selection provides you with an ongoing project for creating special effects.

Instructions

Glamor Eyes

    1

    Apply a thin layer of light-colored concealer to the top lid of your eye as close to the lash line as possible. Use the tip of your ring finger to do this with precision. Do this with both your left and right eyes.

    2

    Select a stick of black eyeliner. Aim the sharpened tip at the inner corner of your top eyelid and move outward along the edge of your lash line in one outward sweep. Create a sort of check mark with the eyeliner as you do so. Repeat with your other eye.

    3

    Dab a cotton swab or eyeshadow applicator into a dark-colored eyeshadow of your choice. For example, if you have hazel eyes, dab the applicator into a deep brown, earthy color.

    4

    Sweep the applicator from the inner corner of your upper lid, outward, along the eyeliner line. Do this with the other eye.

    5

    Dab another applicator or cotton swab into a lighter, contrasting tone. For instance, if you applied a dark, earthy brown tone as the base color, dab the applicator into a fun, light tone such as sea-foam green.

    6

    Apply the tip of the applicator to the inner corner of your eyelid, just above where the brown eyeshadow ends. Sweep upward and outward, adding a splash of color to your eyelid. Do this with the other eye as well. Apply a layer of deep-black mascara to both your upper and lower lashes of each eye.

    7

    Use the tip of a cotton swab to gently wipe away the outer edges of your eye to shape the eyeliner evenly. Leave the upward inflection, which creates the special effect of having larger, almond shaped eyes -- almost cat eyes! This special makeup effect lends to costume authenticity when dressing up as an Egyptian or similar character.

Bruises

    8

    Select an area on your face to create a bruise, such as your cheek or around your eye. Apply a thin layer of neutral-toned concealer to the area.

    9

    Dab the tip of a cotton swab or eyeshadow applicator into a color resembling gunmetal gray. If your eyeshadow palate does not have this tone, select a lighter non-shimmery hue of black. Apply this color lightly to the area you prepared with concealer. It will instantly tint this area a garish gray-black tone.

    10

    Select a makeup applicator sponge, preferably a wedge-shaped one. Dab it into a color matching cerulean blue. Apply this color-coated sponge in light, circular motions over the blackish-gray part of your face. This blends the colors together into a deep, bluish-gray-black color.

    11

    Dab another wedge sponge into a royal purple tone. If you don't have royal purple, a lavender tone without shimmer is also useful. Apply this to your face in circular, light motions to blend it with the colors already on your skin. This creates a painful-looking bruise.

    12

    Dab another makeup applicator into a color between cream and yellow. A light, muted yellow tone is suitable. Apply it very lightly to parts of the blended bruise-colored skin. This adds little touches of character to the bruise, making it look a couple of days old.

Busted Lip

    13

    Apply a small amount of neutral-toned concealer to an area around the right or left side of your bottom lip and chin.

    14

    Create a bruised effect as described in Section 2 around your lip and chin area.

    15

    Dab a cotton swab or makeup brush into the light-colored concealer and apply it a sort of line shape in the section of lip you want to look busted. This creates a noticeable line on your lip.

    16

    Dab a makeup applicator or cotton swab into some deep red lipstick, cheek rouge or blush. Apply the red applicator or swab to your lip over the light-colored line. Apply the red four or five times to the area. Combined with the bruised effect your lip will look slightly busted with the red coloring on your lip.

Kamis, 09 Desember 2010

Diet for a Puppy

Diet for a Puppy

Puppies require more time and attention than adult dogs. You will find yourself running around after your little pup and cleaning up little messes. Don't let all the time and energy you spend adjusting to a new puppy let you neglect one of the most important ways to care for your new dog: the puppy's diet.

Purpose

    A puppy's diet should be designed to give him all the vitamins and nutrients he needs to grow into a strong, active adult dog. According to the Kennel Club, puppies grow 20 times faster than adult dogs and need a diet than can keep up with the development. Proper amounts of protein in a puppy's diet will help repair damaged tissue. A puppy gets his energy from appropriate proportions of fats and carbohydrates.

Types

    Puppy food may be dried, semi-moist or tinned. You can choose one or combine them based on your personal preference. Tailor your choice to the nutritional needs of puppies. Follow the feeding directions of the brand you use since they all have distinct proportion requirements. Choosing a food source with USDA grade food products insures that the puppy food doesn't contain potentially toxic ingredients. The Daily Puppy recommends choosing a food with high whole meat content. Stay away from food with fat content whose source isn't clearly listed or foods that contain soy meal, corn meal or wheat.
    Make sure your puppy has plenty of fresh water available.

Frequency

    A puppy should eat three meals daily until he reaches 6 months old. At 6 months old give the puppy two meals a day from then on. Allow the puppy to feed for 20 to 30 minutes, and then remove the food from the puppy's reach. If you decide to change the puppy's diet, do so over a course of a few days by gradually increasing the amount of the new food type while decreasing the old food type. This makes it easier for the puppy's digestive system to adjust.

Warnings

    Just as with humans, dogs can have food sensitivities and allergies. Watch your puppy for any strange behavior, including lethargy, skin and ear problems, diarrhea, bloating and aggressive or hyperactive behavior. The most common allergies in puppies include intolerance to wheat, soy, milk, sugar and food coloring. If you suspect your puppy has an allergy, remove the food from its diet and consult a veterinarian.

Considerations

    Keep the food and water bowls clean to avoid contaminating your puppy's food supply. If your puppy is healthy, you shouldn't see his ribs, but if you can't feel them, chances are he's overweight and you should adjust his diet. Monitor your puppy's stools. The Kennel Club says, "The most suitable diet should be easily digested and produce dark brown, firm, formed stools." If the puppy's stool is soft or light, or he has diarrhea, consult a veterinarian to find out if the puppy has a digestive problem or if his diet doesn't agree with his stomach.

Is Tricalcium Phosphate in Pet Food Toxic?

Is Tricalcium Phosphate in Pet Food Toxic?

If you put on your glasses and read Duke's dog food label, you may have come across the ingredient "tricalcium phosphate." With so many additives in food, it's difficult to understand what's healthy, and necessary, versus what's an enhancer. Just because an ingredient is unfamiliar doesn't mean it's bad.

Tricalcium Phosphate

    Tricalcium phosphate is a mineral salt used in dietary supplements, baked goods, baking ingredients and processed foods. Phosphates, naturally occurring minerals, are essential nutrients in human and animal diets. Calcium and phosphorus work together to build strong bones and phosphorus helps the body eliminate waste. Tricalcium phosphate is not in most pet foods, but those that do use it are safe for Duke and Kitty to eat.

Tricalcium Phosphate in Pet Food

    Natural News performed an analysis of pet food ingredients and determined about 13 percent of pet foods use tricalcium phosphate. The mineral performs two roles: It helps in processing food because it's an anti-caking agent and acts as a dietary supplement of phosphorus to help maintain alkaline/acid balance.

Other Phosphates in Pet Food

    Other phosphates are in pet food as well. Cat food will sometimes have phosphoric acid for proper pH adjustment, which is helpful for maintaining good urinary health. Canned cat and dog foods use a variety of phosphates to make protein more soluble, and pet treats often add phosphates for tartar control. They can show up as sodium tripolyphosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate and sodium acid pyrophosphate.

Things to Avoid

    Some ingredients in pet food aren't necessary or have healthier substitutes. According to the Dog Food Project, the emulsifier glyceryl monostearate is one to avoid because of potential impurities, depending on how it's manufactured. Propylene glycol serves to keep semi-moist kibble from drying out but is toxic in large amounts. Preservatives are necessary in kibble to keep it from going rancid, but artificial preservatives such as BHA, BHT, propyl gallate and ethoxyquin are best avoided in favor of natural preservatives such as vitamin E, citric acid and rosemary extract. Artificial preservatives are currently approved for use in the United States, but BHT and BHA are banned in many countries; ethoxyquin is under review for safe use; and propyl gallate is suspected of contributing to liver disease.

Cooked Food Diet for a Dog

Cooked Food Diet for a Dog

Cooking your own dog food can be an excellent option if you have a finicky dog, a dog with specific food requirements (in the case of allergies or illness) or even if you are particular about the quality and freshness of the food your dog eats. If prepared properly, using a variety of ingredients and essential nutrients, your dog can flourish on a home-cooked diet. Speak to your veterinarian about feeding your dog home-prepared foods and what should and should not be included in your dog's diet.

Guidelines

    There are a few things to keep in mind anytime you prepare a home-cooked diet for your dog. First, include a variety of different foods in their diet other than simply meat and grains. Make sure to feed different types of meats, grains and vegetables. Meat and animal products should make up at least half of a dog's diet. Dogs' meals should be balanced, offering complete nutrition throughout the course of a day or week, rather than a full shot of the day's nutrition at every single meal. Finally, dogs need calcium. Adult dogs require 800 to 1000mg of calcium per pound of food eaten each day. Calcium supplements should be provided to your dog with each meal, but consult your veterinarian regarding what supplement to use and how much is necessary.

Food to Include

    Meats to use in your dog's diet include beef, chicken, fish, pork, turkey, lamb, rabbit, venison and even organ meat such as liver, hearts and kidneys. Eggs can be fed cooked or raw, depending on how your dog likes them. Eggshells can be rinsed, dried and ground into a calcium powder you can add to your dog's meals 1/2 tsp. at a time. Dairy products including yogurt, kefir and cottage cheese add calcium and protein to a dog's diet. Feed vegetables such as dark leafy greens, broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, celery, green beans, peas, carrots and potatoes. Good grains to add to a dog's diet include brown rice, quinoa, millet, oatmeal, bulgar and barley.

Preparing the Meal

    Cooking for dogs can be done ahead of time or just before each meal. Meats can be fed raw or cooked, depending on how you prefer to do it. Vegetables can be fed raw or lightly steamed, again a matter of preference. Grains, however should always be cooked before feeding them to dogs, as uncooked grains make for difficult digestion. Recipes for homemade dog food are available in books, or on the Internet. A link to some home-cooked dog food recipes is listed under the Resources section in this article.

How Much to Feed

    Without that handy instruction label on the back of the can, it may be tricky to determine how much food to feed your dog at any given time. Dogs typically need to eat between two to three percent of their body weight in food each day. That means for a 100 lb. dog, you would feed two lbs. of food daily. Once you have determined how much food your dog needs in a day, divide that amount of food by the number of meals your dog usually eats. That figure is how much food you need to feed your dog at each meal.

Warnings

    An improperly balanced diet lacking all the essential nutrition your dog needs can be harmful to your dog and damage its health. Make sure to do your homework and add the necessary components to your dog's diet to ensure proper nutrition. If you feel that you cannot provide certain nutrients, have your veterinarian recommend dietary supplements you can use. Also, never feed a dog chocolate/candy, raisins, alcohol or onions as these foods are toxic to dogs.

Different Ways to Feed Newborn Puppies

Different Ways to Feed Newborn Puppies

If a mother of newborn puppies dies, abandons the litter, or cannot provide adequate milk, the puppies need to be fed another way. There are several methods of feeding newborn puppies, and all of them take patience. One benefit of the process, however, is the satisfaction of being able to nurse helpless puppies into healthy young dogs.

Foster Puppies

    If possible, try to get another nursing dog to foster the newborns. Smearing the puppies with milk from the foster mother makes them smell like her young and helps her to accept them. Do not leave the puppies alone with the foster mother until it is clear she has accepted them. Once she licks the puppies, it is usually safe to leave her alone. If she has not accepted the puppies after a while, however, take the puppies away and try again another time. Persistence often pays off with eventual acceptance of the puppies.

Milk Replacement

    If a foster mother is not available, provide the puppies with as close a substitute as possible for natural milk. Canine milk contains high amounts of fat, protein, vitamins, minerals and amino acids, and it is highly digestible. While not able to be replicated exactly, some commercial puppy milk replacements approximate it well. It is best to consult a veterinarian before choosing a brand.

    It is difficult to create a good homemade puppy milk replacement. Even when supplements are added to cow or goat milk, these mixtures are often nutritionally unbalanced for puppies and cause diarrhea, malnutrition or worse.

Bottle

    Vigorous, healthy puppies with a good suckle reflex are successfully bottle feed. Human baby bottles and rubber nipples are often effective. Puppy nursing bottles and nipples are also available from pet suppliers.

    Feed puppies only while they are lying on their stomach. After gently inserting the nipple into the puppy's mouth, press on the bottle's sides to let out a couple of drops of milk. A strong puppy usually then sucks until he is full.

Medicine Dropper

    Feed smaller, weaker puppies from a medicine dropper for the first couple weeks of their lives. Be careful to let only one drop of milk from the medicine dropper at a time into a puppy's mouth, and let it swallow before giving it more. If too much is given at once, the liquid is inhaled into the lungs and potentially leads to pneumonia and even death. When the puppies are bigger and stronger, switch to bottle feeding.

Tube

    Exceptionally weak puppies require tube feeding. In tube feeding, the feeder fills a 3 to 6 ml syringe with milk and attaches an infusion tube. The feeder then removes the tube's needle and marks the tube to show the length from the puppy's head to her lowest rib. Next, the feeder very slowly and carefully threads the tube into the puppy's mouth, so that the puppy swallows it up to the marked point. After checking to ensure the tube is not in the windpipe, the feeder injects milk directly into the puppy's esophagus.

    Because this method is extremely delicate and has the potential to seriously harm the puppy if done improperly, it is best to have an experienced tube feeder demonstrate it the first time.

Rabu, 08 Desember 2010

Dog Foods That Produce Less Waste

Dog Foods That Produce Less Waste

Dog foods come in many formulations, with a broad range of ingredients and nutrient levels. Choosing specific dog foods and types of ingredients can help minimize the waste your dog produces. This is a good outcome for your dog's body and your cleanup efforts.

A Reflection of Your Dog's Health

    Dog waste may not be an exciting subject, but it's an important part of your dog's health. His waste is a reflection of nutritional status, diet and food quality. If your dog is experiencing excessive potty trips, it may be a sign that he's not receiving or absorbing enough of his food. It also could mean that his food doesn't contain enough high-quality ingredients. Feeding high-quality foods can help reduce the level of waste, while also supplying his body with more nutrition.

Focus Foods

    Dogs are built to eat mostly animal protein, with meat and organ meats forming anywhere from 50 to 80 percent of the diet. Surrounding that should be cooked vegetables, a little fruit and some starches like oatmeal, rice or potatoes. Adding healthy oils like safflower and olive oil will slow digestion and add extra nutrition. This dietary profile is one that's efficient for the dog body and will result in an optimal nutrition intake and less wasteful results.

Foods That Might be Wasted

    Foods that your dog can't digest, or foods that don't fit the ideal dog nutrition profile, are more likely to be expelled by your dog's body. These include fillers such as wheat gluten, corn and some animal by-products. Often, these items are added to commercial dog food to add bulk and texture, but they don't add nutrition. Avoiding fillers and focusing on meats, vegetables and other dog-friendly ingredients will lead to less waste and more thorough digestion.

Watching and Monitoring Your Dog

    If you determine your dog's current food is giving him potty issues, it's time for a change. Seek out food with quality meats, veggies, oils, fruits and other digestible ingredients. Once you find it, transition your dog slowly so his body can adjust. The last thing you and your dog need is diarrhea due to tummy upset. Transition over a month or so, and monitor potty routines. Ideally, over time his body will normalize and benefit from increased nutritional status.

How to Make Pit Bulls Gain Weight

How to Make Pit Bulls Gain Weight

The pit bull is a muscular breed with a large physique. The most common pit bulls include the American pit bull terrier and the Staffordshire bull terrier. Their bodies are triangular when at proper weight like a human body builder. Pit bulls require a special diet unlike other breeds in order to be healthy and at a proper weight. The food of a pit bull must be high in protein and fat since the dog burns the benefits of food so quickly as a result of their high energy level.

Instructions

    1

    Check the pit bull for worms if it is not gaining weight. Take a fecal sample to the veterinarian to test for worms. If the dog has worms the vet will give you medicine for the dog. If the dog is worm-free, the nutritional level of the pit bull's food may not be adequate.

    2

    Read the label on the bag of dog food. A pit bull needs a high-fat, high-protein diet that includes vitamins. The ingredients for adequate pit bull dog food must be human grade, meaning that the ingredients are rendered from high-quality meat, not animal parts.

    3

    Look for dog food brands with at least 30 percent protein and 20 percent fat. Do not exceed these percentages if a vitamin supplement is given. High-energy dog foods are meat-based not grain-based. There is more protein and fewer carbohydrates in high-energy dog foods.

    4

    Study the dog vitamin supplements available on the market. Vitamin supplements specifically made for the pit bull breed have high-quality proteins, trace minerals, essential fats and vitamins as well as omega-3 and omega-6.

    5

    Feed the dog twice a day. Give half the dog's daily food allowance in the morning and half at night; when feeding incorporate the vitamin supplement into the dog's food. Give a pit bull plenty of fresh clean water.

How to Feed Newborn Chihuahua Puppies

How to Feed Newborn Chihuahua Puppies

Some newborn Chihuahua puppies may not be able to receive their mother's milk, for a range of reasons -- for example, they may be orphans, or the mother may be unable to provide milk or may refuse to feed them. Whatever the reason, these newborn Chihuahua puppies will need your help in the form of careful bottle-feeding.

Instructions

    1

    Bottle-feed the pup with high-quality commercial milk replacement formula every three hours. Ensure the pup consumes the formula at eight regular intervals over a 24-hour period.

    2

    Prepare a homemade milk formula as another option. Combine either goat's milk or cow's milk with ingredients like egg yolk, corn oil and yogurt.

    3

    Feed your pup according to its weight: 20 ml of formula per day for every 100 g it weighs. For example, If your pup weighs 1 lb., feed it 80 ml of formula per day.

    4

    Prepare just enough milk formula each day for a single day's feed. Keep the balance of the formula in the refrigerator until the next feeding.

    5

    Warm the milk formula in a pan, up to a temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit, before feeding. Once the milk cools down to room temperature, pour it into a bottle and secure with the nipple.

    6

    Feed the pup by placing it on its stomach and not on its back. This will prevent it from regurgitating the formula.

    7

    Burp the pup after each feeding, holding it upright. You can also carry pups over your shoulder and gently pat their back.

Selasa, 07 Desember 2010

How to Switch Puppy Food Within the First Months

How to Switch Puppy Food Within the First Months

Changing your puppy's food within the first few months is a delicate process that needs to be done gradually. Dogs have bacteria in their intestines that helps digest the food that they eat. When the food is changed swiftly instead of gradually, the bacteria amount will be reduced. The puppy will suffer from digestive issues, such as diarrhea and upset stomach.

Instructions

    1

    Fill the puppy's food bowl with 75 percent of its normal puppy food and 25 percent of the new puppy food. Give the puppy plenty of time to investigate the new food. Be patient.

    2

    Continue feeding the puppy using that ratio for two or three days, then begin adding 50 percent of the normal puppy food and 50 percent of the new food to the food bowl.

    3

    Mix 25 percent of the normal puppy food and 75 percent of the new puppy food together in the food bowl after seven days. The puppy should be eating the new food without hesitation by now.

    4

    Fill the food bowl entirely with the new puppy food after 10 days. The puppy should be completely comfortable with the new food by this time.

Homemade Dog Cakes

Dog cakes and treats can be made for occasions such as your dog's birthday, graduation from training school or as a special treat for your four-legged best friend. Homemade dog cakes will not include the same ingredients that a cake for humans would. It is also important to monitor portions, as dogs should not eat as much cake as humans.

Ingredients

    To pick ingredients for your homemade dog cake, consider what your dog likes to eat and foods that are good for dogs. The obvious choices include chicken, beef, bacon, turkey and carrots. Other ingredients could be potatoes, butter, flour, eggs and bananas. One of the most popular ingredients in homemade dog cakes is peanut butter. Dogs love the flavor, and it is a great substance to cook with either for the icing or for the cake itself.

Avoid Poisonous Foods

    When you make homemade treats for your dog, certain ingredients should not be included. Some foods can be harmful and potentially life-threatening for dogs. Onions, chocolate, grapes, raisins, liver (in large doses), the green parts of potatoes, walnuts, macadamia nuts, salt, and sugar or artificial sweeteners may all be dangerous for dogs to eat in large quantities. To be safe, avoid using them in homemade dog treats. Uptown Dog Club says you can use some nuts, but chop them up so they are easier for your dog to digest.

Make Icing

    Icing is an extra treat that your dog will love. Uptown Dog Club says that icing for dog cakes can be made from peanut butter, cream cheese, yogurt and cottage cheese. To make the icing thicker and easier to set, add in meringue powder for stiffness.

Add Extras

    Uptown Dog Club also suggests using milk bones, rawhides and other treats to decorate your homemade dog cake. Beef jerky and bacon bits also make great "sprinkles" for homemade dog cakes.

Foods with Water Soluble Fiber

Foods with Water Soluble Fiber

Water-soluble fiber is important in maintaining your dogs gastrointestinal health. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and is typically found in ingredients such as fruits, barley, vegetable, oat bran and certain beans. Soluble fiber can help dogs to feel more full, increase mineral absorption and help keep things moving through their intestinewhich can all make for a healthier, happier dog.

Evo Turkey and Chicken Formula

    Evos Turkey and Chicken Formula--an all-natural diet low in carbohydrates and grain-free--is suited for dogs who may be allergic or intolerant to grains and other carbohydrates. Evo Turkey and Chicken Formula uses high-quality protein sources, such as turkey, chicken and herring, which provide the amino acids lysine and taurine. In addition, this diet contains apples, which are a source of soluble fiber. Apples are a member of the rose family and contain both soluble and insoluble fiber. Furthermore, carrots also provide soluble fiber and are also included in the healthy food.

California Natural Low-Fat Chicken Meal Adult

    California Natural Low-Fat Rice and Chicken Meal uses chicken meal as its only protein source and is generally tolerated by dogs who are allergic to beef, lamb or other similar proteins. This food also contains brown and white rice, as well as rosemary extract. Sunflower oil and vitamin E help dogs maintain healthy skin and coats. The diet also contains flaxseed oil. The soluble and insoluble fiber in the oil work together to help digestion and stool formation.

BARF Diet

    The BARF, or biologically appropriate raw food, diet, is based on the fact that dogs are carnivores and need certain components in their food to stay healthy. These components include meat, bones and offal, as well as fruits and vegetables. Apples, pears and grapefruit are all included in the BARF diets are good sources of soluble fiber. The BARF diet also contains carrots and flaxseed oils, which also provide a certain amount of soluble fiber to the dog.

    Soluble fiber is beneficial and necessary to your dog's health and should be included in his diet.

Senin, 06 Desember 2010

What to Do When a New Puppy Forgets How to Suckle

What to Do When a New Puppy Forgets How to Suckle

If your puppy has forgotten how to suckle, you must take steps to ensure that it is receiving an adequate amount of food and nutrition. Puppies obtain food from their mothers, and in order to receive that food, they must suckle. If not, they can die from starvation. If your puppy has forgotten how to perform this essential task, you must try to encourage it to do so. If it still refuses, you need to feed the puppy yourself.

Instructions

    1

    Stroke the puppy gently under its neck when it is near its mother's teat. Doing so will often encourage the puppy to suckle. If it still doesn't, try to feed it from a bottle.

    2

    Purchase a puppy bottle from your pet store or veterinarian office, along with puppy replacement milk. Pour the recommended amount of formula for your puppy based on its weight. Hold the bottle upside-down to check the flow of the liquid from the nipple. The milk should drip, not pour, out of the nipple. Insert the nipple into the puppy's mouth. Sometimes, a puppy becomes agitated when it has to compete with other puppies for food and can refuse to suckle as a result. Feeding the pup from a bottle can help eliminate that agitation, and the pup might suckle again in the calm, nurturing environment. Gently stroke the pup under its neck to encourage it to suck. If it still refuses, you will need to tube feed the puppy.

    3

    Consult with your veterinarian about tube-feeding your puppy. Tube feeding involves inserting a soft catheter into the puppy's nose so that it reaches into its stomach. You then give the puppy the food through the catheter. The veterinarian will instruct you on how to insert the tube into the nose and how far to go in. He will also provide you with the necessary supplies and tell you how much replacement milk to give, based on the puppy's weight. If you have never tube-fed a puppy, do not attempt it without consulting a veterinarian.

Minggu, 05 Desember 2010

How to Cook Beef for Dogs

How to Cook Beef for Dogs

If you wish to cook a homemade dinner for your dog using beef, the only thing you really have to make sure of is that the beef is lean and that it is cooked thoroughly. There are also a few things you can add to your beef dinner that will make it heartier while adding valuable nutritional qualities at the same time. Brown rice is a healthy source of grain for the dog, and using fresh vegetables will complement the taste of the beef as well as add vitamins and minerals.

Instructions

    1

    Place 8 oz. of lean ground beef into a skillet and cook over medium-high heat until there is no pink remaining. Once it has finished cooking, drain all the excess fat from the ground beef by pouring it on a plate lined with paper towels.

    2

    Pour the drained ground beef to a large bowl and add 1/4 cup of already cooked brown rice.

    3

    Cut a potato into very small cubes and put in a medium saucepan. Add 1/4 cup of chopped fresh green beans. Add enough water to cover the vegetables by 1 inch.

    4

    Bring the water to a boil and allow the vegetables to become cooked through. Drain the vegetables and mix them into the bowl, along with 1/2 tsp. of garlic powder. Mix thoroughly.

    5

    Allow the homemade beef dog food to cool completely before serving. You have 2 servings in your bowl.

Sabtu, 04 Desember 2010

What Do You Do When Newborn Puppies Don't Want to Eat?

What Do You Do When Newborn Puppies Don't Want to Eat?

Whether you're raising orphaned puppies or caring for a mother and her litter, you are responsible for the health and well-being of the puppies in your care. As their caretaker, you must ensure their needs are met. Newborn puppies need to nurse to receive nutrition, warmth and, if nursing from their mother, maternal antibodies that protect against disease. A puppy's refusal to nurse can signal trouble.

Causes

    Sometimes a puppy's refusal to eat stems from being full. Newborn puppies eat every two to four hours for the first two weeks of life. If less than four hours have passed since the puppy last fed, it may be not hungry. Gas and constipation are somewhat common occurrences in newborn puppies, particularly if they are bottle- or tube-fed or if their food suddenly changes. If a newborn puppy is too cold, it might also refuse to eat. Puppies born prematurely or those suffering from illness or malformation of the jaw, nose or throat may refuse or be unable to eat.

Solutions

    If your newborn puppy previously fed, wait about an hour and offer food again. If the puppy seems otherwise healthy and warm, you can burp the puppy by gently patting its stomach with one or two fingers. If the pup seems unable to defecate or has a swollen belly, stimulate the anus using a warm, damp washcloth to encourage defecation. If the puppy is refusing to eat because it is chilled, you must warm it up, both to encourage eating and to avoid further complications since newborn dogs cannot regulate their body temperature. Hold the puppy under your clothing against your skin to warm it, or wrap it in a towel fresh out of the dryer. Take premature puppies, lethargic puppies or puppies with obvious signs of illness or malformation that preclude eating to a veterinary professional for intervention.

Considerations

    Bottle-fed puppies can have a harder time than puppies who nurse from the mother. Make sure you are using the proper nipple size for your newborn puppy's bottle and that the nipple opening is no larger in diameter than a standard paper clip. The formula type may also affect a puppy's desire or ability to eat. Use a quality puppy milk replacement formula. Do not feed a newborn puppy cow's milk -- it is nutritionally inadequate and wreaks havoc on sensitive puppy digestive systems.

Warning

    Do not hesitate in taking your newborn puppy to the vet. Puppies do not have a reserve of fat or energy and cannot wait until the end of the day or the next morning in the event of a veterinary emergency. To stave off problems before getting to the vet, place a dab of karo syrup on the puppy's gums before heading out. The syrup absorbs through the gums and the small bit of energy provided may make the difference between life and death in a nutritionally deficient newborn. Newborn puppies that refuse to eat are at risk for malnutrition and dehydration, which can be deadly in as little as four or five hours. If you have doubts or concerns, seek veterinary medical attention as soon as possible.